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Citizenship & Work  Dr Simon Duffy ■ The Centre for Welfare Reform ■ Scotland  ■ July 2012 ■
Dr Simon Duffy• 22 years working on reforming welfare  systems, especially with people with learning  difficulties and the...
Centre for Welfare Reform• The welfare state is a good thing,• Its just designed wrong• Based on 1945 thinking• Needs to p...
Key messages1.The goal is citizenship2.Citizenship is for all3.Work is part of citizenship4.Citizenship demands SDS5.SDS h...
1. The goal is citizenship
what are the alternatives?• Death... extreme eugenics• Exclusion... institutionalisation• Care... undignified and minimal•...
We must make a choice:Either exclusion (in one or allof its forms) or inclusion.Either reduced status orequal citizenship.
equality means: citizenshipAbove all, I think the idea ofcitizenship should remain at the centreof modern political debate...
2. Citizenship is for all
Citizenship is not about beingthe same as other people.Sameness kills citizenship.Citizenship is living togetheras equals ...
Equality of Condition, though it is certainly a basicrequirement for justice, is nevertheless among thegreatest and most u...
But what does citizenshiplook like?What are the keys tocitizenship?How do we achievecitizenship?
3. Work is part of citizenship
We contribute• By being ourselves• Joining in community life• Sharing our gifts• Making things
Work is brilliant, because:• We express our gifts, plus• We help other people• We earn money• We make friends
Work is not the only way ofcontributingBut it offers brilliantopportunitiesOpportunities everyoneshould get a chance to en...
4. Citizenship demands SDS
System spendspeople’s money forthem on thingsthey wouldn’t buyfor themselves
Self-Directed Support
Place                      N     Change6 Sites Phase I Report     60     -18%17 Sites Phase II Report   128    -9%13 Sites...
Not Direct Payments,because1. It’s about entitlements - not cash2. It’s about the right point of control3. It’s about supp...
clear entitlements - up-front
different ways to control a budget
returning to the values of social work
personalised solutions
universal system
5. SDS helps folk to work
The real innovators aredisabled people & their familiesJohn O’Brien
Real Wealth
from push to pull economics
flexibility creates efficiency
Jonathan’s storyFor the 3 years before 150 days in hospital -responding to problems with breathing.In the 3 years after le...
Making work natural...1. Paying a supported employment provider2. Employing a job coach3. PA can be a job coach4. Building...
communities are not products
Strategic leadership is stillrequired.SDS must support not blockwork as an option.Community provides thesolutions we need.
A rabbi asked his students how theycould tell when the dawn had come andmorning prayers could be said. Onestudent responde...
For more information go towww.centreforwelfarereform.org      These slides are © Simon Duffy 2012 ■ Publisher is The      ...
Citizenship, Work & SDS
Citizenship, Work & SDS
Citizenship, Work & SDS
Citizenship, Work & SDS
Citizenship, Work & SDS
Citizenship, Work & SDS
Citizenship, Work & SDS
Citizenship, Work & SDS
Citizenship, Work & SDS
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Citizenship, Work & SDS

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Talk give on the interconnected topics of citizenship, work and self-directed support.

