discussing both professional and social aspects of
partici- life as a cardiologist as does the Women in
pation Cardiology Luncheon held in conjunction with the
in the Women AHA’s Annual Scientific Sessions in November. The
in Cardiology Committee also presents an award for mentoring
Committee, women in cardiovascular medicine. Each year, the
has, to date, list of nominees grows and the selection process
been one of my becomes more difficult.
committee One of the next initiatives will be to complete a
assignments, computer-based resource for women contemplating
and I look a career in cardiology. This will serve as an update
forward to to a pamphlet produced by the Committee in the
serving as chair past. I also look forward to expanding the presence
for the next 2 of the Women in Cardiology Committee on the AHA
years. The other Web site.
Committee members are Joseph Alpert, Emelia
Benjamin, Therese Giglia, Madhavi Gunda, Maria I encourage all of you to participate in the
Grazia Modena, Elizabeth Nabel, Pamela Ouyang, Committee’s activities. Plan on attending the Women
and Roxanne Rodney. Dr. Marian Limacher serves in Cardiology Luncheon at the AHA’s annual
as the liaison with our sister committee within the Scientific Sessions, Tuesday, November 13, 2001,
American College of Cardiology. I wish to thank my 12:00 p.m.–2:00 p.m. Dr. Gigi Hirsch will be
immediate predecessor, Dr. Roxanne Rodney, for her speaking on Managing Your Career: A Pro-active
leadership and innovation. Since the inception of the Approach. Promote the travel awards among the
Women in Cardiology Committee, Roxanne and other trainees at your institution and consider nominating
Committee members have quickly expanded its those who have mentored you for the mentoring
efforts in mentoring women in cardiology and award. Above all, since communication is key and
promoting cardiology as a career for women. the pool of female cardiologists is small, please
relay any suggestions for future endeavors of the
The travel awards provide an opportunity for female Committee to me or other committee members.
trainees to attend the annual Scientific Sessions of
the American Heart Association, meet other trainees, Linda D. Gillam, M.D.
interact with established female cardiologists, and
participate in a workshop on presentation skills. We
are grateful to Wyeth Ayerst for its support for this
program. The newsletter provides a forum for
Women in Cardiology Newsletter Fall 2001 1
Immediate Past Chair’s
Despite the challenge of balancing multiple
have responsibilities, serving the AHA in this capacity has
all been most rewarding. I have experienced some of
been impacted the challenges that this committee has worked to
by the events of ameliorate including that of being the only woman
September 11. in my cardiology fellowship training program and
We are that of dealing with appointments to academic
reminded of the committees with significant time commitments but
invaluable gifts without commensurate institutional value with
of service and respect to academic advancement. We have worked
volunteerism. to enhance the awareness of some of these issues.
reminded that It has been gratifying to see cardiology fellows who
our lives are all have received AHA/Wyeth-Ayerst Women in
interconnected Cardiology travel grants transition to junior faculty
and that what members or enter practice. We welcome Madhavi
we share in common is far greater than our Gunda who was an inaugural travel grant awardee to
differences. the Committee. Our congratulations to Dr. Kathryn
Taubert, the recipient of the 2001 Women in
We all seek to fulfill our potential, to realize our Cardiology Mentoring Award. Dr. Taubert has an
personal and professional goals. As we share our outstanding record of mentoring as further
talents we are challenged to grow, to develop new elucidated in an interview included in this edition.
skills, and to enhance existing ones. This is the Dr. Linda Gillam has been an active member of the
mission of The Women in Cardiology Committee. Committee. We welcome her as chair with utmost
We work to enhance the professional development of confidence in her leadership.
all women in cardiology.
I am appreciative of AHA staff and committee
As I complete my second term, it has been my members for their spirit of cooperation during the
distinct pleasure to serve as chair of The Women in past four years, and of Drs. Charlie Francis and Bob
Cardiology Committee. We are all challenged to Bonow for their support of the endeavors of the
balance professional, personal and family Committee.
responsibilities. I recall editing newsletter articles
and faxing them back at 2 a.m., with the fax We are reminded that it is truly in giving that we
machine as one of the few items which had not been receive. We continue to encourage your participation
packed for an impending move. On one occasion, as in achieving our shared goals.
an AHA staff member was making a request of me, I
thought that this person has simply forgotten that I Roxanne A. Rodney, M.D.
am a volunteer. Nevertheless, I usually respond in
the affirmative to AHA requests because they afford
opportunities to contribute and to grow.
2 Fall 2001 Women in Cardiology Newsletter
with Dr. Kathryn Taubert
Conducted by Roxanne A. Rodney, MD
RR: How did your majors to pursue their efforts through the education department.
interest in science Clearly, I come from a family of educators, so I think teaching school
develop? is a noble profession. There were no female faculty members in the
biology, chemistry or math department. It would been nice to have
KT: I was born near
Nacogdoches, in east
Texas. I was lucky to When I received my BS degree, I was barely 20 years old. I was
live on my grand- offered an assistantship to stay on for a masters’degree. I did that, and
parents dairy farm with finished it a year later with a major in zoology.
an extended family. We
lived out in the country. RR: So, did you then start on your PhD?
It was a great place for
KT: Not immediately. I moved to Dallas to take a job in a research lab
a child to be. My Aunt
at Univ of Texas Southwestern Medical School (UTSWMS). That was
Laura and Uncle Jack
the wisest (or luckiest) decision I ever made.
(my Mom’s brother and
sister) also lived there.
RR: Why is that?
Some of my fondest
memories are of Uncle KT: Because I went to work for Dr. William Shapiro, a cardiologist. I
Jack, who was in think it is fair to say that his influence shaped the professional life I
college at the time . have today. He gave me the opportunity to do research and go to
Kathryn Taubert, PhD
Sitting on the back scientific conferences. After working for a couple of years, during
Senior Scientist and Vice President of
Science and Medicine porch, he would point which we moved to the Dallas VA Hospital where Dr. Shapiro was
American Heart Association out the stars and named chief of cardiolo gy, I decided it was time to continue my
Adjunct Professor of Physiology at constellations to me — education. I was working with so many MDs, PhDs, and
UT Southwestern Medical School I was 4 or 5 at the medical/graduate students at UTSWMS and the VA, I knew I had to
time. Even though go on with my education. I also knew I wanted to pursue it at the
my grandparents had not had the opportunity to complete public medical school in Dallas. Also, Dr. Shapiro, who treated women no
school, they always talked about the importance of education. I different from men, tried to show me female role models. Whenever a
remember Aunt Laura helping to teach me how to count by using woman was invited to visit us, give a lecture, etc., he made sure I
Grandpa’s dominos. knew about it. Two that I particularly remember are Drs. Nancy
Flowers and Nanette Wenger.
