Theories of management

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Theories of management

  1. 1. THEORIES OFMANAGEMENTBY: Sikander Khalid
  2. 2. Theories Of ManagementClassical Approach Contemporary Approach Systematic management  Quantitative management Scientific management  Organizational behavior Bureaucracy  System theory Administrative management  Contingency theory Human relations
  3. 3. Systematic Theory ScientificTheory Systemize manufacturing Scientific method to find operations one best way to complete task  Promotion of efficient uninterrupted  Simplistic motivational production assumptions  Ignore relationship  Exploitation of labour between organization through power of and environment management
  4. 4. Administrative HumanManagement RelationsFayol’s five functions and Cohesion, status and14 principles of group norms determinemanagement output Offered universal  Maslow’s hierarchy of managerial needs prescriptions Universal prescriptions  Research findings over needs personal turned later that happy technological and workers are always environmental factors more productive
  5. 5. Bureaucracy Quantitative ManagementRules and regulations, Application ofstandardize behavior quantitative analysis to management decisions Unbiased behavior  Develop specific due to rules and mathematical regulations methods of problem analysis Accumulation of power and lead to  Not suited for non authoritarian routine management management decisions
  6. 6. Organizational Contingency Behavior PerspectivePromotes employeeeffectiveness through More than one way tounderstanding of complex reach a goalnature  Argued against Recognized the universal principle of importance of developing HR management Some approaches  Theory may not be ignored situational applicable to all factors such as managerial issues. technology and
  7. 7. System TheoryOrganization is viewed as a managed system Recognized importance of organizational relationship with external environment Not provided guidance on duties of manager

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