Latitude & Longitude

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Latitude & Longitude

  1. 1. LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE
  2. 2. LATITUDE <ul><li>Latitude lines run horizontally and are also known as parallels since they are parallel and are an equal distance from each other. </li></ul><ul><li>Each degree of latitude is approximately 111 km apart </li></ul>
  3. 3. LATITUDE - QUICK FACTS <ul><li>Degrees latitude are numbered from 0° to 90° north and south . </li></ul><ul><li>Zero degrees is the equator , the imaginary line which divides our planet into the northern and southern hemispheres . </li></ul><ul><li>90° north is the North Pole and 90° south is the South Pole . </li></ul>
  4. 4. LONGITUDE <ul><li>The vertical longitude lines are also known as meridians . They converge at the poles and are widest at the equator (about 111 km apart). </li></ul>
  5. 5. LONGITUDE - QUICK FACTS <ul><li>Zero degrees longitude, also called the Prime Meridian, is located at Greenwich, England (0°). </li></ul><ul><li>The degrees continue 180° east and 180° west where they meet and form the International Date Line in the Pacific Ocean. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Locating places within the grid : <ul><li>To precisely locate points on the earth's surface, degrees longitude and latitude have been divided into minutes (') and seconds (&quot;). </li></ul><ul><li>There are 60 minutes in each degree. Each minute is divided into 60 seconds. Seconds can be further divided into tenths, hundredths, or even thousandths. </li></ul>

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