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A Difficult Past
History 141 Power Point

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  • Points:   20                  For this assignment, you will create a Power Point presentation of 9 slides, plus title slide (include your name) that summarizes what you found were the most important themes from these sources. A tutorial on how to post slides on the Ning site will be available by the 3rd week of the course, if not sooner. Use the bulleted-list format for the Power Point slides to outline the themes from each source. Your sources for this assignment are all located in the folder for Theme 1: Background Readings The Americas in the 19th Century (2 slides) Source 1 The Little Ice Age (1 slide) Source 2 Frontiers of the Americas (2 slides) Source 3 Crossroads of Freedom (4 slides) All slides must contain a related graphic. Submission of File You will post this file on your Home page on the Ning site, and will also submit a copy through the Submit All Assignments Here folder. IMPORTANT It is not necessary to watch every minute of these films, nor to read every word of related articles and web pages.  Use the skills and techniques suggested in the article "How to Read a Book" to discover the main themes and arguments for each source.  This applies to all sources for this course.
  • Pp his141

    1. 1. Irving Simpson 21 April 2011 History 141 Ning Site Power Point <ul><li>Major Themes concerning the Americas in the 19 th Century </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Immigration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expansion and the Railroads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Little Ice Age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Louisiana Purchase </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vanishing Frontier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Southern Cotton </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lincoln and McClellan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Battle of Antietam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emancipation Proclamation </li></ul></ul>
    2. 2. New York Street Scene late 19 th Century
    3. 3. Golden Spike, joining East and West, 10 May 1869, Promontory Summit Utah
    4. 4. Winter Landscape with Iceskaters, 1608, Hendrick Avercamp
    5. 6. <ul><li>Vanishing Frontier </li></ul><ul><li>The aristocratic explorer, ethnologist, and naturalist, Prince Alexander Philipp Maximilian zu Wied-Neuwied, and Swiss artist and painter of the American West, Karl Bodmer, ventured up the Missouri River to study and document the nature and native inhabitants of the American West </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1832 through 1834 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bodmer produced many paintings and drawings and is considered one of the finest illustrators of the American West </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prince Max collected many specimens and published an account of his studies of environment and native inhabitants </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Even at the time of their expedition, the frontier was becoming more and more “civilized” and the native populations were becoming less and less free and independent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many natives died of introduced diseases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High mortality rates from smallpox, chicken pox , and measles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Epidemic diseases were the most significant to decreasing the numbers of native populations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>White settlement moved natives off their traditional lands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indian Wars and outright genocide led to death and disruption </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prince Max and Bodmer documented a time between early colonization and nearly complete subjugation of the native population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Surviving natives were trying to hold on to their traditional ways and attire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Beautifully rendered portraits of natives from many tribes in traditional dress </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Collection of a multitude of artifacts from a disappearing way of life </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The last of the Indian Wars and strong governmental control and oppression would nearly wipe out the traditional way of life within fifty to sixty years </li></ul></ul>Karl Bodmer portait of Plains Indian
    6. 7. Early mechanized textile mill <ul><li>Southern Cotton </li></ul><ul><li>Technological advancement during the industrial revolution helped to boost the manufacture of cotton into fabric </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cotton textile became Britain’s leading export </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The American South comes to replace India as a major supplier of raw cotton by the 1840’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The leading occupation of slaves in the United States became the cultivation and harvesting of cotton </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cotton was used as a political tool by the Confederate government during the American Civil War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cotton exports were strongly reduced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>By a Union blockade </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>By Confederate politicians </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Theory was that Britain would back the Confederate cause in order to assure the supply of cotton to British industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Many Britons supported the Confederate States, in some cases for economic reasons </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Confederacy was in need of income to fund the war effort </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>British diplomacy was careful not to alienate the Union as they might very well win the war </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Britain risked war with the Union if it backed the Confederacy and risked its significant commerce with the North </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>In the end, the pro-slavery South did not endear itself to the anti-slavery policies of Britain and the abolitionist sentiments of the British majority </li></ul>Cotton pickers in the field
    7. 8. Lincoln and McClellan after Antietam
    8. 9. Battle of Antietam by Thure de Thulstrup
    9. 10. <ul><li>Draft reading of Emancipation Proclamation with cabinet </li></ul>

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