Smart Textiles – Technology and       Application fields      Dipl.-Ing. Klaus Scheulen          Liège, 30th January 2013
Contents  What are Smart Textiles and how do textiles get “smart”?       Functional textile material       Intelligent ...
Contents  What are Smart Textiles and how do textiles get “smart”?       Functional textile material       Intelligent ...
What are "Smart" Textiles?                                                                      ?The term “Smart”   “Smar...
Smart Textiles – An IntroductionThe term “Smart” – Then and Now….and then?     yesterday             today                ...
Smart Textiles – An Introduction    From function to product    Functional material                                Transfe...
Smart Textiles – function of (fibre) materialSome possible functions – optical effects          Function                  ...
Smart Textiles – function of (fibre) materialSome possible functions – electrical conductivity (fibre)          Function  ...
Smart Textiles – function of (fibre) materialSome possible functions – electrical conductivity (area)          Function   ...
Smart Textiles – function of (fibre) materialSome possible functions – thermal influence & other          Function        ...
Smart Textiles – intelligent textile systemsTransfer the function into a working system – electronics                     ...
Smart Textiles – intelligent textile systemsTransfer the function into a working system – illumination                    ...
Smart Textiles – intelligent textile systemsTransfer the function into a working system – sensors                         ...
Smart Textiles – intelligent textile systemsTransfer the function into a working system – others & more                   ...
Contents  What are Smart Textiles and how do textiles get “smart”?       Functional textile material       Intelligent ...
Smart Textile – ApplicationsElectronic applicationsHeating systems printed PET-fabric   IR-picture                        ...
Smart Textile – ApplicationsData line & signal transmission               Monitoring systems               Data transmissi...
Smart Textile – ApplicationsSensingTemperature sensor    Switch for automotive applicationsTextile RFID(2) and   Textile s...
Smart Textile ApplicationsIlluminating textiles  LED Shirt                             LED Snowboarder   LED Matrix System...
Contents  What are Smart Textiles and how do textiles get “smart”?       Functional textile material       Intelligent ...
Summary                                          New products and new marketsSmart Textiles are:                     Numer...
Thank you for your attention ! Feel free to ask questions    klaus.scheulen@ita.rwth-aachen.de
ContactDipl.-Ing. Klaus ScheulenSmart Textiles – Mobility SystemsInstitut für Textiltechnik (ITA),RWTH Aachen UniversityOt...
03 smart textiles - technology and application fields- scheulen - liège
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03 smart textiles - technology and application fields- scheulen - liège

  1. 1. Smart Textiles – Technology and Application fields Dipl.-Ing. Klaus Scheulen Liège, 30th January 2013
  2. 2. Contents  What are Smart Textiles and how do textiles get “smart”?  Functional textile material  Intelligent textile system  Examples for smart textile applications – the benefits of the technology  electricity, sensing, heating  Illumination  Summary and Conclusion
  3. 3. Contents  What are Smart Textiles and how do textiles get “smart”?  Functional textile material  Intelligent textile system  Examples for smart textile applications – the benefits of the technology  electricity, sensing, heating  Illumination  Summary and Conclusion
  4. 4. What are "Smart" Textiles? ?The term “Smart” “Smart” can relate to…  The integration of electronics into textiles  Smart Materials (e.g. Phase Change, Shape Memory)  Functional Finishes (e.g. Lotus Effect, no-iron finishing)  Functional Clothing (e.g. Gore-Tex®) “Smart” = Everything the customer perceives as “smart” Norms and standards do not exist (maybe coming soon) Pre-norm: “additional specific and functional properties”, regarding to optical, electrical, mechanical, chemical or thermal stimulus or reaction
  5. 5. Smart Textiles – An IntroductionThe term “Smart” – Then and Now….and then? yesterday today tomorrow Textile-adapted Textile-integrated Textile-based Source: ITA, UC Berkeley/ DARPA
  6. 6. Smart Textiles – An Introduction From function to product Functional material Transfer Intelligent System ApplicationsFibre properties Integration Classification Use electrical  Joining  Additional elements  Process thermal  Connecting  Energy  Products optical  Manufacturing  „Communication“  customer … Optical fibre Conductive jacket core Sensing modul multifilament yarn Filament sensor 5 Functions of a smart textile system mm Heating rate diagramm Conductive knit Source: ITA, RWTH Aachen University
  7. 7. Smart Textiles – function of (fibre) materialSome possible functions – optical effects Function How?  fibre material Active side lighting • particulate additive • electroluminescent • phosphorescent  Surface modification • chemically Light transmission • mechanically  Coating • polymers Source: starscape, Tii, Recytex
