LITERARY FORM• Literary Form • The architecture of words arranged in specific ways to create meaning • The structure of a piece • May be analyzed visually – Many ellipsis, exclamation points, etc. – Long paragraphs • Example: A Letter – What are the conventions and components of a letter? » Salutation, body, closing• Discussion – A fairytale? – News articles? – Journal entries? – Contracts?
LITERARY CONTENT• What is a genre? – Poetry – Fiction – Essay – Parable• Setting – Environment – Time period• Protagonist• Antagonist• Problem – Plot – Events – Man vs Nature – Man vs Man – Man vs Self• Imagery• Metaphor
CRITICAL READING• Reading critically is a process of constantly judging between form and content• In literature, because it is creative, there is a great deal of uncertainty• Critically analyzing literature requires a thorough analysis of form and content in order to understand the FULL meaning of a piece
Pre-Reading• Jot down notes• Personal expectations – have you ever heard of the author?• What does the title say to you?• What is the genre?
Reading• What doesn’t make sense? Take note of words or ideas you don’t understand• What is unexpected and striking?• Recognize and analyze patterns, repeated words, or obvious themes.• What is your reaction to the piece?
Critical Analysis• Look up everything which had puzzled you like the words you didn’t know etc.• Process your pre-reading expectations to your post-reading conclusions.• Re-read• Go through the images and metaphors one at a time and determine what they may mean• What is the emotional intent?• What is the analysis?
Sylvia Plath’s Metaphors Im a riddle in nine syllables, An elephant, a ponderous house, A melon strolling on two tendrils. O red fruit, ivory, fine timbers! This loafs big with its yeasty rising. Moneys new-minted in this fat purse. Im a means, a stage, a cow in calf. Ive eaten a bag of green apples, Boarded the train theres no getting off.CRITICAL READING QUESTIONS• Make a chart of the images• Plath believed she was pregnant when she wrote this poem• What is her attitude towards the pregnancy?• What associations are negative? Are positive? Are ambivalent?• How do her chose images interact with each other?• What is the conclusion?
“I Hate Trees”• Read Rosa Ehrenreich Brooks - Page 33 "I Hate Trees” essay.• Summarize Brooks essay and then analyze your summary.• What was most difficult about writing the summary?• What is the difference between summarizing an essay and a creative piece like fiction or poetry?