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Ict enterpreneurship


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Ict enterpreneurship

  1. 1. “ ICT: Business and Development” 20th - 21st September 2004, Colombo, Sri Lanka, <ul><li>Presented by: Shahjahan Siraj </li></ul><ul><li>Dhaka, Bangladesh </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><ul><li>The fact and reality : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More than 95% people of Bangladesh do not know what is Internet, even haven’t seen computer yet! </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Less than 20% of the population in the small South Asian country Bangladesh has access to electricity </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Here the cost of a modem and a cell phone are more than that of a cow , the price of a computer is more than 6 months middle class’s salary. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Within the low percentage of education , English language barrier, poverty and lack of leadership Bangladesh needs to use ICT and digital opportunity for its development through creating ICT entrepreneurship , knowledge based society and Global connectivity . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><ul><li>The new media and public access information : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Digital divide between urban and rural, poor and rich prominent in Bangladesh. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Telecom Infrastructure in Bangladesh 700,000 fixed lines (90% in service). The Telephone density is 0.5 lines per 100 populations. The lowest average telephone density of the world is 0.05 per 100 people in rural areas. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Even though through the Grameen Phone provided more than 800,000 mobile cellular telephones, connected in which 16,000 village phones in 15,000 villages providing teleaccess to 30 million people. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Global Internet Population is 550 million . Annual growth approx 30% that is 9% of global population. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>But in Bangladesh has only 700,000 Internet/e- mail users i.e. 0.55% of population in which is 90% is from Dhaka and divisional cities. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><ul><li>Scenario : ICT diffusion in South Asia (per 1000 people) : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>** Source: International Telecommunication Union, Nua Internet Surveys, ADBI working paper </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><ul><li>National ICT Policy and vision 2006 : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In this situation Bangladesh has declared National Policy on ICT with the vision to comprise the knowledge based society by the year 2006 . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In view of this, a country-wide ICT infrastructure will be developed to ensure access to information by every citizen to facilitate empowerment of people and enhance democratic values and norms for sustainable economic development by using the infrastructure for human resources development, governance, e-commerce, banking, public utility services and all sorts of on-line ICT enabled service . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>But not yet don’t have Government basic services in online and national database </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rural area, even all upazilas don’t have Internet connection </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mass people don’t know the use of internet and computer </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The price of digital devices is beyond of general people’s ability </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The flow is going very slowly – we don’t know the future </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><ul><li>Background and present trends of global connectivity : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In 1994 from Netherlands e-mail system was started as DrikTAP initiative </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In June 1996 Bangladesh first ISP was set up by a private entrepreneur. The internet technology could not expand as VSAT licensed by BTTB deregulated in 2000 . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Presently Bangladesh has more than 80 ISPs. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mostly in Dhaka based, but gradually some are spreading to other cities/towns. However all ICT service providers now are focusing predominantly on the city area, not interested to the village, even though 80% population of the country lives in village. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All are reluctant with the prejudice that village is not a profitable region, even though there is a great prospect and need for ‘ Rural Internet ’ program as like as ‘Grameen Phone program. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><ul><li>E-business and present status : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Majority internet users are e-mail holder not browsers. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Broadband and wireless or cable wireless or cable available only in Dhaka , Chittagong and major divisional cities. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Submarine Cable connection to Global Information Superhighway has signed with SEA ME-WE 4 Consortium to be commissioned hopefully by August 2005 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E-business can not be developing as needed and have potentiality. The main problem is e-commerce is prohibition of electronic money transfer and lack of security & privacy . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><ul><li>Rural connectivity and digital opportunity : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Majority villages in Bangladesh do not have connection with the outside world . Local residents do not have access to news about their country, their government, education, neighboring markets, or even about job opportunities. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Village ICT as well as Internet program can create opportunity to fill the lack of information in villages. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Using Internet facilities , village kiosks will attempt to provide up to date information to village residents about all the daily facets of life. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Needs to establish at least “ one cyber center in every village ” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government and NGOs can play important role for rural connectivity . Both has excellent infra structure facilities . