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Certified seed production of peanut in East Tiomor


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Certified Seed

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Certified seed production of peanut in East Tiomor

  1. 1. TEMPLATE DESIGN © 2008 15% 27% 22% 2% 14% 14% 7% Aileu Baucau Bobonaro Dili Lautem liquica Oecusse 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 2011/2012 2012/2013 2013/2014 2014/2015 Classification of Peanut Spesies: Arachis hypogaea L. Sub Species: 1. A. hypogaea hypogaea - Virginia Market Type (big and long seed) - Runner Market Type (medium seed size) 2. A. hypogaea fastigiata - Spanish Market Type - Round and small seed - Valencia Market Type - Round and medium seed Utamua variety Peanut-Utamua was released by MAF in 2007. This Virginia market type peanut was introduced from ICRISAT-India named PT 5. Seed weight os this variety is 100 seed 103 g. Seed Classes of Source Seed: - Breeder seed (BS); Foundation Seed (FS); and Certified Seed Production of Certified Seed - Foundation seed should be planted to produce certified seed - Distance Isolation 3 m - Rogueing should be done properly - Harvest should be done when seed is mature. Some indication of seed maturity are inner side of the pod turned to dark, and the Pod texture can be seen clearly - Field inspection is conducted by seed officer before planting, vegetative, generative, and close to harvest Seed Cleaning, drying and storage is done in seed warehouse - Clean the pod from soil - Dry properly (mc < 10%) Seed Testing - Moisture content, physical purity, and germination rate is determined by seed analyst in Seed laboratory. - Laboratory standard of FS and Certified seed can be seen in Table 1. Introdusaun Result Acknowledgment Fig. 8. Production of Certifed Seed Peanut-Utamua (2011 – 2015) Seed Class Moisture content max (%) Germination rates min (%) Physical seed purity (%) Foundation 11 80 99 Certified 11 80 98 Tabel 1 . Standard Laboratory of Source Seed Peanut in Timor Leste Total Production 2011/2012 = 4.3 ton 2012/2013 = 8.6 ton 2013/2014 = 8.1 ton 2014/2015 = 10.6 ton Ton Production of Utamua seed Method Fig 9. Certified Peanut-Utamua seed distribution for 2015/2016 season Fig.3 Certified seed plot Certified Seed Production of Peanut-Utamua in Timor Leste Fig.4 Field inspection Fig.5. Seed drying, seed sortation Fig.6. Seed testing Fig.7. packed seed ready for distribution Basilio Pires1), Constantinho da Costa 1), Marcal Ximenes 1), Jose R. Sako 1), Celestina da Costa 1), Asep Setiawan1), Simão M. Belo1), Fernando Soares1). 1) = Seeds of Life, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries Republic Democratic of Timor Leste