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S O C I A L W E L FA R E
P R O G R A M M E S
I N I N D I A
D r . P a y a l D a s h
F i n a l Y e a r P o s t g r a d u a t e
S e m i n a r -
0 3
1
1.Introduction
2.Need for Social Welfare programmes
in India
3.Classification
4.Child Welfare Agencies
5.Welfare Schemes for Children-
a.National Action Plan for Children
b.Digital Laado
c.PM Cares for Children
d.Ladali Lakshmi Yojana
6..Integrated Child development
Services
Kishori Shakti Yojana
Nutritional Program for Adolescent Girls
SABLA-Rajiv Gandhi Scheme
IGMSY
7.Women Empowerment Schemes
Mahila-E-Haat
Beti bachao,beti padhao
One stop centre scheme
Working women hostels
Swadhar Greh
STEP
Nari Shakti
Women Helpline Scheme
UJJAWALA
Nirbhaya
Mahila Shakti Kendras
Mahila Police Volunteers
Mother and Child tracking system
Priyadarshini
Swayamsiddha scheme
8.SUMMARY
9.CONCLUSION
10.REFERENCES
CONTENTS
2
INTRODUCTION
Add your words here
What is social welfare ?
The Indian Constitution establishes a welfare state.
This is clear from the salient features in the Preamble and the Directive Principles of State Policy
In this spirit, India is making a determined attempt to fulfil its ideal of a welfare state not only in
principle but also through economic planning, thus securing to the Indian citizens justice— social,
economic and political.
The ministries of the Government of India have come up with various government programs called
schemes or plans (Yojana) from time to time. These schemes could be formed either by the central
government, state government specific or joint collaboration between the centre and the states.
4
INTRODUCTION
5
The priorities of social welfare service
(a)To establish a social security system;
(b) To extend facilities for community development;
(c) To improve the quality and scope of services;
(d) To ensure that adequate facilities are available for the
disabled;
(e) To provide services for the elderly
(f) To ensure the adequate provision of probation and
correctional services;
(g) To support training, planning, research and
evaluation.
Priority groups are
(a) Children in need
(b) Women
(c) Old people
(d) Disabled
(e) People with ill-health
(f) Under privileged sections of society
Social welfare program, any of a variety of governmental programs designed to protect citizens from the
economic risks and insecurities of life. The most common types of programs provide benefits to the elderly
or retired, the sick or invalid, dependent survivors, mothers, the unemployed, the work-injured, and
families.
6
Social Welfare
programs for
women & Child
Women
WOMEN
EMPOWERMENT
SCHEMES
Children
Composite
programs
Maladjusted
groups
Physically
handicapped
Backward classes
Deen Dayal
Upadhyaya
Grameen
Kaushalya Yojana
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao
Scheme
One Stop Centre Scheme
Women Helpline Scheme
UJJAWALA :
Working Women Hoste
SWADHAR Greh
NARI SHAKTI
PURASKAR
NIRBHAYA
Mahila police Volunteers
Mahila Shakti Kendras
(MSK)
Anganwadi Services
Scheme
Pradhan Mantri Matru
Vandana Yojana
National Creche Scheme
Scheme for Adolescent
Girls
Child Protection Scheme
POSHAN Abhiyaan
CLASSIFICATION
CHILD WELFARE
●Child welfare covers the entire spectrum of needs of children who by reason of handicap - social. economic,
physical or mental - are unable to avail of services provided by the community .
●To provide supportive services to the families of these children.
●Various facets are preventive, prnmotive, developmental and rehabilitative in nature.
●Resources available are only supplementary in nature and are designed to meet certain needs of the most
deprived and vulnerable among country's child population.
●Attention is generally focussed on 3 categories of children in the poverty groups :
children of working mothers
destitute children
handicapped children
7
CHILD WELFARE AGENCIES
Established in 1945
To address issues in
rural India
Established in 1953
by a Resolution of
Govt. of India
8
• Children of
working
mothers
Day Care
Services
• 12-16 years
• At hill
stations,sea
side resorts
Holiday
Homes • Organisation of
play
centres,Bal
bhavan
Recreation
Facility
Provision of care and protection to all children before
and after birth and throughout the
period of childhood.
Comprehensive health and nutrition programmes
Free and compulsory education until the age of 14 years
Special attention to children from marginalised
backgrounds or children with social handicaps.
Constitution of a National Children's Board for planning
and upholding the rights of children.
Protection of children against abuse, neglect, cruelty and
exploitation.
NATIONAL POLICY FOR CHILDREN,1974
9
NATIONAL ACTION PLAN FOR CHILDREN-
NAPC
10
11
●Reducing Infant Mortality Rate.
●Reducing Maternal Mortality Rate.
●Reducing Malnutrition among children.
●Achieving 100% civil registration of births
●Universalization of early childhood care
●Complete abolition of female foeticide, female infanticide and child marriage
●Improving Water and Sanitation coverage in both rural and urban areas
●Addressing and upholding the rights of Children in Difficult Circumstances
●Securing for all children all legal and social protection
●Complete abolition of child labour
●Monitoring, Review and Reform of policies, programmes and laws to ensure protection of children’s interests
and rights.
●Ensuring child participation and choice in matters and decisions affecting their lives
NAPC,2016
12
Key Programmes and Schemes
included in the NPAC 2016:
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao
Dindayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme
Integrated Child Development Services
(Including SABLA and Kishori Shakti
Yojna)
Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahayog Yojana
Integrated Child Protection Scheme
Integrated Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha
Abhiyan
Janani SurakshaYojana
Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram
Mid-Day Meal
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural
Employment Guarantee Scheme
National Health Mission
National Nutrition Mission
National Rural/Urban Drinking Water
Mission
National Mental Health Programme
National AIDS Control Programme
Pradhanmantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna
Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram
Rajiv Gandhi National Crèche Scheme*
Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram
Sarva Shiksha Mission
Swachh Bharat Mission
Scholarship Schemes
Schemes under National Trust Act
UJJAWALA
The NPAC 2016 takes into account the current priorities for children
in India.
Initiative to further strengthen and activate the implementation
and monitoring of national constitutional and policy commitments and
the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
It provides a road-map that links the Policy objectives to actionable
programmes and strategies.
The plan takes due note of the importance of strengthening the
ability of communities and families to support children and to ensure
their overall survival, well-being, protection and development.
The focus of the NPAC is to reach and serve to the “Last Child
First”
13
●Launched on the occasion of “International Day of The Girl Child” on 11th October 2020 and also in 73rd year of
Independence,
●To make daughters self-dependent & nurture their talent & creativity across the India via Digital Expertise
program.
Background of the Initiatives
This program is driven by SEOsurfer™️ training wing of
the Fulcrum Group,
#DigitalLaado is not a onetime program this is a mission
which is started by Fulcrum Group of Companies which is
serving at more than 600 location at PAN India in the
varied domains of Training, Healthcare & Digital Portfolio
Management.
Benefits of Course
●Digital marketing Internship of 10 hours
●Project retention*
●Online & Offline classes
●Earn knowledge of digital sales
●Career Enhancement
14
15
1. Fixed Deposit in the name of the child:
PM CARES will contribute Rs 10 lakh for each child when he or
she reaches 18 years of age.
This corpus:
Will be used to give a monthly financial support/ stipend from
18 years of age, for the next five years to take care of his or her
personal requirements during the period of higher education
and on reaching the age of 23 years, he or she will get the
corpus amount as one lump-sum for personal and professional
use.
2. School Education: For children under
10 years
The child will be given admission in the
nearest Kendriya Vidyalaya or in a private
school as a day scholar.
If the child is admitted in a private school,
the fees as per the RTE norms will be
given from the PM CARES.
PM-CARES will also pay for expenditure on
uniform, text books and notebooks.
16
3. School Education: for children between 11-18 years:
Admission in any Central Government residential school such as Sainik School, Navodaya Vidyalaya
Under the care of Guardian/ grandparents/ extended family, then he or she will be given admission in the
nearest Kendriya Vidyalaya or in a private school as a day scholar.
If the child is admitted in a private school, the fees as per the RTE norms will be given from the PM
CARES.
PM CARES will also pay for expenditure on uniform, text books and notebooks.
4. Support for Higher Education:
education loan for Professional courses / Higher
Education in India as per the existing Education Loan
norms.
5. Health Insurance
All children will be enrolled as a beneficiary under
Ayushman Bharat Scheme (PM-JAY) with a
health insurance cover of Rs. 5 lakhs.
The premium amount for these children till the
age of 18 years will be paid by PM CARES.
17
18
LADALI LAKSHMI
YOJANA
●Introduced by Government of Madhya Pradesh. It was
●Inaugurated by Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan on 2nd May 2007,which was followed by expansion to
six additional states including Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Goa.
●It came into effect from 7th April, 2007.
FOCUS-
●The scheme aims at providing monetary assistance to girl children in order to empower girls.
●Under this scheme, the girl child's educational expenses would be funded in order to support the respective
families. But the same would not be applicable to a child who drops out of school, under this scheme.
●The objective of the government is to create a balance in the demographic profile of the country and to provide
women with a conducive environment for all rounder growth.
focuses on providing benefits to the girl children, mainly from non tax paying families or orphans, who
were born on or after the 1st of January, 2006.
19
Buy National
Service
Certificates
•6000/- each
year for 5
years
Rs2000/-
Class 6
Rs4000/-
Class 9
Rs7500
Class 11
Rs200 every
month-Higher
education
By 21 years
Rs 1 Lakh
INTEGRATED CHILD
DEVELOPMENT
SERVICES
Add your words here
21
INTEGRATED CHILD SERVICE SCHEME
●Launched in 1975
●Unique early childhood development programme,
●Centrally Sponsored Scheme
●Anchored by Ministry of Women and Child Development (MoWCD), Government of India (GoI).
●The Anganwadi Services (under Umbrella Integrated Child Development Services) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme
and the Government of India releases grants-in-aid to the States / UTs.
