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  1. 1. 設計英文 椎型儲水器<br />U9718010吳欣儒<br />
  2. 2. This simple product provides anyone an independent, inexpensive, <br />and mobile solar means to create potable water by condensation <br />in, what is quite simply, a solar still.<br />一個簡單好用富於創新的設計,<br />滿足發展中國家最基本的需求<br />— 飲用水<br />
  3. 3. After making several trips around the world and becoming aware <br />of the global water problem, Stephan Augustin, a designer at <br />BMW AG, felt a social responsibility to create a simple, highly utilitarian, <br />solar-powered seawater desalination apparatus that could <br />be manufactured cheaply. &quot;For ecological, economical, geographical, <br />and/or political reasons, 50 percent (2.5 billion) of the <br />world&apos;s population has no access to clean, potable water and <br />sanitation,&quot; says Augustin, who set his mind to doing whatever <br />he could to minimize this problem. <br />Utilitarian 功利主義<br />desalination apparatus 脫鹽裝置<br />minimize 減到最低<br />has no access to 可…的管道<br />
  4. 4. His primary challenge lay in how to go about producing such a <br />product while keeping it inexpensive enough to produce through mass production. <br />He knew it could comprise no more than two <br />pieces and that there was no predecessor to follow; there was no comparable product on the market. Dedicating himself to the job, <br />Augustin started work on the project in 1998 by experimenting <br />with solar desalination. All of his work on this project was done <br />in the evenings, weekends, and holidays in addition to his regular job at BMW. <br />mass production 大量生產<br />comprise 包含<br />predecessor 範例 <br />
  5. 5. He began by experimenting with evaporation and condensation<br />using a simple upside-down pyramid, a common device in desert <br />survival. The problem here was that one-third of the condensation <br />formed at the outer wall and ran into the sand. Moreover, the <br />lightweight, plastic foil device wasn&apos;t wind resistant. <br />In February 2001, Augustin had a breakthrough idea in terms of <br />the shape of the Watercone. A simple wooden tool was used to <br />test the idea of a cone outfitted with a screw-cap spout at the tip <br />and an inward circular collecting trough at the base. This cone <br />was made out of two pieces that were glued together. While <br />promising, the piece burst and dirt collected at its inner edge, <br />which wasn&apos;t satisfactory. <br />evaporation/condensation 蒸發/凝結<br />breakthrough 突破<br />upside-down 顛倒<br />in terms of…的限制<br />Lightweight 輕型<br />outfitted 裝備<br />wind resistant 防風<br />satisfactory 另人滿意<br />
  6. 6. In the fall of that year, Augustincontacted a company in Germany <br />which was willing to develop the idea. &quot;We began to think about <br />several production methods that could be much cheaper than <br />vacuum forming, which needs lots of manpower,&quot; he says. &quot;We <br />looked at different types of blow molding, especially for PET bottles, <br />which already have a screw-cap spout at the tip, but all the <br />manufacturers rejected [our proposal] because of geometrical and <br />physical reasons. Then, we had the genius idea for a vacuum tool <br />that allowed us to make the cone out of one piece.&quot; <br />contacted 接觸<br />vacuum forming 真空成型<br />manpower 人力<br />blow molding 吹模<br />
  7. 7. In spring 2002, construction began on a prototype vacuum tool. <br />Later that summer, the first working products came out of this <br />tool &quot;after lots of failures because the material was stretched so <br />much at the outer trough areas that it came out as a thin foil,&quot; <br />Augustin says. “After about 100 tests, we found the right temperature and airspeed to get a perfect result.&quot; <br />Winter 2002 brought a license agreement with that same company <br />to produce and distribute the product, and in spring 2003, Bayer <br />AG, Leverkusen became the supplier and partner for the polycarbonate, Makrolon, which was the primary material. <br />construction結構<br />license 許可<br />prototype模型<br />distribute 分配<br />material 原料<br />supplier供應商<br />result 成果<br />polycarbonate 聚碳酸酯 <br />
  8. 8. “As we had no PR and headcount budget, the company we were <br />working with and I were using international awards and press<br />reports about this product resourcefully and abundantly to increase <br />public awareness about the global water situation and our innovative <br />product to get manufacturing and distribution started-and <br />it worked!&quot; says Augustin. <br />&quot;There is a big potential for innovations that fulfill humanitarian, <br />ecological, and economical aspects in one product ... and I hope <br />concern for humanity is the next new trend.&quot; <br />PR 公關 <br />innovations 革新<br />headcount budget 預算人員<br />fulfill 實現<br />resourcefully 機制地<br />aspect 觀點<br />abundantly 大量地<br />