Second language acquisition

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Second language acquisition

  1. 1. Se*ond Lallg*lsge Reg*lisEtion ii fhe Ácgarbrtrbn learning Hypoühesrs i/s. Ther+ t¡¡rr rrrqr iifterent r,riarr devel-rf sliill..: ;r:recr,¡nd rrl in:l rn lan¡¡ua¡tre.,4r:quts,,r-,*tl ¡liiduct ,:f a ¡ub,:,rnmir-rut rr the procees mcum in a naiutr,l ihal envir¡nn¡ent rf ihe learnefsnee,J oulio crinltnunt*ate.r¡ r-iery Il sttnilar ihe piocees lo chrldrenunrier¡¡o trr,,hen acquire ihe,¡ lheii linl language requrres llnteaningiul ir-rt*r¡i:tiiin lh+ tui¡r*tianguage ¡lalL¡ral in - r:ommunrcatir.¡n whuh sp*akemare c*ncentraierl r¡n - ir¡ ni¡ithsl:rtir ihtiruli*:i¡nce:,r, lheci,mnlunicalti¡e[h¡ acquiiilion uf hulun acl conlnrunir:alli¡e language ¡:riruicl*sL+*tni*gl rr the pn-rdut:t firrfiial ¡nslru-:lt*rr rt currrprises ci]nri{:irruri uf and a trtcÉEs whlr:;h re,qulhirt r:,:¡tirlii¡u.-rlin¡wied,]e,l-¡br:L¡t,thei¡nüui¡tle|e.g,l.nt:l,rll+,Jqe¡-,igtairirnarrr-i|erj..A,c,:r"rrilinq1t: ltrel:hen,tntptiri;ui ;it:;cluirilir:n ih;rn Acquisilirrn realroad nrastery a for+ign is lhe l¡ rrl ti¡nguiJgeii] l*e .lJafuraiOrder ffypoÉhesisThe arqurlrtriin i¡ra mat¡r:irl iii m shu,-:lL¡res follnvs a prerJr,:table liatur;rl ord+r, as rri f rst lanrtua¡1e a,:,lrrirrtrr:n,rtuii+ntr; lhriru,:lh s*ries i.r[ilag*rl, acquiring d¡fl-ereni r¡r: ¡r lhe grcr*imulit:irl ni,riphenres reguliirarrtl¡rr+diifahle rnEtquÉü¡:eÍFa¡1ii-:ular ¡tructl-ires a*quirerJ ¡Irantmatical are rn:taqer, an,Ji;+fiainstrurtl-¡r+s b* acqurre,l *¡ll ear¡,¡aniirih+r¡l*ie Thir;crder independ*rrtlherrluirent¡ ii r¡f h¡irr,;qrr:unrjiiii iheJi,fon¡"for ffypoffresrsThe t¡¡nilur hyprilheiilr .rlale¡thai acqursi{icn. l*arnin¡I. reepinsihle ntl i-* for our fluencyin secrinilian¡lua;iep*ifuimanc*i-iiil]lrciir,urilearning il+ u¡ed ;rs an eiiil¡r ihal is uieti üi *heck*n +uipul ¡t arriue¡¡n ih*.ir,,J, c,sn ar+i-¡¡:n il-r;^es ir-ir¡dilitr¡:i met i1j the langurLJe ¡¡r* leffn+rhas =Lifl¡cient ¡¡i his/her iirne ili:rpgsal, l-relsl-re i2i r,,n frrr,,,_t:,et,[.r|ifj¡i-]|1hirlli:¡lbi.ul.--il||er-:ti¡É5:.i,andfJh*irh*l¡iir,,,,,,,.r|htruieTliem,:nit,¡r,hasap|anrrrnÉ|,.,jitnglut-rtfiln tncintir,r :hr.rLtld ntinr:t, Th+ rtle he sin*elheleirrn¿r ,rnlr¡ *¡rn " applylorninlly leameii rules.ivi l-he InpuÉffyp+fhesrisTlie ie¡¡m*r imprr-rr,,r: pfrJqfeiis*Li and Eli{t-u¡ n..rtural ih* qr¡,1+r, when hejshereceiuera st_lfiicient amoL¡riioftttrnptehenstble trrput.ltr,e lrcquireinot leanri langunge thal is slighllyLre,r,oncl currenllevel ai acquired c,uri:":rnpetence a i+¡¡rtrer at a siutl*i, then acquniirtn ll i* lakespla,:e-wt-ien hl*ne ls expose,J r:onrprehensih,ie l,-rinpLri lhat