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  1. 1. Mganamanangkaugalian at tradisyon<br />KrishaDeveza<br />Isabel Gajete<br />Raychel Ramos<br />LyraTarectecan<br />
  2. 2. Mga namanaNg tradisyon<br />
  3. 3. New year <br />January 1<br />Use of fireworks/ firecrackers, preparation of round food (fruits), FengShui, Use of polka dots clothing, throwing of coins, making noise, <br />
  4. 4. Feast of the black nazarene<br />
  5. 5. Feast of the black nazarene<br /> 9th of January<br />brought to Manila by the first group of Augustinian Recollect friars on May 31, 1606<br />in the year 1787, then Archbishop of Manila, Basilio Sancho de Santas Junta y Rufina, ordered the transfer of the image of the Nazareno to the church in Quiapo, again providently placed under the patronage of Saint John the Baptist<br />
  6. 6. Feast of the black nazarene<br /> Black Nazarene made a lot of miraculous things. These are the survival of the image from the great fires that destroyed Quiapo Church in 1791 and 1929, the great earthquakes of 1645 and 1863, and the destructive Bombing of Manila in 1945 during World War II<br />almost 200 years, the Black Nazarene is carried into the streets for procession in a "Caroza" or golden red carriage pulled through the streets of Quiapo by male devotees clad in maroon<br />
  7. 7. MahalnaAraw (lent)<br />-locally called Cuaresma or Semana Santa<br />-start is: Palm Sunday<br />-Good Friday is a somber time<br />-Easter Sunday is a joyful occassion that starts with salubong<br />Other things done during “mahal na araw”<br />Pabasa<br />Senakulo<br />Penitensya<br />
  8. 8. Flores de mayo<br />
  9. 9. Flores de mayo<br />Flores- flowers<br />Also known as Flores de Maria (Flowers of Mary)<br />Believed to originate from the town of Malolos, Bulacan in 1865 when young girls give offerings to the Virgin Mary out of flowers.<br />Introduced by the Spaniards in the Philippines and has since become part of Filipino traditions recognized with youth, love and romance.<br />Catholic festival celebrated in the whole month of May <br />In honor of Virgin Mary<br />
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  12. 12. May - Flores de Mayo. A festival celebrated by farmers as they welcome the fertile season. Celebrations around towns showcase crops, food and delicacies. One of the most celebrated festivity is the "Pahiyas", a colorful festival in Lucban, Quezon where houses are decorated mainly with dried rice papers in different shapes and colors. Crops also accentuate these houses in artistic shapes, and styles.<br />
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1. Methuselah - he is bearded, curved with age, riding a cart looking preoccupied with toasting some grains of sand in a pan over a fire. This is a reminder that all that glitters will end up as dust like what he is toasting.

<br />2. Reyna Banderada - a young lady dressed in a long red gown carrying a yellow triangular flag. She represents the coming of Christianity.
<br />3. Aetas - represent the state of the country before the coming of Christianity. These are the unconverted Filipino pagans.<br />4. Reyna Mora - represents the dominant religion before Christianity (feminine of Moro from the Moslem religion).
<br />5. Reyna Fe - symbolizes the virtue of faith<br /> - the first of the theological virtues. <br />She carries a cross.
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  14. 14. 6. Reyna Esperanza - symbolizes the virtue of hope - the second theological virtue. She carries an anchor.
<br />7. Reyna Caridad - symbolizes the virtue of charity - the third theological virtue. She carries a red heart.
<br />8. Reyna Abogada - the defender of the poor and the oppressed. She wears a black graduation cap (toga) and gown and she carries a big book.

<br />9. Reyna Sentenciada - has her slim hands bound by a rope. She is the symbol of the innocents who have been convicted. She is escorted by two Roman soldiers.
<br />10. Reyna Justicia - an image of the "mirror of justice". She carries a weighing scale and a sword.
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  15. 15. 11. Reyna Judith - representing Judith of Pethulia who saved her city from the Assyrians after she beheaded the cruel holoferns. She carries the head of the beheaded man on one hand and a sword on the other.
<br />12. Reyna Sheba - who visited the famous King Solomon and was overwhelmed by his wisdom, power and riches, she carries a jewelry box.
<br />13. Reyna Esther - the biblical Jewish who secured her countrymen from death and destruction through timely intervention with the King Xerxes. She carries a scepter.
<br />14. Samaritana - the woman who Christ spoke to at the well. She carries a jug on her shoulder.
