how to attract young engineers towards manufacturing sector
A CASE STUDY ON MANUFACTURING SECTOR AND ROAD MAP TO ATTRACT YOUNG ENGINEERSTOWARDS MANUFACTURING SECTOR DOCUMENTED BY: · BISWAJIT MANDAL (3RD YEAR) · SOUMYA DASH (2ND YEAR) ( DEPT. OF MECHANICAL ENGG. )
CONTENTS INTRODUCTION AN INSIGHT INTO MANUFACTURING AND RELATED PROCESSES TYPES OF MANUFACTURING SECTORS IMPACT OF MANUFACTURING ON INDIAN ECONOMY IMPORTANCE OF MANUFACTURING IN INDIA BENEFITS PROVIDED BY MANUFACTURING SECTOR CAUSES OF UNWILLINGNESS OF YOUNG ENGINEERS TOWARDS MANUFACTURING SECTOR EFFECT OF UNWILLINGNESS IN JOINING MANUFACTURING SECTOR STEPS TO BE ADOPTED FOR ATTRACTING YOUNG ENGINEERS TOWARDS MANUFACTURING SECTOR BENEFITS OF INCLUDING YOUNG ENGINEERS AS A WORKFORCE CONCLUSION FUTURE PROSPECTS
INTRODUCTIONManufacturing sector:• is the engine for economic growth and creation of wealth.•includes all activities starting from customer inputs forconcepts design , material processing and ending with productsdisposal.• the activities provide gainful employment and alleviate theindividual living standard.• is the combined use of man ,material and machine tools togenerate useful goods for saleable purpose and as a raw item formore complex goods production.
AN INSIGHT INTO MANUFACTURING AND RELATED PROCESSThe benefits of civilization which we enjoy today areessentially due to improved quality of products availableto us. This improved quality comes from the variousmanufacturing process involved in the manufacturingsector which would ensure a better product being madeand available at an economical cost. The processesinclude: Casting process. Deformation process or forming process. Machining process or material removal process. Joining process. Fabrication process. Plastic material or polymer processing methods. Powder metallurgy. Assembly process. Heat treatment and surface treatment process.
Selection of manufacturing process for aproduct is based on following considerations:Type and nature of starting material.Volume of production.Expected quality and properties of thecomponents.Technical viability of the process.Economy and cost of production.Power consumed ,time required and specifiedquality standards of the product.Esteem value and use value of the product.
TYPES OF MANUFACTURING SECTORS: Although reforms have reduced licensing and regulation, heavy industry is still dominated by public-sector enterprises. State-owned companies have accounted for the bulk of activity in steel, non-ferrous metals (virtually 100% for copper, lead and zinc, and about 50% for aluminium), shipbuilding, engineering, chemicals and paper. The government had pledged to reduce its holdings in non-strategic public-sector undertakings to a maximum of 26%, and to close down non-viable enterprises. Automotive Light Engineering Pharmaceuticals Machine Tools Textiles Computer hardware Paper Industry Petroleum and chemical
IMPACT OF MANUFACTURING ON INDIANECONOMY In 1990, India and China had almost the same GDP per capita. Since then, driven by its manufacturing sector, China’s economy has grown much faster than has India’s and its GDP per capita on a PPP basis is 90% higher than India’s GDP per capita. To achieve faster rates of economic growth India urgently needs to strengthen its own manufacturing. Manufacturing takes turns under all types of economic systems. In a free market economy, manufacturing is usually directed toward the mass of products for sale to consumers at a profit. In mixed market economies, manufacturing occurs under some degree of government regulation. Modern manufacturing includes all intermediate processes required for the production and integration of a products components.
RECENTS OVERVIEWSThe present industrial growth rate in the year 2012 is 4.10 percent inthe month of February 2012. India’s present average annual GDP(Gross Domestic Product) growthrate is 8.45.Growth of manufacturing sector is 9.4% in the current financial year.Manufacturing sector employs 17% of the total workforce of thecountry.It contributes to 27% of Indian GDP and 27% of Indian exports.Comparing with the global scenario the level of industrialization is verylow as compared to other countries i.e it is 1/8th of china and 1/6th ofbrazil.India’s share of manufacturing value added in the world increased to1.69% in the recent years.India was ranked 42nd on UNIDO competitiveness IndustrialPerformance Index.
BENEFITS PROVIDED BY MANUFACTURING SECTORThough manufacturing sector have large number of benefits some have discussed under: Increase in GDP of the nation and be able to walk hand in hand with the developed nations. Move a step towards the goal of becoming a developed nation and a superpower in the near future. Provide employment to such a massive population. Increases the technological and intellectual outlook of the nation and its people. Proper use of natural resources to generate products that would reduce manual labour and increase the individual standard of living. Increases bonding , cooperation and fraternity among nations worldwide. Lead a pathway to new research and technological findings and search for optimization of existing and newly generated methods of manufacturing. All the products are home made in the country and hence less is the import, duties and taxes on imports are set free instead products can be exported which helps in raising national wealth.
