DISASTER RESILIENCY CENTER and Advanced Practices Training and Research Institute For The Greater Silicon Valley Robert J Dolci Chief, Protective Services Director, Emergency Services NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field
Moffett FieldDisaster Response and Recovery Complex Silicon Valley Disaster Resiliency Center
Collapsed Structure Training Facility Proposed Location
Silicon Valley Disaster Resiliency Center Disaster Response and Advanced Emergency Responder Recovery Complex Training Institute Regional Logistics Facility Advanced Practices and Training Responder Base Camp Disaster Simulation Village Mobilization Center Collapsed Structure Complex (NS) Emergency Operations Applied Research and Technology LaboratoryRemote and In Situ Sensing and ImagingAutonomous Vehicles and PlatformsData Integration, Analysis and CommunicationModeling and Simulation
• What is a Disaster Resiliency Center (DRC) and how does it differ from a Disaster Response and Recovery Center (DR&RC)?• What is an Advanced Practices and Research Institute?• Katrina from a DRC Perspective• Why a DRC is Needed in the Bay
What Is A DRC?In Short- A DRC is a centralized facilityand capability established in advance of adisaster to effectively manage theresources from all responding agenciesduring response and recovery operations.The difference between a DRC and aDR&RC is that a DRC has pre disasterfunctions.
More Specifically a DRC isa local and/or state pre-established regional responseand recovery facility that is not federally managed buthas a formalized working relationship withDHS/FEMA.– During a declared disaster a DRC is: • A state and/or federal Logistics and/or Operations Staging Area • A point of arrival and departure for state and federal assets • An Disaster Command and Control Center • A Base of Operations for Response and/or Recovery Teams • A Joint Operations Center • A Regional Mobilization Center • An Emergency Communications Center
If there is a catastrophic event in the Bay Area,Federal and State emergency response assetswill need one or more strategically located placesto manage regional disaster response andrecovery operations.– There are two key functional elements of disaster response: • Search and Rescue • Commodity Distribution and Emergency Sheltering– There are three key elements of disaster recovery: • Reconstruction • Long Term Care of the Displaced • Business Continuity
Pre Disaster a DRC is anAdvanced Practices and Research InstituteAn APRI is a training/education institution thatprovides advanced concepts training for all types ofemergency responders; a laboratory to test newinnovative techniques, training, procedures andtechnologies; as well as a component that advancestechnologies which can be utilized in emergencyresponse and recovery operations.
In Addition Pre Disaster a DRC/APRI is• A location for conducting advanced regional/national exercises• A test-bed for advanced technology and methodology development• A facility to store commodities for disaster relief• A place to meet and preplan• A place to manage a regional common operating program
What Have we LearnedFrom Prior Disasters? A Look at Katrina
Katrina’s Ad Hoc DR&RC in Mississippi• FEMA and MEMA (Mississippi Emergency Management Agency) were able to established a Disaster Response and Recovery Center (DR&RC) nearly real time because: – NASA Stennis was available and it had many of the necessary “ingredients” • Stennis facilities and personnel enabled FEMA, MEMA and Local Government • Unfortunately, there is no guarantee that there will be an adequate Federal facility available when a disaster strikes – New Orleans, Louisiana did not have a facility available to establish a DR&RC
FEMA/MEMA Operations• NASA Stennis became the prime Logistics Staging Area and Operational Staging Area for 6 Counties (400,000 People) providing support for: • 33 commodity distribution centers (70 PODs) • 6 emergency fuel stations • 6 Disaster Medical Assistance Teams • 1 Disaster Mortuary • 10 emergency shelters • 40 fire stations • Multiple emergency search and rescue teams ~130 Places requiring support
FEMA/MEMA Operations at NASA Stennis• ~ 500 18-Wheelers delivered millions of tons of MREs, Ice and Water • In the first week- 19,700,000 Pounds of Ice, 2,600,000 Gallons of water, and 1,800,000 MREs • One month Later 40,000,000 tons of ice, 5,500,000 gallons of water, 2,750,000 MREs (ran out after third week)• FEMA/MEMA managed 4 Base Camps, 1 Airfield, and supported 5 Military Camps at Stennis • Based camps cared for thousands of emergency and military responders and support personnel
FEMA/MEMA Ops FEMA/MEMA Team On any given day, at any given time, there were over 100 individuals working at the Command Center representing over 50 different agencies/organizations.
Stennis Airfield Boeing 747 Delivering CommoditiesAirlift operations in the first week accounted for45% of the water and food delivered in the sixGulf Counties. ANG C-130 Delivered CommoditiesANG Chinook Helicopter transportedwater, ice and MREs to inaccessiblerural areas
Urban Search and Rescue Response (New Orleans)• Depending on the Magnitude of the event, as many as 28 FEMA US&R teams may show up. – More or less self sufficient for three days – Fly in or drive in – Greater need than commodity distribution teams • Hazardous environments • More tools and equipment • Greater medical needs • Far greater physical demands • Canines
Do We Need A DRC/APRI In The Bay Area? What if we had had a 7.0 magnitude earthquake on the Hayward Fault?
According to the USGS,there is a 62%probability that the BayArea will experience a6.7 magnitude, orgreater, earthquakewithin the next 30years.Santa Clara County has 1.75 million residents ~ 25% ofthe Bay Area’s populationSan Mateo County has 700 thousand residents ~10% ofthe Bay Area’s populationCompare that to the ~400,000 in the 6 MississippiCounties
Comparing Just Santa Clara County with the 6 Mississippi Counties Mississippi Had: Santa Clara County Would Require: • 33 commodity distribution • ~500 commodity distribution centers centers (70 PODs) (including PODS) • 6 emergency fuel stations • ~80 Red Cross and other Shelters • 6 Disaster Medical • All available Disaster Medical Assistance Teams Assistance Teams • 1 Disaster Mortuary • Numerous Disaster Morgues • 10 emergency shelters • ~75 Fire Stations • 40 fire stations • Numerous Emergency Fuel Stations • Multiple emergency search • All available emergency search and and rescue teams rescue teams ~130 Places ~1000 Places requiring support requiring support
New study by HaywardEarthquake Alliance and Risk Management Solutions believe thatnext major Hayward fault quake will be catastrophic
Anticipate an Earthquake of M6.8 or greater on the Hayward Fault• A major earthquake on the Hayward Fault, in a highly populated section of the San Francisco Bay Area, is due. – The last major earthquake on the Hayward Fault was in 1868, 140 years ago • Research by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) indicate the past five such earthquakes have been 140 years apart on average. – A Hayward Fault EQ will adversely impact up to 5 Million people • Damage will likely exceed $1.5 Trillion • Up to 70% of the loss will be sustained in Alameda and Santa Clara Counties - The majority of that being in Alameda County
Serious Damage to Bay Area Infrastructure• Oakland and San Francisco international airports and nearly all the regions port facilities are built on materials prone to earthquake damage. – The capacity to deliver the goods needed to support recovery would be significantly diminished• Earthquake caused damage to the bay area’s water storage and distribution systems could cut off water to 2.4 million Bay Area residents.• Could close up to 1,100 roads, including 900 in Alameda County alone.