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The United States Government


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The United States Government

  1. 1. The United States Government <ul><li>Branches of Government </li></ul><ul><li>Executive </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Government </li></ul><ul><li>Federal </li></ul><ul><li>State </li></ul><ul><li>Local </li></ul>Standard III.4 American Government and Politics
  2. 2. Branches Of Government Legislative Executive Judicial
  3. 3. Legislative Branch <ul><li>Congress </li></ul><ul><li>House of Representatives </li></ul><ul><li>Senate </li></ul>
  4. 4. House of Representatives <ul><li>Requirements of representatives </li></ul><ul><li>At least 25 years old </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. citizen for at least 7 years </li></ul><ul><li>Live in the state you represent </li></ul><ul><li>What they do </li></ul><ul><li>Sort through bills that go to the senate for further approval </li></ul><ul><li>How many are there? </li></ul><ul><li>435 representatives in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Each state gets a certain amount of representatives based on their population </li></ul><ul><li>Where does Michigan stand? </li></ul><ul><li>110 th Congress </li></ul>Legislative Branch
  5. 5. Senate <ul><li>Requirements for senators </li></ul><ul><li>At least 30 years old </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. citizen for at least 9 years </li></ul><ul><li>Live in the state they represent </li></ul><ul><li>What they do </li></ul><ul><li>Approve treaties the president makes </li></ul><ul><li>Approve supreme court justices </li></ul><ul><li>How many are there? </li></ul><ul><li>100 senators </li></ul><ul><li>2 senators per state </li></ul><ul><li>Where does Michigan stand? </li></ul><ul><li>110 th Congress </li></ul>Legislative Branch
  6. 6. Executive Branch <ul><li>President : the leader of our nation </li></ul><ul><li>Vice President : the leader of our senate, and 2nd in command </li></ul>
  7. 7. President <ul><li>Who is the president? </li></ul><ul><li>George W. Bush </li></ul><ul><li>Requirements to be president </li></ul><ul><li>At least 35 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Born in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Lived in the U.S. for the last 14 years </li></ul><ul><li>How long is he/she president? </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 2 terms </li></ul><ul><li>4 year terms </li></ul><ul><li>What does he do? </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign affairs and relations-American </li></ul><ul><li>Head of State </li></ul><ul><li>Commander and Chief of the Military </li></ul><ul><li>He can veto bills from Congress </li></ul>Executive Branch
  8. 8. Vice President <ul><li>Who is the Vice President </li></ul><ul><li>Dick Cheney </li></ul><ul><li>Requirements for the Vice President </li></ul><ul><li>Constitutionally, there are </li></ul><ul><li>no qualifications for the </li></ul><ul><li>vice president. </li></ul>Executive Branch
  9. 9. Judicial Branch <ul><li>Supreme Court : the highest court in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Other Federal Courts </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Supreme Court <ul><li>Established by Article III of the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Decides the final verdict on all cases appealed to this court </li></ul><ul><li>All the members are appointed by the President </li></ul>Judicial Branch
  11. 11. Other Federal Courts <ul><li>Created and established by Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Three types </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Court of Appeals </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. District Courts </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Bankruptcy Courts </li></ul>Judicial Branch
  12. 12. State Governments <ul><li>Two parts </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Powers </li></ul>
  13. 13. State Governments: Constitutions <ul><li>Constitutions </li></ul><ul><li>Each state has their own constitution </li></ul><ul><li>It can’t contradict the national Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Also has a legislative, judicial and executive separation of powers </li></ul><ul><li>Instead of a president there is a governor </li></ul>State Government
  14. 14. State Governments: Powers <ul><li>Ratify amendments </li></ul><ul><li>Manage public health and safety </li></ul><ul><li>Oversee trade within the state </li></ul><ul><li>Make and enforce laws </li></ul><ul><li>Tax </li></ul><ul><li>Borrow money </li></ul><ul><li>(the state government cannot override the federal government: comparison of powers with federal government) </li></ul>State Government
  15. 15. Federal Versus State Government Federal State Coin Money Declare War Conduct foreign relations Oversee foreign and interstate trade Ratify Amendments Manage public health and safety Oversee trade within the state Make and enforce laws Tax Borrow Money State Government Federal Government
  16. 16. Federal Government <ul><li>Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Checks and Balances </li></ul>
  17. 17. Federal Government: Constitution <ul><li>The federal constitution is “the supreme law of the land” </li></ul><ul><li>It was written in 1787 </li></ul><ul><li>Ratified in 1790 </li></ul><ul><li>Replaced the Articles of Confederation as the official governmental rulebook </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot be overruled by any state or local constitution </li></ul>MOVIE! Federal Government
  18. 18. Federal Government: Powers <ul><li>Coin money </li></ul><ul><li>Declare war </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct foreign relations </li></ul><ul><li>Oversee foreign and interstate trade </li></ul><ul><li>Make and enforce laws </li></ul><ul><li>Tax </li></ul><ul><li>Borrow Money </li></ul><ul><li>Works through a system of checks and balances between branches of government </li></ul><ul><li>( Comparison of powers with state governments) </li></ul>Federal Government
  19. 19. Local Governments <ul><li>Most people live under multiple local governments </li></ul><ul><li>Each category has its own set of rules, but none of them can go beyond the powers of the state or federal governments </li></ul><ul><li>Five categories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>County </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Town and Township </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Municipality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special District </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School District </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Federal Checks and Balances <ul><li>Each branch of the government can limit the powers of the others </li></ul><ul><li>Example: how a bill becomes a law: </li></ul>MOVIE! Federal Government State Government