Participatory Video practice in india


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This is a short description of various Participatory Video initiatives across India.

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Participatory Video practice in india

  1. 1. Who is shooting what? PV practice in India Created by Namita Singh
  2. 2. The first organization to start PV in india(?) Organization SEWA (Self Employed Women’s Association) • It is based in Ahmedabad, Gujarat (India) • It registered as a Trade Union in 1972. • Its main goal is to organize women workers for full employment. It has many associated organizations, including Video SEWA, the one involved with PV. Website PV Project Video SEWA • It was established on 1984 • It was started to provide video training to the members of SEWA • It is now registered as a cooperative Focus "Video is an authentic, powerful and honest mass communication media which should be in the hands of common people in a country like ours". - Smt. Ela Bhatt, Founder, SEWA • The members of SEWA are trained in video making. These women then make videos with various purposes. These can range from peer to peer learning, advocacy or just documenting certain processes in SEWA. Practice • The videos are produced by a team of women trained in video making • There is a professional team which overlooks and supports the whole production process • These videos are usually shown to other women involved in various programmes of SEWA for peer to peer learning • In certain cases there have been advocacy video made for specific conferences, meets etc. • Video SEWA allows other NGOs to use these videos as well, which can be bought. • They also make video for other organizations i.e. use this skill as a livelihood option and rent out their services Scale • SEWA is one of the biggest Trade Unions in India, especially of women. Its membership is approx. 966,139. So, Video SEWA has directly got a huge available audience Created by Namita Singh
  3. 3. Working with women from all the states! Organization WAVE (Women Aloud: Video Blogging for Empowerment) • Recently began in September 2009 • A core group of three working on it, besides freelance editors Website PV Project WAVE • Around 30 women in India, from all the states, have been trained in making videos and creating video blogs. • It pitches itself as a citizen journalism project • It is definitely a very innovative project in India, something like this has not been tried before Focus • The main aim is to develop women video bloggers from across the country, mostly from semi-urban areas • It aims to put out diverse perspectives on development issues, and encourage women to voice their opinions Practice • Women were trained for a period of 11 days in video making and uploading to the web • They were handed over the video equipment to take back to their regions and make videos • There are suggested themes every month such as health, education, etc. The women shoot these stories. The final edit is done centrally, based on scripts sent by the women. The videos are then put up on their website • So someone who follows the blog can get a news story on a particular issue, from all the states of India. Something that even a mainstream news media channel can’t achieve! • It doesn’t involve the ‘larger community’ per se • They also hope that women get economic empowerment as well, as they develop video making skills, others can hire them Scale • In terms of geographical scale, it is probably the only media organization, with such a wide (and equitable) scale. • Since it has just started, it needs to be seen how many people they can reach out to. Funding • First year’s budget funded by the MacArthur Foundation’s Digital Media and Learning competition in 2009 • Approximate funding required for 2010 and 2011 is $100,000 each year Created by Namita Singh
  4. 4. Initiating various forms of PV Organization Video Volunteers • It started in 2003, an organization based in India and the US • Video Volunteers (VV) envisions a world in which all disadvantaged communities have their own locally relevant and locally produced media that celebrates their culture, voices grassroots concerns, and stimulates dialog to find solutions to endemic problems Website PV Project CVU (Community Video Unit) • Set in partnership with local NGOs, 6-8 community members are chosen and then trained. • A cluster of 25 community areas are selected as the field area of the CVU Videoshala – an Education Community Video project • A similar organizational model as the CVU • Videos made on subject areas for certain selected standards in the school • Videos then showed in classrooms to students as assistance to the subject • The sessions in classrooms are facilitated by specially trained staff IndiaUnheard – Community News Service • 31 social activists from all over India trained as community journalists • These correspondents belong to some of the most marginalized backgrounds including caste, relgion, gender etc. • The vision is to be the grassroots Reuters – a news agency • Has just taken off – first videos have begun to come in from the 24 states (CVUs in Brazil) • Communities members trained with a focus on earning a livelihood as community video producers • 9 youths from favelas in Sao Paulo trained • Each youth has made 3 videos each and in the last project they found clients for their work Video Active Girls • Around 20 girls in India, trained in video production in two cities- Kolkata and Hyderabad, with two local organizations • It is a ‘Girls’ Media’ project with adolescent girls • The main aim is to help girls express themselves and tell their stories through the means of video • The local organizations in Kolkata and Hyderabad have set other focus as well, for themselves, like turning this into an empowerment and livelihood tool or making girls community leaders through this Created by Namita Singh
  5. 5. Focus • Training community members to be able to produce their own media, so that they can voice their own issues, organize themselves and be empowered to solve their own local social issues • Making community video a livelihood option • Sustainability of these projects – there is an ongoing research project on sustainability with Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad • To increase the scale – have 100s and 1000s of trained community members • Develop low-cost scalable models Practice • Community members are trained that can range from few weeks to over a period of 12-18 months by a professional video trainer • Training includes not just video production, but also public speaking, community organization etc. • Editorial Boards consisting of community members are set up to give feedback on videos and suggest issues • Production of videos on a regular basis, which are screened in select community areas Scale • There are around 6-8 CVUs across India including all-Dalit team, an all- women team and all-tribal team • Almost 100 community members have been trained till now • Reaches out to more than 250 different villages/slums through the local CVUs Funding • Sources of Funding: Knight Foundation, Echoing Green, NGO partner’s contribution, UNDP, personal donations • Approximate funding required per year: $400,000 Created by Namita Singh
