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Comunicare la scienza oggi (E. Giglia | Genova, dicembre 2017)

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Le slides di "Comunicare la scienza oggi. Open Access, Open Science: un altro mondo possibile", intervento di Elena Giglia alla tavola rotonda Pubblicare in Open Access: opportunità e regole per la ricerca universitaria" tenutasi il 4 dicembre 2017 dicembre all'Università di Genova (more info: http://aliprandi.blogspot.com/2017/11/openaccess-opportunita-regole-ricerca-universita-genova.html)

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Comunicare la scienza oggi (E. Giglia | Genova, dicembre 2017)

  1. 1. Comunicare la scienza oggi Open Access, Open Science: un altro mondo possibile Elena Giglia Genova, 4 dicembre 2017 elena.giglia@unito.it This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
  2. 2. Qualcosa da portare via Open Access/Open Science è un’opportunità, non una minaccia Open Science e Open Innovation hanno un legame stretto Il valore dell’APERTURA è fondamentale come POTENZIALE, al di là dei ritorni immediati Fare Open Access e farlo correttamente è molto semplice… Open Access e Open Science sono strumenti, non l’obiettivo
  3. 3. … paghiamo gli editori commerciali perché mettano sotto chiave il nostro contenuto… Comunicazione scientifica oggi, ovvero… Jon Tennant, Barriers for young researchers, 7 Sept 2017
  4. 4. … se no, non esisterebbe Sci-Hub http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/04/whos-downloading-pirated-papers-everyone https://f1000research.com/articles/6-541/v1 https://peerj.com/preprints/3100/
  5. 5. Jon Tennant, Barriers for young researchers, 7 Sept. 2017 … ma, almeno, funziona? https://www.theguardian.com/science/2017/feb/01/high-tech-war-on-science K.Shearer, Next gen repositories, 6 Sept. 2017
  6. 6. … la rapidità di pubblicazione? Bjork – Solomon, The publishing delay in scholarly peer-reviewed journals, Journal of Informetrics (2013) 7, 4, 914–923 Tempi medi di pubblicazione su rivista per disciplina … da 9 a 18 mesi…
  7. 7. … e la garanzia della peer review? http://retractionwatch.com/ FC. Fang, A. Casadevall, Retracted Science and the Retraction Index, Infection and Immunity, 2011; 79(10): 3855–3859
  8. 8. Brembs, Digital Scholarship and Open Science need a digital infrastructure , Nov. 2015 … e il prestigio dell’Impact Factor? / 1 J.Tennant Barriers for young researchers, 7 Sept 2017
  9. 9. … e la valutazione? «Ossessione» https://goo.gl/p6VzaS
  10. 10. Buranyi, June 2017 …l’efficacia? ARL Statistics +402% 4. diritti riuso 3. abbonamento 2. finanziamento 1. stipendio Elsevier: +38% Free for all, 4 may 2013 Elsevier CEO Il paradosso tagli ai budget= minore possibilità di leggere di essere letti … nell’era del web in cui tutto è disponibile… 2.100.000 http://lj.libraryjournal.com/2016/04/publishing/fracking-the-ecosystem-periodicals-price-survey-2016/
  11. 11. https://royalsociety.org/events/2015/04/future-of-scholarly-scientific-communication-part-1/
  12. 12. ©Tom Toro, http://tomtoro.com/cartoons/#jp-carousel-135 Photo: NOAA National Weather Service National Hurricane Center
  13. 13. …intanto, in Europa… https://goo.gl/PxoYzv
  14. 14. … cambiare prospettiva?
  15. 15. Open Science http://opendefinition.org/ 10%
  16. 16. Open Science Open Science is just good science! [J.Tennant] https://figshare.com/articles/Barriers_to_Open_Science_for_junior_researchers/5383711
  17. 17. Moedas – Oetinger, Opening up to an ERA of innovation, 22 giugno 2015 … intanto, in Europa…
  18. 18. http://ec.europa.eu/research/openvision/index.cfm?pg=expert-groups OPEN INNOVATION OPEN SCIENCE OPEN TO THE WORLD … intanto, in Europa…