Early childhood
Care Education &
Development
Care & Nutrition
Counselling
Health Services
Community Mobilisation
Awareness, Advocacy
&Information, Education
and Communication
COMPONEN
TS
22
- Institutionalise essential services and strengthen structures at all levels:
o Implementing ICDS in Mission mode to prevent under nutrition
o Strengthen ICDS- AWC as the first village post for health, nutrition and early learning
o Focusing on children
o Focusing on early child care and learning environment
o Moving from outlays to child-related outcomes
o Fostering decentralisation and community based locally responsive childcare approaches
- Enhance capacities at all levels:
o Vertical integration of training of all functionaries to strengthen field based joint action and teamwork
to achieve desired results and objectives
o Establish national training resources centres at Central & State levels
OBJECTIVES
23
- Ensure appropriate inter-sectoral response at all levels:
o Ensure convergence at the grassroots level by strengthening partnerships with PRIs, Communities, Civil Societies
to improve Child development services
o Coordinate and network with all Government & Non- Government Organisations providing services for children
- Raise public awareness and participation :
o Strengthen maternal and child care, nutrition and health education
o Raise public awareness at all levels about vulnerabilities of children
o Inform beneficiary group and public about availability of core services
o Promote social mobilisation and voluntary action
- Create database and knowledge base for Child development services:
o Strengthen ICDS Management Information System (MIS)
o Use Information, Communication Technology (ICT) to strengthen the information base and share & disseminate
information
o Undertake Research and Documentation
24
Convergence of Different Departments through Anganwadi Centres
25
UMBRELLA
ICDS
Anganwadi
Services
Scheme
Pradhan Mantri
Matru Vandana
yojana
National Creche
Scheme
Scheme for
Adolescent Girls
Child Protection
Scheme
POSHAN
Abhiyaan
26
Delivery of services
1.Supplementary nutrition is given to children below 6 years, and nursing and expectant mothers from low
income group.
The type of food depends upon local availability, type of beneficiary, location of the project etc.
The aim is to supplement nutritional intake as follows :
a. Child 6-72 months of age - 500 calories and 12-15 grams of protein (financial norm of Rs 6.00 per child
p,er day);
b. Severely malnourished child 6-72 months - 800 calories and 20-25 grams protein (financial norm of Rs
9.00 per child per day); and
c. pregnant and nursing woman - 600 calories and 18-20 grams of protein (financial norm of Rs 7.00 pm
beneficiary per day.
27
Revised nutrional Norms
●To provide more than one meal to the children ( morning snack in the form of milk/banana/ egg/seasonal
fruit/micronutrient fortified food followed by a hot cooked meal.)
●children below 3 years of age, and pregnant and lactating mothers, "take home ration" is to be provided. ●All are
eligible for availing of the services of ICDS, below poverty line is not a criteria
●The scheme is universal. Supplementary nutrition is given 300 days in a year
●Adequate funds for supplementary nutrition is provided in the State Plan under Minimum Needs Programme.
●Children are weighed every month.
●Nutrition education and health education is given to mothers of children suffering from 1st degree of
malnutrition.
●Supplementary nutrition (therapeutic food) is given to children suffering from 2nd and 3rd degree malnutrition.
●Children suffering from 4th degree malnutrition are recommended hospitalization.
28
2.Nutrition and health education
Nutrition education and health education is given to all women in the age group 15- 45 years, giving
priority to nursing and expectant mothers. It is imparted by specially organized courses in village during
home visits by anganwadi workers.
3. Immunization
Immunization of children against 6 vaccine preventable diseases is being done , while for expectant
mothers, immunization against tetanus is recommended.
29
Health check-up
(a) antenatal care of expectant mothers;
(b) postnatal care of nursing mother and care of newborn infants;
(c) care of children under 6 years of age. Besides immunization, expectant mothers are given iron and folic acid
tablets along with protein supplements. A minimum of 3 physical examinations are done.
High risk mothers are referred to appropriate institutions for special care.
The health care of children under 6 years of age consists of:
1. Record of weight and height of children at periodical intervals;
2. Watch over milestones;
3. Immunization;
4. General check-up every 3-6 months to detect disease, malnutrition etc.;
5. Treatment for disease like diarrhoea, dysentery, respiratory tract infections etc. which are widely prevalent;
6. Deworming;
7. Prophylaxis against vitamin A deficiency and anaemia; and
8. Referral of serious cases to hospital has also been provided for.
30
5.Non-formal pre-school education
Children between the ages 3-6 years are imparted nonformal pre-school education in an anganwadi in
each village with about 1000 population.
The objective is to provide opportunities to develop desirable attitude, values and behaviour
pattern among children.
Locally produced inexpensive toys and material are used in organizing play and creative activity.
31
32
NATIONAL CRECHE
SCHEME
SERVICES
(i) Daycare Facilities including Sleeping Facilities.
(ii) Early Stimulation for children below 3 years
and Pre-school Education for 3 to 6 years old
children.
(iii) Supplementary Nutrition(to be locally
sourced)
(iv) Growth Monitoring.
(v) Health Check-up and Immunization.
https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/National%20Creche%20Scheme%20For%20The%20Children%20of%20Working%20Mothers_0.pdf
Formely known as Rajiv Gandhi National Creche Scheme(1 .1.2006) Launched on 1 January 2017
33
TARGET GROUP
The scheme focuses on children of 6 months to 6 years, of working women in rural and urban areas who are
employed for a minimum period of 15 days in a month, or six months in a year
COVERAGE
As on 11.03.2020, 6453 creches are functional across the country under the National Creche
Scheme.
https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/National%20Creche%20Scheme%20For%20The%20Children%20of%20Working%20Mothers_0.pdf
GUIDELINES
Crèches shall be open for 26 days in a month and for seven and half (7-1/2) hours per day.
children should not be more than 25 per crèche with 01 Worker and 01 helper respectively.
BPL families - Rs 20/- per child per month.
Families with Income (Both Parents) of upto Rs. 12,000/- per month – Rs. 100/- per child per month
Families with Income (Both Parents) of above Rs. 12,000/- per month – Rs. 200/- per child per month.
34
POSHAN ABHIYAAN
Launched on March 2018 in Rajasthan
Directs the attention of the country towards the problem of malnutrition and address it in a mission-mode.
https://niti.gov.in/sites/default/files/2020-
02/Poshan_Abhiyaan_2nd_Report_0.pdf
K I S H O R I S H A K T I Y O J A N A
Coverage: Total no. of blocks in the country: 6118
Number of blocks covered under KSY: 6118
Target Group- Adolescent Girls (11-18 yrs.)
Infrastructural facilities Existing ICDS infrastructure
Financial Norms Rs. 1.10 lakh per ICDS project per annum
Launched: 31 Aug 2007
Ministry: Women and child development,
Odisha
Chief Minister: Naveen Patnaik
35
https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/Detailed%20Guidelines%20for%20implementation%20of%20scheme_1.pdf
36
PRESENT
INTERVENTION
●Implemented through Anganwadi Centres in both rural and urban settings
●objective of the Scheme is to increase self-confidence, boost moral and give dignity.
●Scheme- I (Girl to Girl Approach) and Scheme II (Balika Mandal).
●Scheme-I has been designed for adolescent girls in the age group of 11-15 years belonging to families whose
income level is below Rs. 6400/- per annum.
●The Scheme II is intended to reach to all adolescent girls in the age group of 11-18 years irrespective of income
levels of the family.
●AG Scheme has been sanctioned in 507 ICDS blocks
KISHORI SHAKTI
YOJANA-NEW
INITIATIVE
Surveys also reveal that the adolescent girls do not have adequate access to vital health and nutrition
information/ services.
https://wcd.nic.in/schemes/kishori-shakti-yojana
i) to improve the nutritional and health status of girls in the age group of 11-18 years;
ii) to provide the required literacy and numeracy skills through the non-formal stream ofeducation, to
stimulate a desire for more social exposure and knowledge and to help them improve their decision
making capabilities;
iii) to train and equip the adolescent girls to improve/ upgrade home-based and vocational skills;
iv) to promote awareness of health, hygiene, nutrition and family welfare, home management and child
care, and to take all measure as to facilitate their marrying only after attaining the age of 18 years and if
possible, even later;
v) to gain a better understanding of their environment related social issues and the impact on their lives;
and
vi) to encourage adolescent girls to initiate various activities to be productive and useful members of the
society.
37
OBJECTIVES
https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/Detailed%20Guidelines%20for%20implementation%20of%20scheme_1.pdf
38
NUTRITIONAL PROGRAM FOR
ADOLESCENT GIRLS
●project is being implemented in 51 identified districts from the major states.
●Undernourished adolescent girls in the age group of 11 to 19 years (with body weight less than 30 kg in the
age group of 11 to 15 years and 35 kg in the age group of 15 to 19 years) are covered under the scheme.
●6 kg of free food grain is provided to each beneficiary per month.
●The programme is being implemented through the administrative set-up of ICDS scheme at the state, district,
block and Anganwadi Centre level.
http://ecoursesonline.iasri.res.in/mod/page/view.php?id=24793
39
Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls -
"SABLA'
i. Enable the AGs for self-development and empowerment
ii. Improve their nutrition and health status.
iii. Promote awareness about health, hygiene, nutrition, AdolescentReproductive and Sexual Health (ARSH) and
family and child care.
iv. Upgrade their home-based skills, life skills and tie up with National Skill
Development Program (NSDP) for vocational skills
v. Mainstream out of school AGs into formal/non formal education
vi. Provide information/guidance about existing public services such as PHC,CHC, Post Office, Bank, Police Station
https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/1-SABLAscheme_0.pdf
Launchd on- 1 April 2011 By Manmaohan Singh
Odisha -Koraput, Gajapati, Mayurbhanj, Sundargarh, Kalahandi,Bhadrak, Puri, Cuttack, Bargarh,
OBJECTIVES
40
The Scheme would cover adolescent girls in the age group of 11-18 years under all ICDS projects in
selected 200 districts in all the States/UTs in the country.
In order to give appropriate attention, the target group would be subdivided into two categories, viz. 11-
15 & 15-18 years and interventions planned accordingly.
TARGET GROUP
SERVICES
An integrated package of services is to be provided to AGs that would be as follows
i. Nutrition provision
ii. Iron and Folic Acid (IFA) supplementation
iii. Health check-up and Referral services
iv. Nutrition & Health Education (NHE)
v. Counseling/Guidance on family welfare, child care practices and home management
vi. Life Skill Education and accessing public services
vii. Vocational training for girls aged 16 and above under National Skill Development Program (NSDP)
https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/1-SABLAscheme_0.pdf
41
Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana
https://niti.gov.in/writereaddata/files/document_publication/IGMSY_FinalReport.pdf
●Launched on- 2010
●Renamed -2017 to Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)
●maternity benefit program
●conditional cash transfer scheme for pregnant and lactating mothers of 19 years of age or above for the first
two live births.
●It provides partial wage compensation to women for wage-loss during the childbirth and childcare, and
aims to promote conditions for safe delivery, good nutrition, and feeding practices.
●In 2013, the scheme was brought under the National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013 to implement
the provision of cash maternity benefit of Rs. 6,000 stated in the Act.
