The UK WEEE Regulations What the legislation is proposing
What is the legislation intending  to achieve? <ul><li>Changes to current behaviour to encourage sustainable development <...
What is WEEE? <ul><li>EEE = Electrical and Electronic Equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ equipment dependent on electric cu...
Timeframe <ul><li>The WEEE Directive was enacted 27 th  January 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Draft WEEE Regulations were release...
Definitions <ul><li>The  Producer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Person who manufactures/sells own brand EEE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Supplies into Europe <ul><li>A UK manufacturer selling into Europe via an importer has no obligations (but is still define...
Definitions <ul><li>Treatment  – “any activity after the WEEE has been handed over to a facility for depollution, disassem...
The 10 Categories <ul><li>The category listing is only indicative – not definitive. </li></ul><ul><li>WEEE legislation onl...
But concerning the separately collected  WEEE <ul><li>Producers have the financial responsibility covering collection, pre...
Legislation Components <ul><li>Part IV – Producer Obligations </li></ul><ul><li>§16 </li></ul><ul><li>Registration </li></...
Legislation Components <ul><li>Part V – Registration </li></ul><ul><li>Whether carried out through a scheme or not, curren...
Legislation Components <ul><li>Part VII – Financing  ----  Historic  Business to Business    Waste </li></ul><ul><li>If th...
Legislation Components <ul><li>Part VII – Financing contd. </li></ul><ul><li>If the product was ‘placed on the market’ AFT...
Legislation Components <ul><li>Part VIII – Recovery  </li></ul><ul><li>Category 8 (Medical Devices) – no targets </li></ul...
Legislation Components <ul><li>Part IX – Information </li></ul><ul><li>Producers must, for all products ‘placed on the mar...
Definitions (non-legal) <ul><li>Collection  = physical removal from location where they were determined to be no longer re...
Legal Implications <ul><li>The Regulations are complex and still evolving </li></ul><ul><li>Some issues will never be reso...
The Scope of the WEEE Directive <ul><li>What Electrical and Electronic Equipment (EEE)  is </li></ul><ul><li>included in t...
Article 175 <ul><li>This article of the treaty allows Member States (MS) to vary the scope of the Directive, by their nati...
The three main Categories for our industry <ul><li>Cat 9  Monitoring and Control Instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Cat 8  Medi...
Category 9 – Monitoring and Control  instruments <ul><li>Smoke detectors </li></ul><ul><li>Heating regulators </li></ul><u...
Category 8 – Medical Devices <ul><li>Radiotherapy equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiology </li></ul><ul><li>Dialysis </li><...
Category 3 – IT and Telecommunication equipment <ul><li>An abbreviated list of relevant equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Centra...
Several statements make the ‘Scope issue’ confusing <ul><li>Exemption for ‘large scale industrial tools/equipment’   </li>...
Exemption for   items which are electrical and electronic equipment that are part of another type of equipment or a fixed ...
Exemption for items which are electrical and electronic equipment that are part of another type of equipment or a fixed in...
Routes to resolve the confusion <ul><li>Technical  and/or political </li></ul><ul><li>GAMBICA membership Task Force Group ...
GAMBICA Task Force Members <ul><li>ABB Legrand </li></ul><ul><li>Aeroflex International Megger </li></ul><ul><li>Alstom Mi...
DTI  draft Guidance WEEE Document   <ul><li>Fifty pages  </li></ul><ul><li>DTI’s attempt to make the Directive sensible an...
“ GAMBICA Decision Tree” for WEEE scope determination Is it electrical or electronic equipment? Draft Regulation 2: defini...
No Is it part of another type of equipment or system, Not having a direct function out that  equipment or system?  DTI Gui...
The players <ul><li>Manufacturers, importers, distributors </li></ul><ul><li>Trade Associations, National  -  e.g. GAMBICA...
Information Requirements <ul><li>Producers to respond to requests for information to assist with the reuse, recycling and ...
Marking obligations <ul><li>Equipment put on UK market after  13 August 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>- marked with the crossed o...
Symbol for the marking of electrical and electronic equipment <ul><li>The symbol indicating separate collection for electr...
2 <ul><li>In accordance with EN 50419  </li></ul><ul><li>Date codes (if coded) shall be made available to treatment facili...
