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Slides from the session on Publishing in the PhD Colloquium

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  1. 1. Publishing Simon French [email_address]
  2. 2. Why publish? <ul><li>There are a host of reasons </li></ul>
  3. 3. The good … <ul><li>To share ideas </li></ul><ul><li>To share results and data </li></ul><ul><li>To join debate </li></ul><ul><li>To shape and advance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Practice </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To change the World </li></ul>
  4. 4. The bad … <ul><li>To get a job </li></ul><ul><ul><li>So you publish before the ideas or results are fully ready </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To get a PhD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Puts peer review into the role of examiner </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To set up a grant application </li></ul><ul><li>Because you want to go to that conference </li></ul><ul><li>Because you have been told to </li></ul>
  5. 5. The ugly … <ul><li>To keep a job </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Publication targets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To meet research assessment requirements </li></ul><ul><li>[Depends on country] </li></ul>
  6. 6. Types of Publication <ul><li>Academic or Professional </li></ul><ul><li>Peer-reviewed or not </li></ul><ul><li>Journal or conference </li></ul><ul><li>Paper or electronic </li></ul><ul><li>Invited or submitted </li></ul><ul><li>Book or paper </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis </li></ul><ul><li>e -Science </li></ul>
  7. 7. So how do you decide … <ul><li>What are your objectives? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specifically for this paper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More generally as part of a publication strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Broad objectives and imperatives will vary over time </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Think about your message </li></ul><ul><li>Think about your audience </li></ul><ul><li>Think about your career </li></ul>
  8. 8. Choosing an outlet <ul><li>Subject and profession specific </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Journal rankings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t aim too low! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Topic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Where are similar papers published </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Which beaches are near the conference? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Writing the paper (1) <ul><li>Make your objectives explicit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>So you know them! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>So your readers do </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Set up the technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nowadays it is easier to format as you go </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use ‘styles’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>understand your document architecture </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Housestyle – may need decision on destination </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>References </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bibtex, Endnote, Reference Manager </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Writing the paper (2) <ul><li>Fit your contents to your objectives and audience </li></ul><ul><li>Plan the sections and what goes into them </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan the length of the sections </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Remember what took you a lot of effort may not be the most important part of the message! </li></ul>
  11. 11. Writing the paper (3) <ul><li>Find your style </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You should be comfortable with it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>So should your audience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But you will need to tailor it to the style of the journal/conference/whatever </li></ul></ul><ul><li>As you write, seek critical comment from colleagues/supervisors </li></ul>
  12. 12. Publication strategy <ul><li>You need one!!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For the project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For you </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Balance is everything </li></ul>
  13. 13. Refereeing – the other side <ul><li>Peer Review </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The basis of good science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open  double blind </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Skim the paper and decide roughly what you think </li></ul><ul><li>If you recommend accept </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide reasons to accept </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide detailed constructive criticism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If you recommend rejection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide key reasons to reject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But consider how much effort to put into very detailed criticism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If you are not sure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Say so!!! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explain your reasons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be detailed in your comments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In all cases, remember it might be your paper!!! </li></ul><ul><li>And keep to deadlines </li></ul>