42
https://niti.gov.in/writereaddata/files/document_publication/IGMSY_FinalReport.pdf
Eligibility and Conditionalities
i. Pregnant women above the age of 19 years are eligible for benefits under IGMSY for the first two live births.
ii. All organized sector employees are excluded from the scheme as they are entitled for paid maternity leave.
iii. The first transfer (at the end of second birth/pregnancy trimester) of Rs. 3,000 requires the mother to:
a. Register her pregnancy at the Anganwadi Center (AWC) within four months of conception;
b. Attend at least one prenatal care (PNC) session, and take iron folic (IFA) acid tablets and tetanus toxoid injection
(TTI); and
c. Attend at least one counseling session at AWC or healthcare centre.
iv. The second transfer (three months after delivery) of Rs.3,000 requires the mother to:
a. Register the birth;Immunize the child with oral polio vaccine (OPV) and Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccine
at birth, at six weeks, and at 10 weeks of age; and
c. Attend at least two growth monitoring sessions within three months ofdelivery.
43
i. Promoting appropriate practice, care and institutional service
utilization during pregnancy, delivery and lactation;
ii. Encouraging the women to follow (optimal) nutrition and feeding
practices, including early and exclusive breastfeeding for the first six
months;
iii. Providing cash incentives for improved health and nutrition to
pregnant and lactating mothers
v. Additionally, the scheme requires the mother to:
a. Exclusively breastfeed for six months and introduce complementary feeding as certified by the mother;
b. Immunize the child with OPV and diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus (DPT) vaccine; and
c. Attend at least two counseling sessions on growth monitoring and infant and child nutrition and feeding
between the third and the sixth month after delivery.
OBJECTIVES
https://niti.gov.in/writereaddata/files/document_publication/IGMSY_FinalReport.pdf
44
https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/Training%20Module_v4.4%20%2023102017.pdf
45
https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/Training%20Module_v4.4%20%2023102017.pdf
46
https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/Training%20Module_v4.4%20%2023102017.pdf
47
MAHILA-E- HAAT
●Launched on 7th March 2016
●Initiative for meeting aspirations and needs of women entrepreneurs.
●Online marketing platform for women, where participants can display their products.
●An initiative part of ‘Digital India’ and ‘Stand Up India’ initiatives.
●Mission-To act as a catalyst by providing a web based marketing platform to the women entrepreneurs to directly
sell to the buyers.
●Set up by Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India under Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK).
Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK) is a society, registered under the Societies Registration Act 1860 and an apex micro-
finance organization established in 1993 under the aegis of Ministry of Women & Child Development (MWCD) .
OBJECTIVE- to provide micro-credit to poor women for various livelihood support
48
https://vikaspedia.in/e-governance/women-and-e-governance/mahila-e-haat
●Provides an opportunity for women entrepreneurs to use technology to showcase products that are made/
manufactured/ sold by them.
●Women can also showcase services that are provided by them reflecting creative potential.
●E-Haat requires only the mobile number
●For the facilitation of the buyer and seller, the product along with its photographs, description, cost and mobile
number/ address of the producer would be displayed on the E-Haat portal.
●The buyer has the option of approaching the seller physically, telephonically or through Email or other means as
convenient to the seller.
FEATURE
S
●The applicant has to be Indian women/ women SHG/ women-led enterprises.
●The applicant has to above 18 years of age.
●The goods and services transacted through this portal have to be legal.
ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA
49
50
BETI BACHAO ,BETI
PADHAO
●Launched on by the Hon’ble Prime Minister on 22nd January, 2015 in Panipat, Haryana
●launched in 100 districts in 2014-15, and expanded to 61 additional districts in 2015-16
●expanded to all 640 districts of the Country (as per Census 2011)
OBJECTIVES
51
https://wcd.nic.in/bbbp-schemes
i. To prevent gender biased sex selective elimination
ii. To ensure survival and protection of the girl child
iii. To ensure education and participation of the girl child
administrative set for implementation of the Scheme at various levels
52
https://wcd.nic.in/bbbp-schemes
53
https://wcd.nic.in/bbbp-schemes
DIAGRAMATIC REPRESENTATION OF FUND
FLOW
TARGET GROUPS
54
https://wcd.nic.in/bbbp-schemes
55
Rakesh Gupta, Ruby Nimesh, Girdhari Lal
Singal, Parveen Bhalla, Shankar Prinja,
Effectiveness of India’s National
Programme to save the girl child:
experience of Beti Bachao Beti Padao
(B3P) programme from Haryana State,
Health Policy and Planning, Volume 33,
Issue 7, September 2018, Pages 870–876
One Stop Centres (OSCs) are intended to support women
affected by violence, in private and public spaces, within
the family, community and at the workplace.
Under this Scheme, in the first phase, one OSC envisaged
to be established in each State/UT to facilitate access to
an integrated range of services including medical, legal,
and psychological support. Further, 150 additional
Centres are taken up in second phase during2016-17 in
addition to 36 Centres in the first phase.
Now, 50 additional One Stop Centres each shall be
established during the years 2017-18, 2018-19 and 2019-
2020.
56
https://wcd.nic.in/schemes/one-stop-centre-scheme-1
ONE STOP CENTER SCHEME
These guidelines have been developed to support stakeholders/agencies who would be involved in
implementing the Scheme, as well as State, district and grassroot level functionaries.
They are intended to serve as a reference manual for officials at the National and State/Union Territory (UT)
levels for policy guidance and monitoring.
The guidelines list the services to be provided under the Scheme, steps and processes/procedures for
implementation.
The guidelines also highlight the roles and responsibilities of various line departments.
It provides indicative monitoring and reporting formats to be used at different levels.
The guidelines are not exhaustive and the feedback received from States/UTs from time to time will be
incorporated as per requirements.
57
PURPOSE OF THE GUIDELINES
https://wcd.nic.in/schemes/one-stop-centre-scheme-1
OBJECTIVES
(i) To provide integrated support and assistance to women affected by violence, both in private and public
spaces under one roof.
(ii) To facilitate immediate, emergency and non-emergency access to a range of services including medical,
legal, psychological and counselling support under one roof to fight against any forms of violence against
women.
TARGET GROUP
The OSC will support all women including girls below 18 years of age affected by violence, irrespective of
caste, class, religion, region, sexual orientation or marital status.
For girls below 18 years of age, institutions and authorities established under JuvenileJustice (Care and
Protection of Children) Act, 2000 and the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 will be linked
with the OSC.
58
https://wcd.nic.in/schemes/one-stop-centre-scheme-1
https://wcd.nic.in/schemes/one-stop-centre-scheme-1 59
The One Stop Centre in
Lucknow (funded by Nirbhaya)
gained an award on
International Women's Day
2019
The One Stop Centre in
Raipur was awarded
the Nari Shakti
Puraskar for 2017
60
https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/Working%20Women%20Hostel_about_revised_about.pdf
WORKING WOMEN HOSTEL SCHEME
Launched on-6 April 2017
To promote availability of safe and conveniently located accommodation for working women,
The working women’s hostel projects being assisted under this scheme shall be made available to all working
women without any distinction
Women under training for job may also be accommodated in such hostels subject to the condition that taken
together, such trainees should not occupy more than 30% of the total capacity the hostel
Children of working women, up to the age of 18 years for girls and up to the age of 5 years for boys may be
accommodated in such hostels with their mothers.
Beneficiaries
(i) Working women, who may be single, widowed, divorced, separated, married but whose husband or immediate
family does not reside in the same city/area. Particular preference may be given to women from disadvantaged
sections of the society.
(ii) Women who are under training for job provided the total training period does not exceed one year. The number
of women under training for job should not exceed 30% of the total capacity.
(iii) Girls up to the age of 18 years and boys up to the age of 5 years, accompanying working mothers will be
provided accommodation, with their mothers.Working mothers may also avail of the services of the Day Care Centre.
61
The following agencies/ organisations can apply assistance under the scheme:
(i) State Government agencies including Women Development Corporations,Women Finance Corporations
(ii) Urban Municipal Bodies including Cantonment Boards
(iii) Panchayati Raj Institutions
(iv) SHGs (Self Help Groups)
(v) Recognized Colleges/ Universities
(vi) Civil Society Organisations
Under the Scheme, Swadhar Greh will be set up in every district with capacity of 30 women with the following
objectives:
To cater to the primary need of shelter, food, clothing, medical treatment and care of the women in distress and
who are without any social and economic support.
To enable them to regain their emotional strength that gets hampered due to their encounter with unfortunate
circumstances.
To provide them with legal aid and guidance to enable them to take steps for their readjustment in family/society.
To rehabilitate them economically and emotionally.
To act as a support system that understands and meets various requirements of women in distress.
To enable them to start their life afresh with dignity and conviction. 62
SWADHAR GREH
63
The beneficiaries of the Swadhar Greh Scheme are women without any social and economic
support, above 18 years of age, including:
a) Women who have been deserted;
b) Women survivors of natural disasters who have been rendered homeless;
c) Women prisoners released from jail and are without family support;
d) Women victims of domestic violence, family tension or discord, who are made to leave their homes
without any means of subsistence and have no special protection from exploitation and/ or facing
litigation on account of marital disputes; and
e) Women rescued from trafficking operations or those who have run away from brothels or other
places where they face exploitation and women affected by HIV/AIDS who have been abandoned.
However such women should first seek assistance under Ujjawala Scheme in areas where it is in operation.
Women of all categories listed may stay up to a maximum period of 5 years. Older women above 55 years
of age may be accommodated till the age of 60 years after which they must be shifted to old age homes.
Women with severe intellectual/mental disabilities cannot be accommodated in the Swadhar Grehs and
should be shifted to mental rehabilitation centres in order to properly ensure that their special needs are
met.
Launched as a Central Sector Scheme in 1986-87.
Objectives of the Scheme
To provide training in skill development that provides employment to women.
To enable women to become self-employed or entrepreneurs through quality training.
The scheme seeks to provide these benefits to women who are aged 16 and above.
64
Formerly called: Stree Shakti Puraskar
First awarded: 1999
Women Awards for conferring on eminent women, organisations and institutions.
These awards will be called “Nari Shakti Puruskars”.
Now, from the year 2016,20 Nari Shakti Puruskars shall be conferred every year.
The awards will be conferred on 8th March on the occasion of International Women’s Day (IWD).
The Award in each category shall carry a Certificate and a cash amount of 2 lakhs.
65
NARI SHAKTI PURUSHKARS
66
Rani Lakshmi Bai
Award to Manasi
Pradhan
Institutional
Devi Ahilya Bai Holkar Award
Kannagi Devi Award
Mata Jijabai Award
Rani Gaidinliu Zeliang Award
Rani Lakshmi Bai Award
Rani Rudramma Devi Awards
Individual
Courage and bravery
outstanding contributions to women’s
endeavour, community work
67
Launched on April 1,2015
These Guidelines have been developed to support all stakeholders/agencies who would be involved in
implementing the Scheme.