Put on the market <ul><li>Approach taken from the European Commission’s  Guide </li></ul><ul><li>(blue book) </li></ul><ul...
WEEE Challenges & Solutions
Services to industry <ul><li>A number of companies in the waste sector have or will be offering their services. </li></ul>...
Some of the commercial parties <ul><li>REPIC scheme – for Consumer products </li></ul><ul><li>Valpak  www.valpak.co.uk </l...
Complying with the legislation <ul><li>Complexities of B to B WEEE not anticipated by  EU politicians driving forward cons...
Related issues <ul><li>Disposal to landfill becoming increasingly expensive </li></ul><ul><li>End users will want to avoid...
From EEE to WEEE <ul><li>The value will be negative </li></ul><ul><li>EEE industry - detailed, precise, high value product...
Preventing Operator Exploitation <ul><li>The lessons of the packaging regulations… </li></ul><ul><li>Average compliance co...
Avoiding excessive costs <ul><li>Focused industry-led sectorial approach </li></ul><ul><li>Forcing competition amongst Ope...
Achieving Targets <ul><li>This is beyond the means of any individual Producer – but Producers will have to show that they ...
B2B Compliance An initiative of GAMBICA, announced in September 2004, and follows two years’ exploration of a potential bu...
B2B Compliance <ul><li>Membership will be open to both members and non-members of GAMBICA </li></ul><ul><li>GAMBICA B2B Co...
Collective Compliance ( Producer only interfaces with the Collective) B2B Compliance Shredders (raw  material  preparation...
B2B Compliance The next steps…   <ul><li>The WEEE Regulations are in the final stages of their preparation.  Even when pub...
B2B Compliance Europe   <ul><li>B2B Compliance has applied to join a network of European industry-led not-for-profit schem...
B2B Compliance the next steps… The Scheme will present its prospectus and invite membership during 2005 Its charges will r...
B2B Compliance The Membership Fee Relates to the first compliance period For budgeting purposes only Payable quarterly in ...
Be aware (and beware) <ul><li>A ‘Compliance Scheme’ cannot formally recruit members until the scheme is registered with HM...
GAMBICA www.gambica.org.uk B2B Compliance www.b2bcompliance.org.uk Created by industry for industry
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The UK WEEE Regulations What the legislation is proposing

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  • Since the WEEE Directive is pan European, the export of EEE to other euro countries will not avoid the impact of the WEEE Directive – it will simply change the legal jurisdiction under which the Directive is interpreted for that EEE exported.
  • The UK WEEE Regulations What the legislation is proposing

    1. 1. The UK WEEE Regulations What the legislation is proposing
    2. 2. What is the legislation intending to achieve? <ul><li>Changes to current behaviour to encourage sustainable development </li></ul><ul><li>Preference for re-use or recycling of wastes </li></ul><ul><li>Intent to cut volumes of waste produced </li></ul><ul><li>“ Polluter” pays </li></ul>
    3. 3. What is WEEE? <ul><li>EEE = Electrical and Electronic Equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ equipment dependent on electric currents or electromagnetic fields in order to work properly and equipment for the generation, transfer and measurement of such currents and fields…” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>WEEE = Waste EEE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ &quot;waste&quot; means any substance or object which the holder disposes of or is required to dispose of pursuant to the provisions of national law” </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Timeframe <ul><li>The WEEE Directive was enacted 27 th January 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Draft WEEE Regulations were released in the UK at the end of July 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>The final WEEE Regulations were due to be released by August 2004 – this is running late – now expected to be March/April 2005 at the earliest. </li></ul><ul><li>The financing and operations should commence on the 13 th August 2005 but will probably start January 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Germany, Austria and Denmark will start in January 2006 </li></ul>
