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Carl Jung


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Theory of Carl Jung covering the archetypes and personality typology

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Carl Jung

  1. 1. Carl Gustav Jung 1875-1961 Freud’s “ Crown Prince” who fell from grace for having his own theoretical ideas about personality
  2. 2. <ul><li>Instincts </li></ul><ul><li>Archetypes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Predisposed human ways of perceiving, apprehending, responding, reacting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collective in nature from our human ancestors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Darwinian principle applied to the psyche </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Genetic structures of potential </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal nature forms through experience and development </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Instinctual need to develop and become an individual </li></ul><ul><li>“ Individual” and “Divide” are a part of the word </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To become an individual we must divide what is unconscious into it’s conscious component </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of the archetypes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Realization of the influence of archetypes upon behavior </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Fuel for the psyche </li></ul><ul><li>General life force that drives the personality </li></ul><ul><li>Energy that is finite in the psyche </li></ul><ul><li>Differed from Freud’s definition. Libido is more than sexually generated. We have a drive towards many pursuits. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Governed by the Principle of Opposites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yin/Yang of nature </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Acts according to the Principle of Equivalence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equal amount of psychic energy is invested to both sides of any position </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make the opposites conscious </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Principle of Entropy explains what you can expect of your psyche </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy will seek a return to equal distribution to polar opposites </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>conscious </li></ul><ul><li>personal unconscious </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>contents in the unconscious that come from our personal lives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>collective unconscious </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>instincts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>archetypes </li></ul></ul></ul>Uroboros (Egg)
  7. 7. <ul><ul><li>The dark side of human nature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Those qualities, characteristics, feelings, impulses we have that we reject and therefore shove into our shadow, where we hope they remain hidden from ourselves and others </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Greek for “mask” </li></ul><ul><li>The many social faces we wear in order to adapt </li></ul><ul><li>Is only a part of who we are, but we may identify with it more than our true self because of the status (or power) it may provide us </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Anima is the undeveloped feminine side of males </li></ul><ul><li>Embodies all the characteristics generally ascribed to females </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Submissive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nurturing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Animus is the undeveloped masculine side of females </li></ul><ul><li>Embodies characteristics generally ascribed to males </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dominant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Logical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Action oriented </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Attitudes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The direction in which one invests the libido </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EXTROVERSION: Libido is directed towards objects and people external to oneself </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>INTROVERSION: Libido is directed inward towards the self and the subjective state </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Irrational functions : Used to perceive information/experience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sensation : hot/cold; hard/soft; light/dark </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intuition : derive possibilities; nuances </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Rational functions : Used to evaluate or judge information/experience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thinking : judges using a logical, objective criteria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feeling : judges using emotional evaluation; likes/dislikes; good/bad </li></ul></ul>