<br />15. Veronica - the woman who wiped the face of Jesus. She carries a bandana printed with the three faces of Jesus.

<br />16. Tres Marias 
a. Mary of Magdala - she carries a bottle of perfume; 
b. Mary, Mother of Christ - she carries a handkerchief; 
c. Mary, mother of James - she carries a bottle of oil.

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  16. 16. 17. Marian - celebrating the many titles of the Virgin Mary.

A-v-e--M-a-r-i-a -- represented by eight (8) girls all Wearing long white dresses with wings to make them look like angels. Each one carries a letter to complete the word "AVE MARIA."

<br />a . Divinapastora (Divine Shepherdess) - she carries a shepherdess' staff.
<br />b . Reyna de lasEstrellas (Queen of Stars) - she carries a wand with a star.
<br />c . Rosa Mystica - she carries a bouquet of roses.
<br />d . Reyna Paz (queen of peace) - she carries the symbol of peace.
<br />e . Reyna de lasPropetas - she carries an hour glass.
<br />f . Reyna del Cielo (Queen of Heaven) - she carries a flower. She has two (2) angels.
<br />g . Reyna de lasVirgines - she carries a rosary and is surrounded by two (2) little angels.
h . Reyna de las Flores (Queen of Flowers) - she carries a bouquet of flowers. 
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  17. 17. 18. Reyna Elena (Queen Helena) - She is the highlight of the procession, the legendary founder of the true Cross, represented by the small cross she carries. She is escorted by her son, Constantine, under a huge canopy of May flowers. Immediately behind her is a float carrying the image of the Blessed Virgin Mary, followed by a brass band that lends the festive sounds to the procession.<br />
  18. 18. All Saints and All Souls Day<br />Solemn holiday in other countries<br />2-day festival<br />November 1&2<br />Catholic holidays to commemorate the saints and souls of the dead.<br />Attend Catholic liturgy Mass at one of the 13 Roman Catholic churches and say a novena for the deceased ancestors.<br /> <br />
  19. 19. October 31 to November 2 - "ArawngmgaPatay", "Día de los Muertos" (Day of the Dead, All Saints Day, and All Souls Day). Also known as "Undas". During All Saints, and Souls Day, friends and families visit the cemeteries, and pay homage to their dearly departed. The cemetery becomes a party atmosphere, rather than a solemn celebration.<br />
  20. 20. Filipinos decorate their relatives’ tombs<br />Celebrate the day in the graveyard.<br />Pangangaluluwa<br />Singing group that go door to door on the eve of all saints’ day<br />Purpose: to represent the souls of the dead going around to search for prayers and alms.<br />
  21. 21. Christmas<br /> begins on the 16th of December and ends on the first Sunday of January which is the Feast of the Epiphany (The Three Kings)<br />is the longest of the Philippine festivities stretching for over 3 weeks<br />rich tradition which dates back to the Spanish period.<br />
  22. 22. As early as November, Filipinos houses offices, schools, shoppingmalls and even streets are adorned with these star-shaped multicolored lanterns.<br />Filipino Christmas Tradition - Simbang Gabi"Simbang Gabi" a Filipino Christmas tradition, it is is a series of nine (9) dawn masses, the mass starts as early as 4:00 a.m. It begins on December 16 and ends on the midnight of the 24th of December.<br />MonitoMonita - Exchange GiftsChristmas is the season of gift giving. In keeping with the tradition of giving, Filipinos have their own version of exchanging gifts or Kris Kringle, it is called Monito - Monita<br />
  23. 23. Christmas Caroling in the PhilippinesOnce the "Simbang Gabi" starts, children like to form groups and enjoy hopping from one house to another every night singing Jingle Bells, Silent Night and traditional Filipino Christmas songs.<br />
  24. 24. Christmas Tree<br />Noche Buena<br />In the Philippines the much-anticipated Noche Buena - a traditional Christmas Eve feast is eaten after the midnight mass, usually Filipinos attend the Midnight Mass and then return home for a family feast called Noche Nuena,<br />
  25. 25. Rizal day<br />Rizal Day in honor of its national hero, Dr. Jose P. Rizal. Rizal Day is traditionally celebrated every 30th of December<br />Rizal was born on 19 June 1861 <br />December 30 is the death anniversary of Rizal. On 30 December 1896, the 35-year old Rizal was marched from his detention cell in Fort Santiago to Bagumbayan (present site of the Rizal Park, formerly known as Luneta) and shot by a firing squad. He was sentenced to death after the Spaniards found him guilty of rebellion, sedition and of forming illegal association. <br />