    5. 5. Definitions <ul><li>The Producer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Person who manufactures/sells own brand EEE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Person who resells under his brand others’ EEE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Imports/(Exports) EEE into a member state </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Distance Seller </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anyone that sells into the UK from abroad without another legal party taking legal ownership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are deemed the “Producer” and have to register and have annual obligations under the WEEE Regs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If not registered, will not (theoretically) be permitted to trade </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Supplies into Europe <ul><li>A UK manufacturer selling into Europe via an importer has no obligations (but is still defined as a Producer under UK law) </li></ul><ul><li>A UK manufacturer selling into Europe direct to an end user does have obligations. </li></ul><ul><li>An EU manufacturer selling to a UK distributor has no obligations </li></ul><ul><li>A non-EU manufacturer selling into Europe via a subsidiary or distributor has no obligations (the importer is the Producer) </li></ul><ul><li>A non-EU manufacturer selling into Europe direct to an end user has no obligations. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Definitions <ul><li>Treatment – “any activity after the WEEE has been handed over to a facility for depollution, disassembly, shredding, recovery or preparation for disposal and any other operation carried out for the recovery and/or disposal of the WEEE” </li></ul><ul><li>Authorised Treatment Facility (ATF) – one that has received authorisation under either the Waste Management Licencing Legislation or the proposed/delayed DEFRA’s permitting approach </li></ul>
    8. 8. The 10 Categories <ul><li>The category listing is only indicative – not definitive. </li></ul><ul><li>WEEE legislation only applies to separately collected WEEE – it does not apply to WEEE collected in the general refuse stream. </li></ul><ul><li>If the end user decides to throw the WEEE away - you have no obligations </li></ul>
    9. 9. But concerning the separately collected WEEE <ul><li>Producers have the financial responsibility covering collection, pre-treatment, treatment, storage, recovery, reuse, environmentally sound disposal of items not recovered and/or reused, as well as achieving the recycling targets (along with financing R&D / market development if necessary). </li></ul>
    10. 10. Legislation Components <ul><li>Part IV – Producer Obligations </li></ul><ul><li>§16 </li></ul><ul><li>Registration </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of/for the treatment and recovery of WEEE </li></ul><ul><li>To furnish a Certificate of Compliance </li></ul><ul><li>§17 </li></ul><ul><li>Compliance scheme can take on these responsibilities </li></ul>
    11. 11. Legislation Components <ul><li>Part V – Registration </li></ul><ul><li>Whether carried out through a scheme or not, currently requires information on the categories, quantities and weight of EEE that the company ‘places on the market’ in a given year. </li></ul><ul><li>This data is to be registered by 12 th August 2005 (and annually on 31 st January after 2007) – the original registration date will probably be postponed by 4 months. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Legislation Components <ul><li>Part VII – Financing ---- Historic Business to Business Waste </li></ul><ul><li>If the product was originally ‘placed on the market’ BEFORE 13 th August 2005 AND is generated as WEEE being replaced by an item with similar function: </li></ul><ul><li>Then the Producer must pay for the collection, recovery, reuse, recycling, and for the meeting of the targets and provision of documentary evidence that this has occurred – unless the user wishes to do so. </li></ul><ul><li>Otherwise the responsibility remains with the user. </li></ul>
    13. 13. Legislation Components <ul><li>Part VII – Financing contd. </li></ul><ul><li>If the product was ‘placed on the market’ AFTER 13 th August 2005 and subsequently appears as WEEE: </li></ul><ul><li>Then the Producer must pay for the collection, recovery, reuse, recycling, and for the meeting of the targets and provision of documentary evidence that this has occurred – unless agreements are reached that the user pays – regardless of the supply of new product. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Legislation Components <ul><li>Part VIII – Recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Category 8 (Medical Devices) – no targets </li></ul><ul><li>Category 9 (Monitoring & Control Devices) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>>70% recovery by weight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>>50% reuse & recycling by weight </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Category 3 (IT & Telecoms Equipment) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>>75% recovery by weight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>>65% reuse & recycling by weight </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Legislation Components <ul><li>Part IX – Information </li></ul><ul><li>Producers must, for all products ‘placed on the market’ after 13 th August 2005, mark their products with the WEEE symbol and a company identifier </li></ul><ul><li>Producers must provide information on the components and materials in new EEE to recovery/reuse operations </li></ul>
