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Interreg project CAMS Platform: Mapping climate adaptation options in energy efficiency projects

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AMS project task WP4.1: Mapping climate adaptation options in energy efficiency projects

Authors: Kerli Kirsimaa, Madis Org, Piret Kuldna /Stockholm Environment Institute Tallinn Centre

The knowledge of climate adaptation and mitigation synergies supports balanced policy-making and to avoid trade-offs. Society and public should acknowledge the importance of negative consequences of maladaptation and interactions both adverse and beneficial. The integrated of mitigation-adaptation approach can improve decision-making. Co-benefit of synergic mitigation-adaptation can contribute in the environment and human quality of life decreasing the vulnerability to the climate risks.

The report on mapping climate adaptation options in energy efficiency projects, drafted by Stockholm Environment Institute Tallinn Centre, Kerli Kirsimaa, Madis Org, Piret Kuldna, with contributions of all CAMS Platform partners, was submitted in July 31, 2020.

The main conclusion of report are as follows.

The mitigation and adaptation remained as a separate focus of the energy efficiency project and very few synergies were encountered between those two major climate policy areas. Measures and actions that combined mitigation and adaptation were integrated and considered due to casual coincidences and practical reasoning during implementation in an ad hoc manner.

As for the building projects, few special adaptation measures are enforced by law, and thus their implementation depends more on the willingness or knowledge of a developer. Adaptation guidelines exist for new construction, rarely for the ones that need renovation.

The dominant measures that enhance the adaptation of existing buildings to changing climate are automated indoor climate; maintenance of plant cover and removal of dangerous trees near the buildings; permeable roads and car parks surrounding the building as well as the stronger attachment of elements fastened to buildings (rain gutters, antennas, and lights).

It is feasible to implement more innovative measures to address risks of climate change by mitigation and adaptation synergies such as green roofs and higher foundations (so that basement floors are located at a higher level) and to use construction materials that can cope with excessive moisture (various facade materials, Synthetic Roof Underlayment) in the new construction.

Some negative effects and maladaptation were also mapped in this study. In the planning of the measures, these negative effects should be considered and compensated by a combination of measures if possible.

You can find the final report on mitigation and adaptation synergies here: http://trea.ee/cams/report-on-combining-climate-adatation-measures-within-ee-projects-in-bsr/

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Interreg project CAMS Platform: Mapping climate adaptation options in energy efficiency projects

