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AMS project task WP4.1: Mapping climate adaptation options in energy efficiency projects
Authors: Kerli Kirsimaa, Madis Org, Piret Kuldna /Stockholm Environment Institute Tallinn Centre
The knowledge of climate adaptation and mitigation synergies supports balanced policy-making and to avoid trade-offs. Society and public should acknowledge the importance of negative consequences of maladaptation and interactions both adverse and beneficial. The integrated of mitigation-adaptation approach can improve decision-making. Co-benefit of synergic mitigation-adaptation can contribute in the environment and human quality of life decreasing the vulnerability to the climate risks.
The report on mapping climate adaptation options in energy efficiency projects, drafted by Stockholm Environment Institute Tallinn Centre, Kerli Kirsimaa, Madis Org, Piret Kuldna, with contributions of all CAMS Platform partners, was submitted in July 31, 2020.
The main conclusion of report are as follows.
The mitigation and adaptation remained as a separate focus of the energy efficiency project and very few synergies were encountered between those two major climate policy areas. Measures and actions that combined mitigation and adaptation were integrated and considered due to casual coincidences and practical reasoning during implementation in an ad hoc manner.
As for the building projects, few special adaptation measures are enforced by law, and thus their implementation depends more on the willingness or knowledge of a developer. Adaptation guidelines exist for new construction, rarely for the ones that need renovation.
The dominant measures that enhance the adaptation of existing buildings to changing climate are automated indoor climate; maintenance of plant cover and removal of dangerous trees near the buildings; permeable roads and car parks surrounding the building as well as the stronger attachment of elements fastened to buildings (rain gutters, antennas, and lights).
It is feasible to implement more innovative measures to address risks of climate change by mitigation and adaptation synergies such as green roofs and higher foundations (so that basement floors are located at a higher level) and to use construction materials that can cope with excessive moisture (various facade materials, Synthetic Roof Underlayment) in the new construction.
Some negative effects and maladaptation were also mapped in this study. In the planning of the measures, these negative effects should be considered and compensated by a combination of measures if possible.
You can find the final report on mitigation and adaptation synergies here: http://trea.ee/cams/report-on-combining-climate-adatation-measures-within-ee-projects-in-bsr/