    16. 16. Definitions (non-legal) <ul><li>Collection = physical removal from location where they were determined to be no longer required (ie therefore a waste) and transfer to a treatment location of some description. </li></ul><ul><li>Recovery = some process (as defined in the previous list) whereby some form of benefit is obtained – in terms of energy generation or material flow generation </li></ul><ul><li>Reuse = to reintroduce the item back into circulation to perform the same or different task but without any modification requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Disassembly = a treatment that is effectively the reverse of a manufacturing process, where each component is separated from the others </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling = taking the disassembled materials and treating them further (as required) to create raw material that can then be reintroduced into the start of the manufacturing process of new and/or different items. </li></ul><ul><li>Disposal = for those components or part components that are incapable of being recycled/reused/recovered and are to be “got rid of” – usually to landfill or incineration. NB Incineration with energy recovery is “Recovery” but is not “Recycling” or “Disposal”. The incinerator ashes (sent to landfill usually on one form or another) are classified as “Disposal” </li></ul>
    17. 17. Legal Implications <ul><li>The Regulations are complex and still evolving </li></ul><ul><li>Some issues will never be resolved until there is a legal challenge – then it will be down to the judgement of the courts. </li></ul><ul><li>As with the Packaging Waste Regulations, it is expected that over 90% of companies will meet their obligations through joining a Compliance Scheme </li></ul>
    18. 18. The Scope of the WEEE Directive <ul><li>What Electrical and Electronic Equipment (EEE) is </li></ul><ul><li>included in the obligations under the Directive? </li></ul><ul><li>Originally the European Commission (COM) identified </li></ul><ul><li>primarily household consumer products </li></ul><ul><li>But WEEE from Business Users was later added to the </li></ul><ul><li>categories to be addressed by this European Environmental </li></ul><ul><li>Directive. </li></ul>
    19. 19. Article 175 <ul><li>This article of the treaty allows Member States (MS) to vary the scope of the Directive, by their national regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Ten Categories </li></ul><ul><li>Most categories easy to identify equipment that fits within </li></ul>
    20. 20. The three main Categories for our industry <ul><li>Cat 9 Monitoring and Control Instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Cat 8 Medical Devices (equipment) </li></ul><ul><li>Cat 3 IT and Telecommunication equipment (related to cat. 8&9) </li></ul><ul><li>Indicative listing of equipment ------- </li></ul>
    21. 21. Category 9 – Monitoring and Control instruments <ul><li>Smoke detectors </li></ul><ul><li>Heating regulators </li></ul><ul><li>Thermostats </li></ul><ul><li>Measuring, weighing or adjusting appliances for household or as laboratory equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Other monitoring and control instruments used in industrial installations ( e.g. in control panels) </li></ul>
    22. 22. Category 8 – Medical Devices <ul><li>Radiotherapy equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiology </li></ul><ul><li>Dialysis </li></ul><ul><li>Pulmonary ventilators </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Laboratory equipment for in-vitro diagnosis </li></ul><ul><li>Analysers </li></ul><ul><li>Freezers </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilization tests </li></ul><ul><li>Other appliances for detecting, preventing, monitoring, treating, </li></ul>
    23. 23. Category 3 – IT and Telecommunication equipment <ul><li>An abbreviated list of relevant equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Centralised data processing, minicomputers </li></ul><ul><li>Laptop computers (CPU, mouse, screen and keyboard) </li></ul><ul><li>Printers and other products and equipment for the collection, storage, processing, presenting or communication of information by electronic means </li></ul><ul><li>And other products or equipment for transmitting sound or other information by telecommunications </li></ul>
    24. 24. Several statements make the ‘Scope issue’ confusing <ul><li>Exemption for ‘large scale industrial tools/equipment’ </li></ul><ul><li>Large-scale stationary industrial tool: Machine or system, consisting of a combination of equipments, systems, finished products and/or components, (parts), manufactured to be used in industry only, permanently fixed and installed by professionals at a given place in an industrial machinery or in an industrial building to perform a specific task. </li></ul>