At about the time I started school, my parents and I moved to
southeast Texas. That’s where I lived through high school. My two
RR: What made you decide to pursue a PhD as opposed to an MD?
sisters, Laura Beth and Jerry, were born there. My Mom was an
elementary schoolteacher, as were Uncle Jack and his wife. KT: I thought about it, I even talked to both Dr. Shapiro and the Dean
at the medical school about applying for both. There was not the
RR: So you were around educators. Were there other people during combined MD/PhD as it exists now. I really wanted to go into
this time that had a lasting influence on you? cardiovascular research. I thought that the PhD program in Physiology
at UT Southwestern was good for training scientists to do human-
KT: Most definitely. The person who stands out in my mind the most
oriented research. If they didn’t offer the kind of program with the
was my 10th grade biology teacher, Mr. Johnson. Science and math
wide variety of basic sciences, I certainly wouldn’t be doing what I’m
were already my favorite subjects, but Mr. Johnson made learning
doing now. My major professor was Dr. Shapiro, and my research lab
biology so much fun! Unlike some teachers who didn’t spend as much
was at the VA.
time with female students in science or math classes, Mr. Johnson
treated all students as equally important. He asked me to be a lab
RR: So, it was really the strong desire to do research.
assistant and a tutor, and I loved it. My 11th grade chemistry and 12th
grade physiology teachers were also dynamic and made learning fun. KT: It was that particular program which gave the opportunity to
get a PhD.
RR: What was your major in college?
RR: I know you are interested in endocarditis and congenital heart
KT: I went to Stephen F. A ustin State University in Nacogdoches. My
disease. What lead to that?
grandparents and Aunt Laura still lived there, and I was able to have
Sunday dinner with them almost every week! KT: At the VA, we didn’t get any congenital heart disease. Many
patients were middle-aged men with heart failure. We also saw
I had a double major in biology and chemistry. I enjoyed college,
endocarditis. I remember being interested in the idea that there was an
although there were a few professors who tried to get female science
Women in Cardiology Newsletter Fall 2001 3
infectious process growing on a heart valve. But, most of my work in position preceding Rod Starke. She said that they were recruiting a
endocarditis has come since I joined the AHA. The interest in staff scientist and that my name had been mentioned. I don’t know by
congenital heart disease came from working with the Congenital whom, but there were many people active in AHA that I knew. It was
Cardiac Defects Committee of the CVDY Council here at AHA. good to come back, to be a little closer to my family. My parents wer e
getting older, my youngest sister Jerry had gotten mar ried and was
RR: What made you join the AHA? going to have a child. I now have two nieces, Kelly and Kimberly. My
sisters and I are really close. I wasn’t actively looking for something
KT: When I was finishing my training here in Dallas, there was a new
to go back to Dallas; I just answered the phone one day and it was
medical school starting in California, which was a branch of UCLA,
in Riverside. They were recruiting faculty members and were looking
for MDs or PhDs who had trained in medical schools. I saw the job
RR: You got the opportunity.
posting. I knew I didn’t want to stay at the same place where I had
gotten my degree and done my training without ever leaving. I applied KT: I was in the middle of a grant, but I decided to go. I liked
for it, and they offered me the position. That’s how I got to California. everything that she talked about. I was already a council member, so I
By the way, Ann Bolger, who is very active in the Clinical Cardiology knew about some of the scientific endeavors at the AHA. They were
Council, was one of the students in the first class of medical students expanding the staff scientist program. I thought, this is wonderful, I
we had there. It was a very small number of faculty and the class was can contribute in a wide variety of ways to cardiovascular science and
about 25 per year. After the first two years, the students then medicine through working for the AHA. I thought it over, agonized for
integrated with the rest of the UCLA class for their clinical years. I a while and, ultimately, accepted. I also accepted a position as an
had to teach the entire medical physiology course, every lecture and adjunct faculty member at UTSWMS. This allowed me to keep
every lab. They needed someone who could do all of medical giving lectures to medical and graduate students, which was very
physiology and not just the organ system they had trained in. I also important to me.
taught the cardiovascular section of the pharmacology course for the
second-year students. RR: Tell us a little bit about what a staff scientist does at AHA.
Before I left Dallas, I applied for and received one of the beginning KT: We work with different scientific committees to help them with
awards from NIH. I was able to go to California with funding, which anything from writing manuscripts to planning conferences. Staff
was good. I really loved it there, except for the smo g. Several of the scientists also have the responsibility of approving anything written by
grants I had were from the AHA. One thing that Dr. Shapiro did, very AHA; not papers which go through the peer review process, but
early on, was to tune me into the AHA. In my first job with him, my anything else, ranging from pamphlets for the public to approving
salary was paid through his AHA grant. He would find travel funding news releases. This is to ensure that what goes out is as scientifically
for me to go to meetings, and we submitted
abstracts. The first paper I ever published
was with Ken Narahara, a cardiologist now
at UCLA Harbor in California. Kenneth
worked for Dr. Shapiro on a research project When I’m at the Program Committee
while he was a medical student, and I also
worked on the same project. It was the first meetings, I suggest that we need to
paper either of us had published. It was
accepted by Circulation. include women moderators.
There’s been an intertwining of AHA
throughout my career. The people on m y
dissertation committee including Drs. Shapiro, Jim Willerson, Mike
correct as possible. Other functions include helping to formulate and
Weisfeldt, and Jere Mitchell.
set some of the science policy of the organization, and working with
I became very involved with the California Affiliate. I sat on the the councils.
Research Committee and the Peer Review Committee. I was active at
the local division by serving on the board and participating in the RR: How many staff scientists were there at the time you came
summer student program with students working in my lab who got to AHA?
fellowships from the AHA. AHA was a part of me. Every time they
KT: Two. Dr. Mary Winston, a nutritional scientist, who retired a
would call, would I go speak, somewhere. I had a lot of good feelings
couple years ago (but still does volunteer work for us), and Dr. Wally
for AHA, especially because they had funded my research.
Frasher, an MD/physiologist who had the position then referred to as
At Riverside, there was a larger percentage of the students who were VP of Research.
women. The first year, 2 of a total of 8 faculty were women. We
So much has changed in the 15 years I’ve been here. We’ve gone from
would meet with the women students to address any particular
5,000 to 15,000 abstracts submitted, from a tiny program book you
challenges or questions they had, or to just give them some mentoring.
could put in your purse to one that now seems to weigh 25 pounds,
I received a call one day from Mary Jane Jesse, a pediatric from 8,000 to 32,000 council members. We have quintupled the
cardiologist and a former President of AHA. At that time, she was in amount of information for the public. Everything that is posted on the
what’s now the position of AHA Chief Science Officer. She had the Web, we have to review and approve. We have more than doubled the
4 Fall 2001 Women in Cardiology Newsletter
number of science committees. All science committees and councils serving on council committees. If you get on a committee, you may
have a staff scientist as a liaison member. Every council has a staff become chair of the committee. If you become chair, it puts you on
scientist as an advisor. I’m that person for about half of them. the executive committee of the council. That is a leadership role. Look
at what you have done with the Women in Cardiology Committee.
RR: Including Clinical Cardiology, the largest council. Look at Alice Jacobs, chairing the Cath Committee , or Ann Bolger,
chairing the Postgraduate Education Committee. In each of those
KT: That’s right. Looking at mentoring and at my current position,
positions, becoming chair of that committee puts you on the executive
when I interact with women on various committees, I keep in mind
committee. Now, there’s an executive committee with women sitting
when we are making nominations, that there are a lot of good women
around the table. If there are women who are really into research, they
out there. When I’m at the Program Committee meetings, I suggest
should get on a study section to review grants. You could become
that we need to include women moderators. The names of men always
chair of that study section. Another option is getting on the Research
come up because, in adult cardiology, the vast majority of
Committee. For those who want to move up to president of AHA one
cardiologists are still men. Sometimes you think of whom you trained
day, you need to get on national committees, and you need to be
with, you think of your fellows and more men come to the forefront.
known by your Affiliate, as well. Affiliates need volunteers. It’s easy
It’s just being there to help people remember.
to get involved at your local community.
