Women in Business. Do we need more of them? (Natalya Kaspersky)
Women in Business.Do we need more ofthem? Natalya Kaspersky Co-founder of Kaspersky Lab, CEO of InfoWatch Group of companies CeBIT Glodal Conferences 2012, Hannover
About myself:A co-founder of Kaspersky Lab, the#4 world antivirus vendor1997-2011 – CEO and Chairman ofKaspersky Lab (2500 people, €500Mannual revenue)CEO of InfoWatch, softwaredeveloper of data leakage peventionfor enterpriseInvestor in 5 other IT and InternetcompaniesA member of Board of Directors of theGerman-Russian chamber ofcommerceA mother of 4 children
Female management in Russia At the top level ~3-5% At middle and low levels > 50% Up to 43% of managers Is it good or bad? Should anything be done about it?
Women in business - questions Should companies purposefully increase number of women in business? Should quotas on women participation in business help the business growth and competitiveness? What should we expect from increasing number of businesswomen? Business factors
Private Life FactorsCarrier influence Male Femaleon:Family position Career helps his marital Business success often status and happy family leaves her less time and life desire for the familyNumber of children More LessChildren in family Will be raised by their Will be raised by nannies mother or relativesLife satisfaction The higher position – The higher position – the the higher is personal lower is personal life life satisfaction satisfaction“Some 90% of executive men but only 35% ofexecutive women have children by the age of 40”Harvard Business Review, Management Women and the New Facts of Life.
Career and Life Satisfaction:Men vs Women 8 Life Satisfaction 7 6 5 4 Women 3 Men 2 1 0 Level of Career + Age
Socio-Economic Factors in Germany1. Aging population Germanys working-age population is likely to decrease 30% over next 40 years (Berlin Institute for Population Development) 20% of 82 million German inhabitants are now aged 65. This number will increase to 33% by 2060 (the Federal Statistics Office)
Socio-Economic Factors2. Birth rate decrease 1990 - 1.5 children per German mother; 2010 - 1.38 children per mother Germanys population of 82 million could drop by up to 17 million over the next 50 years 651,000 children were born in Germany in 2009 — 30,000 (3,6%) fewer than in 2008 Germany has the longest history of low fertility in Europe (Goldsteins research)3. Increasing number of migrants Migrants along with their children born in Germany represent ~20% of German population * Source: The Federal Statistics Office
Business Factors Competition is increasing Business work bring more stress and a need for tough decisions Globalization of business demands more travelling and 24*7*365 online involvement High demand for (and lack of) high qualified specialists In IT-business – good technology understanding, continuous study The reality is the men in average are stronger and more eager IT managers than women
Some thoughts on quotas Why there is no quotas for women in: Profession, sport Possible reason: Marines troops [strength, aggression?] Basketball teams [weight, height, speed?] Corrida [reaction, strength?] Ping-pong teams [reaction, what?] Chess teams [what???] Programming [what???] Why there is no quotas for men in: Nursery [patience, scrutiny] Birth giving [what???]
My ConclusionsArtificial increasing of female representation inbusiness will lead to: For personal life: More unhappy women Fewer number of happy families For the economy: Growing problem of aging population Further decrease of the birth rate For business Decrease of business competitiveness Lack of true professionals in favor to the ideology of ―equality‖ Do we really need it?Is the ideology of the enforced “equality” more important?
Thank you for your time! Questions?Natalya KasperskyCo-founder of Kaspersky Lab,CEO of InfoWatch Group of companieswww.infowatch.comwww.egosecure.com