    25. 25. Exemption for items which are electrical and electronic equipment that are part of another type of equipment or a fixed installation <ul><li>Equipment which is part of another type of equipment or system is considered to be outside the scope of the Regulations where it does not have a direct function outside the other item of equipment (e.g. a car radio). </li></ul>
    26. 26. Exemption for items which are electrical and electronic equipment that are part of another type of equipment or a fixed installation <ul><li>Equipment may also be part of fixed installation. A “fixed installation” may be a combination of several pieces of equipment, systems, products and/or components (parts) assembled and/or erected by a professional assembler or installer at a given place to operate together in an expected environment and to perform a specific task. In such a case, elements of a system which are not identifiable as electrical and electronic equipment in their own right or that do not have a direct function away from the installation are excluded from the scope of the Regulations. </li></ul>
    27. 27. Routes to resolve the confusion <ul><li>Technical and/or political </li></ul><ul><li>GAMBICA membership Task Force Group </li></ul><ul><li>Position papers to UK Gov. DTI </li></ul><ul><li>Position papers to European trade federation </li></ul><ul><li>Orgalime, route to European Commission, Council and Parliament. </li></ul>
    28. 28. GAMBICA Task Force Members <ul><li>ABB Legrand </li></ul><ul><li>Aeroflex International Megger </li></ul><ul><li>Alstom Mitsubishi Electric </li></ul><ul><li>Beckman Coulter Moeller Electric </li></ul><ul><li>Bibby- Sterilin MTL Instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Carbolite Rockwell Automation </li></ul><ul><li>Cecil Instruments Saftronics </li></ul><ul><li>Control Techniques Schneider Electric </li></ul><ul><li>Delta Controls Seaward Electronics </li></ul><ul><li>Electrothermal Siemens Process Autom. </li></ul><ul><li>Emerson Process Man. Solartoron Mobrey </li></ul><ul><li>Fluke UK Switchgear & Instrument. </li></ul><ul><li>Honeywell Thermo Elemental </li></ul><ul><li>Instron </li></ul>
    29. 29. DTI draft Guidance WEEE Document <ul><li>Fifty pages </li></ul><ul><li>DTI’s attempt to make the Directive sensible and understood </li></ul><ul><li>Includes a ‘decision tree’ procedure to assist in identifying equipment ‘in’ scope and equipment ‘out’ of scope </li></ul>
    30. 30. “ GAMBICA Decision Tree” for WEEE scope determination Is it electrical or electronic equipment? Draft Regulation 2: definition Yes Less than 1000 V a.c. or 1500 V d.c.? Draft Regulation 2: definition Yes Is it part of an equipment that is not within the 10 Categories of draft regs Schedule 1? Draft Regulation 5(1)(a) No Is it a Large-scale stationary industrial tool? Draft Regulation Schedule 1 & DTI Guidance, paragraph 14 No No Yes No Yes Not Covered Not Covered Not Covered Not Covered Examples Products for automotive, aircraft or shipboard use Industrial robots; multi-axis machining centres; industrial measurement & monitoring platforms (e.g. for pulp & paper)
    31. 31. No Is it part of another type of equipment or system, Not having a direct function out that equipment or system? DTI Guidance, paragraph 18 No Is it part of a fixed installation, not having a direct function outside that installation? DTI Guidance, paragraph 19 No Is it in one of the 10 Categories? Yes Yes Yes Yes 3 IT and Telecom equipment 8 Medical devices 9 Monitoring and Control Instruments 1. Large household appliances 2. Small household appliances 4. Consumer equipment 5. Lighting equipment 6. Electrical & electronic tools 7. Toys, leisure and sports equipment 10. Automatic dispensers Covered by Scope of WEEE Directive Examples Cat.3: - pcs - printers Examples Cat.8: Laboratory Equipment for In-Vitro Diagnostics: - clinical analysers, - blood gas analysers, <ul><li>Examples Cat. 9: </li></ul><ul><li>Portable Measuring Instruments and Displays: General Laboratory Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>- oscilloscopes, data recorders, chart recorders -shakers, stirrers, temp.control cabinets </li></ul><ul><li>Laboratory Analytical Equipment: centrifuges </li></ul><ul><li>- spectrophotometers, pH meters, chromatographs </li></ul>Yes Yes No Not Covered Not Covered Not Covered Sensors & transducers for, e.g., pressure, flow and temperature measurement; electric motors Transformers; variable speed motor drives; switchgear & controlgear products; protection relays and related products; programmable controllers; sensors and transducers; electric motors