CAUSES OF UNWILLINGNESS OF YOUNG ENGINEERS TOWARDS MANUFACTURING sector The feelings of a young engineer beingnot interested to involve in manufacturing sectordepends on individual outlook. Some of them are: Danger to life in working. Generally working with heavy machines is dangerous. Proper precaution is to be taken care for safety purpose. A small ignorance or unconsciousness leads to fatal accidents. Working in an unhealthy condition, while IT sector provides air conditioned room to work. Generally plants are situated at a safe distance from towns and crowds. These areas are very much polluted with dust, smoke, toxic gases. Workers have to drive a long distance every day. High physical labor required in manufacturing sectors. Physical as well as mentally sound state is necessary for a healthy production.
75% of placements of young engineer are in IT sectors. Indian manufacturing sectors can’t provide sufficient job to youth due to lack in number of industry. Development and number of workers required for manufacturing is very less. Only a few numbers of manufacturing companies are in India as compare to other sectors. Lack of proper education, training leads to ignorance of manufacturing knowledge. Students are not getting proper guide towards a healthy development in this sector. Economic hikes affect the cost of production and transportation along with sailing prices. This causes high product cost which alters rate of demand and utility in India.
STEPS TO BE ADOPTED FOR ATTRACTING YOUNG ENGINEERS TOWARDS MANUFACTURING SECTOR The development of a highly skilled and educated21st century workforce will help maintain Indianleadership in innovation and productivity, which isessential to the viability of manufacturing in the globalmarketplace. Increasing number of technical institutions to accommodate more and more number of people. Reduce the education cost to a suitable level so that the common mass can contribute to increase the growth of manufacturing sector. Proper technical knowledge and guidance along with a tour to industry as visit or vocational training should be provided for creating interest towards manufacturing sector.
Development of more core sectors would make path for employment and hence the intake capacity would increase which would rouse their interest. The working conditions in the industry should be at safety and hygiene; this would make people’s lives less prone to fatal accidental injury. Fulfill all the personal requirements for their job like proper wage, medical facility with medical insurance during working period and housings with other requirements. Hold campaign programs to create awareness among the young engineers by prioritizing among the interest of the students.
Include computer related automated jobs that requires less manual labor by doing the manufacturing processes by means of software like AUTOCAD,PRO-E etc. Prepare for optimization of the processes which results in interest to the technocrats towards manufacturing sector. Use of the communicative and innovative skills of the youngsters that cause their skills to be utilized in growth of manufacturing sectors. Major bottlenecks – lack of awareness, inadequate technical support and high cost – can be overcome through training programs, indigenous development of IT solutions and (temporary) financial incentives. This will provide an additional competitive edge.
Government and academia also need to work closely with the media, to reinforce the positive image of manufacturing sector, create awareness about present challenges and future technologies and bring the leaders into limelight so as to inspire others. The academia and industry should work together to identify the leaders and create innovative ideas for further exploration. They need to set up joint innovation centers, mutual exchange chairs (industrialist teaches in university; professor conducts research in industry), and compulsory internship for engineering students in industry. Industry should create exciting jobs for such students. Financial rewards must be made equivalent to those in other profess ions for a similarly qualified per son to attract and retain talent of high caliber to manufacturing.
Technology must be used for eliminating, automating, speeding and value additions in tasks related to design, production and supply chain management. Installation of methods using non- conventional energy resources in generation of power required in manufacturing sector would be a substitute to the energy crisis in the recent world. This would create interest among young stars to work on new technologies. Include modern manufacturing processes that are automated and this feature helps the young technocrats to quickly and efficiently grasp and monitor the entire process resulting in efficient outcomes
PROFITS OF INCLUDING YOUNG ENGINEERS AS a WORKFORCE Young mass as workforce in the industrial sector increase the efficiency output of the processes. Accuracy and quality of the product is highly increased due to proper supervision. Today’s youth is better equipped with computer and the software related works which helps in no training requirement and quicker grasp of automation process. A vigilant workforce is always a better substitute than the older and lethargic ones due to age factor.
Young engineers have a better communication skill which helps in coordinating tasks among higher authority level and lower worker level. Young ones can actively participate and also instill many programs that would ultimately results in increase in individual performance level and also the industrial growth rate. Young joining can let them to work for many years resulting in evaluation of individual performance level and to come over gradually with their shortcomings.
CONCLUSIONIndia can and will transform itself into a developed nation throughgrowth of manufacturing industry , achieved in a sustainable mannercreating a role model for other nations.Need to have a comprehensive vision ,long term mission and adoptnovel policies by utilizing the local manpower, raw material available ,domestic and export market to increase the industrial growth rate.Lessen and gradually stop the brain drain of young engineers to otherservice sector and also to foreign countries by increasing industry-institute interaction and fulfill their requirements so as to achieve longterm goals.Should create a direct or an indirect link between all other servicesector and the manufacturing industry in order to bring forth fullparticipation of young technocratic brains in the development process.
FUTURE PROSPECTSThe future manufacturing sector will be driven by global cooperation andintellectual property rights.The future technological drivers are artificial intelligence , greentechnology ,smart engineered materials , direct manufacturing processes ,nano- technology etc.To ride the above waves new vehicles such as bionics , mechatronics,industrial automation , robotics avionics , reverse engineering, concurrentengineering , product life cycle engineering , knowledge management andoptimization engineering are needed.Numerous advantages in manufacturing technology and resource availableto the world makes us to be optimistic and work industriously andcooperatively to develop our nation and to make our mother earth a betterplace to live in.