Technology and Cleaning and WashingTechnology and Cleaning and Washing
Labour saving – better cleaning agents andLabour saving – better cleaning agents and
Time saving – automatic washing machines andTime saving – automatic washing machines and
Technology and Textiles/FabricsTechnology and Textiles/Fabrics
Fabric can be treated to make them easier toFabric can be treated to make them easier to
clean, iron.clean, iron.
Fabric are being invented with the differentFabric are being invented with the different
properties needed for household jobs,properties needed for household jobs,
waterproof, crease resistant, stronger, firewaterproof, crease resistant, stronger, fire
resistant etc.resistant etc.
Technology and PastimesTechnology and Pastimes
TV, DVD, Wii, computer games, Hi Fi, MP3TV, DVD, Wii, computer games, Hi Fi, MP3
players and mobile phones.players and mobile phones.
Computers in the HomeComputers in the Home
Household budgets -Household budgets -
Organise files – databasesOrganise files – databases
Entertainment – games,Entertainment – games,
download music & videos.download music & videos.
Word processingWord processing
Security – alarms, lighting.Security – alarms, lighting.
Information – internetInformation – internet
Working and studying fromWorking and studying from
Shopping onlineShopping online
Banking onlineBanking online
Communicating – email andCommunicating – email and
Gas & Electric Cookers - ConstructionGas & Electric Cookers - Construction
Enamel – covered steel or stainless steelEnamel – covered steel or stainless steel
Consists of hob, grill, single or doubleConsists of hob, grill, single or double
Thermostat keeps temperatureThermostat keeps temperature
4 plates, rings, burners, ceramic.4 plates, rings, burners, ceramic.
A removable spill tray may be under theA removable spill tray may be under the
Grills & OvensGrills & Ovens
Eye levelEye level
In grill compartmentIn grill compartment
In top ovenIn top oven
In main ovenIn main oven
Heated by electric elements or gasHeated by electric elements or gas
Well insulated walls to keep heat in.Well insulated walls to keep heat in.
Thermostat controls temperature.Thermostat controls temperature.
The lining of the oven can be selfThe lining of the oven can be self
cleaning or removable for easy cleaningcleaning or removable for easy cleaning
A glass door allows food to be checkedA glass door allows food to be checked
without letting heat out.without letting heat out.
Modern FeaturesModern Features
Economy featuresEconomy features
Dual grill or ringDual grill or ring
Double ovenDouble oven
Fan ovenFan oven
Other featuresOther features
Automatic timerAutomatic timer
Ceramic hobCeramic hob
Halogen ringsHalogen rings
Self cleaning ovenSelf cleaning oven
Split level cookerSplit level cooker
Push button ignitionPush button ignition
on gas ovenon gas oven
Care of the CookerCare of the Cooker
Wipe spill immediatelyWipe spill immediately
Wash grill pan after use.Wash grill pan after use.
Wipe out oven after each use and cleanWipe out oven after each use and clean
Do not drag saucepans over the hob, itDo not drag saucepans over the hob, it
Do not use abrasives to clean the hob,Do not use abrasives to clean the hob,
ceramic hobs needs ceramic cleaner.ceramic hobs needs ceramic cleaner.
Cleaning a cookerCleaning a cooker
Protect clothes hands and floor.Protect clothes hands and floor.
Collect all resources.Collect all resources.
Switch off electricity or gasSwitch off electricity or gas
Remove all removable parts and steep in warmRemove all removable parts and steep in warm
water and detergent.water and detergent.
Spray or rub on oven cleanerSpray or rub on oven cleaner
Wash removable part in hot soapy water,Wash removable part in hot soapy water,
rinse and dry.rinse and dry.
Wash out oven rinse and dryWash out oven rinse and dry
Wash, rinse and dry outside of cooker andWash, rinse and dry outside of cooker and
replace all partsreplace all parts
Polish chrome and outside with a multipurposePolish chrome and outside with a multipurpose
silicone polish e.g. Mr Sheensilicone polish e.g. Mr Sheen
Positioning a cookerPositioning a cooker
Near gas or electric connection.Near gas or electric connection.
In the work triangle.In the work triangle.
Away from draughts (gas)Away from draughts (gas)
Not at end of line of cooker worktopNot at end of line of cooker worktop
both sides ideal.both sides ideal.
Do not place beside fridgeDo not place beside fridge
The RefrigeratorThe Refrigerator
Metal cooling cabinet with well insulateMetal cooling cabinet with well insulate
The cool temp (1 - 4The cool temp (1 - 4ººC) slows down theC) slows down the
growth of bacteria and therefore thegrowth of bacteria and therefore the
food stays fresh longerfood stays fresh longer
Fridges can be standard (with icebox),Fridges can be standard (with icebox),
larder (no icebox) or fridge –freezer,larder (no icebox) or fridge –freezer,
with a freezing compartmentwith a freezing compartment
Advantages of aAdvantages of a
Perishables stay fresh longer.Perishables stay fresh longer.
Protects food from dust & flies.Protects food from dust & flies.
Risk of food poisoning reducedRisk of food poisoning reduced
Less waste, leftovers.Less waste, leftovers.
Shopping trips reducedShopping trips reduced
Frozen food can be stored in ice-boxFrozen food can be stored in ice-box
Food can be frozen in a Fridge - freezerFood can be frozen in a Fridge - freezer
Care/ UseCare/ Use
Position away from heatPosition away from heat
Cool food before storing in fridgeCool food before storing in fridge
Clean fruit & veg before storingClean fruit & veg before storing
Cover all food to prevent drying.Cover all food to prevent drying.
Store foods on plates to catch dripsStore foods on plates to catch drips
Wrap strong smelling foodWrap strong smelling food
Store foods in suitable part of fridgeStore foods in suitable part of fridge
Do not over pack shelvesDo not over pack shelves
Open door as little as possibleOpen door as little as possible
Defrost regularly if not frost freeDefrost regularly if not frost free
If unplugged leave door openIf unplugged leave door open
Check foods daily.Check foods daily.
Removal of ice from around ice-boxRemoval of ice from around ice-box
Necessary if fridge is to be efficientNecessary if fridge is to be efficient
Wrap frozen food in newspaperWrap frozen food in newspaper
Wait till ice melts, empty drip trayWait till ice melts, empty drip tray
Bring removable parts to sink wash rinse & dryBring removable parts to sink wash rinse & dry
Wash out inside and ice box with warm water + breadWash out inside and ice box with warm water + bread
soda (1 tablesp to 500mls)soda (1 tablesp to 500mls)
Replace all parts, replace food, switch fridge back on.Replace all parts, replace food, switch fridge back on.
Wash rinse and dry outside of fridgeWash rinse and dry outside of fridge
Dust condenserDust condenser
Polish outside with silicon polish.Polish outside with silicon polish.
Star ratingStar rating
The ice box on a standard fridge has a starThe ice box on a standard fridge has a star
One starOne star
-6-6 ºCºC Stores frozen food for 1Stores frozen food for 1
Two starsTwo stars
-12-12 ºCºC Stores frozen food for 1Stores frozen food for 1
Three starsThree stars
-18-18 ºCºC Stores frozen foods for 3Stores frozen foods for 3
Four starsFour stars
Stores frozen food 1 yearStores frozen food 1 year
Freezes fresh foodFreezes fresh food