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Pipes in sanitation

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Pipes in sanitation

  1. 1. Pipes in sanitation Building services
  2. 2. What are pipes...??? • A pipe is a tubular section or hollow cylinder, usually but not necessarily of circular cross-section, used mainly to convey substances which can flow — liquids and gases (fluids), slurries, powders, masses of small solids.
  3. 3. What do we mean by sanitation system....???? • Sanitation is the hygienic means of promoting health through prevention of human contact with the hazards of wastes as well as the treatment and proper disposal of sewage or wastewater. • The word 'sanitation' also refers to the maintenance of hygienic conditions, through services such as garbage collection and wastewater disposal.
  4. 4. SANITARY SEWER... • A sanitary sewer (also called a foul sewer) is an underground carriage system specifically for transporting sewage fro m houses and commercial buildings through pipes to treatment or disposal. Sanitary sewers serving industrial areas also carryindustrial wastewater. The system of sewers is called sewerage.
  5. 5. Piping system • Piping is a system of pipes used to convey fluid(liquids and gases) from one location to another. • Industrial process piping can be manufactured from wood , fiberglass, glass, steel, aluminium, plastic, copper and concrete. The in-line components known as fittings, and other device typically sense and control the pressures. • Flow-rate and temprature of the transmitted fluid as-usually includes in the field of piping design.
  6. 6. History of piping... • Earlier wooden pipes were constructed out of logs that had a large hole bored lengthwise through the centre. • Later, wooden pipes were constructed with staves and hoops similar to wooden barrel construction. • Stave pipes have the advantage that they are easily transported as a compact pile of parts on a wagon and then assembled as a hollow structure at the job site. • Wooden pipes were especially popular in mountain regions where transport of heavy iron or concrete pipes would have been difficult.
  7. 7. • Wooden pipes were easier to maintain than metal, because the wood did not expand or contract with temprature changes as much as metal and so consequently expansion joints and bends are not required. • The thickness of wood afforded some insulating properties to the pipes which helped prevent freezing as compared to metal pipes. • Wood used for water pipes does not rot easily. • Redwood pipes stayed smooth and clean indefinitely while iron pipe by comparison would rapidly begin to scale and corrode and could eventually plug itself up with corossion.
  8. 8. What is plumbing??.... • Plumbing is a piping system with which most people are familiar , as it constitutes the form of fluid transportation that is used to provide potable water and fuels to their homes and businesses. Plumbing pipes also remove waste in the form of sewage, and allow venting in the form of sewage gases to the outdoors. • fire sprinkler system also use in piping, and may transport non potable or potable water , or other fire suppression fluids.
  9. 9. wc Bath and kitchen Guli trap I C Main hole
  10. 10. Galvanized Steel Pipe . Use galvanized steel pipe above and below ground. This pipe comes in different lengths, and cutting may be necessary to allow threading. Rigid Copper Tubing . Copper tubing comes in 10- and 20-foot lengths and is used only above ground. Types K, L, and M have the same outside diameter to accept fittings. The inside diameters for K, L, and M are different. Flexible Copper Tubing . Flexible copper tubing comes in coils of 60 or 100 feet. Types of K and L can be used above and below ground. Both types have the advantage of bending with the use of a bending tool for installation.
  11. 11. Rigid Plastic Pipe . Plastic pipe comes in 10- and 20-foot lengths and is used above and below ground. Type PVC is used for cold water supply lines. Type CPVC is used for cold and hot water lines and is temperature-rated up to 180 degrees. Flexible Plastic Pipe . This comes in coils of 100 feet and is used above ground only. Type PB is used for cold and hot water lines and is temperature-rated from 180 to 200 degrees. Type PE is used only for cold water lines.
  12. 12. MADE BY; • Pulkit • Simran • Palak • Shabhnam • Hitaishi • yogesh

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