RR: Yes, to bring forth the name that’s not in the particular circle.
RR: Sometimes people just don’t know how to get on a committee.
KT: Exactly. Sometimes it just takes sending a letter or making a phone call.
KT: The squeaky wheel. If there’s someone out there who’s an expert
RR: I think that’s a very important function, as the AHAis
in heart failure, and they’ve never indicated that they would like to be
committed to being representative of the American community at
on the Heart Failure Committee, and they don’t interact with the other
large, not just at the volunteer level, but also at the staff level. It’s an
people, then you don’t know of their interest. Working up through
important function and I think individuals from diverse
councils or through resear ch committees are two very good ways to
backgrounds bring different contributions to the table. I think it
get that exposure. If you want to do something in Clinical Cardiology,
definitely does enrich the process.
tell Gary Balady or me, for CVDY, tell Dianne Atkins or me. Let’s get
KT: I think so, too. I still have contact with students. I’m giving a something from you to have in front of us for the next time we are
three-hour lecture over at the medical school in a few minutes. Even making committee appointments.
though there are more women now, I think it’s still good for students
to see women faculty members. If half of the students are women, RR: AHAhas undergone significant change during the time you’ve
why aren’t half of their faculty members women? been there. What are some of your strategies for managing change
or responding to change and still maintaining your career path and
RR: There’s often a disconnect at the higher levels. For internal moving forward?
medicine residency programs, at least a third of the trainees are
KT: Well, I think that change is difficult. We reduced the number of
women. Although the percentage of women cardiology fellows has
Affiliates but the presence in the community is still going to be there.
increased, it’s not 30% as it is at the residency level. There are
programs that are open and receptive. Still a woman may decide not
RR: What are your personal strategies? How do you continue to
to go into a field because she doesn’t see someone with whom to
grow and develop? There have been major changes, realistically,
mirror a career path. I think that’s part of what we tried to do with
there have been some folks who have transitioned elsewhere. With
the travel grants for women cardiology fellows. Many of whom are
regard to your own career, how have you handled it?
in fellowship programs in which they may be the only woman. They
may have a sense of isolation, of not having the camaraderie and KT: I think, at times, it’s been a little difficult. I used to go to
interaction that they experienced at the residency level. As you said, Scientific Sessions every year to spend 3 1/2–4 days learning new
even though the class has a higher percentage of women, seeing science. Now, I go to 40–50 meetings.
women on faculty is important.
RR: That also happens to volunteers.
KT:Yes, I agree. I’m a member of the American Physiological
Society. At meetings they had a women’s lounge and would encourage KT: That’s right. Sometimes I need to set aside some private, quiet
women faculty members, researchers and students to come to network. time, where I can actually keep up with what’s going on in the
I can’t tell you the number of times a women student would say, it is scientific world. At some of the council science committee meetings
so good to see someone who has made it. They would say, I’m the you can listen to the experts talk about where we are, where we
only woman in my program. They asked the kinds of questions that should be, and what we’re doing. It is terrific. I have a bit of an inside
they would really want to ask another woman. Although he was track on hearing a lot of emerging science.
fantastic, there were certain things that Dr. Shapiro couldn’t give me
advice on. I needed to know from another woman. RR: Apart from the science aspect, there are skills that one has or
one develops which allows one to grow within a major organization.
RR: As VPof Science & Medicine, what would you suggest to What are some of those skills that you think have served you well?
women who are volunteers, who want to advance to leadership roles
KT: I think, for my particular position, you have to have the respect of
within the AHA.
all your colleagues. You get that by the usual ways of being a nice
KT: I think that when you want to advance, there are clearly a few person because it’s obvious that you are good in your job and that you
different pathways to take. One is through Scientific Councils by know your stuff. I think having the respect of your colleagues, a good
Women in Cardiology Newsletter Fall 2001 5
working relationship with your colleagues, and remembering not to few days to go to a place in Switzerland that I like. But there are great
talk in scientific terms when you are not talking to a scientific group places here, too, and it would be nice to be able to have a little
of people. personal time to take a week off to go to Colorado. At some point, I
would like to write a textbook of cardiovascular physiology for the
RR: Keep your audience in mind. medical school level or something like that. I’ve thought about
doing more scholarly writing. I do think that scholarly writing,
KT: Absolutely, keep your audience in mind. Treat everybody with the
spending time hiking in the mountains, or just have thinking time is
same amount of respect. If you say, I couldn’t possibly explain that to
enjoyable. Just having that quiet time where you are not listening to
you because you don’t understand science, you are not going to be
your voice mail.
RR: As you say, the thinking time. Several people have mentioned
RR: What is your approach in handling challenges and setbacks?
that. Dr. Wenger mentioned that, too, in her interview. Having the
KT: I learned a long time ago not to plan my day while driving to time to think, that time really does seem to be shrinking. There are
work. Nothing happens as you expect it. You may be in the middle of so many stimuli — voice mail, e-mail. There’s no down time just
an extremely tight deadline when someone calls to say the FDA just to think.
took a drug off the market. You’ve got to quickly get a statement out
KT: That’s so right. You are so busy doing, you don’t have time to
there.You have to be able to do that kind of multi-tasking.You have to
think. You need that time to think.
be able to adapt quickly to the unexpected.You learn to balance the
time, but you don’t balance it in an 8-hour day anymore.
RR: As you look back on all that you have done so far, how would
you want to be remembered?
KT: I would like people to say that I left this department in better
KT:You’ve got to prioritize. Sometimes you may have three No. 1
shape than I found it. That it grew, developed, and became even more
priorities that really are No. 1 priorities. You have to figure out how to
important. Also, the work that I do with endocarditis and Kawasaki
do them all at the same time. In my case, you have to be willing to
disease, for people to say that some of the work I did, some of the
travel a lot, too.
papers I wrote, actually made a difference. In the class I’ve got now,
there’s a woman who has a 15-year-old son who had Kawasaki
RR: Are there any other downsides? Apart from the increased travel,
disease when he was two years old, at a time when people really knew
with everything else that one has to take care of at home when you
nothing much about it. She recognized my name from having read a
get back from traveling.
paper I wrote. She could not believe that I was standing in front of
KT:You may be gone a week, get back, and there’s so much mail that class. I’ve gotten e-mails before from parents who say they have
that’s come through the slot, that you can’t get the door open. That searched the Internet and my name kept coming up. They would say
literally has happened. I couldn’t get in and the alarm went off. I’ve learned so much by reading those papers. I think that is
RR: What practical strategies do you have with regard to traveling?
RR: I think that certainly you are one of those unsung heroes who
KT: I live alone which means that there is no one else there that can works quietly, but, you’re very effective. I think with regard to
pay the bills if I’m gone for two weeks. I do everything on the mentoring and women within the councils, certainly in the Clinical
airplane, pay bills and mail them when I arrive. I now travel all the Cardiology Council, bringing forward names for consideration and
time with my laptop so that I can monitor e-mails that are important saying what about this person, in an unassuming way, your impact
and as a way to be in touch with family. But I still think the best thing and effectiveness has been felt by many people.
is a good book, much better than writing checks. I’m still one of those
who likes face-to-face meetings because I think interacting with a KT: Thank you.
person is often better than teleconferencing, especially on the science
committees as we are working on writing papers. RR: I want to thank you on behalf of the Women in Cardiology
RR: Now what do you see for yourself? What are your goals for
KT: My pleasure.
