Early detection and_early_intervention

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early intervention is only possible When its diagnose early specially in case of disablities

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Early detection and_early_intervention

  1. 1. Early Detection and Early Intervention By DR SAIM ALI SOOMRO. Challenges and Solution Strategies in the Framework of CBR Programmes.
  2. 2. Early detection and intervention • Early detection and early intervention – System to check young children for signs of disability – Working with young children who are slow in development or have impairments – Educating and teaching families – Prevent disabilities in babies and young children 2
  3. 3. CBR guidelines: early detection and early intervention
  4. 4. Early detection and intervention • Picture education • Primary prevention = stop from occuring • Secundary prevention includes early detection and treatment • Tertiary prevention = reduce consequences of existing health condition
  5. 5. Health care CBR programmes can assist with early identification • Establish mechanism • Identify screening activities (eg tb, leprosy, river blindness, diabetes, cancer) • Genetic or hereditary conditions: Refer for assessment and counselling • Know about secondary conditions • Refer if people may benefit from surgery
  6. 6. Health care • Ensure access to early treatment by promoting and encouraging collaboration with primary health care CBR programs can: •Provide follow up after screening •Refer to other levels in health care system •Advocate for inclusion •Identify barriers •Identify gaps in service provision •Habilitation and rehabilitation
  7. 7. Early intervention • Child development: Physical, speech and language, cognitive, social and emotional CBR workers can: •Provide early intervention activities, usually home based. •Encourage parents to meet together •Facilitate playgroups
  8. 8. Early childhood care and education • Early childhood = birth till primary education • Focus in Education component: 3 years and older
  9. 9. Early childhood care and education • Understanding of early years depends on local traditions, faith/religion, cultures, family structure and way primary schooling is organized. • CBR workers understand: Developmental delay: milestones are not reached at appropriate age – Social, emotional, cognitive, speech and language, phsyical development – Influenced by health, nutrition, care and education
  10. 10. Early childhood care and education CBR workers : •Understand importance of play •Age appropriate activities •Support families in making choices •Work towards inclusive early childhood education provisions
  11. 11. Early childhood care and education and CBR 1. Identify early childhood needs – Support early learning at home – Involve families 1. Promote home-based activities 2. Support learning in the community 3. Help develop inclusive preschools 5. Ensure specialist services are available and accessible 6. Involve adults and children with disabilities 7. Carry out training and awareness-raising 8. Address poverty 9. Lobby and advocate for inclusion 10. Prepare for emergency, conflict and refugee situations
  12. 12. Early identification and early intervention • Support establishment of parent groups

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