  8. 8. Smart Textiles – function of (fibre) materialSome possible functions – electrical conductivity (fibre) Function How?  Fibre material Heating • metal (Ag, Cu, Au, stainless steel, …) Yarn with Au-Coating • carbon-based Data line & signal transmission  Surface coating 50 µm • chemically Ag Yarn with Ag-Coating • CVD • galvanic PA Capacitance sensor • electroless deposition Electrostatic shielding • physically • PVD Source: statex, ITA
  9. 9. Smart Textiles – function of (fibre) materialSome possible functions – electrical conductivity (area) Function How? Heating  Surface coating Fabric Cu-Coating • chemical methods (s.a.) Data line & signal • physical methods (s.a.) transmission  Printing (print media with particles) Capacitance sensor  Textile manufacturing Conductive knit (left) & fabric (right) Electrostatic shielding Textile conductor track Source: ecologa, ITA, KuZ Leipzig
  10. 10. Smart Textiles – function of (fibre) materialSome possible functions – thermal influence & other Function How? Active warming & cooling  Fibre material • metal (Ag, Cu, Au,…) Fibres with PCM-particles • phase-change-material IR-reflection (PCM) • bio-chemical Heat conduction Printed heating coating  Fabric coating • print media with particles Drug release fibre • Metals (Al, Ag,…) Bounded • soot, CNTs drugs • polymers drug-release fibre Source: ITA, schoeller
  11. 11. Smart Textiles – intelligent textile systemsTransfer the function into a working system – electronics System Use of: • conductive yarn Flexible electric circuit • embroidering • adhesive • conductive yarn Contacting electronic • Knitting devices • neodymium magnets • different adhesives • conductive yarn • Weaving Textile switch • embroidering • thermo-forming Source: IZM Berlin, ITA
  12. 12. Smart Textiles – intelligent textile systemsTransfer the function into a working system – illumination System Use of: • Optical fibres Illuminated textiles • LEDs • embroidering • conductive yarn Illuminated reinforced • Knitting composites • neodymium magnets • different adhesives • conductive textiles textile based LED-array • Different adhesives • LEDs Source: ITA, IZM Berlin
  13. 13. Smart Textiles – intelligent textile systemsTransfer the function into a working system – sensors System Use of: jacket core Sensing modul Rope with stress sensor • conductive yarn Filament sensor • braiding 5 mm • conductive yarn Capacitive electrodes • knitting • conductive yarn Textile antenna • embroidering Source: ITA
  14. 14. Smart Textiles – intelligent textile systemsTransfer the function into a working system – others & more System Use of: Textile heating module • conductive yarn • embroidering • conductive yarn Textile flexible bus-system • weaving • soldering • Biocompatible Shape memory stent polymers • braiding Source: ITA
  15. 15. Contents  What are Smart Textiles and how do textiles get “smart”?  Functional textile material  Intelligent textile system  Examples for smart textile applications – the benefits of the technology  electricity, sensing, heating  Illumination  Summary and Conclusion
  16. 16. Smart Textile – ApplicationsElectronic applicationsHeating systems printed PET-fabric IR-picture Source: SEFAR, warmX, ITA
  17. 17. Smart Textile – ApplicationsData line & signal transmission Monitoring systems Data transmission Source: IZM Berlin, Medit, Profitex project
  18. 18. Smart Textile – ApplicationsSensingTemperature sensor Switch for automotive applicationsTextile RFID(2) and Textile stress sensorstransponder (3) Source: TITV, ITA, RWTH Aachen University
  19. 19. Smart Textile ApplicationsIlluminating textiles LED Shirt LED Snowboarder LED Matrix System Printed OLED Pattern Sources: Luminex, ITCF Denkendorf, Philips Lumalive, HS Niederrhein
  20. 20. Contents  What are Smart Textiles and how do textiles get “smart”?  Functional textile material  Intelligent textile system  Examples for smart textile applications – the benefits of the technology  electricity, sensing, heating  Illumination  Summary and Conclusion
  21. 21. Summary New products and new marketsSmart Textiles are: Numerous applications:Textiles with enhanced functionality For nearly all society needs like: Conduct electricity  Health & living (.. includes data line)  Mobility & production Heat  Environment & energy Illuminate Sense  ….and much more. Think about it! & much more…any ideas? …and then let’s work together The next step is to find processes which bring the new technologies into serial production.
  22. 22. Thank you for your attention ! Feel free to ask questions klaus.scheulen@ita.rwth-aachen.de
  23. 23. ContactDipl.-Ing. Klaus ScheulenSmart Textiles – Mobility SystemsInstitut für Textiltechnik (ITA),RWTH Aachen UniversityOtto-Blumenthal-Str. 1,52074 Aachen, GermanyTel. +49 (0) 241 - 80 24752Fax +49 (0) 241 - 80 22422Secretary‘s office -23400klaus.scheulen@ita.rwth-aachen.de

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