European Union - Energy and Environment


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A snapshot at the energy and environmental law in the European Union.

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European Union - Energy and Environment

  1. 1. eNergy and Environmental law in the eu<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />
  3. 3.
  4. 4. Treaty establishing the ECSC<br />
  5. 5. Contribution to economic expansion, growth of employment and a rising standard of living through the common market for coal and steel<br />Free movement of goods<br />Prohibition of discriminatory measures<br />Creation of the EU Institutions<br />Treaty of Paris<br />
  6. 6. Industry and Environment<br />
  7. 7. Energy Law<br />
  8. 8. Energy Policies<br />Treaty of Lisbon amended the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU and in its Article 194 it put energy law on a legal basis<br />
  9. 9. In the context of the establishment and functioning of the internal market and with regard for<br />the need to preserve and improve the environment, Union policy on energy shall aim, in a spirit of<br />solidarity between Member States, to:<br />(a) ensure the functioning of the energy market;<br />(b) ensure security of energy supply in the Union;<br />(c) promote energy efficiency and energy saving and the development of new and renewable forms of energy; and<br />(d) promote the interconnection of energy networks.<br />Article 194 (1) <br />
  10. 10. Support through market-based tools and financial instruments<br />Development of Innovative Energy Technologies<br />Adoption of measures to reduce global warming<br />Instruments<br />
  11. 11. Foundation for civil use of nuclear energy laid in 1957 with the establishment of the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom)<br />Nuclear Energy<br />
  12. 12. Runs from 2007 – 2013<br />Two main areas:<br />Research into nuclear fusion, nuclear fission energy and radiation protection<br />Activities of the Joint Research Centre (JCR) <br />Maximum amount to be spent EUR 2,75 billion<br />Seventh Framework Program<br />
  13. 13. Disposal<br />depending on the classification either in near surface disposal facilities or in deep geological formations<br />Nuclear Waste<br />
  14. 14. Essential alternatives to fossil fuels<br />Use reduces greenhouse gas emissions<br />Diversifies energy supply<br />Reduces dependence on fossil fuels markets<br />Stimulates employment <br />Create new technologies<br />Goal is to cover 20% of the energy needs with renewables by 2020<br />Renewable Sources<br />
  15. 15. According to the European Wind Energy Association<br /> By 2020 15.7% of the energy supply will come from wind energy <br /> By 2050 about 50% <br />wind<br />
  16. 16. More suitable for southern Member states<br />Newer projects are concentrating on systems to power thermally driven cooling systems in the summer months<br />solar<br />
  17. 17. The only widely available energy resource to replace fossil fuels in the transportation sector<br />Two types:<br />Biodiesel<br />Bioethanol<br />Second generation biofuels are being developed from cellulose biomass feedstock <br />biofuels<br />
  18. 18. Environmental Law<br />
  19. 19. Overview<br />1970: USA and United Nations declared protection of the environment a major goal<br />1986 Environmental Protection included for the first time in Art. 130r – 130t Treaty of Rome<br />2004 Environmental Liability Directive entered into Force<br />2008 Directive adopted to protect the environment through criminal law<br />
  20. 20. ORGANISATIONS<br />European Union Network for the Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental Law (IMPEL)<br />European Union Forum of Judges for the Environment (EUFJE)<br />
  21. 21. Objective of EU air quality policies is <br />"to achieve levels of air quality that do not result in unacceptable impacts on, and risks to, human health and the environment." <br />Air<br />
  22. 22. Directive 2008/50/EC<br />Merged existing legislation into single directive<br />Taking into consideration natural courses of pollution<br />Possibility of time extensions<br />Air Quality<br />
  23. 23. As of January 2011 two of the measures are:<br />Review and further reduction of emissions from vehicles and machinery<br />Active participation in international negotiations on air quality<br />EU AIR POLICY<br />
  24. 24. Directive 2000/60/EC<br />Replaced seven old directives<br />Supranational<br />Objectives for future water protection<br />River basin management<br />Surface Water<br />Groundwater<br />Water<br />
  25. 25. Ecological protection<br />Chemical protection<br />Other uses<br />Surface water<br />
  26. 26. Groundwater Directive 2006/118/EC<br />Establishment of quality standards by 2008<br />Pollution trend studies<br />Compliance with chemical status criteria<br />GroundWater<br />
  27. 27. Based on three principles<br />Waste prevention<br />Recycling and reuse<br />Improving final disposal and monitoring<br />EU Waste management<br />
  28. 28. Climate Change and EIa<br />
  29. 29. 20% cut in greenhouse gas emission by 2020<br />50% cut in carbon emission by 2050<br />Minimum of 10% usage of biofuels by 2020<br />
  30. 30. Directive 85/337/EEC (Environmental Impact Assessment) for individual projects<br />Directive 2001/42/EC (Strategic Environmental Assessment) for public projects<br />EIASEA<br />
  31. 31. Where is the EU going?<br />
  32. 32. Presentation by Saskia Mehlhorn<br />O’Quinn Law Library <br />University of Houston Law Center<br />W-4 Researching and Understanding European Union Law <br />AALL Annual Meeting, <br />Philadelphia, PA, July 23, 2011<br />
  33. 33. Dresden destroyed CC Deutsche Fotothek<br />Treaty establishing the ECSC<br />Industry (industrielandschaft by D. Lowski)<br />Photo Credits<br />