These are also intended to serve as an effective reference manual for officials at the National and State/
Union Territory (UT) levels for policy guidance and monitoring.
The Guidelines narrate the services to be provided under the Scheme as well as steps in implementation.
It also lays down monitoring and reporting formats to be used at different levels. The Guidelines are not
exhaustive and
WOMEN HELPLINE
SCHEME
68
OBJECTIVES
●To provide toll-free 24-hours telecom service to women affected by violence seeking support and
information.
●To facilitate crisis and non-crisis intervention through referral to the appropriate agencies such as
police/Hospitals/Ambulance services/District Legal Service Authority (DLSA)/Protection Officer (PO)/OSC.
●To provide information about the appropriate support services, government schemes and programmes
available to the woman affected by violence, in her particular situation within the local area in which she
resides or is employed.
TARGET-
Any woman or girl facing violence within
public or private sphere of life or seeking
information about women related
programmes or schemes.
69
SERVICE
DELIVERY
FRAMEWORK
Helpline Manager
Supervisor
Senior Call
Responder
Call Responder
IT Staff
Multi purpose
Helper
Security Guard 70
HELPLINE RESPONSE
71
72
73
To prevent trafficking of women and children for commercial sexual exploitation through social
mobilization and involvement of local communities, awareness generation programmes, generate
public discourse through workshops/seminars and such events and any other innovative activity.
To facilitate rescue of victims from the place of their exploitation and place them in safe custody.
To provide rehabilitation services both immediate and long-term to the victims by providing basic
amenities/needs such as shelter, food, clothing, medical treatment including counselling, legal aid and
guidance and vocational training.
To facilitate reintegration of the victims into the family and society at large
To facilitate repatriation of cross-border victims to their country of origin.
UJJAWALA
SCHEME
Launched in 2007
comprehensive scheme
Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana-2016-50 million LPG to BPL women
https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/Ujjawala%20New%20Scheme.pdf
74
COMPONENTS
PREVENTION
RESCUE
REHABILITATION
RE-
INTEGRATION
REPATRIATION
https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/Ujjawala%20New%20Scheme.pdf
NIRBHAYA
SCHEME/FUND
●The Government has set up a dedicated fund Nirbhaya Fund, which can be utilized for projects
specifically designed to improve the safety and security of women.
●non-lapsable corpus fund, being administered by Department of Economic Affairs (DEA), Ministry
of Finance.
●As per the guidelines, the responsibility of Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD) includes
(i) nodal Ministry to appraise/ recommend proposals and schemes to be funded under Nirbhaya Fund
and
(ii) to review and monitor the progress of sanctioned schemes/ projects in conjunction with the line
Ministries/Departments. Under Nirbhaya Fund, schemes/ projects worth Rs. 9288.45 Cr. have been
appraised till date.
●An amount of Rs.5712.85 crore has been allocated and an amount of Rs.3544.06 crore has been
disbursed/ released by the concerned Ministries/ Departments.
75
NIRBHAYA
FUND
ONE STOP
CENTRE
SCHEME
WOMEN
HELPLINE
SAMBAL
SCHEME
MAHILA
POLICE
VOLUNTEERS
76
77
MAHILA SHAKTI KENDRA SCHEME
National
State Level
technical support to the
respective
governments on issues
related to women
District Block
level
foothold to women
empowerment
schemes
including BBBP in 640
districts
Launched on 22 November 2017
envisages community engagement through college student volunteers in aspirational
districts, as well as setting up of District Level Centres for Women (DLCWs) and State
Resource Centres for Women (SRCWs) to support the implementation of women centric
schemes/programs and to function as Project Management Units for BetiBachaoBetiPadhao
Scheme.
https://wcd.nic.in/schemes/mahila-shakti-kendras-msk
78
MAHILA POLICE VOLUNTEERS
Launched pilot project in Karnal and Mahendragarh districts of the Haryana in December 2016.
An MPV will serve as a public-police interface in order to fight crime againstwomen. The broad mandate of
MPVs is to report incidences of violence against women such as domestic violence, child marriage, dowry
harassment and violence faced by women in public spaces. She will act as a role model for the community.
https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/mpvs.pdf
MPV must be a women applicant
The applicant should not be less than the age of 21 years.
It is obligatory for the applicant to possess the certification of at least 12th pass.
The applicant must be from the same geographical area and conversant with the local language.
The women applicant should not have been convicted/imprisoned for the violation under any criminal
law.
There must be no criminal proceedings instituted against her.
The women applicant must not be a member under any of the political party.
79
i. Create awareness of the existing services available for women and children
ii. Inform the police personnel about any unpleasant behavior or untoward incidences against women and
girls in the community.
iii.Act as an additional intelligence collection unit of the area
iv. Report incidences of missing children, violence against women such as domestic violence, child marriage,
dowry harassment,
v. Mobilize and facilitate Mahila aur Shishu Rakshak Dal (MASRD) preferably of 10-12 members viParticipate in
the meetings of Village Health Sanitation Nutrition Committee (VHSNC), Gram Sabhas, Special Gram Sabha,
Mahila Gram Sabha on regular basis and raise issues affecting women in these forums.
FUNCTIONS
https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/mpvs.pdf
MOTHER AND CHILD TRACKING
SYSTEM
Launched in January 2011
initiative of Ministry of Health & Family Welfare to leverage information technology for ensuring delivery of full
spectrum of healthcare and immunization services to pregnant women and children up to 5 years of age. It facilitates
and monitors service delivery and also establishes a two way communication between the service providers and
beneficiaries.
It has been declared as a Mission Mode Project under the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) in July 2011
80
81
Registration of Pregnant Women
When pregnant women comes to any Health Facility/Sub-Centre and get herself registered and receive first
Ante-Natal Care (ANC) Service then she is registered for getting the full health services.
• Ante-Natal Care (ANC), Delivery & Post-Natal Care (PNC) Services
• Registration of Children for Immunization
• Immunization Services to Children
• Integration with other applications like PFMS, MDR, MCTFC, Mobile
• USSD technology to update the service live on the MCTS portal.
Data is updated through USSD on real time basis on the MCTS portal from the remotest part of the country.
file:///C:/Users/KIIT/Downloads/MATERNALANDCHILDTRACKINGSYSTEMARTICLE-converted.pdf
OBJECTIVES
82
Gera R, Muthusamy N, Bahulekar A, et al. An in-
depth assessment of India's Mother and Child
Tracking System (MCTS) in Rajasthan and Uttar
Pradesh. BMC Health Serv Res. 2015;15:315.
Published 2015 Aug 11. doi:10.1186/s12913-015-
0920-2
PRIYADARSHINI SCHEME
●Introduced by the Ministry in 13 blocks spread across 5 districts in Uttar Pradesh and 2 districts in Bihar.
●It is a women Empowerment and Livelihoods Programme in the Mid Gangetic Plains.
The project provide training for women to become self-sufficient and start Self Help Groups.
The programme target to cover over 1,00,000 households and form 7,200 SHGs.
The focus of the project is on livelihood enhancement, the beneficiaries will be empowered to address their political,
legal, health problems issues through rigorous capacity building.
The programme had been started with assistance from NABARD.
The program was closed in January 31st 2015.
As per the reports from Ministry of Women and Child Development
it did not improve the condition of women who were the actual target.
The performance of the scheme was good as expected.
No work was done on the ground while the scheme was assessing and spend 31 crore.
CURRENT STATUS
83
Priyadarshini Awas Yojana
●It is a scheme for building houses in the rural region
Amount will be provided to identified poor people in the region through Panchayath.
More than 1.5 Lakh beneficiaries are identified
The amount is tranferred in three instalment and will receive a total of 93000 as benefit.
The household includes toilet.
This scheme is some what same as the Indira Awas Yojana.
It is aimed to provide amount to two lakh identified rural poor for affordable house.
84
85
SWAYAMSIDDHA
SCHEME
●‘swayamsidha’ means – to help oneself
●launched by Ministry of Women and Child Development of Government of India in 2001
●special preference to Self Help Groups (SHGs). This is literally a group where it is self-governed by individual
people who form a group. These people have similar background economically and socially and here they
contribute collectively.
OBJECTIVES
Women Empowerment
Change of their Status in the Society
To educate them
It is a unified scheme for the women at a total cost
of Rs. 116.30 Crores. It benefitted about 9, 30,000
women with 53,000 self-help groups set up,
village societies of about 26,500 and 650 block
societies
SUMMARY
SCHEMES Launched on Target Population Current Status Funded by
National action plan for
children
2016 Women
enterprenuers
Ministry of women
and child
Development
digital laado 11 october 2020 To make girls digitally
strong
Sex birth ratio
improved from
918 (2014-15) to
934 (2019-20).
Ministry of women
and child
Development
PM Cares for Children May 29 2021 Children who lost
parents in covid
Ministry of women
and child
Development
Ladali lakshmi yojana 2 may 2007 Birth of girl child
86
SUMMARY
SCHEMES Launched on Target Population Current Status Funded by
Mahila-E-Haat 7 March 2016 Women
enterprenuers
Ministry of women
and child
Development
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao 2015 Girl child Sex birth ratio
improved from
918 (2014-15) to
934 (2019-20).
Ministry of women
and child
Development
One Stop Centre Scheme
(Sakhi)
1st April 2015 Women affected by
violence
Ministry of women
and child
Development
Working Women Hostels 6 April 2017 Working woman Ministry of women
and child
Development
87
88
SCHEMES Launched on Target Population Current
Status
Funded by
Swadhar Greh 2015 primary needs of
women in difficult
circumstances
Ministry of Women
and Child
Development
STEP 1986 training in skill
development
Ministry of Women
and Child
Development
Nari Shakti Purushar 1999 Women Ministry of Women
and Child
Development
Women Helpline Scheme 1 April 2015 24-hour emergency
and non-emergency
response to women
affected by violence
Ministry of Women
and Child
Development
Swayamsidha February 2001 Women empowerment Ministry of women
and child
Development
89
UJJAWALA 2007 victims trafficked for
commercial sexual
exploitation.
Ministry of Women
and Child
Development
Nirbhaya Fund 2013 Rape victims Department of
Economic Affairs of
the finance ministry.
Mahila Shakti Kendra 22 nov 2017 women centric
schemes/programs
Ministry of Women
and Child
Development
Mahila Police Volunteers 2016 Report incidences of
violence against
women
Ministry of Women
and Child
Development
Mother And Child Tracking
System
January 2011 pregnant women and
children up to 5 years
of age
Ministry of Women
and Child
Development
Priyadarshini 8 june 2013 women Empowerment
and Livelihoods
Programme in the Mid
Gangetic Plains.