KT: I think that I’m right where I want to be as far as within AHA. I RR: I wish you well. I know you are going to continue to
really enjoy being VP of Science & Medicine . We are developing a accomplish, to move forward. Congratulations on being the recipient
new department of biostatistics that I’m excited about. Also, looking of the 2001 Women in Cardiology Mentoring Award.
to see how we can better serve the scientific community and whether
KT: Thank you very much. It is a tremendous honor to be the
it requires change in the way we’re organized. Being able to accept
recipient of this award. A tremendous honor.
change in a positive way.
RR: You’re most deserving. Thanks, Kathryn.
RR: What about personal goals? Sometimes, work consumes so
much of our lives.
KT: It does. Right now, we’re shorthanded. That’s going to get better.
I would like to be able to do a little more personal traveling. I love
going to the mountains. If I’m in Europe, I always try to carve out a
6 Fall 2001 Women in Cardiology Newsletter
Women in Cardiology Travel Awards
Heather L. Bartlett, MD Prerana A. Manohar, MD
University of Iowa Case Reserve Western University.
Christina M. Bove, MD Rita C. Milewski, MD
University of Virginia University of Pennsylvania
Lisa de las Fuentes, MD Trisha B. Nashed, MD
Washington University School of Medicine Medical College of Virginia
Karrie L. Dyer, MD Giulia L. Sheftel, MD
Vanderbilt University Medical Center Boston Medical Center
Renee Y. Friday, MD, MPH Anabela A. Simon, MD, MPH
University of Virginia Medical Center Bethesda Naval and Walter Reed Army Hospitals
Ruchira Garg, MD Karen K. Stout, MD
Columbus Children’s Hospital University of Washington
Barbara K. Gleason, MD H. Jacqueline Suk, MD
University of California San Francisco Brigham and Women’s Hospital
Marina N. Hannen, MD Usha B. Tedrow, MD
Mid-America Heart Institute/St. Luke’s Hospital Massachusetts General Hospital
Chari Y.T. Hart, MD Janet L. Utz, MD
Mayo Clinic Medical College of Georgia
Amy B. Hirshfeld, MD Padmini Varadarajan, MD
Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia Loma Linda University Medical Center
Sarita Kansal, MD, MPH Barbara A. Washington, MD
Vanderbilt University Wayne State University
Allison J. Kean, MD Gail E. Wright, MD
Northwestern Memorial Hospital University of Michigan
Marilyn B. Lawrence Wright, MD
New York Presbyterian — Cornell Medical Center
Women in Cardiology Newsletter Fall 2001 7
Advice Based on Thirty Years of Experience in Academic Administrative Leadership
2. Justice — Disagreements arise in any administrative unit.
omen are aspiring to and achieving positions of
leadership with increasing frequency. It has been The head of the unit will be called on to adjudicate these
predicted that women will fill one-third or more of differences of opinion. It is essential that such judgments be
academic medical leadership positions during the 21st century. rendered fairly and without bias. If members of the
I have often been asked for some “helpful tips” concerning administrative unit perceive that such decisions are made
successful leadership strategies. This essay briefly outlines with inherent favoritism, the atmosphere of the unit is
some of my thoughts on the subject. poisoned and work suffers. Job turnover is frequent in
administrative units where the staff feels that justice is not
There are as many styles of leadership as there are leaders. served when important decisions are made.
Some leaders prefer the “top-down” style of leadership with
strict hierarchical and authoritarian control. This style of 3. Communication and Interpersonal Relations —
leadership was common in the past but is rapidly fading. This is another vital aspect of good leadership. Leaders must
Today, most leaders espouse a more democratic, inclusive style be effective communicators and they must be skilled in
of leadership. I, too, favor this leadership style with its fostering interpersonal relationships. Former President
executive committee that shares decision-making power with Ronald Reagan was a master in this arena. As recently
the head of the administrative unit. I also favor what I call the pointed out by David R. Gergen in his best-selling book,
“General Patton” style of leadership. This form of leadership Eyewitness to Power, Reagan more than made up for his
involves the head of the enterprise in the day-to-day running of lack of memory for details with his great interpersonal skills
the administrative unit. In a clinical enterprise, it means that and his extraordinary ability to communicate effectively.
the leader shares in the daily clinical workload of the unit. The Within an academic enterprise, false rumors surface with
advantage of this style of leadership is that the leader is visible, great regularity. These falsehoods can disturb morale and
approachable, and intimately involved in the daily running of threaten the work atmosphere. Effective, frequent
the enterprise. The disadvantage is that this style of leadership communications from the leadership of the unit help to
is very time-consuming as well as being physically and combat these falsehoods. I believe that academic clinical
psychologically demanding on the leader. In a clinical leaders should be visible, involved in the daily work
enterprise such as the Department of Medicine, the “Patton” activities of the enterprise, and approachable. I am
style of leadership requires that the chief of the department convinced that a friendly, open style of leadership is more
play an active role in the daily clinical activities of the effective than a haughty, standoffish manner of directing the
department. I believe that this is an essential task for the leader administrative unit.
of a clinical unit. 4. Role Modelling — It has often been said that people get
In the paragraphs that follow, I have outlined 10 qualities that the leaders they deserve. I believe that it is also true that
I believe are important for the leader of any academic leaders get the staff and colleagues that they, the leaders,
enterprise. There are undoubtedly more that could be deserve. If leadership is arrogant, unfriendly, rude, or
enumerated since entire textbooks have been written on unfeeling, members of the administrative unit will behave
leadership. Nevertheless, these 10 should serve as an accordingly. Leaders in academic medicine are being
introductory primer for incipient leaders. observed at all times by students, house officers, fellows,
junior faculty and senior faculty. All the members of the staff
1. Equity — This quality is the sine qua non of leadership. and faculty who work for that leader often emulate what the
All administrative units require sharing of resources and leader does. Thus, leaders should be aware that they are
workload. The leader makes many decisions affecting the serving as role models for the staff and colleagues in their
distribution of resources and work assignments. If the staff of unit. The Golden Rule applies here: Do Unto Others as You
the enterprise feel that such distribution is not done equitably, Would Have Them Do Unto You.
then the work atmosphere is poisoned and morale plummets.
