Where is located?
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic, is a country in South
bordered by Chile to the west and south,
Bolivia and Paraguay to the north
and Brazil and Uruguay to the northeast.
Argentina is derived from the Latin argentum (silver).
Even though La Plata river doesn’t have any sources of
silver, the first Spanish conquerors arrived to the area
following rumors of the existence of silver mountains.
LANGUAGE: SPANISH (Castellano)
School attendance is compulsory between the ages of 5 and 17. The
Argentine school system consists of an elementary or lower school
level lasting six or seven years, and a secondary or high school level
lasting between five to six years
According to the World Christian Database Argentines are: 92.1% Christian, 3.1%
agnostic, 1.9% Muslim, 1.3% Jewish, 0.9% atheist, and 0.9% Buddhist and others.
Argentine Christians are mostly Roman Catholic with estimates for the number of
Catholics varying from 70% to 90% of the population (though perhaps only 20%
attend services regularly).
Ethnic groups (2011)
POPULATION: (2010 census) 40,117,096
Government: Presidential system,
Representative democracy, federal republic.
Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner
The Dirty War, from 1976-1983, was a seven-year campaign by the
Argentine government against suspected dissidents and
subversives. Many people, both opponents of the government as
well as innocent people, were "disappeared" in the middle of the
. They were taken to secret government detention centers where
they were tortured and eventually killed. These people are known
as "los desaparecidos" or "the disappeared”.
This military junta maintained its grip on power by cracking down
on anybody whom they believed was challenging their authority.
Casualty counts from this war range from 10,000 to 30,000 people.