    32. 32. The players <ul><li>Manufacturers, importers, distributors </li></ul><ul><li>Trade Associations, National - e.g. GAMBICA </li></ul><ul><li> European - Orgalime </li></ul><ul><li>For UK --- DTI/DEFRA/EA </li></ul><ul><li>24 other Member States </li></ul><ul><li>European Commission, Council, Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>European Court of Justice </li></ul>
    33. 33. Information Requirements <ul><li>Producers to respond to requests for information to assist with the reuse, recycling and recovery of types of new equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>Producers can decide how to make available </li></ul><ul><li>this information, e.g. labels, website etc </li></ul>
    34. 34. Marking obligations <ul><li>Equipment put on UK market after 13 August 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>- marked with the crossed out wheeled bin symbol </li></ul><ul><li>- indication of put on market after 13 August 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>( i.e. not historic waste) </li></ul><ul><li>- identify producer e.g brand name, company registration number or other unique reference </li></ul><ul><li>- obligated equipment which is not marked with the crossed out wheeled bin symbol is deemed – historic waste </li></ul><ul><li> CENELEC standard ( BSEN 50419), published in January 2005) </li></ul>
    35. 35. Symbol for the marking of electrical and electronic equipment <ul><li>The symbol indicating separate collection for electrical and electronic equipment consists of the crossed-out wheeled bin, as shown below. The symbol must be printed visibly, legibly and indelibly. </li></ul>
    36. 36. 2 <ul><li>In accordance with EN 50419 </li></ul><ul><li>Date codes (if coded) shall be made available to treatment facilities. </li></ul>1 <ul><li>In accordance with EN 50419 </li></ul><ul><li>No date code is required. </li></ul>GERMANY UK BELGIUM 20041119ABC + yes yes yes yes yes yes
    37. 37. Put on the market <ul><li>Approach taken from the European Commission’s Guide </li></ul><ul><li>(blue book) </li></ul><ul><li>- “ the initial action of making a product available for the first time on the Community market, with a view to distribution or use …. either for payment or for free” </li></ul>
    38. 38. WEEE Challenges & Solutions
    39. 39. Services to industry <ul><li>A number of companies in the waste sector have or will be offering their services. </li></ul><ul><li>These services may be in the form of a direct cost per tonne of category of WEEE </li></ul><ul><li>Some may offer a compliance scheme </li></ul><ul><li>You need to consider which suits your company’s needs </li></ul>
    40. 40. Some of the commercial parties <ul><li>REPIC scheme – for Consumer products </li></ul><ul><li>Valpak www.valpak.co.uk </li></ul><ul><li>Biffa www.biffa.co.uk </li></ul><ul><li>Cleanaway www. cleanaway .com </li></ul><ul><li>Riduk www. getrid . uk .com </li></ul><ul><li>EMR www. emrltd .com </li></ul><ul><li>and others …… </li></ul>
    41. 41. Complying with the legislation <ul><li>Complexities of B to B WEEE not anticipated by EU politicians driving forward consumer-focused sustainability issues </li></ul><ul><li>B to B captured by legislation – but soft touch by DTI </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity for industry to develop its own solutions </li></ul><ul><li>GAMBICA Taskforce has addressed ‘upstream’ issues </li></ul><ul><li>A parallel 18 month programme has addressed ‘downstream’ issues </li></ul>
    42. 42. Related issues <ul><li>Disposal to landfill becoming increasingly expensive </li></ul><ul><li>End users will want to avoid costs and reporting responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Individual pressure could be applied to Producers regardless of §26 provisions (aka Article 9 of the Directive) </li></ul>
    43. 43. From EEE to WEEE <ul><li>The value will be negative </li></ul><ul><li>EEE industry - detailed, precise, high value products and systems </li></ul><ul><li>When one of your products becomes WEEE forget: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How sophisticated it was </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What proportion consisted of electrical/electronic items </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How expensive it was </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What its function was </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It now becomes a collection of scrap materials which happen to be attached to each other – weighed by the tonne </li></ul><ul><li>The waste industry is the opposite </li></ul><ul><li>The product may be specified and ordered ‘upstairs’ </li></ul><ul><li>WEEE is disposed of ‘downstairs’ </li></ul>