I personally spend considerable amounts of time working with 5. Work Ethic — This quality seems so obvious that one
the administrative leadership group (executive committee would think that it is not even necessary to mention it.
and business manager) of the Department of Medicine However, I have observed administrative units where the
deciding on equitable distribution of resources. I believe that chief was frequently absent on trips of more or less dubious
it is one of the most important aspects of my job. quality or minimally involved in the daily work of the
enterprise. Morale suffered in these units and faculty
8 Fall 2001 Women in Cardiology Newsletter
turnover was common. The chief doesn’t always have to put 9. Organization and Prioritization — A great deal
in more hours than anyone else in the administrative unit, of material and a large number of issues come across the
but her work effort should be among the most intense in the desk of the chief of an administrative unit. Some of this
enterprise. Absenteeism and failure to participate in the material is important and some of it is irrelevant. If one
unit’s clinical workload will surely lead to deterioration in gives the same amount of attention to every piece of paper
the work atmosphere of the unit. or every phone message, there will not be enough time in
the day to complete your work. It is essential to organize
6. Balancing Work and Personal Life — This is a
and prioritize. Don’t hesitate to use the delete button on
particularly difficult quality to achieve. Work always
your computer for irrelevant e-mail and take liberal
expands to fill more than the time allotted to it. These days,
advantage of the wastebasket!! In the beginning of a
increasing clinical demands place a heavy burden on all
leadership position, it may be difficult to prioritize. With
clinically involved faculty including the chief. It is easy to
time, it becomes relatively easy to recognize unimportant
lose oneself in the workload of the unit thereby ignoring
material and to get rid of it quickly. Sometimes I make a
personal and family issues. Since “charity begins at home,”
mistake and ignore something that is actually important.
the leader needs to take time for herself. In my opinion, the
Successful leaders hire outstanding administrative staff who
most important element here is a minimum of one hour of
will correct these occasional lapses by reminding you about
exercise per day. The type of exercise can vary from day to
issues that you thought were unimportant but really needed
day but should include lots of aerobic and some isometric
exercise. Family time is also essential. I try my best to
reserve some quality time for my spouse. I suspect she feels 10. Administrative Skills — Why have I listed
that the amount of quality time reserved is inadequate but I administrative skills as the last quality that a leader needs
do my best given the job demands outlined earlier. I always to acquire? Because these are the easiest qualities to learn.
take a long summer vacation, generally 3–4 weeks. One of It is difficult to learn to be empathetic. It can be a real
my earliest mentors, Professor Lewis Dexter, always insisted chore learning to prioritize. Leading from a position of
that everyone in his lab take one month of summer vacation equity and justice is not at all simple. But, learning to read
each year, and I have tried to follow his lead. I try to read at a spreadsheet is straightforward. As my business manager
least one non-medical book every week: novels and history (a brilliant MBA) says frequently, “accounting is not rocket
are my favorites. Other personal strategies employed by a science.” There are a number of excellent self-help books
number of my successful colleagues include periods of that teach management skills, and most academic
meditation, gardening, hiking, camping, music, and so forth. enterprises have experienced business personnel who can
I believe that it is important to spend some time every day help you understand and acquire a working knowledge of
away from professional pursuits. their skills. The American Association of Medical Colleges
(AAMC) offers an excellent course designed for women
7. Empathy — I believe that it is just as important to have
who want to learn leadership and administrative skills.
empathy for your colleagues and staff as it is to maintain this
More information can be gained by visiting their Web site:
attitude for your patients. Everyone has periodic problems
and a sympathetic chief is a big plus for the work
atmosphere. There are times when I have told students, In conclusion, many women will be entering leadership
colleagues, and staff to “take some time off” in order to deal positions in cardiology over the next twenty years. I hope that
with personal or family problems. I would expect my own the brief descriptions of the qualities that I believe are
immediate superior to treat me in the same manner. important for individuals aspiring to such jobs will be useful to
those of you who will become the leaders of the future.
8. Interest in Trainees and Younger
Colleagues — This would seem to be part of the Joseph S. Alpert, MD
definition of an academic leader. If one isn’t interested in
furthering the careers of students, house officers, fellows,
and younger colleagues, why become an academic
administrator in the first place? This is the favorite part of
my job. I take it as a personal triumph when one of my
trainees or junior colleagues succeeds. This was how Lewis
Dexter was, and I greatly admired that quality in him.
Women in Cardiology Newsletter Fall 2001 9
for Busy Cardiologists
Don’t Ignore Your Personal Safety
If possible, keep others aware of your whereabouts. Call home
t’s late and dark. Your car is parked in a deserted section of
the parking lot but when it’s time to go home, you leave, as you’re about to leave so that someone will notice if you
unescorted, distractedly thinking about a sick patient or the don’t arrive as expected. A cell phone is a must. Keep it well
long list of things to be done. Sound familiar? If it does, you charged and be aware of how to activate its 911 signal.
are like many female physicians who frequently ignore their Car breakdowns are always a nuisance. In the middle of the
personal safety. night on a lonely highway, breakdowns put you at risk. It’s
Medicine, as a discipline, breeds a sense of invulnerability. obvious that preventive maintenance can minimize the
After all, how could anyone tough enough to survive the rigors likelihood of an engine problem. However, many problems
of internship and perform life-saving feats ever be a victim? such as flat tires occur in random fashion. Use your cell phone
Female physicians are accustomed to having to demonstrate to call for help and lock the doors until help arrives. Expect
their equality with male colleagues and, particularly in male- identification. Police officers and AAA service people are
dominated specialties like cardiology, tend to view themselves easily identifiable. Don’t open the door for anyone else.
as always in control. While this mentality helps us succeed as What about pepper spray? Like other self-defense aids, it has
physicians, there are many situations in which the more its pros and cons. If you choose to carry it, do so on a key
appropriate mindset should be that we are potential victims of a chain so that it is always at hand. Fumbling for it in a pocket or
violent criminal. We all acknowledge that we live in an purse will only alert your attacker and may prompt a more
increasingly violent society, and it’s worth reminding ourselves vicious assault. Since you will have lost the element of
that the hospitals at which we work are frequently in distressed surprise, the pepper spray may even be used against you. Be
urban centers and that physicians, in general, are viewed as aware that as many as 20% of people aren’t stopped by pepper
targets because of perceived access to money and drugs. spray so if you choose to use it, don’t assume that the attack
What can we do to protect ourselves? This article is not will be stopped. If you do have pepper spray, remember to
intended to be a definitive course in self-protection but will leave it behind when you fly, as you will not be permitted to
offer several of the basics. carry it onto a plane.
Experts in personal defense identify two modifiable risk factors There are many elements of personal defense that are beyond
for violent crime as being in the wrong place at the wrong time the scope of this article. They include self-defense training,
and having a lack of awareness of one’s surroundings. While strategies to survive abduction, home invasion, and travel
we may not be able to change our working hours or park near safety. The reference list below is a sampling of books on the
the main entrance, it is generally possible to obtain a security subject. If you feel you need more, consider a formal self-
guard escort to our vehicles. Don’t be deterred by the wait for defense course. Just don’t assume that violent attacks only
the guard or the reassurance that “it’s not that late.” If your happen to others.
hospital or office building does not provide this service, be
proactive and see whether one can be instituted. If you work in Linda D. Gillam, MD
an environment where spaces are assigned, don’t settle for a
space in a remote corner of the roof. Ask for one that is better Reference List
lit and closer to the entrance. (1) De Becker G. The Gift of Fear: Survival Signals that Protect Us
from Violence. 1998.
Multitasking is a medical way of life and it is common to pay (2) Strong S. Strong on defense: survival rules to protect you and your
more attention to planning tomorrow’s agenda than appraising family from crime. 1997.
one’s surroundings while walking alone after a long day. (3) Riley T. Travel can be Murder:A business traveler's guide to
Don’t! Be aware of the people and spaces that surround you. personal safety. 2000.
