The 6 Basic Food Groups are
1. Grains: Any food made from wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal, barley or another cereal grain is a grain product. Bread, pasta, oatmeal, breakfast cereals, tortillas, and grits are examples of grain products.
2. Fats and Oils: • Fats and oils, sometimes categorized with sweets, is typically a very small category in nutrition guides, if present at all, and is sometimes listed apart from other food groups. Examples include cooking oil, butter, margarine and shortening.
3. Vegetables: All vegetables foods are included in the vegetable food group. There are a variety of different types of vegetables, including:
• dark green, leafy - broccoli, kale, lettuce (dark green, romaine), spinach, watercress
• orange - butternut squash, carrot, pumpkin, sweet potato
• starchy - corn, green peas, potato
• Cruciferous - brussels sprouts, cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower
• Nightshade - capsicum, eggplant, okra, peppers, potato, tomato
• Others - artichoke, asparagus, beets, celery cucumber, green beans, mushroom, onion, turnip, snow peas, zucchini.
4. Fruits: In broad terms, a fruit is a structure of a plant that contains its seeds. In non-technical usage, such as food preparation, fruit normally means the fleshy seed-associated structures of certain plants that are sweet and edible in the raw state. Example carrots, berries, grapes, apples, banana, mangoes etc.
5. Dairy: Dairy products are generally defined as foods produced from Cow's or Domestic Buffalo's milk. They are usually high-energy-yielding food products.
6. Meats and Protein: Proteins are the building blocks of almost every part of your body
The meat and protein food group consists of the following foods (which are all high in protein):
eggs, fish, shellfish, meats, poultry, nuts, and legumes.