    44. 44. Preventing Operator Exploitation <ul><li>The lessons of the packaging regulations… </li></ul><ul><li>Average compliance costs £15/25,000 </li></ul><ul><li>The critical mass of a collective approach should force competition amongst operators – logistics, pre-treatment, treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Scheme operators should have experience and knowledge of the waste industry and Producer Responsibility – but be EEE industry-led </li></ul><ul><li>B to B sector requirements are totally different from consumer sector </li></ul>
    45. 45. Avoiding excessive costs <ul><li>Focused industry-led sectorial approach </li></ul><ul><li>Forcing competition amongst Operators </li></ul><ul><li>Low overheads </li></ul><ul><li>Not-for-profit and efficiency led </li></ul><ul><li>Critical mass of the collective approach </li></ul><ul><li>Non-obligated WEEE collected - but no cost to scheme members </li></ul><ul><li>No vested interests in operations </li></ul>
    46. 46. Achieving Targets <ul><li>This is beyond the means of any individual Producer – but Producers will have to show that they have achieved the targets </li></ul><ul><li>To achieve recycling targets, Producers may need to influence the development of markets for recyclate </li></ul><ul><li>There may have to be investment in R & D, negotiations with ‘recyclers’, exploration of new markets – particularly on polymers </li></ul><ul><li>The Scheme will take on these responsibilities – its members sharing the collective cost </li></ul><ul><li>The use/acceptance of protocols will reduce costs </li></ul>
    47. 47. B2B Compliance An initiative of GAMBICA, announced in September 2004, and follows two years’ exploration of a potential business-to- business collective approach <ul><li>GAMBICA is the major national trade association for industries involved in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instrumentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laboratory technology </li></ul></ul>GAMBICA has over 200 members (the sector has a combined turnover in excess of £6 billion)
    48. 48. B2B Compliance <ul><li>Membership will be open to both members and non-members of GAMBICA </li></ul><ul><li>GAMBICA B2B Compliance Ltd is a not-for-profit company </li></ul><ul><li>Focusing on categories 8 & 9 and related IT (cat 3) </li></ul><ul><li>It will register a scheme called B2B Compliance </li></ul>
    49. 49. Collective Compliance ( Producer only interfaces with the Collective) B2B Compliance Shredders (raw material preparation) Government & Regulator Wholesalers Producer End Users Dismantlers Logistics End market uses
    50. 50. B2B Compliance The next steps… <ul><li>The WEEE Regulations are in the final stages of their preparation. Even when published their interpretation will be an ongoing discussion between industry and Government. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pragmatism and the law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The use of Protocols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B2B operations and the National Clearing House </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Targets for Category 8? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolution of the Regulations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Future interpretations of the Directive? </li></ul></ul>
    51. 51. B2B Compliance Europe <ul><li>B2B Compliance has applied to join a network of European industry-led not-for-profit schemes. </li></ul><ul><li>This will enable us to assist those who are distance sellers by forming back-to-back relationships with other MS schemes which have distance selling obligations </li></ul><ul><li>It will enable us, via the network, to advise your distributor customers in other MS who, legally, are the Producers. </li></ul><ul><li>We can lobby with one common voice to achieve efficiencies and pragmatic solutions </li></ul>
    52. 52. B2B Compliance the next steps… The Scheme will present its prospectus and invite membership during 2005 Its charges will relate to: 1. A joining fee – will be based on UK sales turnover 2. A membership fee – will be based on number and weight of products put on the market ( data as required by law)
    53. 53. B2B Compliance The Membership Fee Relates to the first compliance period For budgeting purposes only Payable quarterly in advance Preliminary reconciliation in the final quarter Includes all administrative and management costs Includes all operational costs
    54. 54. Be aware (and beware) <ul><li>A ‘Compliance Scheme’ cannot formally recruit members until the scheme is registered with HMG </li></ul><ul><li>A scheme cannot apply to be registered until after the regulations are published </li></ul><ul><li>The regulations are running late </li></ul><ul><li>Various waste operators are offering ‘pre-compliance’ schemes (focused on consumer products) at a cost - these are appear to be simply ‘newsgroups’. </li></ul>
    55. 55. GAMBICA www.gambica.org.uk B2B Compliance www.b2bcompliance.org.uk Created by industry for industry

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