Consciousness slides

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Covers basic topics covered during the Consciousness section of my General Psychology course.

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  • Consciousness slides

    1. 1. Consciousness Awareness of the external world and internal states
    2. 2. Necker Cube A More Illusions B
    3. 3. Mueller-Lyer Illusion
    4. 4. Going Up or Down?
    5. 5. Is this possible?
    6. 6. Consciousness & Reality <ul><li>Is it possible to expand our consciousness? </li></ul><ul><li>What gets in the way of greater awareness? </li></ul><ul><li>What would it mean if we could experience “Unity Consciousness?” </li></ul>
    7. 7. Unity Consciousness <ul><ul><li>Open , receptive consciousness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Here and now focus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eternity = Now </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acknowledges the interconnectedness of all things </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. “ Words Will Never Hurt Me” <ul><li>Boundaries in consciousness define our reality </li></ul><ul><li>These boundaries are learned </li></ul><ul><li>Words and their definitions create boundaries </li></ul>
    9. 9. Ken Wilber Psych 30A:Consciousness Studies Examine the Spectrum of Consciousness
    10. 10. How Consciousness Works <ul><li>Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle </li></ul><ul><li>- Many realities exist simultaneously until the act of observation “selects” the reality then experienced </li></ul><ul><li>- Our focus selects the reality we perceive, and other “realities” fade </li></ul><ul><li>Double-slit Experiment </li></ul><ul><li>- waves versus particles </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.whatthebleep.com /download/ </li></ul>
    11. 11. How the Past Affects the Present <ul><li>How we define our past, or our definitions of our experiences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leads to continued reactions to experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can lead to missing new ways of responding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthens the neural nets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keeps us locked into habitual ways of behaving </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. How Consciousness Works <ul><li>Emotions as addictions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Neural Nets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Neurons that fire together, wire together </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hormones, neurotransmitters released in a specific chemical cocktail </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>- Becoming the observer of our emotions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Breaks the neural connections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tapping on acupuncture points to break disconnect the emotions from the stimuli </li></ul></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Constructed Reality Boeree <ul><li>“ The perceiver does not construct reality itself; rather the perceiver constructs an understanding of reality.” </li></ul><ul><li>Social reality is constructed by our culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Common cultural traditions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We use words to construct our interpretation of reality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The constructs can take on a life of their own </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Memes <ul><li>Meme (as opposed to gene) that is “inherited” in a society (Boeree) . </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural beliefs that are passed onto the next generation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Celibacy is to be valued” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Obey your elders” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ This is how you do it” </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Constructing Our Reality Words as symbols <ul><ul><li>Language creates “boundaries” to our consciousness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Definitions of our words create the reality we construct </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We use words to describe which create boundaries through dichotomous thinking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Up/down; in/out; me/not me (you) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Creates preferences </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Creates separation that is an illusion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The map is not the territory” </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. What The Bleep Do We Know?!?!?!? What is Reality? Do we create our own reality? Hope O Holy Night (song)
    17. 17. Transpersonal <ul><li>Instruments of measurement not yet discovered can impede our knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Designing appropriate research design protocols to measure the effectiveness of subtle energy changes need to be reconsidered (acupuncture effectiveness) </li></ul><ul><li>Kirlian photography measures energy signature or corona discharge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High voltage field interacting with an object </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Near Death Experiences <ul><li>An altered state of consciousness reported by 30% of those who have been pronounced clinically dead and have been resuscitated </li></ul><ul><li>Experience an OBE, tunnel, bells, white light, peace, greeted by dead loved ones </li></ul>
    19. 19. Lucid Dreaming Stephen LaBerge Stanford University Click on his image Am I awake?
    20. 20. Charles Tart UC Davis Professor Emeritus Leading ESP Researcher Institute of Transpersonal Psychology Palo Alto, California
    21. 21. Zener ESP cards Used aboard Apollo 13 by Edgar Mitchell
    22. 22. Star Gate , the project that for nearly a quarter of a century trained soldiers and civilian spies in extra-sensory perception (ESP). Their objective: To search out the secrets of America's cold war enemies using a skill called &quot;remote viewing.&quot; Paul H. Smith, a U.S. Army Major, was one of these viewers. Assigned to the remote viewing unit in 1983 at a pivotal time in its history, Smith served for the rest of the decade, witnessing and taking part in many of the seminal national-security crises of the twentieth century. Paul Smith, retired Army Intelligence Officer and Desert Storm veteran. Spent 7 years in the Dept. of Defense’s Remote Viewing program, serving as operational remote viewer, theory instructor And trainer, security officer and unit historian. Remote Viewing
    23. 23. Body Mind Spirit
    24. 24. LSD-25
    25. 26. Stan Grof 1931 – California Institute of Integral Psychology or Workshops 2006 2008 Co-founder of Transpersonal Psychology
    26. 27. Michael Talbot Psych 30C: Advanced Consciousness Studies
    27. 28. Holographic “negative”
    28. 29. Alex Grey Artist
    29. 30. Alex Grey - Artist
    30. 31. The Universe Within Our Cells
    31. 32. Sleep and Dreams Research EOG electrooculogram Electromyogram Electroencephalogram
    32. 33. Sleep Stages (brain waves) K-Complex 3% 50% 10% 15% 22% Sawtooth pattern  Percent of Time while asleep
    33. 34. Stages of Sleep <ul><li>Beta Waves – alert </li></ul><ul><li>Alpha Waves – relaxed, awake </li></ul><ul><li>Stage 1: amplitude drops, frequency slows </li></ul><ul><li>Stage 2: sleep spindles & K-Complex </li></ul><ul><li>Stage 3: beginning of delta wave activity </li></ul><ul><li>Stage 4: delta waves predominate; deep sleep </li></ul><ul><li>REM: Rapid eye movement (paradoxical sleep) </li></ul>
    34. 35. EEG Recordings During Sleep 5-
    35. 36. REM or Rapid Eye Movement Sleep <ul><li>90 minute cycles until REM begins </li></ul><ul><li>Increased heart rate, rising blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Faster irregular breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Twitches in face/fingerss </li></ul><ul><li>Penile engorgement </li></ul><ul><li>Vaginal lubrication </li></ul><ul><li>20% REM adults </li></ul><ul><li>50% REM newborns </li></ul>
    36. 37. Typical Nightly Sleep Stages Hours of sleep Minutes of Stage 4 and REM 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 0 10 15 20 25 5 Decreasing Stage 4 Increasing REM
    37. 38. Sleep and Dreams <ul><li>REM (Rapid Eye Movement) Sleep </li></ul><ul><ul><li>recurring sleep stage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vivid dreams commonly occur </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>also known as paradoxical sleep </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>muscles are generally relaxed, but other body systems are active </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>REM Rebound </li></ul><ul><ul><li>tendency for REM sleep increases following REM sleep deprivation </li></ul></ul>
    38. 39. Sleep Disorders <ul><li>Insomnia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>recurring problems in falling or staying asleep </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Narcolepsy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>uncontrollable sleep attacks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sufferer may lapse directly into REM sleep, often at inopportune times </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Triggered by emotional events, excitement </li></ul></ul>
    39. 40. Sleep Disorders <ul><li>Sleep Apnea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>characterized by temporary cessations of breathing during sleep and consequent momentary reawakenings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Night Terrors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>high arousal-appearance of being terrified </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>usually in Stage 4, within 2-3 hours of falling asleep </li></ul></ul>

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