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Brain Drain

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Brain Drain

  1. 1. WELCOME GROUP-D PGDBIM 2014-15
  2. 2. PPT ON “BRAIN DRAIN” Presented By:- Bidhu Bhusan Mohapatra Chinmoyee Dash Diptimaye Mohapatra Hemant Sahoo Sitesh Mohanty Tanushriya Behera
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION WHAT IS BRAIN DRAIN???  Brain drain is the emigration of intelligent, well-educated individuals to somewhere for better pay or conditions, causing the place they came from to lose those skilled people, or "brains.“ Or Simply "a drain on resources and drain of young talent by emigration“  Depletion or loss of intellectual and technical personnel resulting in gradual depletion of energy or resources.  China and India have recently been discovered to be at the top of the list of countries facing brain drain.
  4. 4. PUSH FACTOR V/S PULL FACTOR  Under Employment  Economic Underdevelopment  Low Wage/Salary  Political Instability  Lack of Research  Better Career Expectations  Poor Working Facility Better Chances Of Employment Better Economic Prospectus Higher Salary N Income Relatively Political Stability Better Research Facility Better Level Of Living & Way Of Life Better Opportunities
  5. 5. CONTENTS  Origin  Types  Brain Drain: Bane for India  Reasons of Brain Drain  Consequences of Brain Drain  Solutions to curve Brain Drain  Preventive measure  Advantages of Brain Drain  Conclusion
  6. 6. ORIGIN  The term “BRAIN DRAIN" was coined by the Royal society to describe the emigration of “scientists and technologists" to North America from post-war Europe.  Another source indicates that this term was first used in the United Kingdom to describe the influx of Indian scientists and engineers.
  7. 7. TYPES  Organizational:- The flight of talented, creative, and highly trained employees from large corporations such as Yahoo, HubSpot and Microsoft. This occurs when employees perceive the direction and leadership of the company and are unable to keep up with their personal and professional ambitions.  Geographical:- The flight of highly trained individuals and college graduates from their area of residence, for instance, those migrating from the mid-western United States to the coastal states and large metropolises.  Industrial: - The movement of traditionally skilled workers from one sector of an industry to another
  9. 9. REASONS OF BRAIN DRAIN  Lack Of Employment And Low Salary:- Due to lack of employment and low salary people migrate as they are tempted to look for better salaries elsewhere.  Political Instability:- Due to political instability in home countries, people loose confidence on their governments and future prospects for a better life.Migration also takes place in response to wars, political and social turmoil.  Scholars Expectations Not Met:- Many scholars who go abroad for further studies remain there leaving their family and workplace behind with the hope that a better life can be achieved elsewhere, despite their well being at home. Expectations are
  10. 10. CONSEQUENCES OF BRAIN DRAIN  Loss Of Human Capital:- The flaws of Brain Drain are inherent in its title, it involves the loss of human capital, i.e. a skilled labour force which is vital to the development of society and the country.  Provides Personal Benefits:- “Essentially provids personal benefits for individuals rather than public benefits”-The brain drain benefits individuals more than society.  Uneven Distribution Of Knowledge:- Brain Drain results in uneven distribution of knowledge across space, resulting in a fall in economic development for the country.
  11. 11.  Loses potential entrepreneurs:- Entrepreneurs plays an important role in helping a country develop. The economy of a country that has a large number of world-class entrepreneurs can be more innovative than those of others.  Lack Of Health Care Workers:- Health workers from the developing countries leave and immigrate to the developed world. As a result countries lack sufficient health care workers, which harms the local health system and there is not sufficient manpower to do the work required, which further damages the health system rather than strengthening it.
  12. 12. SOLUTIONS TO CURVE THE BRAIN DRAIN:  Good Governance At The National And International Level:- Transparency in leadership is essential and should be maintained. It is about maintaining reasonable security for peoples' lives and property which is essential for economic progress, Thus withholding political and economical emigrants.  High Wages:- Offering higher wages for `insiders` according to their qualifications is essential, instead of over estimating and hiring expatrates, which are more costly.
  13. 13.  Quality Of Education:- Education plays a powerful role especially in the growing problems of international migration. Therefore, offering individuals the necessary education qualifications in their countries and expanding a better educational infrastructure may definitely prevent emigrants who are seeking a higher education abroad.  Taxing Emigrants:- The last alternative measure could be, taxing emigrants who are trained in home countries. This is a sensitive issue and may infringe on the basic human right and freedom to chose the nature and location of individuals where to live and where to work, but can be used to tackle Brain Drain.
  14. 14. PREVENTIVE MEASURES  Different areas and nations have distinct policies to retain skilled workers due to the different national or regional situation.--in African countries, the health systems have been severely affected by brain drain, so various measures have been suggested and tried to limit the migration of health workers to rich countries.  China tries to create a normal and free atmosphere and mechanism that would help talents flourish  And in India, although suffering severe brain drain every year, the Indian government has not adopted strict policies because they believe that the overseas talent will eventually contribute to the nation in the future.
  15. 15. ADVANTAGES OF THE BRAIN DRAIN  Sending Remittances:- sending back of remittances increases economic development in the country and its standard of living.  Circular Migration:- The economy of the origin country may not be able to take advantage of the skilled labourers, so it is more beneficial for the workers to migrate and send back remittances. Second, when the migrant workers return home as part of the circular pattern, they may bring with them new skills and knowledge.
  16. 16.  Increase Living Standards:- It increase living standards in society “skilled migrants typically earn more therefore remit more thus fostering growth”. The remittance economy is a significant part of the brain drain as well an integral source of income for developed economies: “2011 remittances were estimated at $372bn”, and for countries such as Mexico and the Philippines were worth “$24 and $34 billion” respectively.
  17. 17. CONCLUSION In India best crammers are rewarded But in west who learn how to apply Skill is awarded… Raghu Kumar Co-founder of RKSV “Give a man a fish and you will feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish and you feed him for life”
  18. 18. CONCLUSION Brain Drain is a very big problem. Our India should be developed country instead of being a developing one. There is no doubt we Indians are more talented than others but due to lack facilities Indians are not able to show there talents. According to former Google Ceo Eric Schmidt : “India’s entrepreneurs have the ability to built

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