China Ppt 1205823081999732 2

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China Ppt 1205823081999732 2

  1. 1. CHINA I. Critical Historical Junctures II. Governance and Policy-Making III. Representation and Participation IV. Political Economy V. Political Culture VI. Chinese Politics in Transition
  2. 2. I. Critical Historical Junctures Technological and organizational superiority of the ‘Middle Kingdom’ Isolation from outside world Opium Wars with UK (1839-42 & 1956-60) ‘Treaty Ports’ and ‘Extraterritoriality’ Sino-Japanese War & Foreign Domination The British spread “free trade”
  3. 3. Revolution, Invasion and Civil War Sun Yat-sen and Chinese Nationalist Party (or Kuomintang -- KMT) Overthrow of Emperor and chaos Replaced by Chiang Kai-shek in 1925 Creation of Chinese Communist Party (CCP) KMT war against the CCP The ‘Long March’ (1934) War against Japanese People’s Republic of China (PRC – 1949) Nationalists flee to Taiwan Chiang Kai-Shek
  4. 4. Maoist China First Five Year Plan (1953) Sino-Soviet Split (starting 1956) Great Leap Forward (1957) Mao’s reduced influence Cultural Revolution (1966-76) ‘Red Guards’ and the ‘Gang of Four’ Mao Zedong
  5. 5. Post-Maoist China Deng Xiaoping and market reform ‘Special Economic Zones’ (SEZs) 10-11% growth since 1980 CCP power monopoly Democracy Movement & Tiananmen Square Massacre (1989) Falun Gong (since 2000) Deng Xiaoping
  6. 6. Tiananmen Square (1989)
  7. 7. II. Governance and Policy-Making Government: National Peoples Congress (2,989 delegates) President: Hu Jintao Premier: Wen Jiabao Party: Central Committee Politburo Standing Committee Army (People’s Liberation Army-PLA)
  8. 8. China’s Leadership President Hu Jintao Premier Wen Jiabao
  9. 9. III. Representation and Participation President Vice President Premier, Vice- Central Military Premiers Commission National People’s Supreme State Council Congress People’s Court Ministries, Supreme Commissions, People’s Bureaus, etc. Procuratorate Provincial, Provincial, City, Local, City, Local, People’s People’s Governments Congress
  10. 10. IV. Political Economy Deng Xiaoping’s Economic Reforms “Black cat, white cat, who care as long as it catches mice.” Agriculture ‘De-Collectivization, Private Enterprise, Special Economic Zones Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Spectacular growth and a rising standard of living Problems: State-owned enterprises (SOEs) Unemployment and Inequality Environmental Degradation
  11. 11. V. Political Culture Confucianism National Identity Non-Chinese Nationals Consumerism Protest Movements Falun Gong Middle Class? China’s New Cultural Revolution?
  12. 12. VI. Chinese Politics in Transition Economic development & political stability 2008 Beijing Olympics China as a ‘superpower’ Military power Energy needs Sino-American Relations Human Rights and Trade Taiwan North Korea

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