Keep your distance from others unless you know them. Have (4) Perkins J. Attack Proof: The Ultimate Guide to Personal
your keys out before you leave for your car. When you reach it, Protection. 2000.
quickly inspect the interior for intruders, get in, and lock the (5) Harteau J. A Woman's Guide to Personal Safety. 1998.
doors and leave. Despite the fact that we are trained as (6) Danylewich PH. Fearless: The Complete Personal Safety Guide for
physicians to be sympathetic care givers, be wary of anyone in
(7) Grover J. Street Smarts, Firearms,And Personal Security: Jim
another vehicle soliciting assistance. This is not the time to be Grover's Guide To Staying A Live And Avoiding Crime In The
a good Samaritan. Abductors frequently prey on victims’ Real World. 2001.
sympathies to coax them into their own vehicles.
10 Fall 2001 Women in Cardiology Newsletter
with Your Local AHA
Boston Public Health Commission Collaboration
Background The Cardiovascular Task Force
The American Heart Association [AHA] has set an ambitious goal to
reduce heart disease, stroke and risk by 25% by 2010. In order to 1. Increase activity levels among Boston residents, especially youth,
further this objective, the City of Boston Division of the New England seniors and city of Boston emplo yees.
Affiliate of the AHA has sought collaborations with local agencies and 2. Increase the access to and use of nutritious foods for Boston
organizations. One such collaboration is with the Boston Public residents.
Health Commission “Boston’s Healthy Heart Initiative; It Starts with 3. Decrease exposure to tobacco smoke and increase access to
Your Heart.” smoking cessation programs for Boston residents.
Traditionally, city public health commissions have focused on acute 4. Address the psychosocial risk factors that contribute to
illnesses such as infectious diseases. Several years ago, Mayor heart disease.
Menino and the Boston Public Health Commission set up an initiative 5. Increase awareness of the symptoms and signs of heart attack and
to work to reduce death and disability from cancer. Emphasizing that stroke among Boston residents.
cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in all ethnicities,
6. Ensure that every Boston resident has access to screening for
the Boston Division of the AHA urged the Boston Public Health
hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol and obesity.
Commission to set up a similar initiative to decrease death and
disability from cardiovascular disease in Boston. We are very 7. Improve access to Automatic External Defibrillators (AED)
fortunate that Mayor Menino and the Boston Public Health throughout the city of Boston for all residents.
Commission had the vision to commit to reducing cardiovascular 8. Establish data sources to measure the effects of the cardiovascular
disease in Boston. programs that are instituted .
9. Improve access to health insurance for Boston residents.
The Boston Public Health Commission set up a Task Force panel of Future Directions
experts to develop a community-based prevention strategy for the city The Boston Public Health Commission and Task Force developed
of Boston. The Co-Chairs of the Task Force were Dianne Cavaleri, a suggestions for programs and strategies to assist the Mayor and City
paramedic and the President of the Emergency Medical Services of Boston agencies in actualizing the nine cardiovascular disease
Division, and Howard K. Koh, MD, MPH, the Commissioner of prevention and treatment goals specified above. The Boston Public
Public Health for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The Task Health Commission is hiring a coordinator to help actualize these
Force members were str ategically selected to represent medical, city ambitious objectives. The AHA has pledged its ongoing support for
government and community constituencies. Members represented a the process.
variety of medical disciplines (e.g., nutritionists, cardiologists, and
nurses), most of the major Boston medical institutions (e.g., health What is the Relevance to Women in
centers and teaching hospitals), and many of the key community and Cardiology?
city government agencies including the clergy, elderly services,
schools, etc. American Heart Association staff and volunteers In prior issues of the Women in Cardiology Newsletter, various
provided critical expertise and economic resources for the Task Force. articles have emphasized the importance of volunteering for your local
AHA. As a member of the Boston Affiliate Board of Directors and
The Task Force met 5 times to review issues such as cardiovascular Co-Chair of the Boston AHA Community Relations Committee, I
prevention, early detection, and treatment in order to develop a set of participated in the Task Force as a volunteer representing the Boston
recommendations that are appropriate for an urban, ethnically diverse, AHA. Professionally, I am a clinical cardiologist at Boston University
economically heterogeneous community. One of the critical elements School of Medicine and a researcher at the Framingham Heart Study.
of the process was a presentation by Dr. John Rich, Medical Director My involvement in the Task Force was extremely gratifying and
of the Boston Public Health Commission, of the current energizing. It was a tremendous opportunity to work with a broad
cardiovascular disease risk factors and mortality by neighborhood and array of community activists and medical professionals from other
ethnicity for the city of Boston. The Boston Public Health academic institutions. I gained enormous insights into the challenges
Commission utilized concepts from the meetings to develop a set of and potential opportunities for translating the knowledge we have
recommendations that were presented at a Conference appropriately about prevention into the community setting.
held on Valentine’s Day, February 14, 2001 at the John F. Kennedy
Center. Dr. Martha Hill was the Conference keynote speaker. Emelia J. Benjamin, MD
Women in Cardiology Newsletter Fall 2001 11
NHLBI Major Supporter of Research
NHLBI Major Supporter of Research
Training and Career Development
Training and Career Development
For the past several decades, the National, Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) has been a major
supporter of training and career development programs. Today the life sciences face a challenging period in
which research knowledge is changing at a rapid pace. The next generation of researchers will have to be
skilled in new approaches and competencies and prepared to collaborate with scientists in diverse disciplines.
The NHLBI wants to be sure that investigators will be prepared to take full advantage of the many opportunities
that will present themselves in the post-genomic era. To this end, we have recently restructured our efforts to
provide career development support.
The quick-reference guide below is a good way for you to obtain an overview of the breadth and diversity of the
NHLBI training programs. The information in the Table will help you determine at-a-glance which award is best
suited to your needs. Details for all the awards are available at the Web site addresses, and you can explore
these opportunities further by contacting NHLBI staff at the numbers listed.
All of our training awards support women who are pursuing research careers; we strongly encourage women to
apply. I would welcome the opportunity to discuss your career goals with you.
