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(New)introduction to biotechnology (1)


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(New)introduction to biotechnology (1)

  1. 1. Introduction to Biotechnology DONE BY: SINDHU PRIYA.S I-ECE ‘B’
  2. 2. WHAT IS BIOTECHNOLOGY Using scientific methods with organisms to produce new products or new forms of organisms
  3. 3. Biotechnology Biotechnology helps to meet our basic needs. Food, clothing, shelter, health and safety Improvements by using science
  4. 4. Agricultural View Milk production New horticultural and ornamental plants Wildlife, aquaculture, natural resources and environmental management
  5. 5. Organismic Biotech Study and use natural genetic variations Cloning is an example of organismic biotech
  6. 6. Molecular Biotech Molecular Biotechnology is about the application of biological science at the molecular level.
  7. 7. Biotech examples  Medicine  Agriculture  Environment  Forestry  Food and beverage processing
  8. 8. Medicine  Some new developments delve into the hereditary material of humans known as gene therapy
  9. 9.  Environmental biotechnology is biotechnology that is applied to and used to study the natural environment  Environmental biotechnology can simply be described as "the optimal use of nature, in the form of plants, animals, bacteria, fungi and algae, to produce renewable energy, food and nutrients
  10. 10. Ag and Forestry  Plant biotech  Animal biotech
  11. 11. Plant biotech  Improve plants and the products produced from them  Insect and disease resistance  Engineered to have desired characteristics
  12. 12. Animal Biotech  Improve animals or the products they produce  Animals may be used to produce products that promote human health
  13. 13. Food and Beverages  Use of technology in producing and processing  Some biotech principles have been employed for hundreds of years  Yeast in baking bread
  14. 14. Biotechnology  Helps meet human needs  Used to make products more useful or desirable  Ex: conversion of milk into cheese or yogurt
  15. 15. Efficiency  Must keep the cost of improving products as low as possible  Biotech results in greater efficiency
  16. 16. Health Promoting Foods  Food with unique traits  Some contain therapeutants  Some designed with nutrient enrichment
  17. 17. Safety  Consumers want foods to provide needed nutrients and in some cases, enhanced foods  Do not want side effects from those enhanced foods