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  1. 1. Ancient Egypt and the pharaohs By : Tanner Scheetz Photos from fotosearch
  2. 2. Tanner in heiroglyphs <ul><li>This my name in the egyptian language </li></ul>
  3. 3. Geography- water <ul><li>Nile River </li></ul><ul><li>Red sea </li></ul><ul><li>Mediterranean sea </li></ul><ul><li>Dead sea </li></ul><ul><li>Jordan river </li></ul>
  4. 4. Geography-land <ul><li>Libyan desert </li></ul><ul><li>Nubian desert </li></ul><ul><li>Arabian desert </li></ul><ul><li>Negevo desert </li></ul><ul><li>Syriano desert </li></ul><ul><li>Lebanond Mountains </li></ul>
  5. 5. Pharaoh Ramses II <ul><li>Ramses II ruled in the old kingdom. He was the military leader and master builder, and he ruled from 1290 to 1224 B.C.E. </li></ul>
  6. 6. King Tut <ul><li>King tut’s sarcafagus was made of gold, and he ruled in the new kindom (1600-1100 B.C.E.) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Pharaoh Khufu <ul><li>Khufu ruled from 2551 to 2528 B.C.E. which is the old kingdom. He was the pyramid builder of his time </li></ul>
  8. 8. Pharaoh Senusret l <ul><li>Senusret l was the patron of art, and he ruled from 1971 to 1926 B.C.E. which is the middle kingdom </li></ul>
  9. 9. Pharaoh Hatshepsut <ul><li>Hatshepsut was the promoter of Egyptian trade and ruled from 1473 TO 1458 B.C.E. which is the New kingdom. She was the first female ruler </li></ul>
  10. 10. Gods <ul><li>Pharaohs were belived to be gods </li></ul><ul><li>Pharoh Khufu demanded himself as a god </li></ul><ul><li>Pharaoh Hatshepsut told stories that said her dad was a god </li></ul>
  11. 11. Artisans <ul><li>Pharoh Hatshepsut was known for her art </li></ul><ul><li>Senusret l was another Pharaoh known for his art </li></ul>
  12. 12. Pharaohs and the three kingdoms The three kingdoms are the old kingdom (2700-2200 b.c.e.) the middle kingdom (2000-1800b.c.e.) the new kingdom (1600-1100 b.c.e) they lived in the East, but wanted to be buried in the West
  13. 13. In everyday life, they belong to different social classes. These classes made up a social pyramid, with the pharaoh at the top and the peasants at the bottom, in between were the government officials, priests, scribes, and artisans. Artisans occupied the next lawyer of the social pyramid. Peasants were the largest social class, they worked on wealthy peoples land.
  14. 14. The vizer The vizer had more power than everyone except the pharaoh
  15. 15. The general <ul><li>After the pharaoh the general of the armies was the top military commander in Egypt. The general helped the pharaoh make alliances with other kingdoms. </li></ul>
  16. 16. The afterlife <ul><li>They thought the spirits of the dead needed their bodies in the afterlife so for this reason they preserved bodies from decay through embalming. Then after embalming the mummy was ready for burial, the mummy was placed in a wooden box which was then placed in a large stone coffin, called a sarcophagus </li></ul>
  17. 17. Hieroglyphs <ul><li>Students had to learn hieroglyphs and they typically spent 12 years or more learning hieroglyphs. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Word key <ul><li>Vizer = a high ranking government official </li></ul><ul><li>Census = official count of population or an official count of the people in that area </li></ul><ul><li>Hieghoglyphs = symbols of the Egyptian system of writing </li></ul>