bei*nci¡ i+ueli +l. Linguistr: ür prüüfes$ in ihe efiorlnrarle lie¡ t,r,:,im¡lrehen,J tiinilof input thi¡C:tnprehen:rtble ts prtvtd*dli,ensufin¡tr the learner given inpul thai is enough non-linguistic to enable úr -Grar¡r¡atnally cues himher lrt dect¡rhrrth+ merri¡ile ,.,r¡ithr-rut uncleml*nilin,l ev*r.fihing the le¡J. in s+quenred inpulrs nalhelpfulV] The AffecÉiyeFr¡ferÉ/ypoÉhesis l-ireirflei:ttvr: lri a "tn¡nlal llll*r blocli Inputniu:¡tl¡e e.s.Fisft€,,frced cori,Jrlions lowerlhe anxrety raise Lln,Jer lhal andlhe mirttu¡lti¡n :;ell-image lhe learrier l4r:,ln¡alion, and of s"lf-,;onJi,Jence anxiefy irnrl play a {acil¡la¡ve, non- bult¡¡Euirl, rrr-!LA LearnerE hrghrnrrliv;rtir,rr¡ rr.rle wilh ,l áú._¡rl -relf-rnnJl,lenc:e. nelf_trnage,ur,¿ levelr:f anxie! are á to*[i*iterequip¡r*tj sLli:cr¡lin:]e¡;rrrlrj i,rr lan¡¡uaqe;rcquisiti*n
  2. 2. . L! tli-jqutsiliún aí-:c{jfdinq [iit¡tÉ.re{Js li l-rediclaLleslager. " [legree rrr:quisitir.in rl irrc¡relat+ilwiththelimerri¡¡-¡ilabl+ farinslrur:tlon tl-lhrlJt+n irr:qLiir*langluage in ltrr¡¡-;¡nriiety Le:;l errrtfünm+nts - o CLlilule r:ltiriely i.,r ¡*l¡¡ted lattglunlle i:,i e:r-.rentral l,¡ r¡lrd an cornpr-in*ntrrfinslri¡clic,n " r:rr¡ l",1ear¡inll b* c¡n rnL¡ticriled Ll r,i¡ithrlutlhe tf theL1 inthe Lls* * f frtlihen ;ii-:ilLtire langlLt;r11* ;rfocLr:-,r ihniugh r-rn nteaning r¡rther ün üram {h¡rn flsr n ühildr+n ini¡r-rlv+mitüir::-ret],1+:j arquiiiiir:rn inthe [_iti4e3s. *il1e.rniirijrntheL]i:;+::tab|r.:h*ri,ina:li:ht.i|relirnl,ihr:ughlh+maiir:,irrtegrltiteapprriar:|rei|ll.jr]Jill{ lfr*i:irrrl*nt tlre lf genelal rurri,::ulLim " l,,1+¡rnilr!J r:-; e¡labll.rh*J i¡isu¡il tl¡rr_ru,lh cu*¡. t-lhil,lreir ;¡ilittlite lanr¡uag* tlirtugh*xlended h:;tening e.r.ptsr¡*n{]esnegtlrati*¡ nreanrrrr¡ anJ f,:r " } A t*l*i¡¡nl rneanini¡ful rronle-:CiÉne,.:Éiisary f,:rreFre,:lii.,e lantuage acquisiti6n (j;-rn ir " TheTe¡rrlheni t-tip vrltie t::hriiilu*= nral<e rif lir. languirlle unrler.¡tandal¡hi!l r:hil,Jren l:ii fitl-rfhen::iihl* e inputj Llhiiijr*n iir:rluilelarrguerge lhniugh tash lhatare appropillrtetrith*irilevelopmenlal ie,;el D nt m;lnr¡rulation is ner:esliary yrrungler fcrr slLrd*nls it+ r- lan;1ua{e anali,,nm begins {lirle laler adr.rle:i_:ent:eJ i:,lderstudenb rjenrand i:lten m¡relranslatirins r . Fl¡¡i* ile¡.1reeL2 ir*qutrritioti r¡ffei:teil ditl-erentslLlJ+nt srles. irttii iii are by l*anring . Le¡rrrre.rr-c*rrterr,,rl fanl¡tales ¡n:itr¡-rr:t¡rrn recrrnd-larrgLrage ar:quirrlirinTlre:*ih*r¡ri+:i thirl {-:lllirr children learnlanguages when: best, T*ir¡:h*t:l cr.ririjLlllin.rhuttinn in th*lirrgellirnguaqe¡,¡rlh oftheniiliv+ nr use language. Th4largellanguir5le ¡¡nd nirtiv* ihe i;rrrqr_ia¡ieliepldÉlini.