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Technology in theTechnology in the
HomeHome
Technology isTechnology is
sciencescience
applied in aapplied in a
practical w...
Technology & Food:Technology & Food:
 Faster – microwave ovenFaster – microwave oven
 Labour saving – food processorLabo...
Technology and Household MaterialsTechnology and Household Materials
 Easy to clean – ceramic hobEasy to clean – ceramic ...
Technology and Cleaning and WashingTechnology and Cleaning and Washing
 Labour saving – better cleaning agents andLabour ...
Technology and Textiles/FabricsTechnology and Textiles/Fabrics
 Fabric can be treated to make them easier toFabric can be...
Technology and PastimesTechnology and Pastimes
 TV, DVD, Wii, computer games, Hi Fi, MP3TV, DVD, Wii, computer games, Hi ...
Computers in the HomeComputers in the Home
 Household budgets -Household budgets -
spreadsheetsspreadsheets
 Organise fi...
CookersCookers
Fuelled byFuelled by
 Solid fuelSolid fuel
 OilOil
 GasGas
 ElectricityElectricity
 CombinationCombina...
Gas & Electric Cookers - ConstructionGas & Electric Cookers - Construction
 Enamel – covered steel or stainless steelEnam...
HobsHobs
 4 plates, rings, burners, ceramic.4 plates, rings, burners, ceramic.
 A removable spill tray may be under theA...
Grills & OvensGrills & Ovens
 Eye levelEye level
 In grill compartmentIn grill compartment
 In top ovenIn top oven
 In...
OVENSOVENS
 Heated by electric elements or gasHeated by electric elements or gas
burner.burner.
 Well insulated walls to...
Modern FeaturesModern Features
Economy featuresEconomy features
 Dual grill or ringDual grill or ring
 Double ovenDouble...
Cooker featuresCooker features
Care of the CookerCare of the Cooker
 Wipe spill immediatelyWipe spill immediately
 Wash grill pan after use.Wash grill ...
Cleaning a cookerCleaning a cooker
 Protect clothes hands and floor.Protect clothes hands and floor.
 Collect all resour...
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Positioning a cookerPositioning a cooker
 Near gas or electric connection.Near gas or electric connection.
 In the work ...
The RefrigeratorThe Refrigerator
 Metal cooling cabinet with well insulateMetal cooling cabinet with well insulate
walls....
Advantages of aAdvantages of a
FridgeFridge
 Perishables stay fresh longer.Perishables stay fresh longer.
 Protects food...
Care/ UseCare/ Use
 Position away from heatPosition away from heat
 Cool food before storing in fridgeCool food before s...
DefrostingDefrosting
 Removal of ice from around ice-boxRemoval of ice from around ice-box
 Necessary if fridge is to be...
Star ratingStar rating
 The ice box on a standard fridge has a starThe ice box on a standard fridge has a star
rating.rat...
Technology in the home
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Technology in the home

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Technology in the home

  1. 1. Technology in theTechnology in the HomeHome Technology isTechnology is sciencescience applied in aapplied in a practical way.practical way. © PDST Home Economics
  2. 2. Technology & Food:Technology & Food:  Faster – microwave ovenFaster – microwave oven  Labour saving – food processorLabour saving – food processor  Automatic timing - ovensAutomatic timing - ovens  Food kept fresher - fridgeFood kept fresher - fridge freezerfreezer  Safer – cordless appliances.Safer – cordless appliances.
  3. 3. Technology and Household MaterialsTechnology and Household Materials  Easy to clean – ceramic hobEasy to clean – ceramic hob  Stain resistant – stainless steel.Stain resistant – stainless steel.  Rust resistant – plasticRust resistant – plastic  Washable – paint, wall paper.Washable – paint, wall paper.
