Counselling in hiv

1,715 views

Published on

this is all about the HIV AIDS. the stages of counselling is presented in this.

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
5 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,715
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
14
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
115
Comments
0
Likes
5
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Counselling in hiv

  1. 1. Counselling in HIV/AIDS
  2. 2. HIV/AIDS HIV is the virus that is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). This is because of the following reasons. They are: O an increased number of sexual partners O IV drug use O anal intercourse O any sex (oral, anal or vaginal) without condoms O alcohol and other drug use (sex is more impulsive and use of condoms less likely if under the influence of alcohol or other drugs) O tattoos and body piercing with contaminated (unsterile) needles or instruments
  3. 3. Why counselling is needed? O To improve the patient’s understanding about the disease and its management O To improve the medication adherence behaviour and improved therapeutic outcomes O To adopt healthy lifestyles O To improve the quality of life
  4. 4. Areas to counsell O Before doing the test (pre-test) O After the test (post-test) O Crisis counselling. O Adherence counselling
  5. 5. Pre test O This is the counselling that is given to the person who is willing to test for hiv Steps in counselling O Making the patient comfortable O Reason for testing O Concepts and misconceptions O Clarifications about HIV and AIDS O Health education O Clarify about the test O Practicalities of the test O Coping mechanism O Confidentiality O consent
  6. 6. Post test (Positive) O Breaking the news O Medical plan O Plan for the future O Reduction of high risk behaviour O Networking O Support the patient
  7. 7. Crisis Counselling A person who is HIV positive will face many crises in life. He/she needs to be counselled. O The patient should decide the best option for their situation. O The patient should report back to the counsellor and tell about the progress that he/se is making.
  8. 8. Adherence Counselling O It involves change in behaviour so that the patient is disciplined and conditioned to take medication O It should start from the time the diagnosis of HIV is made.

×