  19. 19. …intanto, in Europa… http://ec.europa.eu/research/openscience/index.cfm?pg=home&section=monitor … nella Open Science l’Open Access è solo un tassello… ma IMPRESCINDIBILE
  20. 20. …intanto, in Europa… Report, Sept.2017
  21. 21. …intanto, in Europa… https://ec.europa.eu/research/openscience/index.cfm Call prevista per autunno 2017 https://wellcomeopenresearch.org/
  22. 22. … un altro modo di fare peer review Tennant et al. Innovations in peer review, Sept. 2017 https://goo.gl/eZ7MB9
  23. 23. … un altro modo di comunicare J.Polka, Cultural change for preprints, June 2017 T.Ross-Hellauer, What is Open peer review? Apr. 2017
  24. 24. … un altro modo di scrivere https://www.authorea.com/ https://www.overleaf.com/ https://hypothes.is/ http://thepund.it/ http://help.osf.io/m/projects
  25. 25. … un altro contenuto https://github.com/ https://zenodo.org/ http://figshare.com/ http://www.myexperiment.org/home http://rio.pensoft.net/
  26. 26. …una nuova infrastruttura FAIR guide, Nature, March 2016 https://www.force11.org/group/fairgroup/fairprinciples http://www.oa.unito.it/new/eventi/
  27. 27. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qIn0homyLm4 EOSC from vision to action … intanto, in Europa…
  28. 28. …un’altra idea di università McKiernan, Open university, Sept. 2017
  29. 29. … un altro mondo è possibile, SE… http://english.eu2016.nl/documents/reports/2016/04/04/amsterdam-call-for-action-on-open-science https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C9a3Ap3yyak
  30. 30. Open Access Open Access significa accesso aperto, immediato e libero da ogni restrizione ai risultati e ai dati della ricerca scientifica Open Access: canale alternativo e complementare
  31. 31. I pilastri La conoscenza è un bene comune La comunicazione scientifica è una grande conversazione, più è aperta più è ricca I risultati delle ricerche finanziate con i fondi pubblici devono essere pubblicamente disponibili
  32. 32. Come funziona SI DEPOSITA IN UN ARCHIVIO OPEN ACCESS LA VERSIONE FINALE DELL’ARTICOLO, OVUNQUE ESSO SIA STATO PUBBLICATO, NEL RISPETTO DELLE NORME DI COPYRIGHT DELL’EDITORE SI PUBBLICA IN UNA RIVISTA OPEN ACCESS [senza abbonamento, 23% chiede spese pubblicazione]
  33. 33. Vantaggi del deposito: - fattibile subito, a costo zero - si continua a pubblicare sulle riviste di riferimento - si continua a pubblicare sulle riviste che «servono» per la valutazione (con tutti i suoi limiti) - si rende comunque disponibile il proprio lavoro in Open Access - PERCHE’ IN UN ARCHIVIO OA? - assegna identificativo univoco - assicura conservazione
  34. 34. http://osc.universityofcalifornia.edu/2015/12/a-social-networking-site-is-not-an-open-access-repository/ Due specie diverse https://goo.gl/RnUszK
  35. 35. … nuovi servizi https://openaccessbutton.org/ http://unpaywall.org/ POSSIBILI SOLO SE RICERCATORI DEPOSITANO IN OPEN ACCESS
  36. 36. … in pratica C’è sempre un modo per fare Open Access (e questo non rovina la vostra carriera)
  37. 37. … in pratica https://www.openuphub.eu/
  38. 38. Per finire… The best thing about Internet is that it’s open. In every field it let us share and innovate. In science, OPENNESS IS ESSENTIAL. Open science doesn’t mean ignoring economic reality. Of course we need business models to be sustainable. But that doesn’t mean we have to carry on doing things the way they have always been done. So, wherever you sit in the value chain, whether you’re a researcher or an investor or a policy maker, my message is clear: let’s invest in collaborative tools that let us progress… Let’s tear down the walls that keep learning sealed off. And let’s make science open. N. Kroes, Let’s make science open, giugno 2012
  39. 39. …buon lavoro!

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