Stopped Ministry of Women
and Child
Development
CONCLUSION
A social welfare system is a scheme for providing financial aid to individuals or families in need in a
society.
The percentage of the female population is 48.04 percent and about 26.16 percent of the Indian
population fell into the 0-14 year category.
So to eliminate ill practices and discrimination,we need to empower women.
90
1. Park's Textbook of preventive and social medicine,25th edition,Bhanot Page 346-349
2. Oxford textbook of Public Health
3. https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1722719
4. https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/DRAFT%20GUIDELINES%20OF%20SWADHAR%20GREH
%20SCHEME.pdf
5. https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/National%20Creche%20Scheme%20For%20The%20Child
ren%20of%20Working%20Mothers_0.pdf
6. Gera R, Muthusamy N, Bahulekar A, et al. An in-depth assessment of India's Mother and
Child Tracking System (MCTS) in Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. BMC Health Serv Res.
2015;15:315. Published 2015 Aug 11. doi:10.1186/s12913-015-0920-2
7. https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/mpvs.pdf
91
REFERENCES
92

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Social welfare programs in India

  • 1. S O C I A L W E L FA R E P R O G R A M M E S I N I N D I A D r . P a y a l D a s h F i n a l Y e a r P o s t g r a d u a t e S e m i n a r - 0 3 1
  • 2. 1.Introduction 2.Need for Social Welfare programmes in India 3.Classification 4.Child Welfare Agencies 5.Welfare Schemes for Children- a.National Action Plan for Children b.Digital Laado c.PM Cares for Children d.Ladali Lakshmi Yojana 6..Integrated Child development Services Kishori Shakti Yojana Nutritional Program for Adolescent Girls SABLA-Rajiv Gandhi Scheme IGMSY 7.Women Empowerment Schemes Mahila-E-Haat Beti bachao,beti padhao One stop centre scheme Working women hostels Swadhar Greh STEP Nari Shakti Women Helpline Scheme UJJAWALA Nirbhaya Mahila Shakti Kendras Mahila Police Volunteers Mother and Child tracking system Priyadarshini Swayamsiddha scheme 8.SUMMARY 9.CONCLUSION 10.REFERENCES CONTENTS 2
  • 4. What is social welfare ? The Indian Constitution establishes a welfare state. This is clear from the salient features in the Preamble and the Directive Principles of State Policy In this spirit, India is making a determined attempt to fulfil its ideal of a welfare state not only in principle but also through economic planning, thus securing to the Indian citizens justice— social, economic and political. The ministries of the Government of India have come up with various government programs called schemes or plans (Yojana) from time to time. These schemes could be formed either by the central government, state government specific or joint collaboration between the centre and the states. 4 INTRODUCTION
  • 5. 5 The priorities of social welfare service (a)To establish a social security system; (b) To extend facilities for community development; (c) To improve the quality and scope of services; (d) To ensure that adequate facilities are available for the disabled; (e) To provide services for the elderly (f) To ensure the adequate provision of probation and correctional services; (g) To support training, planning, research and evaluation. Priority groups are (a) Children in need (b) Women (c) Old people (d) Disabled (e) People with ill-health (f) Under privileged sections of society Social welfare program, any of a variety of governmental programs designed to protect citizens from the economic risks and insecurities of life. The most common types of programs provide benefits to the elderly or retired, the sick or invalid, dependent survivors, mothers, the unemployed, the work-injured, and families.
  • 6. 6 Social Welfare programs for women & Child Women WOMEN EMPOWERMENT SCHEMES Children Composite programs Maladjusted groups Physically handicapped Backward classes Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme One Stop Centre Scheme Women Helpline Scheme UJJAWALA : Working Women Hoste SWADHAR Greh NARI SHAKTI PURASKAR NIRBHAYA Mahila police Volunteers Mahila Shakti Kendras (MSK) Anganwadi Services Scheme Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana National Creche Scheme Scheme for Adolescent Girls Child Protection Scheme POSHAN Abhiyaan CLASSIFICATION
  • 7. CHILD WELFARE ●Child welfare covers the entire spectrum of needs of children who by reason of handicap - social. economic, physical or mental - are unable to avail of services provided by the community . ●To provide supportive services to the families of these children. ●Various facets are preventive, prnmotive, developmental and rehabilitative in nature. ●Resources available are only supplementary in nature and are designed to meet certain needs of the most deprived and vulnerable among country's child population. ●Attention is generally focussed on 3 categories of children in the poverty groups : children of working mothers destitute children handicapped children 7
  • 8. CHILD WELFARE AGENCIES Established in 1945 To address issues in rural India Established in 1953 by a Resolution of Govt. of India 8 • Children of working mothers Day Care Services • 12-16 years • At hill stations,sea side resorts Holiday Homes • Organisation of play centres,Bal bhavan Recreation Facility
  • 9. Provision of care and protection to all children before and after birth and throughout the period of childhood. Comprehensive health and nutrition programmes Free and compulsory education until the age of 14 years Special attention to children from marginalised backgrounds or children with social handicaps. Constitution of a National Children's Board for planning and upholding the rights of children. Protection of children against abuse, neglect, cruelty and exploitation. NATIONAL POLICY FOR CHILDREN,1974 9
  • 10. NATIONAL ACTION PLAN FOR CHILDREN- NAPC 10
  • 11. 11
  • 12. ●Reducing Infant Mortality Rate. ●Reducing Maternal Mortality Rate. ●Reducing Malnutrition among children. ●Achieving 100% civil registration of births ●Universalization of early childhood care ●Complete abolition of female foeticide, female infanticide and child marriage ●Improving Water and Sanitation coverage in both rural and urban areas ●Addressing and upholding the rights of Children in Difficult Circumstances ●Securing for all children all legal and social protection ●Complete abolition of child labour ●Monitoring, Review and Reform of policies, programmes and laws to ensure protection of children’s interests and rights. ●Ensuring child participation and choice in matters and decisions affecting their lives NAPC,2016 12
  • 13. Key Programmes and Schemes included in the NPAC 2016: Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Dindayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme Integrated Child Development Services (Including SABLA and Kishori Shakti Yojna) Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahayog Yojana Integrated Child Protection Scheme Integrated Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan Janani SurakshaYojana Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram Mid-Day Meal Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme National Health Mission National Nutrition Mission National Rural/Urban Drinking Water Mission National Mental Health Programme National AIDS Control Programme Pradhanmantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram Rajiv Gandhi National Crèche Scheme* Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram Sarva Shiksha Mission Swachh Bharat Mission Scholarship Schemes Schemes under National Trust Act UJJAWALA The NPAC 2016 takes into account the current priorities for children in India. Initiative to further strengthen and activate the implementation and monitoring of national constitutional and policy commitments and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. It provides a road-map that links the Policy objectives to actionable programmes and strategies. The plan takes due note of the importance of strengthening the ability of communities and families to support children and to ensure their overall survival, well-being, protection and development. The focus of the NPAC is to reach and serve to the “Last Child First” 13
  • 14. ●Launched on the occasion of “International Day of The Girl Child” on 11th October 2020 and also in 73rd year of Independence, ●To make daughters self-dependent & nurture their talent & creativity across the India via Digital Expertise program. Background of the Initiatives This program is driven by SEOsurfer™️ training wing of the Fulcrum Group, #DigitalLaado is not a onetime program this is a mission which is started by Fulcrum Group of Companies which is serving at more than 600 location at PAN India in the varied domains of Training, Healthcare & Digital Portfolio Management. Benefits of Course ●Digital marketing Internship of 10 hours ●Project retention* ●Online & Offline classes ●Earn knowledge of digital sales ●Career Enhancement 14
  • 15. 15
  • 16. 1. Fixed Deposit in the name of the child: PM CARES will contribute Rs 10 lakh for each child when he or she reaches 18 years of age. This corpus: Will be used to give a monthly financial support/ stipend from 18 years of age, for the next five years to take care of his or her personal requirements during the period of higher education and on reaching the age of 23 years, he or she will get the corpus amount as one lump-sum for personal and professional use. 2. School Education: For children under 10 years The child will be given admission in the nearest Kendriya Vidyalaya or in a private school as a day scholar. If the child is admitted in a private school, the fees as per the RTE norms will be given from the PM CARES. PM-CARES will also pay for expenditure on uniform, text books and notebooks. 16
  • 17. 3. School Education: for children between 11-18 years: Admission in any Central Government residential school such as Sainik School, Navodaya Vidyalaya Under the care of Guardian/ grandparents/ extended family, then he or she will be given admission in the nearest Kendriya Vidyalaya or in a private school as a day scholar. If the child is admitted in a private school, the fees as per the RTE norms will be given from the PM CARES. PM CARES will also pay for expenditure on uniform, text books and notebooks. 4. Support for Higher Education: education loan for Professional courses / Higher Education in India as per the existing Education Loan norms. 5. Health Insurance All children will be enrolled as a beneficiary under Ayushman Bharat Scheme (PM-JAY) with a health insurance cover of Rs. 5 lakhs. The premium amount for these children till the age of 18 years will be paid by PM CARES. 17
  • 18. 18 LADALI LAKSHMI YOJANA ●Introduced by Government of Madhya Pradesh. It was ●Inaugurated by Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan on 2nd May 2007,which was followed by expansion to six additional states including Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Goa. ●It came into effect from 7th April, 2007. FOCUS- ●The scheme aims at providing monetary assistance to girl children in order to empower girls. ●Under this scheme, the girl child's educational expenses would be funded in order to support the respective families. But the same would not be applicable to a child who drops out of school, under this scheme. ●The objective of the government is to create a balance in the demographic profile of the country and to provide women with a conducive environment for all rounder growth. focuses on providing benefits to the girl children, mainly from non tax paying families or orphans, who were born on or after the 1st of January, 2006.
