Implementing GASB Statement No. 54

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This presentation on Implementing GASB Statement No. 54 focuses on fund balance reporting and governmental fund type definitions.

In February 2009, the Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB) released GASB Statement No. 54, Fund Balance Reporting and Governmental Fund Type Definitions, requiring changes to fund balance reporting in governmental funds for state and local governments. This statement substantially alters the focus and terminology used for fund balance reporting in governmental funds and will result in one of the most significant changes in financial reporting since the implementation of GASB Statement No. 34.

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Implementing GASB Statement No. 54

  1. 1. Implementing GASB Statement No. 54 Fund Balance Reporting and Governmental Fund Type Definitions   January 2012 Presented by Frederick G. Lantz, CPA Partner-in-Charge, Government Services Sikich LLP 1415 W. Diehl Road, Suite 400 Naperville, IL 60563 (630) 566-8400 ©2012 Sikich LLP. All Rights Reserved.
  2. 2. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING AND GOVERNMENTAL FUND TYPE DEFINITIONS <ul><li>Fund balance is the key financial figure for a governmental fund </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Measure of “available, spendable resources” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reported only in governmental funds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Generally current assets – current liabilities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entity-wide and other fund financial statements report net assets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Total assets – total liabilities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Focus of fund balance in a governmental fund </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Whether or not current financial resources are available for appropriation </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING AND GOVERNMENTAL FUND TYPE DEFINITIONS <ul><li>Two components of fund balance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reserved fund balance generally is not available for appropriation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remainder, unreserved, is available for appropriation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How much is left to fund next years budget after we have paid this years bills </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING AND GOVERNMENTAL FUND TYPE DEFINITIONS <ul><li>Problem with “available to spend “ focus of fund balance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus has been from a budgetary standpoint </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ignores purpose restrictions on fund balances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What can fund balance be spent on </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GASB Implementation Guide further complicated the issue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do not report a reserve unless more restrictive than the purpose of the fund </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Only relevant if reporting by fund type </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fund classifications in practice has compounded this </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Special Revenue Funds </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING AND GOVERNMENTAL FUND TYPE DEFINITIONS <ul><li>GASB Statement No. 54 was issued in February 2009 to address these issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation of S-54 should not impact the dollar amount reported as total fund balance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation of S-54 will change how we articulate what is reported as fund balance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>S-54 may change what we report in a particular fund </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Revised definitions for using governmental funds </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING AND GOVERNMENTAL FUND TYPE DEFINITIONS <ul><li>S-54 is effective for fiscal years ending June 30, 2011 and thereafter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>December 31, 2011, April 30, 2012, May 31, 2012 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Early implementation was both allowed and encouraged, few chose the option </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Certain actions and analysis should have been done before the start of the year of implementation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Certain actions may be required of your governing board before the end of the year of implementation </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. GASB S54 GOVERNMENTAL FUND TYPE DEFINITIONS <ul><li>The first step to implement S-54 is to determine any changes in fund classification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This should be done before the beginning of the fiscal year of implementation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>May impact the budget or appropriation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May result in individual funds: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consolidated for reporting as a sub-fund of another fund </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No longer being budgeted and reported as a separate fund </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. GASB S54 GOVERNMENTAL FUND TYPE DEFINITIONS <ul><li>NCGA Statement No. 1 and GASB Statement No. 34 defined the 5 governmental funds in use today </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special Revenue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Debt Service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capital Projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Permanent </li></ul></ul><ul><li>GASB S-54 has revised these definitions </li></ul>
  9. 9. GASB S54 GOVERNMENTAL FUND TYPE DEFINITIONS <ul><li>General Fund Old </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Should be used to account for all financial resources except those required to be accounted for in another fund </li></ul></ul><ul><li>General Fund New </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Should be used to account for and report all financial resources not accounted for and reported in another fund </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Old definition limited use of other funds unless “required” </li></ul><ul><li>Only 1 General fund can be reported </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sub funds can be reported </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. GASB S54 GOVERNMENTAL FUND TYPE DEFINITIONS <ul><li>Special Revenue Fund Old </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to account for specific revenue sources (other than for major capital projects) that are legally restricted to expenditure for specified purposes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Legally restricted not defined </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Legally restricted not followed in practice </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Specified purpose took precedence in practice </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Level of authority to specify inconsistent </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nonperforming exchange transactions/activities reported as special revenue funds </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. GASB S54 GOVERNMENTAL FUND TYPE DEFINITIONS <ul><li>Special Revenue Fund New </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to account for and report the proceeds of specific revenue sources that are restricted or committed to expenditure for specified purposes other than debt service or capital projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One or more specific restricted or committed revenue sources </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Restricted is defined as an “external” enforceable legal restriction </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. GASB S54 GOVERNMENTAL FUND TYPE DEFINITIONS <ul><li>Special Revenue Fund New </li></ul><ul><ul><li>External means persons (e.g., bondholders) or bodies (higher levels of government) outside of your government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can also be from constitutional provisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restricted by enabling legislation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GASB Statement No 46 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. GASB S54 GOVERNMENTAL FUND TYPE DEFINITIONS <ul><li>Special Revenue Fund New </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enabling legislation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enabling legislation authorizes a government to assess, levy, charge, or otherwise mandate payment of resources (from external resource providers) and includes a legally enforceable requirement that those resources be used only for the specific purposes stipulated in the legislation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. GASB S54 GOVERNMENTAL FUND TYPE DEFINITIONS <ul><li>Special Revenue Fund New </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Possible sources of restrictions by enabling legislation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Utility taxes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Food and beverage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Home-rule sales tax </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Common restrictions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Roads or capital projects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public safety </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. GASB S54 GOVERNMENTAL FUND TYPE DEFINITIONS <ul><li>Special Revenue Fund New </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Committed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Committed is defined as constrained by limitations that the government imposes upon itself by formal action at its highest level of decision making (usually the governing board) and that remains binding unless removed in the same manner. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Differentiate from enabling legislation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of an external legal enforceability </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. GASB S54 GOVERNMENTAL FUND TYPE DEFINITIONS <ul><li>Special Revenue Fund New </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specified purposes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Must be specific in terms of what the purpose restriction is </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Budget stabilization is not a specific purpose </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. GASB S54 GOVERNMENTAL FUND TYPE DEFINITIONS <ul><li>Special Revenue Fund New </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Substantial portion of revenue source in the fund not from restricted or committed revenues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not a special revenue fund </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Part of the general fund </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Substantial not defined </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other resources (e.g., transfers, investment income, miscellaneous) can also be in the fund if restricted, committed or assigned to the purpose of the fund </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assigned is assumed in a separate fund </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. GASB S54 GOVERNMENTAL FUND TYPE DEFINITIONS <ul><li>Special Revenue Fund </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact of new definition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Restricted property tax levies meet the definition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>User fee supported may not meet the definition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Governing board may need to “commit” user fees to the specified purpose </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Annual fee ordinance </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other uses may not meet the definition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Impact on your government? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. GASB S54 GOVERNMENTAL FUND TYPE DEFINITIONS <ul><li>Capital Projects Fund Old </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Should be used to account for the acquisition or construction of major capital facilities other than those financed by proprietary funds. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intent of definition was for bond funded major capital projects for facilities, often spanning more than one year </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Practice has used for non-bond funded funds </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. GASB S54 GOVERNMENTAL FUND TYPE DEFINITIONS <ul><li>Capital Projects Fund New </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to account for and report financial resources that are restricted, committed or assigned to expenditure for capital outlays including the acquisition or construction of capital facilities and other capital assets, excluding those types of capital related outflows financed by proprietary funds. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Expands definition in line with practice </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Restricted, committed same definition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Retains exclusion for proprietary fund capital assets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact on your government? </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. GASB S54 GOVERNMENTAL FUND TYPE DEFINITIONS <ul><li>Debt Service Funds Old </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to account for the revenues used to retire long-term debt that is reported in the general long-term debt account group </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Debt Service Funds New </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to account for and report financial resources that are restricted, committed, or assigned to expenditure for principal and interest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Should be used to report resources if legally mandated </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Financial resources that are being accumulated for principal and interest maturing in future years should be reported in debt service funds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Debt service financed by proprietary funds should be reported in the proprietary funds </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 22. GASB S54 GOVERNMENTAL FUND TYPE DEFINITIONS <ul><li>Permanent Funds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No substantive changes were made to the definition contained in GASB Statement No. 34 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Those are the fund classification issues from GASB S-54 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assess impact on your governmental funds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on special revenue funds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>GASB Exposure Draft - Technical Corrections—an amendment of GASB Statements No. 10 and 62 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Classification of insurance fund </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Follow GASB S-54 definitions </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Current focus of reporting fund balance is on available to spend/budget </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two primary components </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reserved </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unreserved </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Designated </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Undesignated </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 24. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Reserved fund balance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legally restricted to a specific use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>External restriction narrower than purpose of the fund </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enabling legislation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not available for appropriation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not a current asset </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Loans, advances to other funds </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not a spendable current asset </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inventory, prepaid items </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must always be a positive amount </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can create an unreserved deficit </li></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 25. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Unreserved fund balance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remainder of fund balance not reported as reserved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Optional reporting of unreserved/designated fund balance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Represents managements tentative plans for the use of available resources </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Approved by CEO, CFO or legislative body </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Designations have to be positive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot create an unreserved/undesignated deficit </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Few governments chose the option </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remainder is unreserved/undesignated </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>GASB S-54 shifts the focus of reporting fund balance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No longer focusing on available to budget </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instead, focuses on the extent to which a government is bound to honor constraints on the specific purposes for which amounts in the fund can be spent by using five new components of fund balance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nonspendable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Restricted </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Committed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assigned </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unassigned </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intended to provide a “hierarchy’ of constraints </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Not all fund balance is in spendable form and therefore may not be “constrained” </li></ul><ul><li>Some fund balance may not be spendable in legal form (e.g., corpus of a trust) and must remain intact </li></ul><ul><li>Nonspendable category addresses both </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assets that cannot currently be spent as they are not current assets or have already been spent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Loans, inter-fund advances </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prepaid items, inventory </li></ul></ul></ul>
