ship hull attachments

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ship hull attachments

  1. 1. ● Sivadath k.s ● UT-KOCHI
  2. 2. APPANDAGE & TYPES ● Appandages :something which is attached or mounted in the ship's hull is known as appandages ● Eg: rudder,propeller,Skeg,Bilgr keel,Bow thruster,Zinc anode,Stabilizer,etc
  3. 3. 1: RUDDER A vertical blade at the stern of a vessel that can be turned horizontally to change the vessel's direction when in motion. ➔Rudder angle is upto 35 degree ➔Trammel gauge( L shaped instrument) is used for checking rudder drop ➔
  4. 4. TYPES OF RUDDER ➔ ➔ ➔ Balanced rudde Semi-balanced skeg rudder ➔ Full skeg rudder ➔ Spade rudder
  5. 5. Balanced rudder ➔ ➔ ➔ Open stern frame with a bottom pin which is a sopport bolt or pin with a bearing. The upper bearing is inside the hull. Mainly used in tugs and single screw marchant ships.
  6. 6. Semi balanced skeg rudder ● Also known as a horn rudder or a marine rudder. The movable part of the rudder is supported by a fixed skeg with a pindle at the bottom of the skeg.
  7. 7. Full skeg rudder ➔ ➔ An unbalanced rudder, the rudder is supported by a fixed skeg with a pindle at bottom. Applied manily to large sailing yatches but also applied as hydro planes on under water vechicles.
  8. 8. Spade rudder ➔ ➔ ➔ A type of sailboat rudder that is fastened only to the rudderpost and not to the keel or transom. applied extensively to single and twin screw vessels including small power crafts,yatches, ferries, warships and some large marchant ships. Also employed as submarines and other under water vechicles
  9. 9. 2: SKEG ● A brace that extends from the rear of the keel to support the rudderpost.
  10. 10. ➔ A skeg (or skag) is a sternward extension of the keel of boats and ships which have a rudder mounted on the centre line. The term also applies to the lowest point on an outboard motor
  11. 11. 3:STABILIZER A device for making something stable. ➔ A gyroscopic device used to stabilize the rolling motion of a ship ➔
  12. 12. stabilizer fins are generally rectangular in shape and are attached in pair on each side to provide the necessary balance to the ship. The size of the fins depends on various factors such as the ship's breadth, length, displacement etc. However, compared to the size of the ship, the size of the fins is relatively quite small.
  13. 13. 4:BILGE KEEL ● ● ● ● It is used to reduce a ship's tendency to roll. Bilge keels are employed in pairs (one for each side of the ship). A ship may have more than one bilge keel per side, but this is rare. Bilge keels increase hydro-dynamics resistance to rolling, making the ship roll less.
  14. 14. 5:SACRIFICIAL ANODE SYSTEM ● metallurgy an electropositive metal, such as zinc, that protects a more important electronegative part by corroding when attacked by electrolytic action
  15. 15. ● ● The anodes are usually Zinc or Aluminium. Zinc anode
  16. 16. 6:PROPELLER ● A marine propeller is a propulsion device which converts the power transmitted from the engine into a thrust force to propel the vessel.
  17. 17. CHARACTERISTICS ● ● It consists of a number of identical twisted blades usually 35 equally spaced arround the hub or boss. The hub or boss is mounted on the propeller shaft. The hub of the propeller is fitted at one end of the propeller shaft by means of a nut. Propeller is made up of mainly manganese bronze, stainless steel and phosphorus bronze.
  18. 18. ● Pitch of the propeller ; pitch of the propeller is the apparant distance moved by the propeller on its axis on one rotation of the propeller. ➔TYPES OF PROPELLER ● Fixed pitch propeller ● Variable pitch propeller ● Ducted propeller ● Skeg propeller
  19. 19. ➔ ● ● Fixed pitch propeller Fixed pitch propeller has fixed blades which are integral with the propeller boss. The blades are fitted at an angle which gives a permanent pitch for the propeller.
  20. 20. Variable pitch propeller ➔ ➔ A controllable pitch propeller (CPP) or variable pitch propeller is a type of propeller with blades that can be rotated around their long axis to change their pitch. If the pitch can be set to negative values, the reversible propeller can also create reverse thrust for braking or going backwards without the need of changing the direction of shaft revolutions.
  21. 21. ● ● ● It is provided with detachable propeller blades. The blades are mounted on a angular slotted sliding block house in a hollow hub. A pitch control rod is attached to the angular block.
  22. 22. Ducted propeller ➔ ➔ ➔ A ducted propeller, also known as a Kort nozzle, is a propeller fitted with a non-rotating nozzle. It is used to improve the efficiency of the propeller and is especially used on heavily loaded propellers or propellers with limited diameter. which is shaped like a foil, offers advantages for certain conditions over bare propellers .
  23. 23. Skeg propeller High propulsion performance. ● Variable straights distribution. ● Low noises and vibrations levels. ● Reduction of the fuel consumption . ➔
  24. 24. 7:BOW THRUSTER Bow thrusters are type of propellers, which are smaller in size and which help in better maneuverability of the ships at lower speeds. They are generally used for maneuvering the vessel near the coastal waters or while entering or leaving a port. Bow thrusters help in assisting tug boats in berthing the ship without wasting time.
  25. 25. 8:BULBOUS BOW A bulbous bow is a protruding bulb at the bow (or front) of a ship just below the waterline. The bulb modifies the way the water flows around the hull, reducing drag and thus increasing speed, range, fuel efficiency, and stability.
  26. 26. SONAR ● ● SONAR(SOund Navigation And Ranging) is fitted bottom of the hull. Used to detect sub marines, ice-bergs, fish school and other under water objects.
  27. 27. ● ● An echo-sounder is also fitted bottom of ship's hull. Used to measure the depth of sea.
  28. 28. Reference; class4exam.com/mmd dictionary.reference.com/browse/skeg www.thefreedictionary.com/Stabilizer+ www.brighthubengineering.com/naval-architecture/47686-typesof-ship-stabilizers-fin-stabilizer www.masson-marine.com/en/propeller-cpp-and-fpp www.marineinsight.com/tech/auxiliary-machinery/bowthrusters www.olds.com.au/marine/maximizing_propulsion www.propulsionnaval.com/eng/productos-skew.php www.cathodicme.com/sacp.html
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