  • 19. 19 Buy National Service Certificates •6000/- each year for 5 years Rs2000/- Class 6 Rs4000/- Class 9 Rs7500 Class 11 Rs200 every month-Higher education By 21 years Rs 1 Lakh
  • 21. 21
  • 22. INTEGRATED CHILD SERVICE SCHEME ●Launched in 1975 ●Unique early childhood development programme, ●Centrally Sponsored Scheme ●Anchored by Ministry of Women and Child Development (MoWCD), Government of India (GoI). ●The Anganwadi Services (under Umbrella Integrated Child Development Services) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme and the Government of India releases grants-in-aid to the States / UTs. Early childhood Care Education & Development Care & Nutrition Counselling Health Services Community Mobilisation Awareness, Advocacy &Information, Education and Communication COMPONEN TS 22
  • 23. - Institutionalise essential services and strengthen structures at all levels: o Implementing ICDS in Mission mode to prevent under nutrition o Strengthen ICDS- AWC as the first village post for health, nutrition and early learning o Focusing on children o Focusing on early child care and learning environment o Moving from outlays to child-related outcomes o Fostering decentralisation and community based locally responsive childcare approaches - Enhance capacities at all levels: o Vertical integration of training of all functionaries to strengthen field based joint action and teamwork to achieve desired results and objectives o Establish national training resources centres at Central & State levels OBJECTIVES 23
  • 24. - Ensure appropriate inter-sectoral response at all levels: o Ensure convergence at the grassroots level by strengthening partnerships with PRIs, Communities, Civil Societies to improve Child development services o Coordinate and network with all Government & Non- Government Organisations providing services for children - Raise public awareness and participation : o Strengthen maternal and child care, nutrition and health education o Raise public awareness at all levels about vulnerabilities of children o Inform beneficiary group and public about availability of core services o Promote social mobilisation and voluntary action - Create database and knowledge base for Child development services: o Strengthen ICDS Management Information System (MIS) o Use Information, Communication Technology (ICT) to strengthen the information base and share & disseminate information o Undertake Research and Documentation 24
  • 25. Convergence of Different Departments through Anganwadi Centres 25
  • 26. UMBRELLA ICDS Anganwadi Services Scheme Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana yojana National Creche Scheme Scheme for Adolescent Girls Child Protection Scheme POSHAN Abhiyaan 26
  • 27. Delivery of services 1.Supplementary nutrition is given to children below 6 years, and nursing and expectant mothers from low income group. The type of food depends upon local availability, type of beneficiary, location of the project etc. The aim is to supplement nutritional intake as follows : a. Child 6-72 months of age - 500 calories and 12-15 grams of protein (financial norm of Rs 6.00 per child p,er day); b. Severely malnourished child 6-72 months - 800 calories and 20-25 grams protein (financial norm of Rs 9.00 per child per day); and c. pregnant and nursing woman - 600 calories and 18-20 grams of protein (financial norm of Rs 7.00 pm beneficiary per day. 27
  • 28. Revised nutrional Norms ●To provide more than one meal to the children ( morning snack in the form of milk/banana/ egg/seasonal fruit/micronutrient fortified food followed by a hot cooked meal.) ●children below 3 years of age, and pregnant and lactating mothers, "take home ration" is to be provided. ●All are eligible for availing of the services of ICDS, below poverty line is not a criteria ●The scheme is universal. Supplementary nutrition is given 300 days in a year ●Adequate funds for supplementary nutrition is provided in the State Plan under Minimum Needs Programme. ●Children are weighed every month. ●Nutrition education and health education is given to mothers of children suffering from 1st degree of malnutrition. ●Supplementary nutrition (therapeutic food) is given to children suffering from 2nd and 3rd degree malnutrition. ●Children suffering from 4th degree malnutrition are recommended hospitalization. 28
  • 29. 2.Nutrition and health education Nutrition education and health education is given to all women in the age group 15- 45 years, giving priority to nursing and expectant mothers. It is imparted by specially organized courses in village during home visits by anganwadi workers. 3. Immunization Immunization of children against 6 vaccine preventable diseases is being done , while for expectant mothers, immunization against tetanus is recommended. 29
  • 30. Health check-up (a) antenatal care of expectant mothers; (b) postnatal care of nursing mother and care of newborn infants; (c) care of children under 6 years of age. Besides immunization, expectant mothers are given iron and folic acid tablets along with protein supplements. A minimum of 3 physical examinations are done. High risk mothers are referred to appropriate institutions for special care. The health care of children under 6 years of age consists of: 1. Record of weight and height of children at periodical intervals; 2. Watch over milestones; 3. Immunization; 4. General check-up every 3-6 months to detect disease, malnutrition etc.; 5. Treatment for disease like diarrhoea, dysentery, respiratory tract infections etc. which are widely prevalent; 6. Deworming; 7. Prophylaxis against vitamin A deficiency and anaemia; and 8. Referral of serious cases to hospital has also been provided for. 30
  • 31. 5.Non-formal pre-school education Children between the ages 3-6 years are imparted nonformal pre-school education in an anganwadi in each village with about 1000 population. The objective is to provide opportunities to develop desirable attitude, values and behaviour pattern among children. Locally produced inexpensive toys and material are used in organizing play and creative activity. 31
  • 32. 32 NATIONAL CRECHE SCHEME SERVICES (i) Daycare Facilities including Sleeping Facilities. (ii) Early Stimulation for children below 3 years and Pre-school Education for 3 to 6 years old children. (iii) Supplementary Nutrition(to be locally sourced) (iv) Growth Monitoring. (v) Health Check-up and Immunization. https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/National%20Creche%20Scheme%20For%20The%20Children%20of%20Working%20Mothers_0.pdf Formely known as Rajiv Gandhi National Creche Scheme(1 .1.2006) Launched on 1 January 2017
  • 33. 33 TARGET GROUP The scheme focuses on children of 6 months to 6 years, of working women in rural and urban areas who are employed for a minimum period of 15 days in a month, or six months in a year COVERAGE As on 11.03.2020, 6453 creches are functional across the country under the National Creche Scheme. https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/National%20Creche%20Scheme%20For%20The%20Children%20of%20Working%20Mothers_0.pdf GUIDELINES Crèches shall be open for 26 days in a month and for seven and half (7-1/2) hours per day. children should not be more than 25 per crèche with 01 Worker and 01 helper respectively. BPL families - Rs 20/- per child per month. Families with Income (Both Parents) of upto Rs. 12,000/- per month – Rs. 100/- per child per month Families with Income (Both Parents) of above Rs. 12,000/- per month – Rs. 200/- per child per month.
  • 34. 34 POSHAN ABHIYAAN Launched on March 2018 in Rajasthan Directs the attention of the country towards the problem of malnutrition and address it in a mission-mode. https://niti.gov.in/sites/default/files/2020- 02/Poshan_Abhiyaan_2nd_Report_0.pdf
  • 35. K I S H O R I S H A K T I Y O J A N A Coverage: Total no. of blocks in the country: 6118 Number of blocks covered under KSY: 6118 Target Group- Adolescent Girls (11-18 yrs.) Infrastructural facilities Existing ICDS infrastructure Financial Norms Rs. 1.10 lakh per ICDS project per annum Launched: 31 Aug 2007 Ministry: Women and child development, Odisha Chief Minister: Naveen Patnaik 35 https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/Detailed%20Guidelines%20for%20implementation%20of%20scheme_1.pdf
  • 36. 36 PRESENT INTERVENTION ●Implemented through Anganwadi Centres in both rural and urban settings ●objective of the Scheme is to increase self-confidence, boost moral and give dignity. ●Scheme- I (Girl to Girl Approach) and Scheme II (Balika Mandal). ●Scheme-I has been designed for adolescent girls in the age group of 11-15 years belonging to families whose income level is below Rs. 6400/- per annum. ●The Scheme II is intended to reach to all adolescent girls in the age group of 11-18 years irrespective of income levels of the family. ●AG Scheme has been sanctioned in 507 ICDS blocks KISHORI SHAKTI YOJANA-NEW INITIATIVE Surveys also reveal that the adolescent girls do not have adequate access to vital health and nutrition information/ services. https://wcd.nic.in/schemes/kishori-shakti-yojana
  • 37. i) to improve the nutritional and health status of girls in the age group of 11-18 years; ii) to provide the required literacy and numeracy skills through the non-formal stream ofeducation, to stimulate a desire for more social exposure and knowledge and to help them improve their decision making capabilities; iii) to train and equip the adolescent girls to improve/ upgrade home-based and vocational skills; iv) to promote awareness of health, hygiene, nutrition and family welfare, home management and child care, and to take all measure as to facilitate their marrying only after attaining the age of 18 years and if possible, even later; v) to gain a better understanding of their environment related social issues and the impact on their lives; and vi) to encourage adolescent girls to initiate various activities to be productive and useful members of the society. 37 OBJECTIVES https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/Detailed%20Guidelines%20for%20implementation%20of%20scheme_1.pdf
  • 38. 38 NUTRITIONAL PROGRAM FOR ADOLESCENT GIRLS ●project is being implemented in 51 identified districts from the major states. ●Undernourished adolescent girls in the age group of 11 to 19 years (with body weight less than 30 kg in the age group of 11 to 15 years and 35 kg in the age group of 15 to 19 years) are covered under the scheme. ●6 kg of free food grain is provided to each beneficiary per month. ●The programme is being implemented through the administrative set-up of ICDS scheme at the state, district, block and Anganwadi Centre level. http://ecoursesonline.iasri.res.in/mod/page/view.php?id=24793
  • 39. 39 Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls - "SABLA' i. Enable the AGs for self-development and empowerment ii. Improve their nutrition and health status. iii. Promote awareness about health, hygiene, nutrition, AdolescentReproductive and Sexual Health (ARSH) and family and child care. iv. Upgrade their home-based skills, life skills and tie up with National Skill Development Program (NSDP) for vocational skills v. Mainstream out of school AGs into formal/non formal education vi. Provide information/guidance about existing public services such as PHC,CHC, Post Office, Bank, Police Station https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/1-SABLAscheme_0.pdf Launchd on- 1 April 2011 By Manmaohan Singh Odisha -Koraput, Gajapati, Mayurbhanj, Sundargarh, Kalahandi,Bhadrak, Puri, Cuttack, Bargarh, OBJECTIVES
  • 40. 40 The Scheme would cover adolescent girls in the age group of 11-18 years under all ICDS projects in selected 200 districts in all the States/UTs in the country. In order to give appropriate attention, the target group would be subdivided into two categories, viz. 11- 15 & 15-18 years and interventions planned accordingly. TARGET GROUP SERVICES An integrated package of services is to be provided to AGs that would be as follows i. Nutrition provision ii. Iron and Folic Acid (IFA) supplementation iii. Health check-up and Referral services iv. Nutrition & Health Education (NHE) v. Counseling/Guidance on family welfare, child care practices and home management vi. Life Skill Education and accessing public services vii. Vocational training for girls aged 16 and above under National Skill Development Program (NSDP) https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/1-SABLAscheme_0.pdf
  • 41. 41 Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana https://niti.gov.in/writereaddata/files/document_publication/IGMSY_FinalReport.pdf ●Launched on- 2010 ●Renamed -2017 to Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) ●maternity benefit program ●conditional cash transfer scheme for pregnant and lactating mothers of 19 years of age or above for the first two live births. ●It provides partial wage compensation to women for wage-loss during the childbirth and childcare, and aims to promote conditions for safe delivery, good nutrition, and feeding practices. ●In 2013, the scheme was brought under the National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013 to implement the provision of cash maternity benefit of Rs. 6,000 stated in the Act.
