          
reported speech   Para reportarmos algo que foi       dito por outra pessoa  Can you            Open your                 ...
Reporting statements (affirmative / negative) /
reported speech        DISCURSO                        DIRETOexample:              I want lasagna for dinner.             ...
reported speech          DISCURSO                          DIRETOexample:            I want lasagna for dinner.           ...
reported speech   Geralmente usamos o passado dosverbos SAY e TELL no reported speech.             MAN, I’M SO TIRED!     ...
reported speech Quando reportamos algo que ainda está ocorrendo (ou for    algo permanente), não      precisamos mudar o ...
reported speech            example:                       He said he needs to find a                        I need to find...
reported speech            example:                       He said he needed to find a                        I need to fin...
reported speech Então se reportamos algo que  não está mais ocorrendo (ou provavelmente não está mais     ocorrendo), pr...
reported speech    example:                    I really need a vacation.                  She said she really             ...
reported speech           example:                               I am your father, Luke.                                  ...
reported speech   example:                      I‟ll always love you, Edward.                     ... But you said you    ...
reported speech   example:Sarah: „I‟m thinking about it‟.      Sarah told me she was thinking                 about it.   ...
reported speech   example:  Marcy: „I like your new tie‟.        Marcy told Mike she liked his                  new tie.  ...
reported speech   example:Sue to Joe: „I can‟t hear you‟.       Sue told Joe (that) she couldn‟t                 hear him....
reported speech example: Mike‟s parents to him: „We want you to                be happy‟.   Mike‟s parents told him (that)...
reported speech   example: Jill to us: „I‟ve just seen Laura‟.   Jill told us (that) she had just                 seen La...
reported speech           example:           Jake: „This is your new room‟          He said that was my new room.         ...
VERBOS MUDAM PARA O „PASSADO‟ :          SIMPLE PRESENT  SIMPLE PAST„I GO to school by bus‟  He said he WENT to school b...
Reporting Questions   (Yes/No questions          or    WH-questions) /
reported speechSe reportamos perguntas, usamos o verbo    ASKED seguido do objeto indireto.                  Can you help ...
reported speech As palavras WHAT, WHICH, WHO, WHEN, ou HOW (ETC.) que forem    usadas nas perguntas são   mantidas no rep...
reported speech      example:                    Is it risky?                                                            ...
reported speech     example:               What are the risks?                                                           ...
reported speech      example:                    Is it risky?                                           O que era         ...
reported speech     example:              What are the risks?                                          O que era          ...
reported speech   example:             discurso direto           What is your name?                                      ...
reported speech   example:              discurso direto           Where did you go?                                       ...
reported speech   example:              discurso direto           How is your father?                                     ...
reported speech   example:              discurso direto           Do you like pizza?                                      ...
reported speech   example:              discurso direto          Have you met Peter?                                      ...
Reportingcommands/orders   (Imperatives)
reported speech    Para reportar ordens ou comandos usamos os verbos     TELL (com sentido de            “mandar”) e ASK ...
reported speechEm reported speech para comandos e      ordens, acrescentamos           TO ou NOT TO                 antes...
reported speech   example:              discurso direto            „Turn off the TV‟                                      ...
reported speech   example:              discurso direto         „Don‟t turn on the TV‟                                    ...
reported speech       example: Don‟t open attached files in your             e-mails!                                    ...
reported speech    example:          Hold it for a minute, please.                                                       ...
reported speech   example:                     EAT more vegetables.                                                      ...
reported speech       example:  Show this plan to the director.                      Her boss told her                   ...
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Activate b1 unit 9 reported speech

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Activate b1 unit 9 reported speech

