Tsl 3113

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Action Research 1-Qualitative vs quantitative

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Tsl 3113

  1. 1. TSL 3113: Action Research I Group members: Muhammad Akmal Nur Syahirah Rosmalia Siti Norfatin Izzati
  2. 2. Contrast Qualitative Approach with Quantitative Approach Item Definition Goals Quantitative Approach Qualitative Approach • Emphasizes numbers, measurements, control & experimentation. • Traditional scientific research. • Emphasizes natural settings, observations, verbal narratives & interpretations. • Emerged from sociology. • Test hypothesis (theory) • Establish facts •Show relationships •Predict •Statically described • Build theory •Develop understanding •Capture naturally occurring behaviour •Describe multiple realities
  3. 3. Item Quantitative Approach Qualitative Approach Design •Structured •Predetermined •Formal •Specific •Evolving (emerging) •Flexible •Informal •General Sample •Large •Representative (graph, chart) •Random selection •Small •Non-representative •Purposeful (to solve problem) •Experiments •Surveys •Case studies •Ethnographies Methods
  4. 4. Item Data Quantitative Approach •Quantities •Counts •Measures •Instruments •Numbers •Statistics Qualitative Approach •Verbal descriptions •Observations •Documents •Photographs •People’s own words •Narrative

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