  • 42. 42 https://niti.gov.in/writereaddata/files/document_publication/IGMSY_FinalReport.pdf Eligibility and Conditionalities i. Pregnant women above the age of 19 years are eligible for benefits under IGMSY for the first two live births. ii. All organized sector employees are excluded from the scheme as they are entitled for paid maternity leave. iii. The first transfer (at the end of second birth/pregnancy trimester) of Rs. 3,000 requires the mother to: a. Register her pregnancy at the Anganwadi Center (AWC) within four months of conception; b. Attend at least one prenatal care (PNC) session, and take iron folic (IFA) acid tablets and tetanus toxoid injection (TTI); and c. Attend at least one counseling session at AWC or healthcare centre. iv. The second transfer (three months after delivery) of Rs.3,000 requires the mother to: a. Register the birth;Immunize the child with oral polio vaccine (OPV) and Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccine at birth, at six weeks, and at 10 weeks of age; and c. Attend at least two growth monitoring sessions within three months ofdelivery.
  • 43. 43 i. Promoting appropriate practice, care and institutional service utilization during pregnancy, delivery and lactation; ii. Encouraging the women to follow (optimal) nutrition and feeding practices, including early and exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months; iii. Providing cash incentives for improved health and nutrition to pregnant and lactating mothers v. Additionally, the scheme requires the mother to: a. Exclusively breastfeed for six months and introduce complementary feeding as certified by the mother; b. Immunize the child with OPV and diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus (DPT) vaccine; and c. Attend at least two counseling sessions on growth monitoring and infant and child nutrition and feeding between the third and the sixth month after delivery. OBJECTIVES https://niti.gov.in/writereaddata/files/document_publication/IGMSY_FinalReport.pdf
  • 47. 47
  • 48. MAHILA-E- HAAT ●Launched on 7th March 2016 ●Initiative for meeting aspirations and needs of women entrepreneurs. ●Online marketing platform for women, where participants can display their products. ●An initiative part of ‘Digital India’ and ‘Stand Up India’ initiatives. ●Mission-To act as a catalyst by providing a web based marketing platform to the women entrepreneurs to directly sell to the buyers. ●Set up by Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India under Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK). Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK) is a society, registered under the Societies Registration Act 1860 and an apex micro- finance organization established in 1993 under the aegis of Ministry of Women & Child Development (MWCD) . OBJECTIVE- to provide micro-credit to poor women for various livelihood support 48 https://vikaspedia.in/e-governance/women-and-e-governance/mahila-e-haat
  • 49. ●Provides an opportunity for women entrepreneurs to use technology to showcase products that are made/ manufactured/ sold by them. ●Women can also showcase services that are provided by them reflecting creative potential. ●E-Haat requires only the mobile number ●For the facilitation of the buyer and seller, the product along with its photographs, description, cost and mobile number/ address of the producer would be displayed on the E-Haat portal. ●The buyer has the option of approaching the seller physically, telephonically or through Email or other means as convenient to the seller. FEATURE S ●The applicant has to be Indian women/ women SHG/ women-led enterprises. ●The applicant has to above 18 years of age. ●The goods and services transacted through this portal have to be legal. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA 49
  • 50. 50
  • 51. BETI BACHAO ,BETI PADHAO ●Launched on by the Hon’ble Prime Minister on 22nd January, 2015 in Panipat, Haryana ●launched in 100 districts in 2014-15, and expanded to 61 additional districts in 2015-16 ●expanded to all 640 districts of the Country (as per Census 2011) OBJECTIVES 51 https://wcd.nic.in/bbbp-schemes i. To prevent gender biased sex selective elimination ii. To ensure survival and protection of the girl child iii. To ensure education and participation of the girl child
  • 52. administrative set for implementation of the Scheme at various levels 52 https://wcd.nic.in/bbbp-schemes
  • 54. DIAGRAMATIC REPRESENTATION OF FUND FLOW TARGET GROUPS 54 https://wcd.nic.in/bbbp-schemes
  • 55. 55 Rakesh Gupta, Ruby Nimesh, Girdhari Lal Singal, Parveen Bhalla, Shankar Prinja, Effectiveness of India’s National Programme to save the girl child: experience of Beti Bachao Beti Padao (B3P) programme from Haryana State, Health Policy and Planning, Volume 33, Issue 7, September 2018, Pages 870–876
  • 56. One Stop Centres (OSCs) are intended to support women affected by violence, in private and public spaces, within the family, community and at the workplace. Under this Scheme, in the first phase, one OSC envisaged to be established in each State/UT to facilitate access to an integrated range of services including medical, legal, and psychological support. Further, 150 additional Centres are taken up in second phase during2016-17 in addition to 36 Centres in the first phase. Now, 50 additional One Stop Centres each shall be established during the years 2017-18, 2018-19 and 2019- 2020. 56 https://wcd.nic.in/schemes/one-stop-centre-scheme-1 ONE STOP CENTER SCHEME
  • 57. These guidelines have been developed to support stakeholders/agencies who would be involved in implementing the Scheme, as well as State, district and grassroot level functionaries. They are intended to serve as a reference manual for officials at the National and State/Union Territory (UT) levels for policy guidance and monitoring. The guidelines list the services to be provided under the Scheme, steps and processes/procedures for implementation. The guidelines also highlight the roles and responsibilities of various line departments. It provides indicative monitoring and reporting formats to be used at different levels. The guidelines are not exhaustive and the feedback received from States/UTs from time to time will be incorporated as per requirements. 57 PURPOSE OF THE GUIDELINES https://wcd.nic.in/schemes/one-stop-centre-scheme-1
  • 58. OBJECTIVES (i) To provide integrated support and assistance to women affected by violence, both in private and public spaces under one roof. (ii) To facilitate immediate, emergency and non-emergency access to a range of services including medical, legal, psychological and counselling support under one roof to fight against any forms of violence against women. TARGET GROUP The OSC will support all women including girls below 18 years of age affected by violence, irrespective of caste, class, religion, region, sexual orientation or marital status. For girls below 18 years of age, institutions and authorities established under JuvenileJustice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 and the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 will be linked with the OSC. 58 https://wcd.nic.in/schemes/one-stop-centre-scheme-1
  • 59. https://wcd.nic.in/schemes/one-stop-centre-scheme-1 59 The One Stop Centre in Lucknow (funded by Nirbhaya) gained an award on International Women's Day 2019 The One Stop Centre in Raipur was awarded the Nari Shakti Puraskar for 2017
  • 60. 60 https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/Working%20Women%20Hostel_about_revised_about.pdf WORKING WOMEN HOSTEL SCHEME Launched on-6 April 2017 To promote availability of safe and conveniently located accommodation for working women, The working women’s hostel projects being assisted under this scheme shall be made available to all working women without any distinction Women under training for job may also be accommodated in such hostels subject to the condition that taken together, such trainees should not occupy more than 30% of the total capacity the hostel Children of working women, up to the age of 18 years for girls and up to the age of 5 years for boys may be accommodated in such hostels with their mothers.
  • 61. Beneficiaries (i) Working women, who may be single, widowed, divorced, separated, married but whose husband or immediate family does not reside in the same city/area. Particular preference may be given to women from disadvantaged sections of the society. (ii) Women who are under training for job provided the total training period does not exceed one year. The number of women under training for job should not exceed 30% of the total capacity. (iii) Girls up to the age of 18 years and boys up to the age of 5 years, accompanying working mothers will be provided accommodation, with their mothers.Working mothers may also avail of the services of the Day Care Centre. 61 The following agencies/ organisations can apply assistance under the scheme: (i) State Government agencies including Women Development Corporations,Women Finance Corporations (ii) Urban Municipal Bodies including Cantonment Boards (iii) Panchayati Raj Institutions (iv) SHGs (Self Help Groups) (v) Recognized Colleges/ Universities (vi) Civil Society Organisations
  • 62. Under the Scheme, Swadhar Greh will be set up in every district with capacity of 30 women with the following objectives: To cater to the primary need of shelter, food, clothing, medical treatment and care of the women in distress and who are without any social and economic support. To enable them to regain their emotional strength that gets hampered due to their encounter with unfortunate circumstances. To provide them with legal aid and guidance to enable them to take steps for their readjustment in family/society. To rehabilitate them economically and emotionally. To act as a support system that understands and meets various requirements of women in distress. To enable them to start their life afresh with dignity and conviction. 62 SWADHAR GREH
  • 63. 63 The beneficiaries of the Swadhar Greh Scheme are women without any social and economic support, above 18 years of age, including: a) Women who have been deserted; b) Women survivors of natural disasters who have been rendered homeless; c) Women prisoners released from jail and are without family support; d) Women victims of domestic violence, family tension or discord, who are made to leave their homes without any means of subsistence and have no special protection from exploitation and/ or facing litigation on account of marital disputes; and e) Women rescued from trafficking operations or those who have run away from brothels or other places where they face exploitation and women affected by HIV/AIDS who have been abandoned. However such women should first seek assistance under Ujjawala Scheme in areas where it is in operation. Women of all categories listed may stay up to a maximum period of 5 years. Older women above 55 years of age may be accommodated till the age of 60 years after which they must be shifted to old age homes. Women with severe intellectual/mental disabilities cannot be accommodated in the Swadhar Grehs and should be shifted to mental rehabilitation centres in order to properly ensure that their special needs are met.
