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This is all about drugs: definition, classification

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  2. 2. CLASSIFICATIONS OF DANGEROUS DRUGS (According to Effects)• THE DEPRESSANTS (DOWNERS) • NARCOTICS – are drugs, which relieve pain and produce profound sleep or stupor when introduced to the body. Medically, they are potent painkillers, cough depressants and as an active component of anti-diarrhea preparations.
  3. 3. • MORPHINE – most comply used and best used opiate. Effective as a painkiller six times potent than opium, with a high dependence – producing potential. Morphine exerts action characterized by analgesia, drowsiness, mood changes, and mental clouding.
  4. 4. • BARBITURATES – are drugs used for inducing sleep in persons plagued with anxiety, mental stress, and insomnia. They are also of value in the treatment of epilepsy and hypertension.
  5. 5. • DEMEROL and METHADONE – common synthetic drugs with morphine – like effects. Demerol is widely used as a painkiller in childbirth while methadone is the drug of choice in the withdrawal treatment of heroin dependents since it relieves the physical craving for heroin.
  6. 6. • TRANQUILIZERS – are drugs that calm and relax and diminish anxiety. They are used in the treatment of nervous states and some mental disorders without producing sleep.
  7. 7. • VOLATILE SOLVENTS – gaseous substances popularly known to abusers as “gas”, “teardrops”. They are inhaled by the use plastic bags, handkerchief or rags soaked in these chemicals.
  8. 8. ALCOHOL• the king of all drugs with potential for abuse. It is considered the most widely used, socially accepted and most extensively legalized drug throughout the world.
  9. 9. THE STIMULANTS (UppErS)• AMPHETAMINES – used medically for weight reducing in obesity, relief of mild depression and treatment.
  10. 10. CAFFEINE• it is present in coffee, tea, chocolate, cola drinks, and some wake-up pills.
  11. 11. SHABU• chemically known as methamphetamine hydrochloride. It is a central nervous system stimulant and sometimes called “upper” or “speed”. It is white, colorless crystal powder with a bitter numbing taste. It can be taken orally, inhaled (snorted), sniffed or injected.
  12. 12. NICOTINE• an active component in tobacco which acts as a powerful stimulant of the central nervous system. A drop of pure nicotine can easily kill a person.
  13. 13. THE HALLUCINOGENS (PSyCHEdELIC)• MARIJUANA – it is the most commonly abused hallucinogen it can be grown extensively in the country many users choose to smoke marijuana for relaxation in the same way people drink beer or cocktail at the end of the day. The effects of marijuana include a feeling of grandeur.
  14. 14. • PEYOTE – is derived from the surface part of a small gray brown cactus. Peyote emits a nauseating odor and its user suffers from nausea.
  15. 15. • PSILOYBIN - this hallucinogenic alkaloid from small Mexican mushrooms are used by Mexican Indians today. These mushrooms induced nausea, muscular relaxation, mood changes with visions of bright colors and shapes and other hallucinations.