Beth Schucker, NHLBI
NHLBI Home Page:
NHLBI Research Funding:
NHLBI Scientific Resources:
NIH Home Page:
NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts:
National NIH Research Training Opportunities:
Institutes Grants: NIH Office of Extramural Research:
12 Fall 2001 Women in Cardiology Newsletter
Research Training and Career Development
National Institutes of Health • National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute
• Research Supplements for Students with Disabilities
he National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
(NHLBI) supports research training and career • Research Supplements for Underrepresented
development of new and established researchers in Minority Students
basic and clinical science to enable them to conduct
research related to heart, vascular, lung, and blood Programs for Predoctoral Students
diseases; blood resources; and sleep disorders through • Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
individual and institutional research training and career
• Short-Term Institutional Research Training Grant (T35)
• Minority Institutional Research Training
Who is Eligible: Opportunities exist for individuals at Program (T32)
every career stage: high school, undergraduate, and
• Short-Term Training for Minority Students
predoctoral students; postdoctoral, new and established
researchers. Individual: US citizens, noncitizen nationals,
and permanent residents. Institutions: US public or • Predoctoral Fellowship Awards for Students with
private nonprofit organizations. Disabilities (F31)
• Predoctoral Fellowship Awards for Minority
Listed below are NHLBI-supported research training and
career development programs. For additional information,
please contact NHLBI staff to discuss questions and • Biomedical Research Training Program for
career goals. Underrepresented Minorities
• Division of Heart and Vascular Diseases — • Research Supplements for Graduate Research
301-435-0466 Assistants with Disabilities
• Division of Lung Diseases — • Research Supplements for Underrepresented Minority
301-435-0233 Graduate Research Assistants
• Division of Blood Diseases and Resources —
301-435-0080 Programs for Postdoctoral Individuals
• Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
• Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Applications —
301-435-0422 • Individual Postdoctoral National Research Service
• National Center on Sleep Disorders Research —
301-435-0199 • Research Supplements for Individuals in Postdoctoral
Training with Disabilities
Programs for High School Students • Research Supplements for Underrepresented Minority
• Research Supplements for Students with Disabilities Individuals in Postdoctoral Training
• Research Supplements for Underrepresented
Minority Students Programs for Mentored and Newly
Programs for Undergraduate Students • NHLBI Mentored Minority Faculty Development
• Short-Term Training for Minority Students
Programs (T35) • NHLBI Minority Institution Research Scientist
Development Award (K01)
• Biomedical Research Training Programs for
Underrepresented Minorities • Independent Scientist Award (K02)
• NHLBI Minority Access to Research Careers Summer • Mentored Clinical Scientist Development Award (K08)
Research Training Program • Career Transition Award (K22)
Women in Cardiology Newsletter Fall 2001 13
• Mentored Patient-Oriented Research Career Transition Useful Links
Award (K23) NHLBI Research Training and Career Development
• Mentored Quantitative Research Career Development http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/funding/training/redbook/
Award (K25) index.htm
• Research Supplements for Investigators with NHLBI Home Page
Disabilities Developing Independent Research Careers http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov
• Research Supplements for Underrepresented Minority NHLBI National Research Service Awards and
Investigators Career Development Awards
Programs for Established Researchers NIH Grants and Funding Opportunities
• Mid-career Investigator Award in Patient-Oriented http://grants.nih.gov/
• National Research Service Award for Senior
• Research Supplements for Established Investigators
Who Become Disabled
• Research Supplements to Promote Re-entry into
Biomedical and Behavioral Research Careers
Research Training and Career Development
Programs for Extramural Scientists
Education/ MD/Other Junior Established
Career Level Clinical Degrees PhD Predoc Postdoc Faculty Researchers
T32 • • • •
T35 • • •
F32 • • •
F33 • • •
K01 • • • •
K02* • • • •
K08 • • •
K22 • • • •
K23 • • • •
K24* • •
K25 • •
*Other Support Required
14 Fall 2001 Women in Cardiology Newsletter
Women in European
Another significant achievement has been the selection
his serves to update our American colleagues on
the activities of the Women European by each National Society of a member who will interact
Cardiologists (WEC). Our liaison with the AHA with WEC. The Coordinator of this project has been
and ACC Women in Cardiology Committees continues to Jadwiga Klos. We are pleased that we now have a large
strengthen. Our Committee has acquired a new very number of representatives, one for each of the 47
active member, Doctor Angela Maas from Zwolle, The National Societies. Now that the list is completed, it will
Netherlands. We are, therefore, seven, all women. We be transmitted to the ESC Board and we will be able, in
unfortunately have not yet been able to find a willing the near future, to organize a Surveillance Committee to
male member. While we wonder if we might appear to be monitor for opportunities for Women in Cardiology in
too feminist, I suppose we simply need to continue to Europe, exploring and comparing the laws for women in
grow in order to get more attention from the ESC different countries. Dr. Jane Somerville, past-Chairman
(European Society of Cardiology). That will come in and one of the most highly respected cardiologists in
time as we gain credibility among the female physicians Europe, is preparing a draft document for an award to be
in the European Community. given to a distinguished woman in Cardiology. Finally,
Karin Schenck-Gustafsson is preparing a proposal for the
With this goal in mind, we now have a Web site that creation of a Working Group on Cardiovascular Disease
provides reports and updates on the progress of the in Women. In our opinion, WEC should have a strong
organization and its membership. It also has an ongoing voice in both the social aspects of women in Cardiology,
survey function. One such survey performed by Jadwiga as well as cardiovascular disease in women, since both
Klos (Poland) in Eastern Europe has been concluded and tend to be relatively neglected by the European scientific
the results were presented at the European Society community.
Annual Meeting in Stockholm, Sweden, this past
September. A survey performed in France by Jenevieve Maria Grazia Modena, MD
Derimeaux is in progress and very soon we will be able
to compare the situations of a large number of women
cardiologists in Europe, including Eastern European
countries, Italy, France and Sweden.
In the Council on Clinical Cardiology
We encourage you to join and to become a fellow of
he Women in Cardiology Committee was
formed in 1993. Since then, the membership the Council on Clinical Cardiology. Information on
of women in the council has increased 75% council membership is included in this newsletter.
and the number who are fellows of the council has Together we are making a difference.
increased 40%. There has been 140% growth in the
number of women serving on council committees. Roxanne A. Rodney, M.D.
Council sessions moderated by women have climbed
240% and council sessions abstract reviewers have
Women in Cardiology Newsletter Fall 2001 15
Although not a direct offshoot of CVDY, the 32nd
he Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the
Young (CVDY) has made significant strides Bethesda Conference Report on Care of the Adult
over the past year in the areas of image and with Congenital Heart Disease was recently
awareness, education, advocacy, communication and published in the Journal of the American College of
AHA participation. Cardiology (37:1161–1198). This is a valuable
resource for those caring for adults with congenital
In April 2000, as part of the 3- to 5-year strategic heart disease.
plan, the Executive Committee appointed a
Communications Committee with the charge of CVDY has recently increased its participation in
positioning CVDY as the premier information other AHA committees and considers these activities
source for pediatric and adult congenital to be important. Representatives from CVDY have
cardiovascular issues. The Web site been appointed to the Statistics Committee, the
www.americanheart.org/cvdy/ has been extensively Professional Education Committee and the Public
redesigned. Its four sections (professionals, patients, Education Committee. Members of CVDY’s
kids, and parents) have extensive information for Committee on Atherosclerosis, Hypertension and
both the medical and lay communities. The Obesity in the Young have also been selected to
“scientific statements” section links to the AHA’s serve as liaisons to the four Science Committees
master list of position statements on endocarditis, (nutrition, physical activity, diabetes and obesity) of
exercise, anticoagulation, etc. The “hotlinks” section the newly formed Council on Nutrition, Physical
links to comprehensive lists of Pediatric and Adult Activity, and Metabolism. CVDY will be working
Congenital Centers, journals, societies, government closely with the new Council as it goes forward in
sites and support groups. The booklet “Adults with developing guidelines for both adults and children.
Congenital Heart Disease,” prepared by the
Committee on Congenital Cardiac Defects, has In addition, the Council on Clinical Cardiology and
diagrams of lesions and discusses surgical options CVDY are beginning to explore avenues of
and ongoing medical care including insurance collaboration in the education of physicians and
issues, contraception, anticoagulation and patients in issues regarding adults with congenital
restrictions. It is available both from the Web site heart disease.
and, in hard copy, through the AHA.
