Morphology web


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Maria Eugenia Ticona Janco
Mria de Los Angeles Gutierres Rios

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Morphology web

  1. 1. MORPHOLOGY <ul><li>What is word? </li></ul><ul><li>Word is a sound or sound groups articulated that express a idea. </li></ul><ul><li>What is word? Orthographically. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a group of letters separated by spaces. </li></ul>WORD
  2. 2. WORD <ul><li>Could you enumerate the words of these sentences? </li></ul><ul><li>- Sergio and Luz walk by the square. </li></ul><ul><li>- Sergio walks by the square. </li></ul><ul><li>- Sergio walked by the square. </li></ul>
  3. 3. WORD <ul><li>All these graphics, Are words? </li></ul><ul><li>cows floor </li></ul><ul><li>letter violet </li></ul><ul><li>by ten </li></ul>
  4. 4. WORD FORM AND LEXEME <ul><li>What is the difference between word-form and lexeme? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Word- Form <ul><li>Definition.- It is the representation o realization of a lexeme. </li></ul><ul><li>How many do word-forms have the verb “go”? </li></ul><ul><li>GO goes - going - went - gone </li></ul><ul><li>1 2 3 4 5 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Lexeme <ul><li>Definition.- Abstract representation of a word-form. It’s the key member of the inflectional paradigm. </li></ul><ul><li>What is the lexeme of the verb “go”? </li></ul><ul><li>GO goes - going - went - gone </li></ul><ul><li>Lexeme </li></ul>
  7. 7. MORPH, MORPHEME AND FORMATIVE <ul><li>Morph .- It is the concrete representation of a morpheme. </li></ul><ul><li>un - touch - able </li></ul><ul><li>MORPH MORPH MORPH </li></ul>
  8. 8. MORPH, MORPHEME AND FORMATIVE <ul><li>Morpheme .- The minimal unit of grammatical analysis. </li></ul><ul><li>Now, you could identify what is morph and what is morpheme? </li></ul><ul><li>MORPH MORPH MORPH </li></ul><ul><li>un - touch - able </li></ul><ul><li>“ not” “L” “able to be” </li></ul><ul><li>adj. f. </li></ul><ul><li>morpheme morpheme morpheme </li></ul>
  9. 9. MORPH, MORPHEME AND FORMATIVE <ul><li>Formative .- Distributional segment of a word-form independient. </li></ul><ul><li>This sheep is eating sheep 1 formative </li></ul><ul><li>These sheep are eating sheep 2formatives </li></ul><ul><li>[sheep and Ø (of the plural)] </li></ul><ul><li>Note.- Formative covers both “morph” and “empty morph”. </li></ul>
  10. 10. BOUND MORPH A bound morph can only occur in a word- form in conjunction with to least other morph blender blend - er winner win - er shouts shout - s bound morph
  11. 11. <ul><li>Bound morph is a unanalysable morph, they are affixes which can be divided into prefixes or sufixes which are attached before or after of a base. Morphs which realize lexemes. </li></ul><ul><li>dis - like </li></ul><ul><li>un - clear </li></ul><ul><li>colour - ed </li></ul>
  12. 12. FREE MORPH <ul><li>A free morph can occurs in isolation which can also be a word-form. </li></ul><ul><li>blender blend - er </li></ul><ul><li>winner win - er </li></ul><ul><li>shouts shout - s </li></ul><ul><li>Free morphs </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Also the free morphs don’t need of other morphs to undertand its meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>f ree - dom </li></ul><ul><li>c ross - fire </li></ul><ul><li>c ross - bar </li></ul><ul><li>b ook - s </li></ul>
  14. 14. Allomorp and manteau morph <ul><li>These are explain by another group. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Root It’s a basic part always present in a lexeme. It’s further analyzable either in terms of derivational or inflectional i.e it remains when all derivational or inflectional affixes have been removed.
  16. 16. Stem <ul><li>Is of concern only when dealing with inflectional morphology but need not be complex. All inflexional affixes have been removed. </li></ul><ul><li>Example . gobernment – s </li></ul><ul><li>stem </li></ul>
  17. 17. Base <ul><li>A form in which can be added suffixes, prefixes. </li></ul><ul><li>Example. Dis- appear – ed </li></ul><ul><li>Base </li></ul>
  18. 18. Affix <ul><li>Bound morphs which reali z es analyzable lexeme. It may be derivational like English. </li></ul><ul><li>Example. - ness and pre- or inflectional like English plural - s and past tense – ed. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Prefix <ul><li>Is a segment that always appears before a base. </li></ul><ul><li>Example. un - happy </li></ul>
  20. 20. Suffix <ul><li>Is a segment that always appears after a base. </li></ul><ul><li>Example. touch- able </li></ul>
  21. 21. Infix <ul><li>It’s an affix inserted inside a stem. </li></ul><ul><li>Example. Salt ell are. </li></ul>