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Citizenship, Work & SDS

  1. Citizenship & Work Dr Simon Duffy ■ The Centre for Welfare Reform ■ Scotland ■ July 2012 ■
  2. Dr Simon Duffy• 22 years working on reforming welfare systems, especially with people with learning difficulties and their families• Invented Individual Budgets, RAS, SDS and Keys to Citizenship.• Works to support innovations in the design of the welfare state to promote citizenship, family, community and fairness.
  3. Centre for Welfare Reform• The welfare state is a good thing,• Its just designed wrong• Based on 1945 thinking• Needs to promote citizenship, family and community• Needs to be fairer
  4. Key messages1.The goal is citizenship2.Citizenship is for all3.Work is part of citizenship4.Citizenship demands SDS5.SDS helps folk to work
  5. 1. The goal is citizenship
  6. what are the alternatives?• Death... extreme eugenics• Exclusion... institutionalisation• Care... undignified and minimal• Improving... waiting for readiness
  7. We must make a choice:Either exclusion (in one or allof its forms) or inclusion.Either reduced status orequal citizenship.
  8. equality means: citizenshipAbove all, I think the idea ofcitizenship should remain at the centreof modern political debates aboutsocial and economic arrangements.The concept of a citizen is that of aperson who can hold their head highand participate fully and with dignity inthe life of their society. Professor Jeremy Waldron
  9. 2. Citizenship is for all
  10. Citizenship is not about beingthe same as other people.Sameness kills citizenship.Citizenship is living togetheras equals - in all ourdiversity.
  11. Equality of Condition, though it is certainly a basicrequirement for justice, is nevertheless among thegreatest and most uncertain ventures... Wheneverequality becomes a mundane fact in itself, without anygauge by which it can be measured or explained, thenthere is one chance in a hundred that it will berecognised simply as the working principle of apolitical organisation in which otherwise unequalpeople have equal rights; there are ninety-ninechances that it will be mistaken for an innate qualityof every individual, who is “normal” if he is likeeverybody else and “abnormal” if he happens to bedifferent. This perversion of equality from a politicalinto a social concept is all the more dangerous when asociety leaves but little space for special groups andindividuals, for then the differences become all themore conspicuous. Hannah Arendt, The Origins of Totalitarianism
  12. But what does citizenshiplook like?What are the keys tocitizenship?How do we achievecitizenship?
  13. 3. Work is part of citizenship
  14. We contribute• By being ourselves• Joining in community life• Sharing our gifts• Making things
  15. Work is brilliant, because:• We express our gifts, plus• We help other people• We earn money• We make friends
  16. Work is not the only way ofcontributingBut it offers brilliantopportunitiesOpportunities everyoneshould get a chance to enjoy
  17. 4. Citizenship demands SDS
  18. System spendspeople’s money forthem on thingsthey wouldn’t buyfor themselves
  19. Self-Directed Support
  20. Place N Change6 Sites Phase I Report 60 -18%17 Sites Phase II Report 128 -9%13 Sites IBSEN Report 203 -6%Northants 17 -18.7%City of London 10 -30%Worcestershire 73 -17%
  21. Not Direct Payments,because1. It’s about entitlements - not cash2. It’s about the right point of control3. It’s about supporting decisions4. It is not about employing staff5. It is for everyone
  22. clear entitlements - up-front
  23. different ways to control a budget
  24. returning to the values of social work
  25. personalised solutions
  26. universal system
  27. 5. SDS helps folk to work
  28. The real innovators aredisabled people & their familiesJohn O’Brien
  29. Real Wealth
  30. from push to pull economics
  31. flexibility creates efficiency
  32. Jonathan’s storyFor the 3 years before 150 days in hospital -responding to problems with breathing.In the 3 years after leaving hospital he has spentonly 2 nights in hospital - for elective dentaltreatments.Personalised learning - on the job - 2 City & GuildsQualifications.Saving NHS, LA & Education•Over £100,000 in hospital stays•Over £300,000 in residential care costs•Over £100,000 of funding contributed by the LSC
  33. Making work natural...1. Paying a supported employment provider2. Employing a job coach3. PA can be a job coach4. Building it into school curriculum5. Family-led jobs6. Supporting Project SEARCH7. Micro-enterprises or more8. Self-employment9. Adaptations with employers
  34. communities are not products
  35. Strategic leadership is stillrequired.SDS must support not blockwork as an option.Community provides thesolutions we need.
  36. A rabbi asked his students how theycould tell when the dawn had come andmorning prayers could be said. Onestudent responded by saying, “Whenyou can see the sheep on the hill.”Another suggested that one can tellthat the dawn has come when a personis able to distinguish between a fig treeand a grapevine. “No,” said the wiseone. “It is dawn when you can look intothe faces of human beings and youhave enough light within you torecognize them as your sisters andbrothers.”
  37. For more information go towww.centreforwelfarereform.org These slides are © Simon Duffy 2012 ■ Publisher is The Centre for Welfare Reform ■ Slides can be distributed subject to conditions set out at www.centreforwelfarereform.org ■

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