CVDY has a long history of promoting women in
On the education and advocacy front , the leadership roles. The current CVDY Chair is a
Committee on Congenital Defects has developed and woman, and although the female membership of
will be distributing a Heart and Stroke Fact Sheet in CVDY is only 22.5%, women account for 55% of
Children similar to the adult Heart and Stroke Fact the Executive Committee.
Sheet. This one-page sheet with bulleted points
about cardiovascular disease in children will be Therese M. Giglia, M.D.
distributed to lobbyists for use with members of
Congress. It is available in hard copy from the AHA
as well as on the AHA Web site.
16 Fall 2001 Women in Cardiology Newsletter
Calendar of Upcoming
October 25–27, 2001
The 3rd Frontiers in Diagnosis and
Management of Congenital Heart Disease
Course sponsored by The Cardiovascular Program
at Children’s Hospital, Boston will be held at the
Newport Marriott Hotel in Newport, Rhode Island.
This year’s course honors Drs. Richard and Stella
Van Praagh for their countless contributions to the field
of pediatric cardiology and morphology of congenital
heart disease. This program will address a range of
challenging topics in pediatric cardiovascular medicine,
surgery, and research. For details, please contact Ms.
Debi Wilkinson. Phone: 617-355-7655. Fax: 617-355- December 4–7, 2001
7655. E-mail: email@example.com. The Seventh International Kawasaki Disease Symposium
Co-sponsored by the Japan Kawasaki Disease Research
November 11–14, 2001 Center, Japan Heart Foundation, and the American Heart
Anaheim Scientific Sessions 2001 of the American Association. For more information and abstract forms:
Heart Association. Anaheim, CA. Phone: 214-706-1543. www.doc-japan.com/ikds/index2.thml
Fax: 214-706-5362. E-mail: Fuji-Hankone-Izu National Park, Japan Hakone Prince Hotel
Women in Cardiology Networking
Reception and Luncheon
Tuesday, November 13, 2001
West Coast Anaheim Hotel
“Managing Your Career: A Pro-active Approach”
Dr. Gigi Hirsch
$25.00 Luncheon Tickets are available at the
Convention Center Council Ticket Booth
Women in Cardiology Newsletter Fall 2001 17
2002 June 10–12, 2002
March 17–20, 2002 Thirteenth Annual Scientific Sessions of the American
American College of Cardiology 51st Annual Scientific Society of Echocardiography. Orlando, FL.
Sessions. Atlanta, GA. www.acc.org. www.asecho.org.
April 23–26, 2002 August 21–25, 2002
Asia — Pacific Scientific Forum Advances in the Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of
“The Genomics Revolution: Bench to Bedside to Heart Failure
Community” and the “42nd Annual Conference on Co-sponsored by the American Heart Association’s
Cardiovascular Disease Epidemiology and Prevention” Council on Basic Cardiovascular Sciences and the
Hawaii Convention Center, Honolulu, Hawaii Division of Cardiology, University of Maryland School
April 26–28, 2002 Snowbird, UT
Prevention VII: Conference on Obesity
Co-sponsored by the American Heart Association’s September 25–28, 2002
Councils on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism, 56th Annual Fall Conference & Scientific Sessions of
Epidemiology and Prevention, Cardiovascular Disease in the Council for High Blood Pressure
the Young, Cardiovascular Nursing, Arteriosclerosis, Sponsored by the American Heart Association’s Council
Thrombosis and Vascular Biology, Clinical Cardiology on High Blood Pressure Research
and co-sponsored by NAASO, NIDDK, IASO, and CDC Walt Disney World Resort, Orlando, FL
TBA, Honolulu, Hawaii
November 17–20, 2002
May 8–12, 2002 Scientific Sessions 2002
North American Society for Pacing and Chicago, IL
Electrophysiology 23rd Annual Scientific Sessions.
San Diego, CA. www.naspe.org.
American College of Cardiology
Women in Cardiology
The upcoming ACC Women in Cardiology Committee-sponsored luncheon will
be held on March 13, at the 2002 ACC Scientific Sessions, in Atlanta (March
17–20, 2002). The title is “Women and Leadership” presented by Marie
Michnich, PhD, National Policy Consultant.
18 Fall 2001 Women in Cardiology Newsletter
What is Fellowship? A Credentials committee examines the application and
Fellowship is a membership category that is only offered by documentation to ensure that the candidates have met the
eight of the thirteen American Heart Association Scientific criteria and show evidence of a continued interest in the field.
Councils. Fellowship is limited to scientists, professionals and A slate of candidates recommended for fellowship is then
physicians who have made contributions to the CVD or stroke presented to the Executive Committee or the fellows of the
fields through publications, scientific presentations, education, Scientific Councils for election.
etc., and is intended to recognize those contributions. Several
Scientific Councils have implemented the “Fellow of the What are the benefits of Fellowship?
American Heart Association” (FAHA) designation, which also All Scientific Council members receive certain benefits
requires significant and current service to AHA. The Scientific and privileges:
Councils that offer fellowship are:
• Reduced registration fees to attend the American Heart Association
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology Scientific Sessions and other AHA -sponsored conferences
Basic Cardiovascular Sciences • Reduced subscription rates for all American Heart
Cardiovascular Nursing Association journals
Cardiovascular Radiology • Fellows are eligible to serve as members of the AHA
Clinical Cardiology Scientific Councils’ executive and standing committees
Epidemiology & Prevention • Receipt of Scientific Council newsletter
High Blood Pressure Research • Receipt of Fellowship certificate
Stroke • Complete roster of the Fellows of the Council (upon request)
After reaching the age of 65, the Fellow may request Emeritus
Are scientists, professionals and physicians at
status. Emeritus Fellows are exempt from payment of Scientific
a junior level eligible for fellowship?
Council dues and journal subscriptions. The Council on
Yes, there is another category of fellowship called Associate
Cardiovascular Radiology requires that a fellow be active for 15
Fellow. This category is for those persons who show strong
years prior to retirement before Emeritus status is given.
potential for remaining in the field but have not had the
opportunity to meet all of the criteria for full fellowship. It is
How do I receive an application for
expected that Associate Fellows will have progressed enough in
fellowship? Complete the form below and return to the
their careers to meet the criteria for full fellowship within three
address at the bottom of the page.
years of being designated an Associate Fellow.
I would like an application for fellowship to the:
• Council on Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
How does one become a Fellow or
• Council on Basic Cardiovascular Sciences
• Council on Cardiovascular Nursing
Individuals may apply for fellowship by submitting a completed
• Council on Cardiovascular Radiology
application form along with the required support documentation
• Council on Clinical Cardiology
(the supporting documentation varies among the eight Scientific
• Council on Epidemiology and Prevention
Councils). In addition, certain criteria, as defined by the
• Council for High Blood Pressure Research
Scientific Council, must be met in order to be considered for
• Stroke Council
Associate Fellow or Fellow.
Want to know more? Visit the AHA Web site at
www.americanheart.org, and follow the links to Councils
Please send application to:
Name ____________________________________________________________ Degree ______________________
City ________________________ State ____________ Zip/Postal Code ____________ Country _______________
Phone ________________________ Fax ________________________ E-mail ______________________________
Please mail completed form to: American Heart Association, Credentials Secretary
7272 Greenville Ave, Dallas, TX 75231
Or Fax: 214-373-3406
Questions? Please contact Jonna Moody at 214-706-1587 or e-mail Jonna.Moody@Heart.org