Organisational Chart (Model Struktur Organisasi)

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Ulasan tentang perkembangan struktur organisasi dari yang klasik hingga yang modern. Dari yang piramida hingga yang lingkaran.

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Organisational Chart (Model Struktur Organisasi)

  1. 1. “Organisational Chart” Aun Falestien Faletehan
  2. 2. Organizing
  3. 3. Makna Organizational Chart• Struktur organisasi• Hierarki dan Sentralisasi• Rantai komando• Alat Bantu Perencanaan SDM• Adanya job analysis (job description and job specification)
  4. 4. Job Analysis
  5. 5. Chart dipengaruhi oleh:• Jumlah Karyawan• Alur Penghasilan• Letak Geografis• Model Bisnis
  6. 6. Traditional Organisational Structure• Institusi Militer• Frederick Taylor di US (Scientific Management)• Henry Fayol di Prancis (14 Prinsip Administrasi)• Max Weber di Jerman (Bureaucracy); “Ketika masyarakat menganut kapitalisme, maka birokarsi tidak dapati dihindari lagi”
  7. 7. 4 elemen Organisational Structure• Division of labor (pembagian pekerjaan secara spesifik)• Departmentalization (grouping jobs)• Span of control• Authority (decision making)
  8. 8. Span of Control
  9. 9. Basis departmentalisasi • Functional • Products • Customer (market) • Geography
  10. 10. By Function
  11. 11. By Products
  12. 12. By Geography
  13. 13. By Customer
  14. 14. Modern Organizational Structure• Matrix• Flatten organizations (kasus Jepang yang menghilangkan layers middle management)• Virtual organization• Mechanistic (traditional) vs organic model (informal dan desentralisasi)• A set of nested circles (bukan struktur piramida); “a work unit module”, kasus Disney atau Saturn Corporation, US
  15. 15. “Still Classic”
  16. 16. “Still Classic”
  17. 17. “Matrix Structure”

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