  4. 4. Technology and Cleaning and WashingTechnology and Cleaning and Washing  Labour saving – better cleaning agents andLabour saving – better cleaning agents and equipment.equipment.  Time saving – automatic washing machines andTime saving – automatic washing machines and dishwashersdishwashers
  5. 5. Technology and Textiles/FabricsTechnology and Textiles/Fabrics  Fabric can be treated to make them easier toFabric can be treated to make them easier to clean, iron.clean, iron.  Fabric are being invented with the differentFabric are being invented with the different properties needed for household jobs,properties needed for household jobs, waterproof, crease resistant, stronger, firewaterproof, crease resistant, stronger, fire resistant etc.resistant etc.
  6. 6. Technology and PastimesTechnology and Pastimes  TV, DVD, Wii, computer games, Hi Fi, MP3TV, DVD, Wii, computer games, Hi Fi, MP3 players and mobile phones.players and mobile phones.
  7. 7. Computers in the HomeComputers in the Home  Household budgets -Household budgets - spreadsheetsspreadsheets  Organise files – databasesOrganise files – databases  Entertainment – games,Entertainment – games, download music & videos.download music & videos.  Word processingWord processing  Security – alarms, lighting.Security – alarms, lighting.  Information – internetInformation – internet  Working and studying fromWorking and studying from homehome  Shopping onlineShopping online  Banking onlineBanking online  Communicating – email andCommunicating – email and skype.skype.
  8. 8. CookersCookers Fuelled byFuelled by  Solid fuelSolid fuel  OilOil  GasGas  ElectricityElectricity  CombinationCombination
  9. 9. Gas & Electric Cookers - ConstructionGas & Electric Cookers - Construction  Enamel – covered steel or stainless steelEnamel – covered steel or stainless steel  Consists of hob, grill, single or doubleConsists of hob, grill, single or double oven.oven.  Thermostat keeps temperatureThermostat keeps temperature constantconstant
  10. 10. HobsHobs  4 plates, rings, burners, ceramic.4 plates, rings, burners, ceramic.  A removable spill tray may be under theA removable spill tray may be under the hob.hob.
  11. 11. Grills & OvensGrills & Ovens  Eye levelEye level  In grill compartmentIn grill compartment  In top ovenIn top oven  In main ovenIn main oven
  12. 12. OVENSOVENS  Heated by electric elements or gasHeated by electric elements or gas burner.burner.  Well insulated walls to keep heat in.Well insulated walls to keep heat in.  Thermostat controls temperature.Thermostat controls temperature.  The lining of the oven can be selfThe lining of the oven can be self cleaning or removable for easy cleaningcleaning or removable for easy cleaning  A glass door allows food to be checkedA glass door allows food to be checked without letting heat out.without letting heat out.
  13. 13. Modern FeaturesModern Features Economy featuresEconomy features  Dual grill or ringDual grill or ring  Double ovenDouble oven  Fan ovenFan oven Other featuresOther features  Automatic timerAutomatic timer  Ceramic hobCeramic hob  Halogen ringsHalogen rings  Self cleaning ovenSelf cleaning oven  Split level cookerSplit level cooker  Push button ignitionPush button ignition on gas ovenon gas oven
  14. 14. Cooker featuresCooker features
  15. 15. Care of the CookerCare of the Cooker  Wipe spill immediatelyWipe spill immediately  Wash grill pan after use.Wash grill pan after use.  Wipe out oven after each use and cleanWipe out oven after each use and clean regularlyregularly  Do not drag saucepans over the hob, itDo not drag saucepans over the hob, it scratches.scratches.  Do not use abrasives to clean the hob,Do not use abrasives to clean the hob, ceramic hobs needs ceramic cleaner.ceramic hobs needs ceramic cleaner.