  • 64. Launched as a Central Sector Scheme in 1986-87. Objectives of the Scheme To provide training in skill development that provides employment to women. To enable women to become self-employed or entrepreneurs through quality training. The scheme seeks to provide these benefits to women who are aged 16 and above. 64
  • 65. Formerly called: Stree Shakti Puraskar First awarded: 1999 Women Awards for conferring on eminent women, organisations and institutions. These awards will be called “Nari Shakti Puruskars”. Now, from the year 2016,20 Nari Shakti Puruskars shall be conferred every year. The awards will be conferred on 8th March on the occasion of International Women’s Day (IWD). The Award in each category shall carry a Certificate and a cash amount of 2 lakhs. 65 NARI SHAKTI PURUSHKARS
  • 66. 66 Rani Lakshmi Bai Award to Manasi Pradhan Institutional Devi Ahilya Bai Holkar Award Kannagi Devi Award Mata Jijabai Award Rani Gaidinliu Zeliang Award Rani Lakshmi Bai Award Rani Rudramma Devi Awards Individual Courage and bravery outstanding contributions to women’s endeavour, community work
  • 67. 67
  • 68. Launched on April 1,2015 These Guidelines have been developed to support all stakeholders/agencies who would be involved in implementing the Scheme. These are also intended to serve as an effective reference manual for officials at the National and State/ Union Territory (UT) levels for policy guidance and monitoring. The Guidelines narrate the services to be provided under the Scheme as well as steps in implementation. It also lays down monitoring and reporting formats to be used at different levels. The Guidelines are not exhaustive and WOMEN HELPLINE SCHEME 68
  • 69. OBJECTIVES ●To provide toll-free 24-hours telecom service to women affected by violence seeking support and information. ●To facilitate crisis and non-crisis intervention through referral to the appropriate agencies such as police/Hospitals/Ambulance services/District Legal Service Authority (DLSA)/Protection Officer (PO)/OSC. ●To provide information about the appropriate support services, government schemes and programmes available to the woman affected by violence, in her particular situation within the local area in which she resides or is employed. TARGET- Any woman or girl facing violence within public or private sphere of life or seeking information about women related programmes or schemes. 69
  • 70. SERVICE DELIVERY FRAMEWORK Helpline Manager Supervisor Senior Call Responder Call Responder IT Staff Multi purpose Helper Security Guard 70
  • 72. 72
  • 73. 73 To prevent trafficking of women and children for commercial sexual exploitation through social mobilization and involvement of local communities, awareness generation programmes, generate public discourse through workshops/seminars and such events and any other innovative activity. To facilitate rescue of victims from the place of their exploitation and place them in safe custody. To provide rehabilitation services both immediate and long-term to the victims by providing basic amenities/needs such as shelter, food, clothing, medical treatment including counselling, legal aid and guidance and vocational training. To facilitate reintegration of the victims into the family and society at large To facilitate repatriation of cross-border victims to their country of origin. UJJAWALA SCHEME Launched in 2007 comprehensive scheme Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana-2016-50 million LPG to BPL women https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/Ujjawala%20New%20Scheme.pdf
  • 75. NIRBHAYA SCHEME/FUND ●The Government has set up a dedicated fund Nirbhaya Fund, which can be utilized for projects specifically designed to improve the safety and security of women. ●non-lapsable corpus fund, being administered by Department of Economic Affairs (DEA), Ministry of Finance. ●As per the guidelines, the responsibility of Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD) includes (i) nodal Ministry to appraise/ recommend proposals and schemes to be funded under Nirbhaya Fund and (ii) to review and monitor the progress of sanctioned schemes/ projects in conjunction with the line Ministries/Departments. Under Nirbhaya Fund, schemes/ projects worth Rs. 9288.45 Cr. have been appraised till date. ●An amount of Rs.5712.85 crore has been allocated and an amount of Rs.3544.06 crore has been disbursed/ released by the concerned Ministries/ Departments. 75
  • 77. 77 MAHILA SHAKTI KENDRA SCHEME National State Level technical support to the respective governments on issues related to women District Block level foothold to women empowerment schemes including BBBP in 640 districts Launched on 22 November 2017 envisages community engagement through college student volunteers in aspirational districts, as well as setting up of District Level Centres for Women (DLCWs) and State Resource Centres for Women (SRCWs) to support the implementation of women centric schemes/programs and to function as Project Management Units for BetiBachaoBetiPadhao Scheme. https://wcd.nic.in/schemes/mahila-shakti-kendras-msk
  • 78. 78 MAHILA POLICE VOLUNTEERS Launched pilot project in Karnal and Mahendragarh districts of the Haryana in December 2016. An MPV will serve as a public-police interface in order to fight crime againstwomen. The broad mandate of MPVs is to report incidences of violence against women such as domestic violence, child marriage, dowry harassment and violence faced by women in public spaces. She will act as a role model for the community. https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/mpvs.pdf MPV must be a women applicant The applicant should not be less than the age of 21 years. It is obligatory for the applicant to possess the certification of at least 12th pass. The applicant must be from the same geographical area and conversant with the local language. The women applicant should not have been convicted/imprisoned for the violation under any criminal law. There must be no criminal proceedings instituted against her. The women applicant must not be a member under any of the political party.
  • 79. 79 i. Create awareness of the existing services available for women and children ii. Inform the police personnel about any unpleasant behavior or untoward incidences against women and girls in the community. iii.Act as an additional intelligence collection unit of the area iv. Report incidences of missing children, violence against women such as domestic violence, child marriage, dowry harassment, v. Mobilize and facilitate Mahila aur Shishu Rakshak Dal (MASRD) preferably of 10-12 members viParticipate in the meetings of Village Health Sanitation Nutrition Committee (VHSNC), Gram Sabhas, Special Gram Sabha, Mahila Gram Sabha on regular basis and raise issues affecting women in these forums. FUNCTIONS https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/mpvs.pdf
  • 80. MOTHER AND CHILD TRACKING SYSTEM Launched in January 2011 initiative of Ministry of Health & Family Welfare to leverage information technology for ensuring delivery of full spectrum of healthcare and immunization services to pregnant women and children up to 5 years of age. It facilitates and monitors service delivery and also establishes a two way communication between the service providers and beneficiaries. It has been declared as a Mission Mode Project under the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) in July 2011 80
  • 81. 81 Registration of Pregnant Women When pregnant women comes to any Health Facility/Sub-Centre and get herself registered and receive first Ante-Natal Care (ANC) Service then she is registered for getting the full health services. • Ante-Natal Care (ANC), Delivery & Post-Natal Care (PNC) Services • Registration of Children for Immunization • Immunization Services to Children • Integration with other applications like PFMS, MDR, MCTFC, Mobile • USSD technology to update the service live on the MCTS portal. Data is updated through USSD on real time basis on the MCTS portal from the remotest part of the country. file:///C:/Users/KIIT/Downloads/MATERNALANDCHILDTRACKINGSYSTEMARTICLE-converted.pdf OBJECTIVES
  • 82. 82 Gera R, Muthusamy N, Bahulekar A, et al. An in- depth assessment of India's Mother and Child Tracking System (MCTS) in Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. BMC Health Serv Res. 2015;15:315. Published 2015 Aug 11. doi:10.1186/s12913-015- 0920-2
  • 83. PRIYADARSHINI SCHEME ●Introduced by the Ministry in 13 blocks spread across 5 districts in Uttar Pradesh and 2 districts in Bihar. ●It is a women Empowerment and Livelihoods Programme in the Mid Gangetic Plains. The project provide training for women to become self-sufficient and start Self Help Groups. The programme target to cover over 1,00,000 households and form 7,200 SHGs. The focus of the project is on livelihood enhancement, the beneficiaries will be empowered to address their political, legal, health problems issues through rigorous capacity building. The programme had been started with assistance from NABARD. The program was closed in January 31st 2015. As per the reports from Ministry of Women and Child Development it did not improve the condition of women who were the actual target. The performance of the scheme was good as expected. No work was done on the ground while the scheme was assessing and spend 31 crore. CURRENT STATUS 83
  • 84. Priyadarshini Awas Yojana ●It is a scheme for building houses in the rural region Amount will be provided to identified poor people in the region through Panchayath. More than 1.5 Lakh beneficiaries are identified The amount is tranferred in three instalment and will receive a total of 93000 as benefit. The household includes toilet. This scheme is some what same as the Indira Awas Yojana. It is aimed to provide amount to two lakh identified rural poor for affordable house. 84
  • 85. 85 SWAYAMSIDDHA SCHEME ●‘swayamsidha’ means – to help oneself ●launched by Ministry of Women and Child Development of Government of India in 2001 ●special preference to Self Help Groups (SHGs). This is literally a group where it is self-governed by individual people who form a group. These people have similar background economically and socially and here they contribute collectively. OBJECTIVES Women Empowerment Change of their Status in the Society To educate them It is a unified scheme for the women at a total cost of Rs. 116.30 Crores. It benefitted about 9, 30,000 women with 53,000 self-help groups set up, village societies of about 26,500 and 650 block societies
  • 86. SUMMARY SCHEMES Launched on Target Population Current Status Funded by National action plan for children 2016 Women enterprenuers Ministry of women and child Development digital laado 11 october 2020 To make girls digitally strong Sex birth ratio improved from 918 (2014-15) to 934 (2019-20). Ministry of women and child Development PM Cares for Children May 29 2021 Children who lost parents in covid Ministry of women and child Development Ladali lakshmi yojana 2 may 2007 Birth of girl child 86
  • 87. SUMMARY SCHEMES Launched on Target Population Current Status Funded by Mahila-E-Haat 7 March 2016 Women enterprenuers Ministry of women and child Development Beti Bachao Beti Padhao 2015 Girl child Sex birth ratio improved from 918 (2014-15) to 934 (2019-20). Ministry of women and child Development One Stop Centre Scheme (Sakhi) 1st April 2015 Women affected by violence Ministry of women and child Development Working Women Hostels 6 April 2017 Working woman Ministry of women and child Development 87
  • 88. 88 SCHEMES Launched on Target Population Current Status Funded by Swadhar Greh 2015 primary needs of women in difficult circumstances Ministry of Women and Child Development STEP 1986 training in skill development Ministry of Women and Child Development Nari Shakti Purushar 1999 Women Ministry of Women and Child Development Women Helpline Scheme 1 April 2015 24-hour emergency and non-emergency response to women affected by violence Ministry of Women and Child Development Swayamsidha February 2001 Women empowerment Ministry of women and child Development
  • 89. 89 UJJAWALA 2007 victims trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation. Ministry of Women and Child Development Nirbhaya Fund 2013 Rape victims Department of Economic Affairs of the finance ministry. Mahila Shakti Kendra 22 nov 2017 women centric schemes/programs Ministry of Women and Child Development Mahila Police Volunteers 2016 Report incidences of violence against women Ministry of Women and Child Development Mother And Child Tracking System January 2011 pregnant women and children up to 5 years of age Ministry of Women and Child Development Priyadarshini 8 june 2013 women Empowerment and Livelihoods Programme in the Mid Gangetic Plains. Stopped Ministry of Women and Child Development
  • 90. CONCLUSION A social welfare system is a scheme for providing financial aid to individuals or families in need in a society. The percentage of the female population is 48.04 percent and about 26.16 percent of the Indian population fell into the 0-14 year category. So to eliminate ill practices and discrimination,we need to empower women. 90
  • 91. 1. Park's Textbook of preventive and social medicine,25th edition,Bhanot Page 346-349 2. Oxford textbook of Public Health 3. https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1722719 4. https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/DRAFT%20GUIDELINES%20OF%20SWADHAR%20GREH %20SCHEME.pdf 5. https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/National%20Creche%20Scheme%20For%20The%20Child ren%20of%20Working%20Mothers_0.pdf 6. Gera R, Muthusamy N, Bahulekar A, et al. An in-depth assessment of India's Mother and Child Tracking System (MCTS) in Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. BMC Health Serv Res. 2015;15:315. Published 2015 Aug 11. doi:10.1186/s12913-015-0920-2 7. https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/mpvs.pdf 91 REFERENCES
  • 92. 92