-tli¡:rep;rr*t* irr* Te¡lh+n r+t¡ilnl¡e ltrirntmirsiir:llve rrfmeanrng lalherlhan pasrive rer:eivemvo,:..rllLrlary if -:0-r:r¡rrslrui:hlr: ¡rn,ilinhrmalitrr The.¡Gcafir,ldin:rtrur:titn lhritlearne¡s so l:,ecc,meinrreasingly urchperrdent.= L**rnini; *i-::L¡ri ineaniri¡lful, itl rcmm¡rnic;iiiu* r+nl*¡h thatr,rirl¡siqnifi,;ance slL¡,jenl. f¡;rlhen litlructir:tr allei:tivel¡ i:r *n,rü-ürnf, rnacie rnearringful rnemrtr¡ihl* anr-l lhnrugthai:livilies asstarytellrng, such {ij fnÉri,nii¡¡¡llr, rn anilcelehratirnr. ilrrr ¡= L*:-¡rnirr$is r-rr-qanizedin t*rrris*ltnnr-:rete r,isuals, e:.rperienrer-i prr¡is,realia, hanrls-o¡ anrJ activilies.* Learneis surr¡Lliriled meanini_rlLrllanuirilge, ;ire r,uiih br¡th riral¡rnd wr¡üen. beginnino front lhiciugh ¡ilvanr:ecj lil,-r,l t l I¿¡fru l.¡,1 ;,ri:qr:iS *1, rl r: iliiitt ¡.s::;Ésl:irenl oi leanrtng liequ*nlrei¡ulai on¡¡oin,r isr:rtnrjucted manner isco¡sistenl ri and and in a that vu1h ih+prr:grarr glirali lear:hing and shaiegies* ÜL¡iiLit+ is l*rueil thniugh H.{FedÉrces *ultLrr-al wrth nt;rieri¡ih pr;rr;tir:es anil Elemerft fr¡rr thelargetlanguaqe r:itlir:rr er;:_renlr¡l ¡irc t:lnrprnent: allplannin¡¡ teir,:hing. iif anii* Flanntnii t:rf[],?il¡:Éd lrj ¡rrrtunil themat¡: ¡ center ther*r; ¡rbalance anrl afrt:-r¡ü basi,: lhe goals i:ulture, 6f iuhj*r:lri¡r¡leni lringuageure iinil in ¡lrLrrririil¡:m rn-rlrur,-lir_rn anil ¡lret¡rqr_¡ni¿ed ircr:orilin¡iacr¡nrmrirricaliue.:,,illahus trr" islherlhrrn glrirnrrrririlcirl a :ryllahLi::rn Acii¡ittt:r¡rreilearecj iulhei¡tuni¡ learrrersinlerer-rlr,roginiilvelevel, rnotursliillsant1e.r.perientirl Lraul,:gro¡-lnd The¡ Liertgntd appealta varie,of are lo a learnrngslyles, adrlress lrr mullrpleinlelligerues ¡ incorporale anrJ flequ* r-rl ¡rp+rtu iir li:r phy:; irI a*tivih¡ r: n es r* frirm fl,,r*pfed Cr,l¿rii Fe.l¡i¿lgg4J &
  3. 3. RefereneeE ür,r,¡li {1!iil6J v f;*c*ndlanguagebarnr,ng ant!language/eachrng Arnohj. Lt:nclcrn. H, r:l üudarn, antlF*:ola, i.jgg.t) Languages andchi[dren. thematch rnakriq LJewyorli Longman. Hirl¡uta. {J1-l$61 of/an¡;uage debale brirngnairsm. Ycirk ki Minar The irn l{ew BasicBoa}n. ri {1tllJ2j li.ta:-;h+n, Ar-:qunrfii;n Ar:quilrilion yorl{,. Frim:iLrle¡ Fr¡r:llce ,!e,;,:nd an,l in hlew p+rganr Frem nron lirlrshen, andT*rrell, {1""S:l nalural 5 T. The appfr-r¿¡ft. Language ar,quisiti,:n classr*;nr inthe Hayrr,rartl, üA Al+rrranyFress lira¡hen, t1.!9Bl Í 5e{tondlanguage acqursrtronsecr-¡rrrJ ancl language pergam Fress learning._Lontlon mon selinl,:*r, L {13¡li hrierlanguage InlernafionalRer¡iewrlApplieclLinguislics, 1ii,lr_ig-gt.v,Yt

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