  16. 16. Cleaning a cookerCleaning a cooker  Protect clothes hands and floor.Protect clothes hands and floor.  Collect all resources.Collect all resources.  Switch off electricity or gasSwitch off electricity or gas  Remove all removable parts and steep in warmRemove all removable parts and steep in warm water and detergent.water and detergent.  Spray or rub on oven cleanerSpray or rub on oven cleaner  Wash removable part in hot soapy water,Wash removable part in hot soapy water, rinse and dry.rinse and dry.  Wash out oven rinse and dryWash out oven rinse and dry  Wash, rinse and dry outside of cooker andWash, rinse and dry outside of cooker and replace all partsreplace all parts  Polish chrome and outside with a multipurposePolish chrome and outside with a multipurpose silicone polish e.g. Mr Sheensilicone polish e.g. Mr Sheen
  17. 17. CC ll ee aa nn ii nn gg CC oo oo kk ee rr ss
  18. 18. Positioning a cookerPositioning a cooker  Near gas or electric connection.Near gas or electric connection.  In the work triangle.In the work triangle.  Away from draughts (gas)Away from draughts (gas)  Not at end of line of cooker worktopNot at end of line of cooker worktop both sides ideal.both sides ideal.  Do not place beside fridgeDo not place beside fridge
  19. 19. The RefrigeratorThe Refrigerator  Metal cooling cabinet with well insulateMetal cooling cabinet with well insulate walls.walls.  The cool temp (1 - 4The cool temp (1 - 4ººC) slows down theC) slows down the growth of bacteria and therefore thegrowth of bacteria and therefore the food stays fresh longerfood stays fresh longer  Fridges can be standard (with icebox),Fridges can be standard (with icebox), larder (no icebox) or fridge –freezer,larder (no icebox) or fridge –freezer, with a freezing compartmentwith a freezing compartment
  20. 20. Advantages of aAdvantages of a FridgeFridge  Perishables stay fresh longer.Perishables stay fresh longer.  Protects food from dust & flies.Protects food from dust & flies.  Risk of food poisoning reducedRisk of food poisoning reduced  Less waste, leftovers.Less waste, leftovers.  Shopping trips reducedShopping trips reduced  Frozen food can be stored in ice-boxFrozen food can be stored in ice-box  Food can be frozen in a Fridge - freezerFood can be frozen in a Fridge - freezer
  21. 21. Care/ UseCare/ Use  Position away from heatPosition away from heat  Cool food before storing in fridgeCool food before storing in fridge  Clean fruit & veg before storingClean fruit & veg before storing  Cover all food to prevent drying.Cover all food to prevent drying.  Store foods on plates to catch dripsStore foods on plates to catch drips  Wrap strong smelling foodWrap strong smelling food  Store foods in suitable part of fridgeStore foods in suitable part of fridge  Do not over pack shelvesDo not over pack shelves  Open door as little as possibleOpen door as little as possible  Defrost regularly if not frost freeDefrost regularly if not frost free  If unplugged leave door openIf unplugged leave door open  Check foods daily.Check foods daily.
  22. 22. DefrostingDefrosting  Removal of ice from around ice-boxRemoval of ice from around ice-box  Necessary if fridge is to be efficientNecessary if fridge is to be efficient  ManualManual  UnplugUnplug  Wrap frozen food in newspaperWrap frozen food in newspaper  Wait till ice melts, empty drip trayWait till ice melts, empty drip tray  Bring removable parts to sink wash rinse & dryBring removable parts to sink wash rinse & dry  Wash out inside and ice box with warm water + breadWash out inside and ice box with warm water + bread soda (1 tablesp to 500mls)soda (1 tablesp to 500mls)  Replace all parts, replace food, switch fridge back on.Replace all parts, replace food, switch fridge back on.  Wash rinse and dry outside of fridgeWash rinse and dry outside of fridge  Dust condenserDust condenser  Polish outside with silicon polish.Polish outside with silicon polish.
  23. 23. Star ratingStar rating  The ice box on a standard fridge has a starThe ice box on a standard fridge has a star rating.rating. ** One starOne star -6-6 ºCºC Stores frozen food for 1Stores frozen food for 1 weekweek **** Two starsTwo stars -12-12 ºCºC Stores frozen food for 1Stores frozen food for 1 monthmonth ****** Three starsThree stars -18-18 ºCºC Stores frozen foods for 3Stores frozen foods for 3 monthsmonths ******** Four starsFour stars -18-18 ºCºC -25-25 ºCºC Stores frozen food 1 yearStores frozen food 1 year Freezes fresh foodFreezes fresh food

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