  6. 6. The first and only community TV in rural India Organization Byrraju Foundation & Media Lab Asia (DIT, MCIT, Govt. of India) • The Foundation started in 2001 and since then has been working in 200 adopted villages in Andhra Pradesh • It works on several issues like health, education, livelihood, disability, women empowerment etc. Website PV Project Project Chetana • This started as a pilot project in 2006, in collaboration with UNESCO’s ‘Finding a Voice’ project in three villages in AP • In 2007, the project was extended to 8 villages, in collaboration with Media Lab Asia of Department of Information Technology • It is pitched as a ‘Community TV’ project Focus • They want to turn the ‘erstwhile media consumers’ into media producers, hence the focus is on training community members • Community issues form the center of all the videos, and community action is also planned based on these videos. However, they mostly act as informational media. • It is also an attempt to contribute to holistic and sustainable rural transformation. Practice • During the pilot project, ‘video club members’, i.e. villagers who volunteered to be a part of this project were trained in video making skills • There are 3 professionals with the project as well, for critical technical and management support (2 Community producers per centre) • They partnered with Video Volunteers to receive training, as they went ahead to train other community members and VV is their Knowledge Partner • Small units consisting a team of 2 people in each village is set up, who make short video programmes, which are eventually shown through local Cable TVs and through ‘laptop screenings’. There is a special focus on the role played by women and student volunteers. • They make a 10-15 minute videos, which are shown both through cable TV and laptop screenings to women in groups Scale • It is working in 2 Districts in Andhra Pradesh, in 8 different villages • It is reaching out to around 3500 community members • A total of 510 women and students have been trained in digital photography, video making, story board writing, Editing and Photoshop • 230 volunteers have been trained in different aspects of production as well. Funding • Source of Funding: Byrraju Foundation and Media Lab Asia • Funding requirements per year: Approx, $18,000 Created by Namita Singh
  7. 7. The project with women and farmers Organization Deccan Development Society • The organization was started in 1980s • It works in Andhra Pradesh with different women groups all in a particular District. • Its focus is mostly around farming Website PV Project Community Media Trust • This project started in 2000-01 • 10 Dalit women were trained in video by professional trainers Focus • These women produce videos mostly on local farming issues. • They call themselves ‘alternative media’ • They want to present the voices of the grassroots women, in their own local language, and in the way the community wants to represent themselves rather than the mainstream media • These videos are also pitched for advocacy purposes and have had impact in the past Practice • A group of 8-10 women have been trained in video making and they make videos, not with any fixed frequency though • These videos are shown around in villages, in film festivals, to government officials • Not sure, if they have a planned way of distributing/screening their videos Scale • It works in one district of Andhra Pradesh • The films reach the 500 members of the organization Created by Namita Singh
  8. 8. Youth media – a fun PV project in schools Organization The Modern Story • The Modern Story started work in India 2 years back • It is a core group of 4-5 people and several volunteers • It works in Andhra Pradesh with different schools around Hyderabad Website PV Project • It uses video-making for educational purposes “TMS is an educational program that bridges the technological divide by introducing digital skills and storytelling practices to youth and educators around the world” Focus • The idea is to encourage and empower students through developing their critical and creative voices • Encourage activism in the students through interaction with the communities and engaging in solution-based videos Practice • Workshops are conducted with school students • Usually these workshops are incorporated as an integral part of the curriculum by the schools TMS partners with • The students are trained in digital storytelling and video making by professionals, who usually volunteer. • Video shooting and editing equipment is provided to the schools and stays with them. • Students make videos on subjects of their choice. These can be on anything that interests students. They do not encourage the school administration deciding the subjects for videos. • They encourage students to go out in the community to shoot and provide information on several community issues as well • Though, the website mentions they want public screenings of films made by students, to affect change, there is no instance provided if it actually happens Scale • Currently, they are working with 6-7 schools in and around Hyderabad • They have also partnered with 3 more organizations in Hyderabad invested in ICT for education Funding • After receiving seed money from a partner foundation, and from a family foundation, The Modern Story's revenue model is currently centered on individual donors, and donations from organizations and institutions that we collaborate with. After being fiscally sponsored by registered 501c(3)'s since its inception, TMS is now in the process of securing its own 510c(3) status and will continue to diversify its revenue model. Created by Namita Singh
  9. 9. youth media project by adobe Organization Adobe Foundation • Adobe Youth Voices is Adobe Foundation's global signature philanthropy program designed to provide youth in underserved communities with the critical skills they need to become active and engaged members of their communities and the world at large. Website PV Project Adobe Youth Voices “Create with Purpose” • This project was launched in 2006, to engage youth with tools of the 21st century, to be able to communicate, gain critical skills and bring changes in their societies Focus • They work with underserved youth in using technology, which varies from video, animation, photoessays, music etc. • These pieces mostly focus on critical and topical issues of the youth and the youth are encouraged to find creative solutions to these Practice • There are sites (schools) in which Adobe Youth Voices work, and young people can get training in different skills by professionals • These are one-year long trainings • They also work with several partner organizations, or organizations they have given grants to conduct their programme • Scale • The global network consists of 557 sites, grantees and organizations • The network is spread over 32 countries • The Adobe Youth Voices sites are in 102 sites in 4 countries, including 31 in India Created by Namita Singh