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Solar power plant

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Solar power plant

  1. 1. SOLAR POWER PLANT SUBMITTED BY Sindhu Nathan 1st ece ‘b’ sec
  2. 2. WHAT IS SOLAR ENERGY? SOLAR ENERGY RADIANT LIGHT AND HEAT FROM THE SUN IS HARDNESSED USING A RANGE OF EVER-EVOLVING TECHNOLOGIES.  SUCH AS SOLAR HEATING, SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAICS, SOLAR THERMAL ELECTRICITY, SOLAR ARICHITECTURE AND ARITIFICAL PHOTOSYNTHESIS.
  3. 3. BASIC PRINCIPLE OF SOLAR ENEGY Solar radiation is reduce in intensity in the atmosphere by dust,clouds,haze and fog. The radiation strikes a solid or liquid, it is absorbed and transformed in to heat energy.
  4. 4. The heat energy is collected in a fluid generally water. This energy can be used in a solar heater or drier or can trated type collector is used to collect or parabolic concentrated the solar energy.
  5. 5. ARRANGEMENT OF SOLAR POWER PLANT
  6. 6. SOLAR COLLECTOR FLAT PLATE COLLECTOR. CYLINDRICAL PARABOLIC CONCENTRATOR COLLECTOR.
  7. 7. FLAT PLATE COLLECTOR  Head is from the absorber plate to water which is circulated in the copper tubes through the flat plate collector.  It is placed facing the general drection of the sun.  Material used for plate is copper, steel or aluminium.  The thickness of the plate is 1to 2mm.  Front cover is made up of glass and transparent to the incoming solar radiation.
  8. 8. Cylindrical parabolic concentraor collector  Concentrator collectors are reflecting type utillising mirrors.  The reflecting surface is parabolic mirror.  The solar energy falling on the collector surface is rereflected and foccused along a absorber tube.  Large quantity of energy falling on the collector surface is collected over a small surface.  The temperature of the absorber fluid is very higher than flat plate collector.
  9. 9. Butane boiler The water heated in flat plate solar collector to 80*c is used for boiling butane at high pressure in the butane boiler. Boiling point of butane is about 50*c.
  10. 10. TURBINE
  11. 11. TURBINE  The butane vapor generated at high pressure in the boilers used to run the vapour turbine which drives electrical generator.  The vapour coming out of the turbine at low pressure is codensed in a condenser using water.  The condensed liquid butane is fed back to the butane boiler using feed pump.
  12. 12. Tower concept of power generation  The tower concept consists of an array of plane mirrors or heliostats are individually cotrolled to reflect radiations from the sun in to boiler mounted on a 500 metres high tower.  Steam is generated in the boiler temperature up to 2000*k.  Electricity is generated by passing stream through the turbine coupled to a generator.
  13. 13. Application of solar energy  SOLAR ENGINES FOR WATER PUMPING.  SOLAR WATER HEATERS.  SOLAR COOKERS.  SOLAR DRIERS.  SOLAR FURNACES.  PHOTO-VOLTAIC CONVERSION(SOLAR CELLS)  SOLAR POWER GENERATION.
  14. 14. ADVANTAGES  Sun is essentially an infinite source of energy. The solar energy is a very large inexhaustible and renewable source of energy.  It is enviromentally very clean and is hence pollution free.  It is dependaple energy source without new requirements of highly technical and specilaised nature for its wide sperad utilization.  It is the best alternative for the rapid depletion of fossil fuels.
  15. 15. Disavantages  It is available in a dilute form and is at low potential. The intensity of solar energy on sunny day india is about 1.1kw/metre area.  Solar energy is not available at night or during cloudy or rainy days.

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