  1. 1.          
  2. 2. reported speech Para reportarmos algo que foi dito por outra pessoa Can you Open your next July.  We’ll travel help me? books.  Jamie is a  good friend.  Jack told me ... / Jack said... Suzana asked us... 
  3. 3. Reporting statements (affirmative / negative) /
  4. 4. reported speech DISCURSO DIRETOexample: I want lasagna for dinner.    Dad said he wants lasagna for dinner.  DISCURSO INDIRETO
  5. 5. reported speech DISCURSO DIRETOexample: I want lasagna for dinner.    Dad said HE WANTED lasagna for dinner.  DISCURSO INDIRETO 
  6. 6. reported speech Geralmente usamos o passado dosverbos SAY e TELL no reported speech. MAN, I’M SO TIRED!  He said he was tired. He told me he was tired.   O verbo TELL deve vir sempre seguido de um objeto indireto (pessoa) sem „to‟.  Ex: He told me, told the kids, told mom etc.
  7. 7. reported speech Quando reportamos algo que ainda está ocorrendo (ou for algo permanente), não  precisamos mudar o  tempo do verbo.   
  8. 8. reported speech example: He said he needs to find a I need to find a solution! solution.  achar uma solução para o problema”, então não é  Como o rapaz “ainda precisa  necessário mudar o tempo do  verbo, pois a situação ainda está ocorrendo. 
  9. 9. reported speech example: He said he needed to find a I need to find a solution! solution.  Mas, em geral, mudamos os verbos para o passado pois não   sabemos quando aquilo foi dito ou o que foi dito não é imediato. Mudamos também pronomes, demonstrativos e advérbios.  
  10. 10. reported speech Então se reportamos algo que não está mais ocorrendo (ou provavelmente não está mais  ocorrendo), precisamos  mudar o tempo do verbo:  
  11. 11. reported speech example: I really need a vacation. She said she really  needed a vacation.    Some time later... 
  12. 12. reported speech example: I am your father, Luke.    Some time later...  He said he was his father.
  13. 13. reported speech example: I‟ll always love you, Edward. ... But you said you   would always love him...   Some time later...
  14. 14. reported speech example:Sarah: „I‟m thinking about it‟. Sarah told me she was thinking about it.     
  15. 15. reported speech example: Marcy: „I like your new tie‟. Marcy told Mike she liked his new tie.     
  16. 16. reported speech example:Sue to Joe: „I can‟t hear you‟. Sue told Joe (that) she couldn‟t hear him.     
  17. 17. reported speech example: Mike‟s parents to him: „We want you to be happy‟. Mike‟s parents told him (that)  they wanted him to be happy.    
  18. 18. reported speech example: Jill to us: „I‟ve just seen Laura‟. Jill told us (that) she had just  seen Laura.    
  19. 19. reported speech example: Jake: „This is your new room‟ He said that was my new room. Mel: „I‟ll call you today‟. Mel told me she would call me that day.  Palavras que se referem àquela situação específica também mudam: THIS  THAT NOW  THEN  HERE  THERE  TODAY  THAT DAY TOMORROW  THE NEXT DAY  YESTERDAY  THE DAY BEFORE 
  20. 20. VERBOS MUDAM PARA O „PASSADO‟ : SIMPLE PRESENT  SIMPLE PAST„I GO to school by bus‟  He said he WENT to school by bus... PRESENT CONTINUOUS  PAST CONTINUOUS„I‟M GOING to school...‟  He said he WAS GOING to school... PRESENT PERFECT  PAST PERFECT„I HAVE BEEN to school...‟  He said he HAD BEEN to school... WILL + VERB  WOULD + VERB „I WILL GO to school...‟  He said he WOULD GO to school... MAY + VERB  MIGHT + VERB „I MAY GO to school...‟  He said he MIGHT GO to school ... CAN + VERB  COULD + VERB „I CAN GO to school...‟  He said he COULD GO to school...
  21. 21. Reporting Questions (Yes/No questions or WH-questions) /
  22. 22. reported speechSe reportamos perguntas, usamos o verbo ASKED seguido do objeto indireto. Can you help me  please?   He asked me if I could help  him. 
  23. 23. reported speech As palavras WHAT, WHICH, WHO, WHEN, ou HOW (ETC.) que forem usadas nas perguntas são  mantidas no reported speech.  Se não foram usadas estas palavras na pergunta, então  usamos IF. 
  24. 24. reported speech example: Is it risky?  I‟m sorry?   He asked you if it is risky.  
  25. 25. reported speech example: What are the risks?  I‟m sorry?   He asked you what the risks are.  
  26. 26. reported speech example: Is it risky? O que era pergunta no  discurso direto virou frase  afirmativa no discurso indireto.  Por isso, o verbo He asked you if it is risky.  TO BE está depois do sujeito. 
  27. 27. reported speech example: What are the risks? O que era pergunta no  discurso direto virou frase  afirmativa no discurso indireto.  Por isso, o verbo He asked you what the risks are.  TO BE está depois do sujeito. 
  28. 28. reported speech example: discurso direto What is your name?  discurso indireto  He asked me what my name WAS.   
  29. 29. reported speech example: discurso direto Where did you go?  discurso indireto  He asked me where I had gone.   
  30. 30. reported speech example: discurso direto How is your father?  discurso indireto  He asked me how my father was.   
  31. 31. reported speech example: discurso direto Do you like pizza?  discurso indireto  He asked me IF I liked pizza.   
  32. 32. reported speech example: discurso direto Have you met Peter?  discurso indireto  He asked me if I had met Peter.   
  33. 33. Reportingcommands/orders (Imperatives)
  34. 34. reported speech Para reportar ordens ou comandos usamos os verbos TELL (com sentido de  “mandar”) e ASK  (com sentido de “pedir”):   
  35. 35. reported speechEm reported speech para comandos e ordens, acrescentamos TO ou NOT TO  antes do verbo (infinitivo).  Mom: „Go to bed‟  Mom told me TO GO to bed.  
  36. 36. reported speech example: discurso direto „Turn off the TV‟  discurso indireto  Dad told me TO turn off the TV.   
  37. 37. reported speech example: discurso direto „Don‟t turn on the TV‟  discurso indireto   Dad told me NOT TO turn on the TV.  
  38. 38. reported speech example: Don‟t open attached files in your e-mails!   Her mother told her not to  open attached files in her  e-mails. 
  39. 39. reported speech example: Hold it for a minute, please.  She asked him to   hold the plate for a minute.  
  40. 40. reported speech example: EAT more vegetables.  The doctor told  her to eat more  vegetables.  
  41. 41. reported speech example: Show this plan to the director. Her boss told her  to show the plan  to the director.   

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