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><ul><li>ICT ownership and benefit to the majority rural poor : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Even though out of 64 in 43 districts have dial up Internet </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>accesses by BTTB, </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>but still very expensive , </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>are not available every places because of technical and administrative difficulties . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People are not being conscious to use the internet for lack of information . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>By setting Internet Kiosks in the public place such as at/near railway stations, launch terminals, post offices, the ICT can be available and popular to semi urban, country site as well as rural communities. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><ul><li>ICT ownership and benefit to the rural poor : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Providing compulsory training on use of internet, computer as well as ICT education for all Government officials , and free internet connection to all government offices can change the attitudes of implementation levels. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>By overcoming the bureaucratic inertia and gradually people to people, government to people, government to government interaction will be increased; people participation will be active for democracy, human rights and development. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Online service can easily make to close the people and breakdown the middle man’s interferes, obstacles and exploitations , which can make digital bridge and play important role in poverty alleviation , social awareness building and improving the quality of lives . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><ul><li>The common challenges and entrepreneurship : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bangladesh has percentage access to electricity, and a far smaller fraction owns computers. With in the poverty and English language barriers to find creative routes to turn this technology to our benefit is our greatest challenge. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The most serious problem for Bangladesh is the lack of ICT leadership and strategy both in Government and NGO level , which come from the lack of technological knowledge and expertise among the senior citizens, leaders who are operators and top of the society. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>According to national policy , “Bangladesh is committed to provide the Internet facility will be extended to all the district headquarters and subsequently to its adjacent area up to Upzila levels. Internet will be provided to the educational institutions and libraries. To ensure public access to information , Cyber Kiosks will be set up in all Post offices, Union complex and Upzila complex. …” but the situation is not going satisfactory way. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><ul><li>The common challenges and electronic government : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bangladesh needs electronic government that all forms to be made available on the web. All government departments/ministries dealing with members of public to have website to ensure good services . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>But only 10% of government ministries and agencies have websites , most of websites don’t update regularly. All Government publications should have accessible from web , but only a few forms is available only a few forms are available. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Low computer penetration , slow and expensive Internet access, lack of Bangla interface , lack of credit cards access for international transactions, cyber security and lack of proper laws on internet , is another challenges of the nation. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><ul><li>Potential youth leadership in ICT entrepreneurship : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bangladesh has huge number of youth who knows functional English and has college or university degrees but is unable to get job in city areas. These jobless youth can play prime role as a social entrepreneurs as well as ICT promotion and users of digital applications. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Even though there is no internet and computers in rural areas but has high potentiality of ICT entrepreneurships as young people has enormous interest to receive the new culture and technologies . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><ul><li>Potential youth leadership in ICT entrepreneurship : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>From Dhaka city’s experiences, it is proved ; the future of ICT promotions, entrepreneurship by youth is bright in Bangladesh. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Since 2001 the use of ICT tools has increased dramatically in Dhaka, major districts and divisional cities. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In divisional cities almost 10,000 cyber café has been established, mobile phone users has also increased into 30 times , 70% house has satellite cable TV connections . Most significant information is 75% mobile phone users and 95% cyber cafés’ owners are young . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More than 90% cyber businesses are running successfully by young business men. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Centering on “ Village Cyber Kiosk ” the agro based village ICT entrepreneurship can be expanded , huge number of social development initiatives can be run effectively. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><ul><li>VISP and youth ICT leaders and can change the situation : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>VISP ( village Internet Service Provider ), NGO and local government agencies can bring lot of work order s (for example data entry) from foreign countries and cities for trained village youth, particularly for rural educated girls . They can also be manpower recruit mediator to famous company . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In rural Bangladesh ICT entrepreneurship would be sustainable and profitable as it will provide service to the mass people. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The young owners of the cyber kiosks and, or cyber center can income by providing the services of email and browsing, word processing, printing and publishing, design, net to phone usages, computer training, translation, market related information to village artisans, farmers and venders by making ‘bulletin board system (BBS)’ for local business man. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They can start also web design, multimedia , digital photography, videography, software development etc services . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The web shopping mall of the local products, computer accessories and software sailing business can be very profitable business . