Carbon Footprint of Museum Loans - UKRG Summer Event July 2011

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This presentation was given on 4 July 2011 at the UK Registrars Group's summer event at UCL in London.

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Carbon Footprint of Museum Loans - UKRG Summer Event July 2011

  1. 1. The Carbon Footprint of Museum Loans Developing a methodology at Cardiff University Simon Lambert, ICCROM
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Context </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>The future </li></ul>
  3. 3. Context
  4. 4. <ul><li>LOANS </li></ul>“ encourage transnational circulation of cultural and artistic output” EC Collections mobility “ Culture of lending”, generous lenders, long-term partnerships “ Excellence in the Arts”: increase loans, strategic planning
  5. 5. <ul><li>ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY </li></ul>Carbon Footprint of 18 NDPBs Reduce loans carbon footprint Climate change mitigation Sustainability campaign Climate change mitigation
  6. 6. <ul><li>ECONOMIC CLIMATE </li></ul>Cuts to funding for museums 20 major shows cancelled in 2009-10
  7. 7. <ul><li>Increase loans </li></ul>Current situation IMPROVE EFFICIENCY = Lower cost Be more ‘green ’
  8. 8. IMPROVE EFFICIENCY ✔ Environmental impact Loans programme
  9. 9. Increasing public access to collections through loans does not necessarily mean reducing activities
  10. 10. <ul><li>What would help museums? </li></ul><ul><li>Case studies </li></ul><ul><li>Practical information </li></ul><ul><li>Tools to assess & measure </li></ul>
  11. 11. Methodology “ If you cannot measure it you cannot improve it.” Lord Kelvin (1883)
  12. 12. Criteria <ul><li>Open access: sources readily available </li></ul><ul><li>Realistic: reflect user workflow </li></ul><ul><li>User-friendly: step-by-step </li></ul><ul><li>ACCURACY </li></ul><ul><li>RELEVANCE </li></ul><ul><li>COMPLETENESS </li></ul><ul><li>CONSISTENCY </li></ul><ul><li>TRANSPARENCY </li></ul><ul><li>(IPCC 1996) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Loan components Packing Wrapping Transport Couriers
  14. 14. Carbon footprint <ul><li>Carbon: greenhouse gases </li></ul><ul><li>Footprint: total impact </li></ul><ul><li>Climate change impact of: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>activity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>item </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>lifestyle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>company </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>country </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Nobody’s perfect. Carbon footprints either.
  16. 16. GHG Protocol Existing methodologies Organisations PAS 2050 (BSI) Products & services
  17. 18. <ul><li>Given the new requirements for improved public visibility of sustainable practice outlined in MuseumX’s action plan to 2015, </li></ul><ul><li>calculate the outward loans carbon footprint(expressed in tCO 2 ) of al l departments using 2010 as the base year. </li></ul><ul><li>The results will be featured prominently on the Museum’s website and in the next Annual Report. </li></ul>
  18. 19. COMPANY CONTROL approach Managerial control 75% COMPANY A 10% COMPANY B Transport agent Wrapping Packing cases Courier? <ul><ul><li>EQUITY approach </li></ul></ul>Profit & ownership
  19. 20. Transport agent Wrapping Packing cases Couriers
  20. 22. GAS ELECTRICITY OPERATIONS AT SITE 1 OPERATIONS AT SITE 2 CARBON FOOTPRINT OFFSITE OPERATIONS
  21. 23. Packing Wrapping Transport Couriers
  22. 24. <ul><li>How to convert an activity into CO 2 ? </li></ul><ul><li>conversion factor </li></ul>Materials Fuel and electricity
  23. 25. Loan components Packing Wrapping Transport Couriers ? kg kg km km days nights
  24. 26. Carbon footprint: <ul><li>× </li></ul>transport ? kg CO 2 = CF km + tCO 2 conversion factor materials hotel / food days × CO 2 = CF × CO 2 = CF
  25. 27. 34/2006-OUT Turner exhibition 3.6 - 6.12 Re-used for duration of loan 5.3 7.2 15.9 12.24 436 349.7 1044 747 478 4.7 3473 - 0 0
  26. 28. 4159 4.2
  27. 29. Environmental Impact of Loans ( EIL ) performance indicator (level of access & environmental impact) Full article downloadable here: http://tinyurl.com/3etnvu4
  28. 30. Results
  29. 31. Baseline data 2006 destinations UK Int EU loan statistics 216 objects 29 loans
  30. 32. Footprint: 53 tCO 2 2006
  31. 33. 53 tCO 2 1 year’s loans NMW 20 flights NYC-LON 1 hour Royal Mail 53 tCO 2 Single Smithsonian exhibition 38 tCO 2 6 UK residents comparisons
  32. 34. 53 tCO 2 60 tCO 2 1,000 tCO 2 30 tCO 2 20 tCO 2
  33. 35. Environmental Impact of Loans performance indicator ( EIL ): <ul><li>number objects </li></ul>carbon footprint = x 0.6 tCO 2 =
  34. 36. <ul><li>number objects </li></ul><ul><li>carbon footprint </li></ul>= (tCO 2 ) (No.) 6.5 objects/tCO 2 10.5 objects/tCO 2 Environmental Impact of Loans performance indicator ( EIL ): ✔
  35. 37. <ul><li>National Museum Wales </li></ul><ul><li>Art Department (2006) </li></ul>National 19 objects/tCO 2 Regional 2.6 objects/tCO 2 International 0.2 objects/tCO 2 Environmental Impact of Loans performance indicator ( EIL ):
  36. 38. Possible uses <ul><li>Track performance over time </li></ul><ul><li>Compare performance / other museums </li></ul><ul><li>Set time-bound targets </li></ul>Environmental Impact of Loans performance indicator ( EIL ):
  37. 39. <ul><li>Concrete metric to report on operations </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity for enhanced visibility </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain good level of access </li></ul><ul><li>Financial benefits of ‘greening’ operations </li></ul>Strengths
  38. 40. <ul><li>Establishing quantities of materials used </li></ul><ul><li>Obtaining individual case weights </li></ul><ul><li>Not all countries produce emission coefficients or embodied CO 2 coefficients </li></ul>Challenges
  39. 41. How much time? Retrospective assessment by outside consultant 1h / loan (30 loans; 216 objects) ≈ 1 week’s work “ As you go” by in-house staff ?
  40. 42. Recommendations registrars collections managers conservators
  41. 43. <ul><li>✔ Re-use wrapping and packing materials </li></ul>The hierarchy of waste Making ends meat (CBI 2011) 1 tCO 2 saved thanks to KSL
  42. 44. <ul><li>✔ Lease packing cases / refit old ones </li></ul>5 tCO 2 saved thanks to KSL
  43. 45. <ul><li>✔ Use sea freight or rail freight when possible </li></ul>37 x 7.5 x
  44. 46. <ul><li>✔ Share couriers / use only when justified </li></ul>10 tCO 2 saved only outward & inward journeys
  45. 47. <ul><li>✔ Avoid hand-carrying objects (unless no extra seat is required) </li></ul>LON-NYC-LON: 3 tCO 2 saved
  46. 48. <ul><li>✔ Plan exhibition itineraries geographically </li></ul>Cardiff, London, Paris, Barcelona 1 tCO 2 could have been saved
  47. 49. The future
  48. 50. Outward loans 1 2 3 4
  49. 51. Travelling exhibitions SHOW 1 2 3 4
  50. 52. Travelling exhibitions A/C Packing Wrapping Transport Couriers Visitors travel
  51. 53. [email_address] <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul>

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