  26. 26. Mganamanasakastila<br />AngatingRelihiyon (Catholic)<br />Bahalana habit<br />Pagkain (relleno, morcon, paella, callos, embutido, caldereta)<br />PagdiriwangngPasko<br />PagdiriwangngmgaKapistahanng Bayan at ngmga Santo<br />PaggunitasaMahalnaAraw<br />AngPagdiriwangngPabasangPasyon at Senakulo<br />
  27. 27. AngPrusisyon<br /> At angPag-anaksabinyag, kasal., etc. <br /> At itongpaghahainngpagkaintuwingarawngmgakaluluwa at santo (paghahainngpagkainsa altar saarawnaito), satinginko ay tradisyongnamanarinsamgakastilaperoito ay nawawalanasangayon.<br />
  28. 28. Traditional holiday<br />Third Sunday of January - The Fiesta del Santo Niño de Cebu(Festival of the Child Jesus of Cebu), Sinulog in Cebu, Ati-Atihan Festival in Kalibo, Aklan.<br />The Sinulog is an annual festival held on the third Sunday of January in Cebu City, Philippines. The festival honors the vision of the child Jesus, known as theSanto Niño (Holy Child),who used to be the patron Saint of the City of Cebu (since in the Catholic faith Jesus is not a saint, but God). <br />It is a dance ritual that commemorates the Cebuano people's paganorigin, and their acceptance of Roman Catholicism. <br />
  29. 29. The festival features a street parade with participants in bright coloured costumes dancing to the rhythm of drums, trumpetsand native gongs.<br />Smaller versions of the festival are held in various parts of the province, also to celebrate and honor the Santo Niño. <br />There is also a "SinulogsaKabataan" performed by the youths of Cebu a week before the parade. Recently, the festival has been promoted as a tourist attraction, with a contest featuring contingents from various parts of the country. The Sinulog Contest is usually held in the Cebu City Sports Complex.<br />
  30. 30. On April 7, 1521, the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan arrived and planted the cross on the shores of Cebu, claiming the territory for Spain.He presented the image of the child Jesus,the Santo Niño, as baptismal gift to Hara Amihan, wife of Rajah Humabon<br />This event is frequently used as basis for most Sinulog dances, which dramatize the coming of the Spaniards and the presentation of the Santo Niño to the Queen. A popular theme among Sinulog dances is Queen Juana holding the Santo Niño in her arms and using it to bless her people who are often afflicted by sickness caused by demons and other evil spirits.<br />
  31. 31. The Dinagyang Festival in Iloilo. (Last Sunday of January)<br /> Celebrated every fourth weekend of January to honor the Christianization of the natives and to respect the Holy Child Jesus. On this day, streets of Iloilo City will once again come alive as the Ilonggos celebrate the annual festivity. It is a very colorful parade coupled with a dramatization in honor of the patron Saint Sto. Niño as the object of performs offerings and prayers amidst the cracking of drums and shouts of "Viva Señor Santo Niño." The thundering of "HalaBira" by the tribe members makes the celebration a lively one. It is also a very popular tagline used by Ilonggos to express their warm participation during the "Dinagyang" celebration. A tribute in honor of SeñorSto. Niño whom Ilonggos believe was very miraculous in times of famine and drought.<br />
  32. 32. An annual event, when the whole town rejoices, shouting their pride of being an Ilonggo and telling their culture. It is a religious evangelization. The Aeta culture. That's why it is painting the town black.<br />In Ilonggo, it means to make happy, meaning making merry or merry-making. A religious and cultural activity, it is a celebration of Ilonggos whose bodies are painted with black in effect to imitate the black, small and slender Negritos who are the aborigines of Panay. The warriors are dressed in fashionable and colorfulAeta costumes and dance artistically and rhythmically with complicated formations along with the loud thrashing and sound of drums.<br />
  33. 33. Before, Dinagyang was called Ati-atihan like that of the Kalibo festivity. History tells that it started when a replica of the image of SeñorSto. Niño was brought to the San Jose Parish Church in Iloilo from Cebu. The people of Iloilo honored the coming of the image and then became devotees. Until they made the day of the Image's arrival as his feast day which falls on the 4th Sunday of January. Since 1968, it was already considered a yearly celebration, culminated by a nine-day Novena, an Ati-ati contest and a fluvial procession on the last day.<br />
  34. 34. Recognized now to the annual, socio-cultural-religious festival of Iloilo City, the word Dinagyang was made up by an old-timer, Ilonggo writer and radio broadcaster, the late PacificoSumagpaoSudario, and first used to name the festival when it was launched in 1977, to make it unique from other Ati-atihan celebrations<br />