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><ul><li>O ne cyber centre for one village: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>By accomplishing the target goals ICT can reach to the last mail solutions by giving the benefit to the majority peoples. Regarding this large number of NGOs network and local development organizations can play important role . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The advantage things, most of NGO has computer, own office and micro-credit program which make favorable condition to gives the life to targets, “ community based cyber centre ”. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government can also take initiative as like as 80s ’decades’ Radio and TV promotion through local government institutions. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In order to harmonize the modern technology with indigenous culture, Bangladesh demands to establish ‘ Village Cyber Centre ’ in each village, which can be also rural computer training and rural information centre. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><ul><li>UnnayanNet and some recent experiences : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>UnnayanNet, Bangladesh ICT and Development Network , is a ‘not-for-profit’ and `non political` independent ICT4D and C4D platform led by youth. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To make a strong glocal ( global plus local ) connectivity , it is mandatory for website design, online applications creation, multimedia content development and ICT capacity building training priority to the small and disadvantage organisations who work with and for rural development. The key plan of UnnayanNet is to give ICT education, web address to NGOs and development organizations with non-profit basis. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grameen Cyber Centre , Amadar Gram of BFES, ESDO village computer project, Computer Education for School Children in remote villages – by Learn Foundation in Sylhet, and Access to Internet using in Mobile Telephones (WAP technology, launched on 1st August, 2001) shows hopes. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><ul><li>Target : glocalization (global + local) and “culture of peace’: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Today’s world even our mind is divided based on religion and information . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Muslim culture has obstacle and misunderstanding about the high tech culture. But ICT opens the gateway for Inter-religious dialogue, understanding, religious freedom. By using the ICT tool Bangladeshi especially Muslim community will be able to know other religions and culture , will be able to overcome the hostility. By overcoming the misunderstanding will may will be find the common vision and purpose centering on one God’s love </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In Bangladesh, priests don’t touch the internet; avoid the cyber culture and expand propaganda in sermon also, “ Internet is a satanic culture , and is a trap of Jews-Christian to destroy Muslim young generation and religion!...” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Middle class parents ’ feelings, the internet is a pornographic media by which our children’s morality will fall down! But most of the parents and social leaders don’t have experience about the power of new media . They don’t know through the Internet any body can know anything, anytime from anywhere of the world! </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><ul><li>Target : glocalization (global + local) and “culture of peace’: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ICT can play a prophetic role to promote the Global family values and can unity the whole world into a community . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>My desire to see the priests as an internet users, and establishment of community cyber café in religious institutes . If those cyber cafés would open for all, priests arrange online peace dialogue positively with another religions’ people centering on one God, as a result better understanding and consciousness will not be so far. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The intolerance and violence against women and minorities makes tension in Bangladesh. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>By grasping the digital opportunity, in male dominancy they will be able to know MAN = WOMAN < HUMAN BEING = MAN + WOMAN </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Today through ICT human communication has been expanded which great chance to establish ‘Culture of Peace’. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><ul><li>Drik’s experiences in ICT entrepreneurship : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Initiatives - from DrikTAP to banglarights </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Having pioneered the introduction of email into Bangladesh, Drik continues to take the lead in new media, through the nation's first webzine Meghbarta the web portal Orientation and the country's human rights portal Banglarights . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other firsts are, Pathshala , its school of photojournalism; Out of focus , a group of working class children; an online photo archive and Chobi Mela , South Asia’s festival of photography. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drik Partnership is a global conglomerate consisting of some of the most innovative organisations in Asia, Africa and Europe. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ongoing project: Reclaiming the Information Commons </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Information for the masses, </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>making it available, accessible, and understandable. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><ul><li>Nationwide internet connectivity and ICT entrepreneurship : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>However nationwide internet connectivity , ICT entrepreneurship in rural Bangladesh can play important role for poverty alleviation , public access to information, people participation , youth employment, and reduction of migration from village to city and rise up awareness . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In order to access of quality and relevance information to the people, in Bangladesh need to launch nationwide internet connectivity and at least on public cyber center in every village , </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>and at the same time needs responsible websites on e-governance, e-learning e-commerce in which the target and subject can be the village people and life, covering agriculture products and market related information , flood and disaster management, HIV/AIDS and health consciousness , human rights and gender equalization, cultural heritage and social justice. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>THE END </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>