Learning Theory - Constructivism


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Short presentation on the learning theory known as "Constructivism"

-- Students Learn by Doing

Published in: Education

Learning Theory - Constructivism

  1. 1. ConstructivismSethCatelynnBrittanyRyan Learning Theory - Constructivism
  2. 2. Constructivism  Students Learn by Doing Through participation, students will create their own understanding of a topic or problem Learning Theory - Constructivism
  3. 3. Jean Piaget (1896 – 1980)  Cognitive Learning Theory Children think very differently than adults Children are active learners and do not need motivation from adults to learn Children construct new knowledge as they move through different cognitive stages Learning Theory - Constructivism
  4. 4. Jerome Bruner (1915 – Present)  Learning Through Discovery. New ideas are based on current or past knowledge. Instruction based on Cognition. Learning Theory - Constructivism
  5. 5. Lev Vygotsky (1896 – 1934)  Social Cognition – Learning tookplace within the context of a child’s socialdevelopment and culture. Scaffolding – Discovering the level ofeach child’s cognitive/social development,and build or construct their learningexperiences from that point. Schemata – An organized way ofcreating or providing a cognitive mentalframework for understanding andremembering information. Learning Theory - Constructivism
  6. 6. Zone of Proximal Development  Developed by Lev Vygotsky Considered to be the most important part of social constructivism. The difference between the problem solving ability that a child has learned and the potential that the child can achieve from collaboration with a more advanced peer or expert, such as a teacher. Learning Theory - Constructivism
  7. 7. John Dewey (1859 – 1952)  Learning should engage and expand the experiences of the learners. Education is a social process School should be viewed as an extension of society and students should play an active role in it, working cooperatively with each other. Students learn by doing and should be allowed to construct, create and actively inquire. Learning Theory - Constructivism
  8. 8. Classroom Implications  As a Teacher: Without Technology  Focus on educating the whole child, physically, mentally and socially.  A teacher is a guide for resources  Tailor the learning experience of the student  Encourage students through exploration and inquiry Learning Theory - Constructivism
  9. 9. Classroom Implications  As a Teacher: With Technology  A teacher is a guide for resources, through books, videos and other digital media like web sites.  A teacher can guide students through word-processors, can focus on vocabulary with electronic flash cards and tablets.  Students can also create art, spreadsheets and models through digital programs. Learning Theory - Constructivism
  10. 10. Classroom Implications  For the Student: Without Technology  The student can now focus on social aspects of life rather than worrying about memorization of facts that may not have any meaning to their real-world lives.  Students are encouraged by their teachers and pushed to further analyze problems and having to think critically to come up with their own solutions to activities and other issues which are presented in class. Learning Theory - Constructivism
  11. 11. Classroom Implications  For the Student: With Technology  Students can receive technological aid in a classroom environment where they may not be able to receive such luxuries at home.  The use of technology promotes responsibility, independence and trust in the students. Learning Theory - Constructivism
  12. 12. What We Think  Providing students with technological aid and teaching them with the Socratic method can be extremely uplifting for many students who may not be challenged with their studies. Keeping the students actively participating and engaged in critical-thinking skills and analyzing of problems is something we hope to utilize in our futures as teachers. Enlightening and broadening our students minds is great for not only their futures, but for everyones. Learning Theory - Constructivism
  13. 13. References  Atherton, J. S. (2011). Constructivism theory. Retrieved from http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/constructivism.htm Atherton J S. "Zone of Proximal Development." Image. 08 Apr. 2012. <http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/constructivism.htm> “Jean Piaget." Photo. nndb.com. 08 Apr. 2012. <http://www.nndb.com/people/359/000094077/>. "Jerome Bruner." Photo. Ethos.Anthro.Illinois.edu. 08 Apr. 2012. <http://ethos.anthro.illinois.edu/JeromeBruner.htm>. "John Dewey." Photo. 08 Apr. 2012. <http://dewey.pragmatism.org/>. "Lev Vygotsky." Photo. 08 Apr. 2012. <http://vygotsky.afraid.org/>. Shelly, G., Gunter, G., & Gunter, R. (2012). Teachers discovering computers: Integrating technology in a connected world. (Seventh Ed. ed., pp. 257-280). Boston, MA: Course Technology. Learning Theory - Constructivism