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Venerable bede and ecclesiastical h

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Venerable bede and ecclesiastical h

  1. 1. VENERABLE BEDE AND ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY OF ENGLISH PEOPLE Prepared by : Sinde Kurt (2011010113061) Prepared to : Oya Önalan
  2. 2. VenerableBede  Venerable Bede is generally regarded as the greatest of all the Anglo-Saxon scholars.He is also known as St Bede.He was a prolific author,a Biblical scholar, poet and historian.He wrote around 40 books and these books are mainly dealing with theology and history.  Also,he wrote on every area of knowledge.This area includes nature,astronomy and poetry. Perhaps,he is best known for his two major histories.They provide us some histories of the early Medieval era.  As a result, Bede is often referred to as "the father of English history .His work ’The History of the Abbots of Wearmouth and Jarrow’ is an important account of early church history.  His best known work is ‘The Ecclesiastical History of the English People’.
  3. 3. Short Biography of Bede  Bede was born near St. Peter and St. Paul monastery at Wearmouth-Jarrow, England in 672.At the age of seven,he began his monastic training at the newly-founded Benedictine monastery of St Peter in Wearmouth. When he had completed his education he moved to the twin monastery of St Paul in nearby Jarrow and Bede spent his entire life in these two monestaries .He gained fame as a scholar and teacher of Greek,Latin and Hebrew.  When he was nineteen years old,Bede was ordained a deacon and at the age of thirty,he was ordained into the priesthood.
  4. 4. Short Biography of Bede  He was well educated, especially by the standards of the day. As a boy he studied calligraphy in the scriptorium, grammar, computus, music, and even natural sciences.  Bede was known for his piety. His love of truth and fairness and his unfeigned piety combine to make him an exceedingly attractive character.  Bede not only wrote books, but also translated many works.He was the first person who attempted to translate the Bible into English from Latin.
  5. 5. Short Biography of Bede  Bede died on 26 May 735 in Jarrow and he was declared ‘venerable’ by the Church in 836.
  6. 6. The Ecclesiastical History of the English People original Latin name: The Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum  The Ecclesiastical History of the English People was written by Bede and completed in 731 AD .  It is a work in Latin.  This work examines the religious and political history of the Anglo-Saxons from the fifth century to 731.  In this way Bede provided the most important source of information about England prior to 731.  The work is considered the first great history written in western Europe.
  7. 7. The Ecclesiastical History of the English People Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People existed only in manuscript copies for many centuries after it was written.
  8. 8. The Ecclesiastical History of the English People  The book opens with the information about Roman Britain's geography and history.  Bede tells us the disagreement between Roman and Celtic Christians, the dates and locations of significant events in the Christian calendar, and political upheaval during the 600's.  He used information of the oral histories of Rome and Britain,many monasteries,early church and government writing to wrote his history.
  9. 9. The Ecclesiastical History of the English People  Nearly 200 hand written copies of The Ecclesiastical History of the English People were produced in the Middle Ages and this proved its historical importance.  Book I includes a description of Britain’s early races, the occupation of Rome and coming of Saxons.In book I,Bede give information about Britain’s early history from the Roman invasion of Caesar(55BC) to 600 C.E  Book II includes the conversion of the kingdom of Kent to Christianity by St Augustine and also it describes Pope Gregory The Great and events from his death to about 633.
  10. 10. The Ecclesiastical History of the English People  Book III includes the return of Northumbria to paganism, King Oswald’s victory at Havenfield in 634 C.E., and the consequent return of Northumbria to Christianity.  Book IV mainly concerned with the organization and development of the English church.  The final section of the work,book V, tells the the personal history of Holy Ethelwald.Also in this section Bede discuss the growth of English Church.
  11. 11. The Ecclesiastical History of the English People  In his Ecclesiastical History of the English People, the Venerable Bede records the story of Caedmon.  ‘Caedmon's Hymn‘ or ‘Hymn of Creation’was composed orally in Old English alliterative verse by an illiterate cowherd named Caedmon in honour of God the Creator.  It survives in a Latin translation by Bede.
  12. 12. The Ecclesiastical History of the English People
  13. 13. The Ecclesiastical History of the English People  MODERN ENGLISH TRANSLATION OF HYMN OF CREATION  Now let me praise the keeper of Heaven's kingdom, The might of the Creator, and his thought, The work of the Father of glory, how each of wonders The Eternal Lord established in the beginning. He first created for the sons of men Heaven as a roof, the holy Creator, Then Middle-earth the keeper of mankind, The Eternal Lord, afterwards made, The earth for men, the Almighty Lord.
  14. 14. The Ecclesiastical History of the English People  It is important that : Old English was not a written language: poetry was composed in an oral-formulaic style and recited aloud, from memory, to an illiterate public.  Additionally,in The Ecclesiastical History of the English People” ,Bede discusses the position of women.  He represented the women as needing guidance, especially from males and particularly those with religious authority.
  15. 15. The Ecclesiastical History of the English People  ‘The conversion of the British Isles to Christianity’ and ‘the progression from diversity to unity’ are important themes of the work  Finally,Bede’s The Ecclesiastical History of the English People ends with a summary of the development of the episcopate in the English church.  It is one of the most important original source of Anglo-Saxon history and it has an important role in the development of an English national identity.

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