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Supercharge your IOT toolbox with MQTT and Node-RED

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A presentation I gave at Internetofthingsday in Oslo november 6th. Here's the video: http://www.ndcvideos.com/#/app/videos/1941

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Supercharge your IOT toolbox with MQTT and Node-RED

  1. 1. Supercharge your IoT toolbox with MQTT and Node-RED Simen Sommerfeldt, Internet of Things Day 2014
  2. 2. Advisor and CTO, Bouvet Oslo Dataforeningen, HIOA, Lær Kidsa Koding! Oslo IoT meetup @sisomm
  3. 3. how to do reliable messaging over unreliable networks? ” “ Dr. Andy Stanford-Clark, IBM
  4. 4. Background “MQTT was actually first designed for Real Time, Mission Critical, Command & Control, SCADA systems” - Arlen Nipper, Cirrus Link Solutions
  5. 5. Background http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-X9AAHRg_Jps/UL9jW9XV8DI/AAAAAAAABu8/nZhETlJ02K0/s1600/ISO+New+England+control+room.JPG
  6. 6. Pub/Sub with topic paths /container/address/devicetype/unique/status <payload> /minecraft/world/skull/250,72,211/status IS_ALONE Wildcards: # entire subtree, + a single level http://m.eet.com/media/1171446/0912embmqtt01.png
  7. 7. Broker /container/address/devicetype/unique/status <payload> /minecraft/world/skull/250,72,211/status IS_ALONE /container/address/devicetype/unique/incoming <payload> /arduino/1/incoming SERVOS_MOVE,54,69
  8. 8. Can combined with REST to provide notifications
  9. 9. Multiple brokers http://usuaris.tinet.cat/sag/mq_pubsub.htm
  10. 10. Standard since October 29th
  11. 11. IoT-friendly “Tricks” • Last will & testament • Binary payload • 3 QoS levels • Retained messages • 2 byte overhead • Small footprint • Low bandwidth
  12. 12. Mobile: MQTT vs HTTPS http://mobilebit.wordpress.com/2013/05/03/rest-is-for-sleeping-mqtt-is-for-mobile/ ” “
  13. 13. Do one thing and do it well! “I position MQTT as "the UNIX utility of M2M" - deliberately simple, easy to plug in to other tools, languages, and techniques” - Andy Piper, Twitter
  14. 14. MQTT is so simple that my children instantly could follow the message flow and suggest changes
  15. 15. Usages...
  16. 16. MQTT might be in your pocket now
  17. 17. http://highscalability.com/blog/2014/1/13/nytimes-architecture-no-head-no-master-no-single-point-of-fa.html
  18. 18. “MQTT is used both inside as inter-process communication and in the cloud for diagnosis” - Stefano Costa, Bluewind
  19. 19. Credo: “Use it as a protocol. Provide scaling and security as you need”
  20. 20. http://www.slideshare.net/kellogh/mqtt-kafka-33100776
  21. 21. Security • Username/Password • SSL connections • ACL for topics in some brokers • Client authentication (Certificates) • Encrypt messages
  22. 22. MQTT servers • RabbitMQ • Apache ActiveMQ • Apache Apollo • Moquette • HiveMQ • Mosca • IBM MQ • Mosquttio
  23. 23. Cloud services • Xively • Nimbits • Azure? • Eurotech Everywhere Device Cloud • Litmus Automation • M2M.IO
  24. 24. ESB’s • Mule • Fuse ESB • WSO2 • IBM Websphere ESB • Talend
  25. 25. Node.red 26-Nov-14 9
  26. 26. DEMO ( )
  27. 27. “Wiring together hardware devices, APIs and online services in new and interesting ways [...] focus on the task at hand and not worry about the plumbing” - Nick O’Leary, IBM
  28. 28. "Just as a spreadsheet lets you to play around with numbers, Node-RED is a tool that's good for playing around with events” - Dave Convay-Jones, IBM
  29. 29. http://www.infoq.com/resource/news/2014/05/ibm-node-red-qconlondon/en/resources/Node-RED-WS-Tweet-Demo-QCon-London-2014.png
  30. 30. Inputs
  31. 31. Functions & Social
  32. 32. Storage, Analysis, “Advanced”
  33. 33. Simple to install, with node.js and npm Find other nodes on GitHub!
  34. 34. https://c1.staticflickr.com/3/2299/2217422218_dac8acaa63.jpg
  35. 35. Can use other node.js packages & be embedded
  36. 36. Make your own
  37. 37. Users manual In your browser: 1. Add or select a node 2. Configure it 3. Combine it with others to form a flow 4. Deploy 5. Test
  38. 38. My Original Python Broker: ~20 hrs Node Red: 1 hr
  39. 39. Copy and paste with JSON
  40. 40. Usages • Rapid mockup of REST Services • Mockup of Integration scenarios • Internet of things protyping http://www.kongsbjergskolen.kolding.dk/Infoweb/Forsideavis/visnyhed.asp?AvisID=5&ID=12
  41. 41. Don’t run in production - or know what you do!
  42. 42. My wants: Mutex and aggregator pattern My wants: Mutex & Aggregator pattern http://huisdierencentrumhaarlem.nl/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/animals-cat-kitten-cute-begging-kitten-wallpaper.jpg
  43. 43. Sommerfeldt surveilance system?
  44. 44. http://blogg.bouvet.no/2014/03/10/an-internet-of-things-demo-using-raspberry-pi-arduino- minecraft-and-mqtt/
  45. 45. http://blogg.bouvet.no/2014/08/04/node-red-how-it-simplifed-my-iot-project-and-how-you- can-rapidly-prototype-for-the-internet-of-things/
  46. 46. github.com/sisomm/iot-concepts 56-Nov-14 4
  47. 47. Thanks to... • Andy Piper @ Twitter (Former IBM) • Michael Laing @ NY Times • Ian Skerret @ Eclipse Foundation • Benjamin Cabé @ Eclipse working group • Stefano Costa @ Bluewind • Nils Perret @ Bouvet
  48. 48. Join us on our demo day November 18th @ Bouvet
  49. 49. Questions?
  50. 50. Thanks
  51. 51. Answer to Clemens Vasters https://www.ibm.com/developerworks/community/blogs/c565c720- fe84-4f63-873f-607d87787327/entry/ mqtt_a_discussion_on_clemens_vasters_post?lang=en

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