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2013 05-30 anzdmc

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2013 05-30 anzdmc

  1. 1. Thinking outside the polygon: Spatial Information for Social Protection and Disaster Management Paul Box ANZDMC 30 May 2013, Brisbane DIGITAL PRODUCTIVITY AND SERVICES FLAGSHIP
  2. 2. Overview CSIRO all hazards approach Information integration challenges Spatial Identifier Reference Framework – SIRF Thinking Outside the Polygon - Spatial information for Disaster Management | Paul Box | Page 2
  3. 3. All Hazards Approach: Information Services for Disaster Management
  4. 4. Disaster management Goal - improve the supply of timely and accurate information enabling all actors involved in the disaster management cycle to make better informed decisions Infrastructure Data provision Integration Analysis Delivery Information products Analytics http://www.csiro.au/Disaster-Management-Report Thinking Outside the Polygon - Spatial information for Disaster Management | Paul Box | Page 4
  5. 5. Disaster Management Cycle Preparedness Response Information Prevention Recovery 1A Thinking Outside the Polygon - Spatial information for Disaster Management | Paul Box | Page 5 Needless Toll of Natural Disasters
  6. 6. Understanding and communicating risk Hazard ‘Prosumers’ - Community - Government - Response agencies - Private sector RISK Exposure Vulnerability People, property, systems, present in hazard zones and subject to potential losses. Thinking Outside the Polygon - Spatial information for Disaster Management | Paul Box | Page 6 Characteristics of a community, system or asset that make it susceptible effects of hazard
  7. 7. The problem Thinking Outside the Polygon - Spatial information for Disaster Management | Paul Box | Page 7
  8. 8. The challenges • Large scale complex interwoven challenges • Multiple organisations, scientific disciplines, perspectives • Multiple data and information sources with different scales, sources • Rapid information integration • Information granularity • Spatially & temporally variable phenomena • ‘Glocalisation’ Thinking Outside the Polygon - Spatial information for Disaster Management | Paul Box | Page 8
  9. 9. The information tsunami • • • • Big data The internet of things Traditional large-ish data Lots of small data 75x Over the next decade, the number of "files,“ or containers for Information will grow by (source: EMC) Thinking Outside the Polygon - Spatial information for Disaster Management | Paul Box | Page 9 Philip Russom, Big Data Analytics, TWDI 2011
  10. 10. Information silos System 7 System 1 System 3 Everything Happens Somewhere System n System 2 $ $ $ System 5 $ System 4 $ $ $ Use Discover Access Extract, Transform, Load Time and effort Thinking Outside the Polygon - Spatial information for Disaster Management | Paul Box | Page 10 Understand
  11. 11. Queensland floods & Christchurch earthquake 27 online map sites Media Government NGO 6 alert/community report sites Social media 7 twitter feeds 2 face book pages All relate to place •multi sources •multiple channels •cannot easily integrate Thinking Outside the Polygon - Spatial information for Disaster Management | Paul Box | Page 11
  12. 12. Spatial Identifier Reference Framework for Social Protection in Indonesia Thinking Outside the Polygon - Spatial information for Disaster Management | Paul Box | Page 12
  13. 13. Social Protection in Indonesia Social Protection - preventing, managing, and overcoming situations adversely affecting people’s well being[1] - policies & programs to reduce poverty / vulnerability - reducing exposure, enhancing capacity to manage risks 1United Nations Research Institute For Social Development Thinking Outside the Polygon - Spatial information for Disaster Management | Paul Box | Page 13
  14. 14. One real world feature - multiple representations Geospatial information Min of Planning 002234 Spatial Identifier Reference Framework Statistical information (Implicitly geospatial) UNSTATS Name GRP’08 $ IND03 NTB 8,080 IND05 NTT 4,769 BPS-ID GER ‘08 Tpop’10 003 Bureau of Stats 003 Name Nusa Tenggara Barat 111.08 1,318,840 005 Nusa Tenggara Timur 112.09 335,805 Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) Multiple - names, identifiers, geometries, versions Thinking Outside the Polygon - Spatial information for Disaster Management | Paul Box | Page 14 West Nusa Tenggara