  35. 35. Pintados-Kasadyaan<br />Last week of May -  Festival (A Festival honoring Santo Niño de Leyte) in Tacloban City, Leyte<br />The Pintados-Kasadyaan Festival is a merry-making event lasting a whole month, highlights of which include the Leyte Kasadyaan Festival of Festivals, the 17th Pintados Festival Ritual Dance Presentation and the "Pagrayhak'' Grand Parade. <br />These festivals are said to have began from the feast day of Señor Santo Niño, held every June 29th. The Leyteños celebrate a religious festival in a unique and colorful way. Since the Visayans are experienced in the art of body tattooing, men and women are fond of tattooing themselves.<br />
  36. 36. In 1668, the Spaniards came to the Visayas and found in the islands heavily tattooed men and women, whom they called Pintados. These people had a culture of their own, commemorating victories by holding festivals and honoring their gods after a bountiful harvest.<br />It was in 1888 that missionaries from Spain brought the Child Jesus image known as "El Capitan" to the island. It had a rich and colorful background that draw out the devotion and worship of the Leyte natives to the Santo Niño.<br />
  37. 37. Then in 1986, the Pintados Foundation, Inc. was founded by civic-minded businessmen and entrepreneurs based in Tacloban City. They began organizing religious cultural activities for the city fiesta in honor of Señor Santo Niño. This marked the advent of the Pintados Festival, which was first celebrated June 29th of the year 1987. Today, it is called the Leyte Pintados-Kasadyaan Festival and is called as the "Festival of Festivals." <br />
  38. 38. The name “pintados” is derived from what the native warriors, whose bodies were adorned with tattoos, were called. In those times, and even in some places today, tattoos were a mark of courage and beauty. Since tattoo-making was not yet as precise as it is today, they were rather painful and one risked the chance of contracting an infection. Therefore, a man who faced the dangers of tattooing and lived was considered to be both strong and brave. But even before the tattoo process itself, one would have to earn them after fighting heroically in wars.<br />
  39. 39. Peñafrancia Festival<br />Third Saturday and Sunday of September –<br />in Naga City, Camarines Sur, Bicol Region. <br />During the festivities, people attend church services, followed by parades on the streets, fireworks and feasting. The Peñafrancia Festival is also celebrated by a fluvial procession in the Bicol River<br />Naga City celebrates the Feast of NuestraSeñora de Peñafrancia, popularly known as the Peñafrancia Festival in honor of Our Lady of Peñafrancia, Patroness of the Bicol Region. The feast culminates every second Friday of September each year. <br />
  40. 40. The feast day is preceded by a novena, nine days of prayer, in honor of the Virgin. <br />Among the activities during the celebration are parades, pageants, street parties, singing contests, exhibits, concerts, and many more. <br />The festival is known to be the largest Marian devotion in the country, signaled by a procession (called Traslacion) which transfers the centuries-old image of the Blessed Virgin Mary from its shrine at the Peñafrancia Basilica Minore to the 400-year old Naga Metropolitan Cathedral, where a nine-day novena is offered. <br />The festival reaches its climax on the third Saturday of September, during the fluvial parade down the Bicol River, where a raft (pagoda) bearing the Holy Image then brings it to the Basilica.<br />
  41. 41. Many believe that the Holy Image its origin in a pineapple plant which since time immemorial grew abundantly in Francia, the place where the Sanctuary in her honor stands today. There is even a painting, purposely for commercial sale of the Holy Image, representing the Blessed Virgin as coming out of a pineapple fruit. The native word for pineapple is "pinya". Pena de Francia sounds very much like Pina de Francia hence many believe that the Blessed Virgin must have really come from the pineapple fruit of France.<br />Pena de Francia, literally, is Rocky hill of France, where the Image of Our lady of Penafrancia is believed to have been discovered by a hermit named Simon Vela.<br />
  42. 42. The discovery of the Holy Image is a wonderful story of providence whose retelling will never fail to evoke a sense of wonderment and mystery in the hearts and minds of believers and cynics alike.<br />On September 4, 1401, in the city of Paris, capital of France, a child was born to pious and religious parents, Rolan and Barbara. He was christened Simon.<br />
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  44. 44. Salamat<br />
  45. 45. Sources<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /> (for photos)<br />