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Charles dickens(2)

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Charles dickens(2)

  1. 1. Charles Dickens 1812-1870 Loyola Academy English Department English Literature Mr. Simon
  2. 2. Family Life <ul><li>Father – John Dickens </li></ul><ul><li>Mother – Elizabeth Barrow </li></ul><ul><li>Father was a Navel clerk </li></ul><ul><li>Financially comfortable and then destitute </li></ul><ul><li>Parents were sent to a Debtors Prison </li></ul>
  3. 3. Dickens’ early years <ul><li>Family imprisoned for debt </li></ul><ul><li>Young Charles forced to work in shoe factory: </li></ul><ul><li>Warrens Blacking Factory </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly self-educated – erratic schooling </li></ul><ul><li>In 1827, he took a job as a legal clerk </li></ul><ul><li>He then worked as a reporter in courts and in Parliament </li></ul>
  4. 4. Married Life and Family <ul><li>Katherine Hogarth: not a happy woman </li></ul><ul><li>9 children </li></ul><ul><li>Mistress: Ellen Turner- London Actress </li></ul><ul><li>Spent much of his time in London </li></ul><ul><li>Not a good family man </li></ul><ul><li>Settled down to comfortable, married, middle class life </li></ul>
  5. 5. Early Writing Career He wrote short humorous sketches with pictures by Boz which became known as Pickwick Papers Became famous in a short period of time and wildly popular among devoted readers awaiting his next installment Gave numerous public readings for $$$, worldwide
  6. 6. Success as a Novelist <ul><li>Nickolas Nickleby 1839 </li></ul><ul><li>Oliver Twist 1839 </li></ul><ul><li>The Old Curiosity Shop 1841 </li></ul><ul><li>Barnaby Rudge 1841 </li></ul><ul><li>Martin Chuzzlewitt 1843 </li></ul><ul><li>Dombey and Son 1849 </li></ul><ul><li>David Copperfield 1850 </li></ul><ul><li>Bleak House 1853 </li></ul><ul><li>Hard Times 1854 </li></ul><ul><li>Little Dorritt 1857 </li></ul><ul><li>A Tale of Two Cities 1859 </li></ul><ul><li>Great Expectations 1861 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Major Themes in Dickens’ fiction <ul><li>Loneliness of childhood </li></ul><ul><li>Oppression of poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Uncertainty of love and marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Indifference of social institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Sustaining joy of family life </li></ul><ul><li>Perseverance and sacrifice in face of untold hardships and injustice </li></ul><ul><li>Many autobiographical links between life and writings of Dickens </li></ul>
  8. 8. Themes <ul><li>Docks </li></ul><ul><li>Aristocracy- wealth, rich, land and power </li></ul><ul><li>Child labor- Oliver Twist </li></ul><ul><li>Family life </li></ul><ul><li>Lost love and unattainable women </li></ul><ul><li>Dickens’ main characters greatly resemble himself and his life </li></ul>
  9. 9. Most famous successful work <ul><li>A Christmas Carol 1843 </li></ul><ul><li>Enduring holiday favorite </li></ul><ul><li>Amusing elements of supernatural, melodrama, humor, and pathos </li></ul><ul><li>Extremely optimistic tale of redemption for Ebeneezer Scrooge, archetypal miser </li></ul><ul><li>Remains a sentimental classic </li></ul>
  10. 10. Twilight of Dickens’Career <ul><li>Our Mutual Friend 1865 </li></ul><ul><li>The Mystery of Edwin Drood unfinished when </li></ul><ul><li>Dickens died suddenly from a stroke in June, 1870 </li></ul><ul><li>His death was mourned by thousands when he was buried at Westminster Abbey five days after his death </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Victorian Period <ul><li>Queen Victoria 1819-1901 </li></ul><ul><li>At the age of 18 Victoria inherited the throne, she reigned for 64 years </li></ul><ul><li>“ The sun never sets on the Queen’s empire” </li></ul><ul><li>the power and influence of Britain around the world </li></ul><ul><li>She died a lonely ruler </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Industrial Revolution <ul><li>Villagers moved to the cities = factories = jobs= smoke= pollution </li></ul><ul><li>= backbreaking labor= death vs. luxury side by side with poverty </li></ul><ul><li>“ It was the best of time; it was the worst of times. </li></ul><ul><li>Dickens – A Tale of Two Cities </li></ul>
  13. 13. London and the Times
  14. 14. Dickens and Christmas The first Christmas Card, Tree and Holiday Traditions
  15. 15. Dickens legacy and links <ul><li>He remains the foremost 19 th century British writer of fiction </li></ul><ul><li>Amazing and detailed depiction of lifestyle and issues of a transforming industrial and urban landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Vivid and dramatic dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Profession as court reporter enhanced awareness of social inequities </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.underthesun.cc/Classics/Dickens/ </li></ul><ul><li>humwww.ucsc.edu/dickens/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.literature.org/authors/dickens-charles </li></ul>

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