  28. 28. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Nonspendable category </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assets that cannot currently be spent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If a constraint exists on the use of cash proceeds from the conversion of the nonspendable asset </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reporting the constraint takes precedence over the nonspendable classification </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assets that are in spendable form but cannot legally be spent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Corpus of a trust, working cash </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nonspendable fund balance should at least be segregated into the two categories on the face of the statements or in the notes </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Remainder of fund balance is considered spendable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Categorize remaining fund balance based on constraint placed on the purpose for which the fund balance can be spent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not all constraints carry the same weight </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not all constraints can be easily changed, removed or modified </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>External constraints </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internal constraints </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hierarchy of next three classifications is intended to articulate the extent of constraints </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unassigned fund balance has no constraints </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Unassigned fund balance has no spending constraints </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive amounts of unassigned fund balance can only be reported in the general fund </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By definition, all fund balance in special revenue funds , debt service funds and capital projects funds is constrained to some extent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Setting up and reporting a separate fund assigns the fund balance (by default), if any, for spending for the purpose of the fund </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deficit fund balances in all governmental funds is reported as unassigned </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Hierarchy of constrained fund balance is reported as </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1-Restricted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2-Committed, or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3-Assigned </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not all funds will report all three levels </li></ul>
  32. 32. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Restricted fund balance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Constraints that are enforceable due to external legal restrictions as defined by GASB S-34 or by enabling legislation as defined in GASB S-46 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legally enforceable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Your government can be compelled by an external third party to use the resources only for the specified purpose </li></ul></ul></ul>
  33. 33. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Restricted fund balance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>External legal restrictions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Definition in GASB S-34 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Imposed by creditors (e.g., use of bond proceeds, repayment of debt) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Imposed by grantors (e.g., motor fuel tax from the state) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Imposed by contributors (e.g., donations) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Imposed by laws or regulations of other governments (e.g., restricted property tax levies) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Imposed by constitutional provision </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  34. 34. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Restricted fund balance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enabling legislation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enabling legislation authorizes the government to assess, levy, charge or otherwise mandate payment of resources from external resource providers and includes a legally enforceable requirement that those resources can only be used for the purpose stipulated in the legislation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restricted fund balance is consistent with restricted net assets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Symmetry between governmental balance sheet and governmental activities statement of net assets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be reported as a positive amount </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can create an unassigned deficit </li></ul></ul></ul>
  35. 35. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Committed fund balance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to report fund balance where the constraint on spending the fund balance is self-imposed by formal action of the highest level of decision making authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Self-imposed constraint on use of fund balance, not a revenue stream </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>separate from the authorization for the revenue stream </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Formal action assumes adopted by ordinance or resolution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Highest level of decision making authority is the governing body </li></ul></ul></ul>
  36. 36. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Committed fund balance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Once committed that portion of fund balance can not be used for other purposes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unless modified or removed by same action used to commit fund balance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could arise from contractual obligations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fund balance committed to satisfying contractual obligation (encumbrance?) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formal action to commit fund balance must occur before the end of the fiscal year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The dollar amount of the commitment can be determined after year end </li></ul></ul></ul>
  37. 37. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Committed fund balance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be a positive amount </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can create an unassigned deficit </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Restricted versus committed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>External versus self-imposed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal enforceability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No (or limited) ability to change versus can change with formal action </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Assigned fund balance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to report fund balance constrained by the government’s intent to use fund balance for a specific purpose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intent is expressed by the governing body itself </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Or a body or official delegated the authority by the governing body </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Does not require formal action of the governing body </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More easily modified or removed than committed fund balance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriating existing fund balance to fund next year’s budget is an assignment of fund balance </li></ul></ul></ul>
  39. 39. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Assigned fund balance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Residual category for funds other than the general fund </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GASB assumed fund balance was assigned to the purpose of the fund when the fund was created </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If not true, not a separate fund or </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unassigned fund balance should not be left in the fund but transferred to the general fund </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be reported as a positive amount </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can not create an unassigned deficit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Similar to unreserved designated fund balance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>However reporting assigned fund balance is not optional </li></ul></ul></ul>