  15. 15. What’s in a name? Official Country name lists • United Nations Statistics Division Country and Region Codes for Statistical Use • United Nations Group of Experts on Geographic Names - List of Country Names • Department for General Assembly and Conference Management - Multilingual Terminology Database (UNTERM) • ISO - ISO 3166: Codes for country names •UN FAO - Global Administrative Unit Layers (GAUL) Name ambiguity • One place - many names • Sydney, City of Sydney • Australia, Australie, • Wollongong, ‘the gong’ Figure 1: Variation rates in spelling for country names between the UN Statistical Division’s Country and Region Codes for Statistical Use and UN datasets from data.un.org • One name – many places Thinking Outside the Polygon - Spatial information for Disaster Management | Paul Box | Page 15
  16. 16. SIRF – spatial identifiers to link information Agency A Statistics Agency B Treasury API API Statistical Information Agency C Welfare API http://id.sirf.net/siset/CGNA/NSW56500 Same as http://linkedgeodata.org/triplify/node13766899 User Linked Data Web National Spatial Data Infrastructure Spatial Information SIRF Thinking Outside the Polygon - Spatial information for Disaster Management | Paul Box | Page 16
  17. 17. Thinking Outside the Polygon - Spatial information for Disaster Management | Paul Box | Page 17
  18. 18. 9.63 million Households receiving benefit (Unit: ‘000s | Source: BIG | Date: June 2013) people Source: BPS population census, 2010 Gender distribution 100 80 (Source: BIG | Date: June 2013) Raskin 60 Bar annotation Jamkesmas 96% 40 Bar annotation 73% Bar annotation Consumer Price Index (CPI) (Source: BIG | Date: June 2013) 84% 31% households with handphones 100 80 60 40 20 Source: BPS Susenas, 2011 2 Area title 1 Jan Apr Jul Jan H’helds 3 4 2011 2012 2013 3.69% People living below the poverty line Source: BPS SUSENAS, 2012 People in poverty (Source: BIG | Date: June 2013) Area title Total Area title Urban 363,124 201,123 Area title National Province 20 Title (Source: BIG | Date: June 2013) Rural 152,001
  19. 19. Where are we SIRFing? Partnerships Indonesia - InaSDI - GoI, BIG, Pulse Lab Jakarta Australia - FSDF - Office for Spatial Policy, GA, CGNA Uganda – Pulse Lab Kampala Globally – UNSDI System of systems alignment • INSPIRE -EU • GEOSS - Eye on Earth • OSM Standards • W3C, ISO, OGC, Statistical -SDMX Thinking Outside the Polygon - Spatial information for Disaster Management | Paul Box | Page 20
  20. 20. Understanding the need • Delivering the right information • Unambiguously reference a place using URI – multiple names • Identity not Geometry – ‘the Freemium model’ • Linking not central storage • In the right way • Granularity - from dataset to feature - Improved - discovery, exploration, understanding, use • Linked data - ‘spatial bookmarks’ for the web • Feature-level metadata • Scalable data licencing framework • Semantics - multiple languages, definitions • Multiple formats Thinking Outside the Polygon - Spatial information for Disaster Management | Paul Box | Page 21
  21. 21. For disaster management • Persistent information infrastructure to link information about places • crowd-sourced and formal government data • Linking of spatial and statistical systems • Uptodate, timely information – with metadata • Open data – available for all stakeholders Thinking Outside the Polygon - Spatial information for Disaster Management | Paul Box | Page 22
  22. 22. directly “ ... Information is very make theabout saving lives. If we take we the wrong decisions, wrong choices about where put our money and our effort because our knowledge is poor, we are condemning some of the most deserving to death or destitution. ” Thank you CSIRO Land and Water Paul Box Project Leader - UNSDI SIRF for Social Protection Interoperable System Research Team Leader Phone: +61 0406256006 Email: paul.j.box@csiro.au Web: www.csiro.au/gazetteer John Holmes UN Emergency Relief Coordinator and Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs

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