  1. 1. CAMS project task WP4.1: Mapping climate adaptation options in energy efficiency projects Authors: Kerli Kirsimaa, Madis Org, Piret Kuldna Stockholm Environment Institute Tallinn Centre WP4.1
  2. 2. Aim: Advancing the energy auditing, the qualification programme of housing renovation and policy dialogue for mitigation and adaptation synergies in housing renovations and service sector. Length: 2019-2021 Budget: 1 046 503 € (incl ERDF support 745 435.09 €, ENI/Russian support 98 761.50€ ) Partners: •Tartu Regional Energy Agency, Estonia – Lead partner •County Administrative Board of Dalarna, Sweden •Permanent International Secretariat of the Council of the Baltic Sea States, Sweden •Ministry of Economics of Latvia, Latvia •Foundation of Energy Saving in Gdansk, Poland •Baltic Environmental Forum Latvia, Latvia •Baltic Environmental Forum Germany, Germany •Stockholm Environment Institute Tallinn Centre, Estonia •Peter the Great St.Petersburg Polytechnic University, Russia What is CAMS project?
  3. 3. Goal: Evaluation of climate adaptation and mitigation synergies in the energy efficiency projects that have impacts in the BSR Region; and among renovated and newly built building projects in the CAMS project countries. Methodology: Extensive questionnaires Synergies of climate change mitigation and adaptation measures – climate measures, which help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the effects of climate change at the same time. Measures can be either adaptation measures that have an impact on mitigation or mitigation measures that have an impact on adaptation. Task WP4.1 led by SEI Tallinn 1. The small size of the sample places restrictions on making generalizations. As the responses to the survey increase, the conclusions may change to some extent. 2. The choices in the questionnaires are based on the respondents’ own assessment. For instance in terms of the newly built and renovated building projects, the levels of implementation of measures (minimum standard, above the minimum standard) is based on the respondents' assessment and the difference in national standards. RESEARCH LIMITATIONS
  4. 4. NUMBER OF BUILDING PROJECTS ANALYSED: 17 Renovated Sweden: 1. Falun Estonia: 1. Saue Koondise 2. Tartu Kalevi Russia: 1. Ruzovskaya 2. Chaikovskogo Latvia: 1. Katoļu street 17, Jelgava 2. Rīgas ielā 18, Valmiera Poland 1. School/Administration office, Sopot, 18/20 Kosciuszki st., 2015 Germany 1. Residential building, Am Brunnenhof /Gilbertstraße, Hamburg Newly built Sweden: 1. Djugard – urban area in Stockholm 2. Castellum – A company in Sweden, questionnaire was filled by following their typical case Estonia: 1. Järvevana 7b Russia: 1. Babuškina St.82 Latvia: 1. Business Garden Riga Building X3 2. Business Garden Riga Building C Poland 1. Residential building, Gdansk, Kielnenska st., 2019 Germany 1. Residential building, Klima Wohl Herzkamp, Hannover SELECTED CASES BSR Interreg and other projects in the BSR Region Topic of the project/main focus Mitigation/energy efficiency projects • BEA-APP (Interreg Baltic Sea Region) Spatial planning of renewable facilities • Effect4buildings (Interreg Baltic Sea Region) Energy efficiency in buildings and developing tool box • Green ReMark (European Union, the Russian Federation and the Republic of Finland) Support of innovations in green energy production and use • LowTemp (Interreg Baltic Sea Region) Energy efficiency in district heating • LUCIA (Interreg Baltic Sea Region) Systems approach to development of outdoor lighting • Co2mmunity (Interreg Baltic Sea Region) Fostering community energy (CE)development as enhancing tool for increasing renewable energy share and decentralisation of energy systems Adaptation projects • CASCADE (European Union Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid) To develop risk assessment methodologies focusing on climate change risks, tailor-made for the local community level • DG Echo (European Union Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid) Integrated Climate Risk assessment
  5. 5. Assessment of BSR energy efficiency projects 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Landscaping and ecosystem services Tools Project objectives and aims Conferences and workshops Policy documents Built environment Energy effeciency measures (engineering etc 'hard') Studies and surveys Renewable energy measures (engineering etc 'hard') Stakeholder and citizen involvement Pilot projects, districts and sites Consideration of adaptation aspects in different project outputs of energy efficiency BSR projects Included Not included 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Flood & sea level rise Precipitation Storm & wind & other extreme weather events Temperature Consideration of different climate impacts in energy efficiency BSR projects Included Not included
  6. 6. MAIN OUTCOMES: Assessment of projects with the impact on BSR 1. The project managers of the energy efficiency (mitigation) projects highlighted that the adaptation remained secondary within their projects due to specific objectives stated by the programme and application. 2. In turn the project managers of the adaptation projects (CASCADE, DG Echo) highlighted that the mitigation remained secondary within their projects due to specific objectives stated by the programme and application. 3. There was no specific communication or policy support on mitigation & adaptation synergies to the target groups nor designated deliverables and outputs. 4. The adaptation was discussed in the framework of wider climate policy framework, in the macro approach. 5. Adaptation needs, measures and actions were integrated and considered due to coincidences and practical reasoning during implementation in ad hoc manner, not directly aiming for adaptation or programmed and planned integrity of mitigation and adaptation.
  7. 7. The analysed building projects Estonia Russia Latvia Sweden Renovated buildings New buildings Renovated buildings Renovated buildings Renovated building New buildings New building New building HVAC + water Site, landscaping, management Energy supply and building envelope Sopot Gdansk New building Renovated building Germany Klima Wohl Herzkamp Brunnenhof New building Renovated building Poland
  8. 8. • Light green – measures implemented to the minimum standard • Dark green– measures implemented above minimum standard Energy and building envelope related measures New buildings Renovated buildings RESULTS 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Adaptation Adaptation with implication on mitigation Mitigation with implication on adaptation Mitigation 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Adaptation Adaptation with implication on mitigation Mitigation with implication on adaptation Mitigation
  9. 9. Adaptation Adaptation with implication on mitigation Mitigation with implication on adaptation Mitigation Adaptation Adaptation with implication on mitigation Mitigation with implication on adaptation Mitigation All other measures except energy and building envelope measures New buildings Renovated buildings RESULTS • Light green – measures implemented to the minimum standard • Dark green– measures implemented above minimum standard 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
  10. 10. • The mitigation and adaptation are rather delivered as two separate policy areas, not in synergy. • Adaptation implemented in an ad hoc manner. • Few adaptation measures enforced by law – implementation depends more on the willingness or knowledge of a developer. • Most used adaptation measures: • automated indoor climate of the buildings; • maintenance of plant cover and removal of dangerous trees near the buildings; • permeable roads and car parks; • stronger attachment of elements fastened to buildings (rain gutters, antennas, and lights). • Examples of mitigation and adaptation synergies (synergies are not always positive): • green roofs; • higher foundations (basement floors are located at a higher level); • construction materials that can cope with excessive moisture (various facade materials, Synthetic Roof Underlayment), etc. • Installation of new and efficient air conditioning Recommendations: • In the planning of the measures, the negative effects and maladaptation should be considered and compensated by a combination of measures if possible. • Existing norms for buildings should be regularly updated. • Handbooks and guidelines would help the engineers and architects to draw out some more technical requirements in the future, also for buildings that need renovation. • The programming EU climate policy should challenge more specialised approach attempting to integrate the mitigation and adaptation policies as a horizontal value merit. OVERALL CONCLUSIONS
  11. 11. Thank you! Kerli Kirsimaa and Piret Kuldna SEI Tallinn kerli.Kirsimaa@sei.org; piret.kuldna@sei.org

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