  40. 40. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Committed versus assigned fund balance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Committed requires formal action, highest level of authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assigned can be delegated below the highest level of authority and does not require formal action </li></ul></ul>
  41. 41. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Encumbrances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used by many governments for budgetary control purposes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Previously reported as reserved fund balance (not available for appropriation) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No longer reported as such under GASB S-54 due to change in focus </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Disclosed as part of a commitment note </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Restricted or committed resources used to liquidate the encumbrance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Report as restricted or committed </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  42. 42. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Stabilization funds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rainy day funds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Budget deficits </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Revenue shortfalls </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stabilization can be considered a specific purpose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Restricted or committed in the general fund </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Separate special revenue fund only if criteria is met </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most do not have a specific revenue stream </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Criteria not met, unassigned in the general fund </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Notes disclose the authority for creating and conditions to be met to use stabilization amounts </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  43. 43. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Minimum fund balance policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different than stabilization funds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determines amount of unreserved (unassigned) fund balance to be maintained </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Often expressed as a % of revenues or expenditures </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reported as unassigned in the general fund </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Report as assigned if in another governmental fund </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disclose policy in notes for each major governmental fund </li></ul></ul>
  44. 44. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Flow of funds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some projects (funds) are funded by a variety of resources, including both restricted and unrestricted (committed, assigned, unassigned) funds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flow assumption determines which are spent first </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Policy to be adopted by governing board </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Which is better? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional flow assumption for committed, assigned and unassigned fund balance in a fund </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GASB S-54 defaults to committed, then assigned, then unassigned </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Basis for dissenting vote by one Board member </li></ul></ul></ul>
  45. 45. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Reporting fund balance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Balance sheet must at least report aggregated applicable categories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nonspendable reported (or disclosed) in two components </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Detail of each category on face of balance sheet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Detail of each category in notes for each major fund and aggregated non-major funds if not on face of balance sheet </li></ul></ul></ul>
  46. 46. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Reporting fund balance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trial balance in system needs to track information by category </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>May require significant changes to chart of accounts (most capture only 1 fund balance account, unreserved) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>May require system modifications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nominal accounts closed to unreserved fund balance in all funds during year end close process </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Journalize out of unreserved into new components </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  47. 47. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Other note disclosures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Committed fund balance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Identify highest level of decision making authority </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Formal action required to establish, modify or remove a commitment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assigned fund balance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Body or official authorized to assign fund balance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Authority this is derived from </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flow assumptions </li></ul></ul>
  48. 48. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Effective date </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FYE June 30, 2011 and thereafter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Required to restate any prior period that is presented into the new classifications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exception for statistical section </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prospective application is allowed </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Retroactive is recommended </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Problem with committed </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Action not taken by end of fiscal year </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  49. 49. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Implementation to do list </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Before the beginning of the fiscal year you want to implement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Determine any changes in fund classification </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Determine impact on budget </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Determine how fund balance would be reported if no additional action is taken by your government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Determine what changes you want to the fund balance classifications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Before the end of the fiscal year you want to implement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Determine and document your flow assumptions (board approval) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Determine what fund balance, if any, will be reported as committed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Board action taken before end of fiscal year </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Determine impact on statistical information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have fun(d)! </li></ul></ul>
  50. 50. GASB S54 FUND BALANCE REPORTING <ul><li>Sample policies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Village of Flossmoor April 30, 2012 budget </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sample financial statements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Village of Flossmoor April 30, 2011 CAFR </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Available on Village’s website </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.flossmoor.org </li></ul></ul>
  51. 51. SAMPLE POLICIES <ul><li>Click here to view </li></ul>
  52. 52. SAMPLE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS <ul><li>Click here to view </li></ul>
  53. 53. <ul><li>Questions? </li></ul><ul><li>Call or Email </li></ul><ul><li>Frederick G. Lantz, CPA </li></ul><ul><li>Partner-in-Charge, Government Services </li></ul><ul><li>Sikich LLP </li></ul><ul><li>1415 W. Diehl Road, Suite 400 </li></ul><ul><li>Naperville, IL 60563 </li></ul><ul><li>(630) 566-8400 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>Implementing GASB Statement No. 54 Fund Balance Reporting and Governmental Fund Type Definitions  

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