Citizenship: why Its important, what It is and how its achieved
Citizens, Wealth & Outcomes
What are we trying to do, why and how?
Dr Simon Duffy ￭ The Centre for Welfare Reform ￭ 3rd October 2013 ￭ Perth,
WA ￭ Western Australia Association for Mental Health (WAAMH)
At the end of the nineteenth and
the for most of the twentieth
century it was common for people
to think that people with
intellectual disabilities or mental
health problems were different -
they were not citizens.
The powerful eugenic movement
which spread across Europe,
America and the British Empire led
eventually to the murder of over
250,000 people with disabilities or
mental health problems in Nazi
The process of de-humanisation had
The factors that weakened people’s
grasp on their shared humanity:
1. Mass morality
3. State power
The factors that allowed people to
destroy the victims:
After World War II the focus has changed.
Human rights, the demand for independence
and the welfare state have helped change
But there is still a long way to go.
Big institutions have slowly closed across
Europe. But often they have been replaced
with other kinds of institutions.
If you have been doing things
wrong for a long time it is important
to think carefully and to be
confident that you know what to do
What is wrong with institutions
1.Devalued lives - self-expression and personal development
threaten institutional thinking
2.No freedom or control - it is very hard to be heard when you
have no authority
3.Impoverishment - economic power is nullified
4.Sheltered, but homeless - a home is more than a roof - vital to
control privacy and security
5.‘Care’ not support - ‘care’ already assumes the passivity and
lower value of the person ‘in care’.
6.Disconnected- it is other citizens who report abuse and it is
structures of power within institutions that make that harder
7.Loveless - the shift to focusing on abuse not crime is a symptom
of institutional thinking
This shows spending in one part of England
after the institutions were closed:
Often English de-instutitionalisation
was institutions without the park
There is not just one kind of institution
we bring the institution with us
Being a citizen is better than being
it brings us together as equals
but also as unique free individuals
Equal and different
1.Direction - My life has meaning and value.
2.Freedom - I can communicate and direct my life.
3.Money - I have money and control my own money.
4.Home - I control who I live with, my home and my privacy.
5.Help - I help and I can control who helps me.
6.Life - I am a valued member of my community.
7.Love - I have friends and family.
How citizenship works
can use the idea
of citizenship to
think about how
it just might
Demanding of man that he assumes his condition and
not till his neighbour's field, he [Rebbe Yaakov-Yitzhak,
The Seer of Lublin] said: "There are many paths leading
to perfection; it is given to each of us to choose our own,
and by following it with great dedication, we can make it
become our truth, our only truth."
I used to think that freedom was freedom of speech,
freedom of the press, freedom of conscience. But
freedom needs to include all of the lives of all of the
people. Freedom is the right to sow what you want. It's
the right to make boots of shoes, it's the right to bake
bread from the grain you've sown and to sell it or not to
sell it as you choose. The same goes for a locksmith or
steelworker or an artist - freedom is the right to live and
work as you wish and not as you're ordered to. But these
days there's no freedom for anyone - whether you write
books, whether you sow grain or whether you make
You could no more make a city out of paupers than out
Self-interest is the most powerful engine for individual
and social development, in other words, social progress,
in other words social justice. It is when the most
disadvantaged in society have the opportunity to
improve their lives in their own self-interest that change
will take place.
Then the old Vainamoinen put this into words:'Strange
food goes down the wrong wayeven in good lodging;in
his land a man's better at home loftier.If only sweet God
would grantthe kind creator allowme to come to my
own landsthe lands where I used to live!Better in your
own countryeven water off your solethan in a foreign
countryhoney from a golden bowl.'
There are eight degrees of charity, one higher than the
other. The highest degree, exceeded by none, is that of
the person who assists a poor Jew by providing him with
a gift or loan or by accepting him into a business
partnership or by helping him find employment - in a
word, by putting him where he can dispense with other
people's aid. With reference to such aid, it is said, “You
shall strengthen him, be he a stranger or a settler, he
shall live with you” (Lev. 25:35), which means strengthen
him in such manner that his falling into want is
True love leads a man to fulfilment, not by drawing
things to himself but by forcing him to transcend himself
and to be something greater than himself. True spiritual
love takes the isolated individual, exacts from him
labour, sacrifice, and the gift of himself.
Resources multiply in networks created by intentionally
building relationships that cross boundaries & serve
people's deepest purposes.
Citizenship is the full realisation of our interdependence
- the value we bring to each other in all our differences.
The lame rides a horsethe maimed drives the herdthe
deaf is brave in battle.A man is betterblind than
buried.A dead man is deft at nothing.
From Viking - Havamal